Art 15 Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
properly
correctly
weaving
tkactwo
enfermedad
illness
Caravaggio
Baroque
el/la poeta
poet
el contenido
content
el movimiento
movement
exposer
to show
volume
length *width*height
Shepard Fairey
Revolution Girl
Positive Shape
figure shapes
Robert Adams
Kenwick House
Femme-enfant
Innocent, pure woman
Value Scales
show different values
Ernst
Europe after the Rain
Germany
Surrealism
1940-1942
art of middle ages
byzantine
Tribuna of the Uffizi
Titian
color scheme
plans for organizing colors
Red
best example of light value
la mise en scène
production, staging
Steven Biko Photographer
DRUM Magazine Photographer
Nonobjective abstraction
Nonrepresentational, started without any reference to a physical object. Based on pure design.
ground
a protective coating of acid-resistant material that covers the copper or zinc
Line
contionous mark made from a point
What is the oldest drawing tool?
Charcoal.
ready made
Found objects. Sculptures. Commonplace objects as art (Artist: Marcel Duchamp)
gradient
smooth blend from light to dark
painterly
a description of painting style-"fat juicy brushstrokes"
Boucher
Rococo (18th c.); voluptuous beauty; erotic delights to arouse; "Cupid a captive"
 
 
Value
A graphic representation that suggests the infinite grays that exist between black and white
Modeling
Shaping of 3-dimensional forms in a soft material (ex.-clay)
kore
ancient Greek statue of a draped maiden
manifest destiny
19th century american political abd religious belief that the united states was destined to expand
Muybridge, Horse Trot & Gallop, 1878 (Marien p. 210)
Experiment in using photography to analyze something scientifically, in this
case whether a horse's feet all leave the ground at the same time while
running
Leads to scientific use of photography to
Debord and Jorn, Memoires page (1959)
Situationist International
Space
the distance or area between around below and above and within objects.
Mobile
A sculpture consisting of parts that move in air currents.
Minbar
A high speech platform in a mosque
Complementary
colors that are opposites or straight across from each other on the color wheel. Create the strongest contrast
proportion
the size relationship between parts of the same object or separate object.
Balance, unity, contrast, rhythm, movement, repetition, and harmony. The techniques that artists use to organize or design artworks when working with the elements of design.
Principles of Design
Porcelain is a type of ceramic fired at a very _________ temperature.
high
observation drawing
drawing what you are viewing, looking at
Of the painting is smooth even the coat of the tiger looks smooth
Texture
votive figures
a figurine placed in shrine that expresses or symbolizes a wish, desire, or vow
Tropaion (trophy)
erected in context of military event, usually at the moment of victory. Two pieces of wood crossed and bound. Helmet and clothes of the defeated draped across, gives off the appearance of a scarecrow.
dry-brushing
allows to paint on top with bottom color showing through
texture
how things feel, or look as though they might feel, if touched
how does an artist choose the medium they use?
...
In Emily Mary Osborne's Nameless and Friendless, what visually connects and leads the viewer's eye around the composition.
Implied line
cast iron construction
iron as main support
Ex. Crystal Palace, Eiffel Tower
Hildegarde of Bingen
German abbess, the first woman who significantly influenced Antichrist imagery; wrote several books including Liber Scivias which depicted the life of the Antichrist
Complementary Colors
colors that are opposites on the color wheel
middle ground
the part of the artwork that lies between the backround and foreground
la paleta
donde el artista pone y mezcla sus pinturas
Vanishing Point
The point on the horizon where things appear to disappear
open-value composition
a composition in which values are not limited by the edges of shapes and therefore flow across shape boundaries into adjoining areas. the value pattern created is unrelated to the location of the subject(s)
ALTER COLOR BY MAKING IT LIGHTER/DARKER
U R CHANGING ITS VALUE!
Hue
The name of any color as found in its pure state in the spectrum or rainbow, or that aspect of any color.
components of comprehensive art education
-art history: social context and historical periods of art
-art criticism: the analysis and interpretation of art
-aesthetics: the nature and value of art
-art making: creating original art
positive shape or figure
A shape that is distinguished from the background is called
the outline and other visible edges of a mass, figure, or object
What is a contour line?
What tool is used to select individual anchor points and /or line segments?
Direct Selection Tool (The White Arrow)
famoso
famous
lujoso
luxurious
Pericles
...
la vista
view
scrivere
to write
le poète
poet
Manet
Impressionism (1870-1900)
French
avant-garde
nude women, luncheon on grass
flat shapes, contrast btw lights and darks, blurred perspective
paint on flat canvas-similar to photography
le paysage
landscape
Torah
Holy Jewish scroll
Urano
dios del cielo
el desorden
the disorder
primer
creates a uniform surface
Great planer
false face masks
Tertiary Colors
Red-Orange, Yellow-Orange, Yellow-Green, Green-Blue, Blue-Purple, Red-Purple; 6 colors mixed from one primary color and it's neighboring secondary color.
physiognomy
study of facial features
Batoni's father was a ___________________.
goldsmith
USA
where was grandma moses born?
la Sagrada Familia
the Holy Family
secondary colorsfadfasdf
combination of primary colors
Deutsche
kirchner, underbelly of society, expressionist
Penn's Treaty with the Indians
West
Charles Martel
Frankish military and political leader; served as Mayor of the palace under the Merovingian kings and ruled defacto during an interregnum; offered the title of Consul by the pope but refused
CMY
CYAN, MAGENTA, YELLOW 21ST CENTURY COLOR WHEEL
intensity
the density, quality, purity or saturation
canvas
typical material an artists paint on
realism stage
-increasing influence of social factors
-art is seen more as a creative endeavor than symbol making activity
Tomb of Hunting and Fishing, Tarquinia
Archaic Style Kouros figures
580-480 BCE
"youth/young boy"
Space between limbs
Not made after a specific person but after an ideal figure
Has archaic smile - suggests life
highlight
a light area that represents the reflection of light (as in the eye of a model)
Monochromatic
Using many different values of a single hue by adding black or white
Kinetic
Works designed to move or perhaps change over time
stylus
a needle-like tool used in engraving and incising ; also an ancient writing instrument used to inscribe clay or wax tablets
hypogea
the underground area of the theater, directly under the arena.
Scoring
Scratching the edges of clay before joining them together
Dorthea Lange
American photographer who recorded the great depression by taking pictures of the unemployed and rural poor.
in the location of values, darker values appear ____.
closer
Assembling
the technique of creating a sculpture by grouping or piecing together distinct elements, as opposed to casting, modeling, or carving.
medium
a liquid with which pigment is mixed by a painter
negative space
the unused are between within and surrounding shape
wash
is paint applied in a thin transparent manner.
form
has height width, and depth, 3D, can be organic or geometric, and form is always positive
harmony
the repetition one or more elemnts in a composition
Arts and Craft Movement
dedicated themselves to functional objects of high aesthetic value for a wide public. (John Ruskin, William Morris and Charles Rennie Mackintosh)
Color Spectrum
The effect that occurs when light passes through a spectrum
Asymmetrical
The organization of the parts of a comosition such that the sides of a vertical axis are visually ewqual without being identical
A city state has its own god and government
True
renaissance
with this type of art there was a return of humanism,
this is the era of rebirth. rebirth of classical greek and roman ideas
Where do we come from? What are we? Where are we going?, France, Post-Impressionism, Gauguin
...
implied lines
a series of points that the viewer's eyes automatically connect
Primary colors
red, yellow, blue, there are no range of colors that can be mixed to get these colors
space (sister), shape (sally), lines (likes), value (vanilla), form (flavor), color (chai), texture (tea)
7 elements of art
the order of the choice in the aegean islands and on the western coast of asia minor
Ionic
Dukes of Urbino
they are married rulers, it is their land (signori lord), the woman had children (died after ninth kid) the mans nose is broken. had only one eye (left eye). vanishing point (perspective) in the vast land. Pierro della Francesca
Wet on Wet
Painting with a wet brush on wet paper. (Paint bleeds freely)
This artist cast a large bronze statue of a horse for Francesco Sforza
Leonardo da Vinci
*Pontormo Deposition from the cross (Entombment of Christ) Oil, 1525-1528
Deposition- no cross. pressures of following the high ren ideal would be incentive to go in another direciton, your prob not going to out do them, so do something they would not have done. right before lamentation. removed from cross by followers, background is jsut a cloud, people takeing up the picture plane, layered creating depth, everyone looks like floating, ballooon like, not monumental like leonardo, unsaturated color, weird choices of colors. color is inconsistent from top to bottom of a body. proportions off, jesus has no bones, green halo with wierd expression is the artists self portrait. emotional but in a different way. perplexed, suffering but not as understandable. its strange. who are these people? angels? followers? drapery has a life of its own, some places its functional, but very billowy. knoted, no atmosphere.
the artist plays off the expectations of the viewer and eliminates the usually essential cross and tomb..Mary is falling back and away as she releases JC's hand. The center is actually a void, filled with a grouping hands that symbolizing loss and grief.
the scene usually layed out perpendicular- he went vertical.
Uniformly small oval heads, bodies elongated bending, distorted Contrasting colors blues and pinks add to dynamism and complexity of the work.
Grid-horizontal and vertical lines
drawn on a piece of paper, dividing it into equal squares. An artist uses a grid to copy images or picture by drawing what is in each square seperately
Why did Akbar build the city of Fatehpur Sikri?
To honor the saint who predeicted the birth of his sons.
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