art 3 Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
David
Michaelangelo
Retrata
Portrait
Impressionism
Monet
romantico
romantic
la teinte
color
la paleta
palette
darstellen
to represent/portray
to materialize
materializar
la vasija
vase
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, Apotheosis of Homer, 1827
le pinceau
painter's brush
acrilics
water based paints
The White Horse
Constable
Geometric
Angular and straight-edged forms.
la nature morte
still life
texture
how an artwork feels
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St. Peter'sMichelangeloItalian High Renaissance-Rome
frieze
an architectural ornament consisting of a horizontal sculptured band between the architrave and the cornice
interpretation
the meaning of an artwork
animation
Cartoon-like movies with separate pictures drawn by artists.
parthenon
visually perfect, for athena, classical
Design
consciously draw upon design principles.
choose to consciously violate them, process - the act or organizing the visual elements to effect a desired aesthetic on a work of art.
The Pantheon's original architect was _______.
Soufflot
arabesque
decorative technique that uses curving plant forms; frequently used in Islamic art
Marriage a la Mode, England, Enlightenment, Hogarth
content
the emotional or intellectual message of a work of art
Synthetic Cubism
collage, new phase of cubism
POLYPTYCH
a painting (usually panel painting) which is divided into multiple sections, or panels
subordinate
anything that is of lesser importance
warm colors (6)
yellow-green, yellow, yellow-orange, orange, red-orange, red, red-violet
mannerism
developed in the 16th century; characterized by a complex perspective system, elongation of forms, strained gestures or poses of figures, and intense color
apse
a large semicircular or polygonal (and usually vaulted) niche protruding from the end wall of building. In church contains altar
zone system
Ansel Adams
print rich black shadow areas next to bright areas
value
refers to the brightness and darkness of a color or shade
Emotionalism
theory of art that focuses on expressive qualities
Tenebrism
Painting in the "shadowy manner" using violent contrasts of light and dark as in the work of Caravaggio
Political Statement
the tragedies of WWI, Russian Revolution, Spanish Civil War and WWII compelled many artists to make visual statements against social injustice.(Ben Shahn, Pablo Picasso)
triad
three colors spaced equally on the color wheel.
color, line, value, shape, texture
***elements of design
Retablo
the Spanish word for altarpiece. A decorative screen set behind an altar
A liquid that controls the thickness or thinness of the paint.
Solvent
le poids
la qualite d'un corps pesent en kilos
rhythm
unification of parts of a work through measured repetition of visual accents
vertical, horizontal, curved, zig-zag, diagonal
5 types of lines
site specific (sculpture)
art/projects made for the particular site/place in which they are located
antefix
an upright ornament along the edges or eaves of a tiled roof designed to conceal the joints
Jan and Hubert van Eyck (?) Ghent Altarpiece (Adoration of the Mystic Lamb) 1432
15th-Century Northern Europe
Tint
A color is made lighter by adding white
vanishing points
the points that horizontal lines lead to
RICE and Ankle Sprains
(Rest, ice, compression, elevation); Green: Mobilization + RICE helped more than RICE alone in ROM and stride speed
abstract
art that has no reference to any figurative reality
value contrast
when you place light value to dark values
ceramic
objects made of clay and fired in a kiln to a permanent form
Lazy Susan
a turning metal disc used by artists to rotate sculptures manually
marc chagall
_____ _____ was a major Jewish artist. He used images from village life and painted floating, dream-like images.
still life
a group of objects placed together for the purpose of drawing
focal point
when awarness is drawn to a single place of the composition
Evolution of Chinese Ceramics
During the Ming dynasty the Zhougan province created porcelin pottery that influenced the design and quality of our ceramics today. The special firing technique used by the Chinese influences the way pottery is made. Pottery is made using heavy silt (powdered clay), and water whereas ceramics are made using a fine silt (as light as baby powder) and sifted water.
fresco
work of art that is wet paint on wet plaster
printmaking
the process by which a work of art can be recreated in great quantity from a single image usually prepared from a plate
formal balance
when one half of a work is a mirror image
What are the elements of art?
value, volume, color, shape, size, time, texture, motion, line, light, pattern
how did 11th century Romanesque mansons construct monumental groin vaults?
by using blocks of stone joined by nortar
paleta
palette
oscuro
dark
paz
peace
Destruction
Cole
el poema
poem
el asunto
matter/topic/subject
reflejarse
to reflect
images
les images
el paisaje
landscape
obra
work of art
16th-Century Italian Renaissance:
Titian, Venus of Urbino, 1538
within reach
al alcance
location? period?
LA PARISIENNE
Knossos
Minoan
tint =
color + white
to look/seem like
parecerse a
me sorprende
it surprises me
hue
the name of a color
Paris, a Rainy Day
Caillebotte 1877
Picasso
Man with a Hat
Spain
Synthetic Cubism
1912-1913
Forms and figures with statues
Moore
Fauvism
Short-lived, but influential art movement in France in the early 20th century that emphasized bold, arbitrary, expressive color.
Borgoeois
"Cumul I" 1969; used classical training to create disturbing groupings of erotic shapes in marble as a reflection of sexual abuse; repetition = drama (random sculptor)
rough
surface that feels harsh or grating
line
the path of a moving point
The Last Supper: Leonardo Di Vinci
Harmony
Brings together a composition with similar units.
Dante Gabriel Rossetti, The Girlhood of Mary Virgin, 1848-49
three-dimensional
possesses the dimensions 0f (or illusions of) height, width, and depth. in the graphic arts, the feeling of depth is an illusion, while in the plastic arts, the work has actual depth.
Feminism
Originally formed around equal rights and pay. Images are powerful and persuasive.
According to SANBAN, who are the Amorites?
Babylonian
Pop Art
popular, or modern engagment in current time
Bisqueware
Clay thats been fired but not glazed
incising
making lines and figures by cutting into a surface with a tool
Stigmata
(pl.) marks resembling the wounds on the crucified body of Christ
Proportion
size or amount that is equal throughout the artwork, comparative relation between things or magnitudes as to size, quantity, number, etc.
Representational Art
(objective art) depicts the appearance of things.
dominance
emphasis placed on a particular area or characteristic of a work, with other areas or aspects given subordinate or supporting roles
In art, __________ refers to the distribution of the actual or apparent weight of the compositional elements.
balance
cross hatching
additional parrallel lines laid thru the first set of lines
fresco
a mural technique. true fresco or buon fresco is done with water base paint applied to a damp lime plaster surface. must be applied exactly and quickly. permanent. secco fresco is tempera paint applied to dry plaster walls. less stable than true fresco
describe
this process in responding to art work refers to the subject matter of the artwork.
Kore (pl. Korai)
Greek word for 'maiden.' An ArchaicGreek statue of a standing, draped, female.
Draw
make a mark or lines on a surface
Variety
Contrast within one or more elemnst to gain intrests. Harmony: combining similar elements to stress their similiarity
Gradation: using a series of gradual changes to combine elements
Unity
Creates oneness and a sense of whole. too much can create boredom and monotony.
space
an element of art that idicates areas between around,above,below
Leda
fecundada por Zeus en forma de cisne, de cual nace Helena, Clitemnestra, Castor y Pocos
Pharaohs
Egyptian rulers. On top of the social system.
A boy with a brightly-plumed hat secretly holds a five of hearts behind has back while an older man signs to that boy the contents of his opponent’s hand. A pile of coins sits to the left of the players.
(The) Cardsharps
Ur
an ancient city of Sumer located on a former channel of the Euphrates River
Leather Hard
clay that is dries slightly making it stiffer and able to support its weight
Figure-ground relationship
in 2-D art, the relationship between a shape we perceive as dominant (the figure) and the background shape we perceive it against ( the ground). Figure shapes are positive shapes, and ground shapes are negative shapes.
form
a name given to an object that has three dimensions.
art of ancient rome
(753 B.C-476 A.D) romans often sculptured or painted portraits. they were more concerned with functional or realistic aspects of art.
Using a repeating _____ is one way to create implied texture
pattern
Relief sculpture
A type of sculpture in which forms and figures project only from the front
great wall of china
only man made object seen from space
collage
a work of art created by gluing bit of paper,fabric, scrapes, photographs, and other materials to a flat surface
Sarcophagus with the myth of Orestes
naked warriors fighting. Wounded and naked girls on the floor. frieze on top. Antonines
In a work of art, content is conveyed primarily in three ways: through its symbolic references; through written materials and cultural context; and ______ .
through the subject matter
Opposite side of the color wheel are?
Orange, blue, red, green, yellow and violet
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