Art - exam Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
luminosity
brightness
embroider
wyszywać/haftować
distortado
distorted
flowers
BackGrnd
el tema
theme
sin embargo
nevertheless
actuar
to perform
les gens
people
Surface
Picture plane
complementary colors
opposites; blue&orange/Red&green/purple&yellow
le best-seller
best seller
efectos especiales
special effects
está sentada
to be seated
Intensity
the brightness and dullness
la peinture abstraite
abstract painting
Mr. and Mrs. Andrews
Gainsborough
Finish
Techniques, including varnishes, that assist to perserve an artwork.
Jackson Pollock - # 30
Readymade
Duchamp's 3diminsional, collection of combined elements
contrast
to show differences when compared
Form
pos. shape with diff planes
apsidal
adjective describing the condition of having a semi-circular or polygonal space within a building.
JMW Turner, The Slave Ship, 1840
kiln
an oven for firing ceramic objects
abstract
not representing or imitating external reality or the objects of nature
Line
The most elemental form of expression
Peale, George Washington at Princeton, 1779
Paolo Ucello
the battle of Sam Romano
rendering
a representation of a building, interior, etc., executed in perspective and usually done for purposes ofpresentation
Pedestal
A vertical support for a sculptural object. Al.k.a plinth
fabrication
the assembling of rigid materials into units by techniques such as welding, bolting
or laminating
Abstract Expressionism
Combines the emotional intensity and self expression of the German expressionists with anti figurative aesthetic of the European abstract schools.
un nu
tableau du corps humain sans habits
Scale
The relative size of an object compared to other objects, the setting, or peoples
Kinetic
art containing parts that move like Calder's Lobster trap and fish tail.
corps de ballet
chorus of a ballet ensemble
Ghent Altarpiece
Jan and Hubert Van Eyck, 1432
perceive
to become deeply aware through the senses of the special nature of a visual object
Edge
a sharp side formed by the intersection of two surfaces of an object
perspective
creates the illusion of depth or space
What subject matter was characteristic of the Pop Art of the 1960's?
popular contemporary culture
lucius o'brian
the glacier of the selkirks 1886 w/c
middle of the head
Where are the eyes located?
workmanship
the skill and style with which an artist manipulates a medium
The "Chauvet" cave was discovered and got its name from who?
Jean-Marie Chauvet
Nam June Paik
used multiple video monitors with different images whose intense movement is rarely linear and sequential
proportion
relation of one thing to another in size, degree, or amount
emphasis
focal point - the principle of design that is concerned with
el claroscuro
forma artística que usa luces y sombreas para resaltar una imagen
atmospheric perspective
The illusion of depth produced in graphic works by lightening values, softening details and textures, reducing value contrasts, and neutralizing colors in objects as they recede.
Japan Pavilion
100% recycled materials, 90% of this was paper
Helen Frankenthaler, Mountains and Sea, 1952
used staining, abstract automatic doodling, Greenberg was past lover who was impressed, got in fight and dropped her and didnt celebrate her art, told others how to do "staining"
Radial Balance
Type of balance in which forces or elements of a design come out from a central point.
triadic colors
three hues an equal distance from one another on the color wheel. Ex. green, orange, violet
Visual texture
Texture that looks like if you touch it, you could feel it, but it's not
linear perspective
a system of drawing or painting in which teh artist atttempts to create the illusion of spatial debth on a 2-d serface
Rubens, Elevation of the Cross
dramatic lightening on christ from caravggio, oversized and controlled bodied from michelango, rich colors from titian, theatrical maxium intensity, diagonal and sptail attention, help reinforce cathlic docturn
Cycladic Art
On the island of ______. few inches to near life-size. funerary Idols.
Negative Space
The ares of an artwork not occupied by subject matter, but which contribuets to the compostion. In 2D art, the negative space is usually the background
Hamilton, "Just what is it that Makes Today's Home So Different, So Appealing? (1956)
Pop: British Pop
Independent Group
a tool used to take a piece out of the center of clay (like loop tool)
Loop Corer
The central figure of this work stands upon a female torso and is has wings attached his feet and helmet.
Perseus with the Head of Medusa
moderno
modern
translúcido
translucent
retrato
portrait
Calder
Hanging Spider
1929
Barcelona Pavilion
to divide
dividir
vivid
anschaulich,klar, impulsiv
le paysage
landscape
auguste rodin
the kiss
Battle of Issos
Altdorfer
watercolor
translucent painting medium
mejor que...
better than
Ishtar/Inanna
Assyrian/Babylonian goddess of fertility, love, war, and sex. counterpart to Sumarian Inanna
Return of the Hunters
Bruegel
shade
color darkened with black
Texture
Interruption on the surface
Abstract Expressionist artists typically painted on a
large scale.
artists
creative individuals who use imagintion and skill to communicate in visual form
caves of lascaux
dordogne, france
13,000 bc
sculpture
a 3-D work of art
Death of Marat
Jacques-Louis David, 1793
Title: The Last Supper
Date: 1909
Creator: NOLDE, Emil
Medium: oil on canvas
surrealism
embrace of the irrational, fears, hopes
2- Demensional
Something with height and width
cuneiform
earliest known forms of written expression
Death of Marat, France, Neoclassicism, David
Elements
The elements of an artistsic composition are those basic visual quatlities
art
Produced or intended primarily for aesthetic purposes rather than usefulness. Any of the art forms, such as sculpture, painting, dance, theater, or music.
Slef-Portrait as the Allegory of Painting
Gentileschi
Italian Renaissance
revival of classical art, literature, and learning based on humanism
neutral
having no easily seen hue; white, gray, or black
Representation of Mt. Wutai, cave 61, Dunhuang, Gansu, 947-957CE
The Raft of the Medusa
Theodore Gericault, Romanticism
shape
defines space using only height and width
ceramics
objects made of fired clay or porcelain.
dome
a hemisphere placed on walls that enclose a circular or square space
Closed form
A self- contained or explicitly limited form; having a resolved balance of tensions, a sense of calm completeness implying a totality within itself
What development in the 16th century helped better focus an image in the camera obscura?
lenses
Thick Line
= strong & thought as a shape
kneaded
type of eraser that can be reshaped and used to lift pencil lines to lighten without completely erasing
miniaturist
An artists trained in the painting of miniature figures or scenes to decorate manuscripts.
stereobate
the entire stair platform in a Greek temple
Contour Line
Line that delineates both the outside edge of an object and the edges of planes, as opposed to outline, which delineates only the outside edge of an object. Contour is spatially descriptive. It is plastic; that is, it emphasizes three-dimensionality of a form.
curator
A career in which the person is responsible for the purchase of new artworks, developing and overseeing exhibitions, and preparing materials to help announce and advertise exhibitions
fresco
a painting done on fresh, wet plaster with water-based paints
how did the artist use the elements and principles of art?
analyze
primary colors
Three colors from which all other colors originate. They are red, blue and yellow.
Point of pencil is made of graphite and clay.
True
Arnolfini Portrait
painted by Jan Van Eyck, contains the bride and groom along with the father of the bride and the painter.
color schemes (color harmonies)
specific methods of using colors together to create harmony
Carol Schneeman "Meat Joy" 1960 Art Since 1960
naked people chicken
expressive line
produced to express and idea, mood or quality
aesthetics
the study of the nature and value of art
This artist attached a juniper sprig next to the motto “Beauty is Virtue” on the back of his painting of Ginerva de Benci.
Leonardo da Vinci
analogous color
colors tat are from the same family or are located next to eachother on the color wheel
white
You mix a tint in a painting by adding ____.
This work's artist added an oval at the right side of an archway depicting the names of the people in this painting
(The) Night Watch
value, line, texture, shape, color, space, form
list the 7 elements of art.
Jacques-Louis David, The Death of Socrates, 1787
(Pg.70) Men in togas, heads down, crying
What was George Seurats most famous work?
A sunday afternoon on the island of la grande jatte
Lamentation
Giotto
nuetrals
grey
qu'ran
famous scirpture
graphic art
grafika
representar
to represent
l'éclairage
light, lighting
morir
to diemuerto
Apollo and Daphne
Bernini
el paisaje
the countryside
nunca tanto
never much
Harmony in Red
Matisse
Organic
Sticks, grass, natural shapes
credit line
title, edition, artist
warm colors
red, orange, yellow
cromlech
a circle of monoliths
St. Teresa in Ecstasy
Gianlorenzo Bernini
Animate
Drawing with ideas of movement
Monochramtic color
same color, different shades
earthworks
1970s robert smithson
walter de maria
nancy holt
fetes galantes
elegant fetes/outdoor entertainments, 18th century Rococo painting
George Catlin
created Native American portraits based on the Plains Indians. He thought that the Native American way of life was going to be extinct.
Frido Kahlo
"I painted my own reality."
pattern
combination of lines, shapes, and colors that are repeated used in an overall design (repeated)
Implied Line
Line completed by viewer, discontinuous line viewers perceive, series of points suggesting a line.
peindre, faire de la peinture
to paint
Synthetic cubism
Characteristics include being more representational, used collage, reconstructed (arranged) in a different way, and had color.
Balance
Principle of art concerned with equalizing visual forces of elements
integrity
a sound, unimpaired, or perfect condition:
Allegory
A story or message told through symbols. Lascaux Cave
Porportion
the relationship of one part to another and to the whole.
Trumeau
A central post supporting the lintel of a large doorway, as in a Romanesque or gothic portal, where it is frequently decorated with sculpture.
pharoahs
egyptian rulers who were worshipped as gods and held complete authority over the kingdom.
medium
a particular material, along with its accompanying technique
oil binder
something used to bind oil paints
motif
a design that consists of recurring shapes or colors
The ________ are credited with the invention of paper around 5 C.E.
Chinese
Silkscreen
the only printmaking process that does NOT print the reverse of the original image (what is on the plate, or screen). So, you don't have to reverse your text for it to come out right. You DO with every other kind of printmaking.
Enter your front text here.
What is Graphite?
naos
in a classical temple, this room is where the cult statue usually stood
value
the degree of lightness or darkness on a surface
collograph
also known as a collage print. an impression made on paper form 3d objects being glued on a surface, then inked and pressed into a piece of paper
Glaze
a clear or colored coating for clay containing glass among other ingredients. Melts and fuses to clay surface when fired in a kiln, adding durability
Harry Callahan
pictures of his wife Eleanor for years
impasto (paste)
technique when artists pile the paint up
performance art
the artsits body is the vehicle of expression
size
large objects seem to be closer to the viewer than smaller objects.
Content
what a work of art is about, its subject matter as interpreted by a viewer.
Optimum Solution-Alternate Solution
Best solution you can make, nothing better fits your problem, when you know you have it.
davinci sculptor
most of his works were prototypes of his drawings
The type of balance by similarity of form or arrangement on either side of a dividing line or plane, or to correspondence of parts, as in size, shape, or position. Mirror Balance.
Symmetrical Balance
Stoneware
A type of pottery that is fired at a high temperature and is dense, opaque and non-porous; it vitrifies and is waterproof even without glaze.
tint (of color)
a color produced by mixing white with a hue which raises the value level and increases the quantity of light reflected
maya lin: vietman veteran's memorial
process art. engraving each name was repeated and accumulated in a process. time embodied
Which artist used the technique of terminating the spatial boundary between viewer and artwork so that the action continues beyond the frame? Which painting represents this?
Gentileschi; Judith and Maidservant with the Head of Holofernes
What did the massacre at chios depict?
it was a painting that depicts thousands of greeks being slaughtered
enorme
enormous
tapestry
...
aplaudir
to applaud
infirme
crippled, disabled
physical space
...
Pintar
To paint
Maderno, Facade
1606-12
le conducteur
a driver
brush and ink
...
What is a pattern?
...
michalangelo
sculptor of the Pieta
Luncheon on the Grass
Manet
backround
area behind the subject
transparent
able to be seen through
harmony
creates unity by stressing similarities of separate but related parts
kinetic art
artwork that actually moves
emphasis and subordination
importance v. less important
What are the colorful altars called?
Ofrendas
aerial perspective
The perception of less-distinct contours and value contrasts as forms recede into the background.
Leo X
Rebuilt St.Peter's Basilica; Arts; Turned Rome into the cultural center of the world
casting
sculpture technique where molten metal or another substance is poured into a mold and allowed to harden
Elementos de una columna
Basa, Fuste, Capitel
secondary colors
Hues created by mixing 2 colors
analogous
side byside on colorwheel any where from 3-7 colors
_____________ sculptures can be viewed completely in the round.
Free standing
vehicle
binding agent that powdered pigment is mixed with to form paint
palette
thin board that painters mix their colors on
Design
the arrangement of the design elements to create a single effect. The organization or composition of a work; the skilled arrangement of its parts. An effective design is one in which the elements of art and principles of design have been combined to achieve an overall sense of unity.
based on real people, places and things but does not look like the real people, places and things. This style shows an object you can name but does not show it clearly.
abstract
apse
Semicircular area; altar or east end of church; vaulted or domed ceiling
Elements of Art
color, line, space, shape, value, texture, and form
sculpture in the round
Freestanding figures, carved or modeled in three dimensions
Van Gogh, Starry Night
1889, NYC, made in assylum
symmetry
a special type of formal balance in which two halves of a balanced composition are identical, mirror images of each other
naturalistic art
the depiction of realistic objects in a natural setting
opaque
Tempera paint tends to be more _____ than water color paints
art critique
the process and the results of critical thinking about art. The parts are: describe, analyze, interpret, and judge.
Implied Time
passage of time suggested by depiction of events that occur in a work of art
gesso
A mixture of glue and chalk, thinned with water and applied as a ground before painting with oil or egg tempera. Most gessos are bright white in color.
Picture Plane
The literal surface (like a page of paper) where other quantities and dimensions of space can be implied.
Mummy of Artemidoros
From Fayum 100-200; Stucco casing with portait in encausec on limewood with added gold leaf; 67" high
2nd page of Ebo gospel
St Mathew Human with wings
Temporal art
temporal because it is how it is organized in time (music)
triadic
_ colors form a triangle on the color wheel. Ex: Red, yellow and blue or green, orange and purple
analogous colors
Colors that are side by side on the color wheel.Example: yellow, yellow green, green..... These colors are all next to each other on the color wheel.
artist / viewer
"The Death of The Author" by Roland Barthes, claims that meaning-making has shifted from the _____ to the _____
"The Prophet, Zucrone, Pumpkin Head" (early renaissance)
artist: donatello. <-- broke the tradition and this piece was accepted by the church
What is the rule of thirds for?
it is a way of composing your work
/ 225
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})

{[comment.username]}

{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online