Art 4 Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
poemo
poem
Paisaje
Landscape
Cubism
Picasso
dorado
golden
le portrait
portrait
representar
to represent
Bildhauer
der sculptor
quantity
la cantidad
el/la dibujante
illustrator
Pattern
Decorative visual repetition.
11th cen
Vladamir virgin
John Audubon
drew birds
The Fighting Temeraire
Turner
WARM COLORS
Red, Orange, Yellow
359
sarcophagus of junius bassus
toned ground
not white paper
http://classconnection.s3.amazonaws.com/1498/flashcards/661438/jpg/starry-night.jpg
The Starry NightVan Gogh1889
tissue paper
thin transparent colored paper
m.duchamp
nude desending a staircase surrealism
Kore
Standing, clothed female. Rigid stance
cross-hatching
using crossed lines for shading
El punto de vista
View point
Ingres was particularly influenced by Renaissance artist _______.
Raphael
saturated color
hues undiluted with white, consequently deep and intense
Landscape
Works of art that depict scenery
Underglaze
Colored decoration applied to bisqued clay, then coated with a clear glaze. Typically it's made of clay slip and raw pigment.
shape
an enclosed space defined and determined by other art elements such as line, color, value, and texture.
Diminution
lessening; reduction in size; V. diminish
Gros
Napoleon in the Pesthouse of Jaffa
se han colocado
they have placed themselves
schlock
something of cheap or inferior quality; junk
spandrels
the area of wall adjoining the exterior curve of an arch between its springing and the keystone, or the area between two arches, as in an arcade
Nancy Holt
Sun Tunnels, Great Basin Desert, Utah
holes align with Perseus, Columbia, Capricorn & Draco
reffering to ancient systems (stonehenge) links with the past
Simulated
made to look genuine while being artificial
Psalter
a book containing the Book of Psalms
Luncheon on the Grass by Manet, 1863
Complementary Colors
colors located directly opposite one another on the color wheel
ex. red, green blue, orange yellow, purple
Neagle, Pat Lyon at the Forge, 1826
Value
how light or dark a color is
atrium
outdoor garden area; fountain used for ceremonial washing of feet; also used as a space for instruction of new converts and for socialization
Queen Nefertiti
Painted limestone bust, new Kingdom, 1353-1335
Color
The element of art that is produced when light, striking an object, is reflected back to the eye
keystone
the final stone that is set in place
texture
element of art that defines the way something feels to the touch or how it may look.
Romanticism
o Less interest in science an reason
o More emotional, intense art
o Looser brushwork, deep colors, dynamic compositions
o More interest n artist's personal vision, expression
vanitas
An image, in which all the objects symbolize the transience of life, vanity of earthly things
blind contour
Line drawing done w/out looking at paper.
Triad
are equally spaced apart on the color wheel
industrial design
a career that involves conceiving of and designing objects that meet the needs of people
complementary color harmony
colors directly across from one another on the color wheel
Actual Space
An expanse having depth, height, and width on a 2D surface
In one painting from this movement Jesus knocks on a door while carrying a lantern. Notable works from this movement include King Cophetua and the Beggar Maid and Light of the World.
Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood
Proportion
is the relationship b/t size of 1 part of the image to another part as well as to the whole
Part of the Principles of Design
Cast Shadow
the shadow that falls from an object to a flat surface. It is found on the side directly opposite from the highlight
Contour line
area by area, lots of detail both interior and exterior
Pop Art
Andy Warhol was part of the _____ _____ movement: he made prints of multiple images and sold many copies of them
analogous
refers to a family of either warm red orange yellow or cool blue green yellow violet
Compostion
the way the principles of art are used to organized the elments of art
The purpose of David's The Death of Socrates was to __________.
provoke literary discussion
naos or cella
in a classical temple, this room is where the cult statue usually stood
picture plane
the plane that is in the foreground of a drawing or painting
line of sight
a type of implied line from a figure's eyes to a viewed object, directing that attention of the viewer of a design from one part of it to another
se faire couper (les cheveux en brosse)
couper les cheveux tres courts (crewcut)
How come the demand for rococo increased?
Because the nobles deserted the royal palace of versailles and built themselves elegant, frivolous, townhouses in paris, which need furnishings to accomodate there lifes of play acting, pursuiting pleasure, and living in a delightful carefree world.
caryatid
claro
light
escena
stage
Vampire
Munch
captar
to capture
el museo
museum
ilustrar
to illustrate
to paint
peindre
la crítica
critique
16th-Century Italian Renaissance:
Raphael, School of Athens, Stanza della Segnature, c. 1510-11
au premier plan
foreground
location? period?
SNAKE GODDESS
Knossos
Minoan
art
produced/intended primarily for aesthetic purposes rather than utility
Manet "Olympia" 1863 Realism
sin duda
without a doubt
Cavalry procession, Ionic frieze
Temple of Athena Parthenos
la estrofa
sección de una poema
The Fall of Icarus
Bruegel 1650
Stoneware
higher that earthenware, waterproof, uses smaller grains
has height width and depth
form
Shade
A hue with black added
Smithson
"Spiral Jetty" 1970; showed that nature will conquer man's design, Salt Lake Site Specific
diagonal
slant; somewhere between and vertical and horizontal line
Southworth & Hawes, Harriet Beecher Stowe, 1850 (Marien, p. 67)
Southworth & Hawes are first major studio in Boston
Photograph many famous persons of the time
incised
cut or impressed into a surface
Jean-Léon Gérôme, The Moorish Bath, 1870
to make fun of
se moquer de
high value
contrast would be between 20%-90%
Rhythm
(a principle and aka movement) A particular visual "beat" marking the movement of the viewer's
eye through a work.
Foreshorting
faking that an object goes on forever
Jackson Pollock
Leader of the abstract expressionist movement. Artwork looks like blobs of splattered paint
ANILLO
asentado sobre las pechinas y arcos torales/ring
house church
meeting place for early Christians, usually home of wealthy members
Organic Shape
irregular, often curving or rounded, relaxed and informal
materials
any physical substance, such as rock, wood, glass, plastic, etc
Originally a derisive term, __________ uses mass produced, light, easily handled cuts of wood and metal nails for the assembly of millions of homes and small buildings on site.
balloon framiing
Continious narrative
Mulitple scenes of the same story
constructive process
a process where preexisting objects are brought together making a new form. Also the assembling of materials such as steel or plastic into sculputral forms
art critique
the process and the results of critical thinking about art. The parts are: describe, analyze, interpret, and judge.
Megaron
From the greek word for large. The central audience hall in a Minoan or Mycenaean palace or home.
elements of art
line, shape, form, color, value, space, and texture. The building blocks the artist works with to create an artwork.
cultural portrait
portrait which places the emphasis on social standing (class, wealth)
Pulling a Print
pulling the paper from a print
photomontage
term coined in Berlin 1918 for a collage composed of fragments of photographs
Dido
reina de Cartago, se enamora de Eneas, el la deja, ella le deja maldicion que sus hijos serian enemigos de Cartago
Tone
The property of colour that makes it seem light or dark.
Actual and Implied mass
• Actual Mass: occupies three-dimensional space and has measurable volume
and weight.
• Implied Mass: creates the illusion of possessing volume, having weight and
occupying three-dimensional space.
Pencil with more graphite than clay is _______
Soft
It was named by Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, who joined such figures as Ernst Kirchner to found this group. For 15 points, name this artistic circle which emphasized authenticity and saw some of its greatest success in the work of two later additions, Max Pechs
The Bridge
Ionic
Its column has a base, a fluted shaft, and a capital decorated with volutes. Its entablature consists of an architrave of three panels and moldings, a frieze usually containing sculpted relief ornament, and a cornice with dentils
biomorphic shapes
shapes which are irregular in form and resemble the freely developed curves of organic life.
Implied Light
Light that models or shapes giving 2-D art a 3-D appearance.
Tertiary
is what happens when you mix a color with its complement.
Icons
A flat panel painting of a holy object or being such as Jesus, Mary, a saint, etc. "windows to heaven"
Repetition
Use of any element or object more than once in an artifact in order to structure a viewer's experience of that work
barrel vault
a series of round arches from front to back that form a tunnel
intermediate hues
color made by mixing 1 primary and 1 secondary color
Alfred Stieglitz
He was known as the father of modern photography. helped populize photography
Style of Art
non objective art in which there is no recognizable subject matter. It can occur anywhere at anytime but not always accepted as art.
Jean Dubuffet, Portrait of Jean Paulhan, 1946
series after war, both sides of freedom fighters/natzi, way in which ppl opperated, end of the day we are all the same, art crit who was reisistance fighter
According to Marcel Duchamp, the function of a readymade was to __________.
prompt the viewer to think and think again
escultura
sculpture
perspective
perspektywa
desde
sinse
Ugolino
Reynolds
el retrato
portrait
el signo
sign
manipuler
to manipulate
galán
leading man
la interpretación
interpretation
2d
length and width
Roman
200 B.C.-500 A.D.
the initiative
la iniciativa
Judith and Holofernes
Gentileschi
Jericho Stone Tower
8000-7000 BC
16th-Century Italian Renaissance:
Michelangelo, Last Judgment, Sistine Chapel, New St. Peters, 1536-41
balance
2 types symmetrical asymmetrical
Horogium??
Horologium- giant sundial
Egyptian architecture
Shadow would point directly to the altar of peace on augustas’ birthday
Ara Pacis (Altar of Augustan Peace
terre sauvage
a.y. jackson 1913 o/c
The Art of Painting
Vermeer 1666
Giacometti
Woman with her Throat Cut
Switzerland
Surrealism
1932
Parece mentira...
Its hard to believe
strong lines that makes shapes
outline
Koons
"Pink Panther" & "Vacuum" in1980's; who owns art, images, how close do copies have to be?
Hue
the common name for a color
rubbings
a technique that transfers the textural quality of a surface to paper by placing the paper over the textural surface and rubbing the top of the paper with crayon, pencil, etc.
Berthe Morisot, Le Berceau (The Cradle), 1872
me parece que
it seems to me
Avant garde
new and unusual experimental ideas
stereobate
a foundation upon which a classial temple stands
sublime
Edwund Burke's idea of an experience that is awe-insipring, maybe danger, vast/powerful makes us feel small
Collage
Art work created by gluing paper and/or found objects onto a flat surface
Portait of Franceso d'Este, Rogier van der Weyden. c.1455-60, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Cloisonne
a multicolored surface made by pouring enamels into compartments outlined by bent wire fillets, or strips
Emphasis*
special attention given to some aspect of a composition to increase its prominence
Dry Media
pencil, charcol, conte crayon, and pastel
Groin vault
the intersection of two barrel vaults
intensity
the saturation, strength, or purity of a hue. a vivid color is of high intensity; a dull color is of low intensity
Unity
a sense of oneness, of things belonging together and making up a coherent whole.
tenebroso
painting in the dark manner a technique of caravaggio
Emphasis
is drawing a viewer's attention to a specific area or object
five kinds of line
vertical horizontal diagonal curved zigzag
Continuous
no lifting the pencil look for details to follow
Abstract
Art that is based on something you would see or kn in life, but it has been abstracted or distorted.
parallel
two things that are next to each other
Argo
perro de Odiseo, quien lo reconoce y se muere de la alegria
Que te/le parece?
What does it seem to you
types of balance
• Actual Balance-means that the piece of art is literally balanced. It can stand
upright on its own.
• Pictorial Balance-refers to the distribution of the apparent or visual weight of
the elements in works that are two dimensional.
Post-and-Lintel Construction
A construction technique in which two posts support a horizontal bean (the lintel). In contrast to systems employing arches.
Peasant Wedding
P(ieter) Breughel the Elder [prompt on partial answer, need all parts]
narrative image
A picture that recounts an event drawn from a story, either factual (biographical) or fictional
tool used to scrape excess clay (like a potter's rib)
Steel Scraper
pronaos
The space, or porch, in front of the cella, or naos, of an ancient Greek temple
wedging
kneading the clay to get rid of air bubbles so that the clay will not burst in the kiln
gesso
a ground made from glue and plaster of paris and chalk; most common with tempera
Troy
An ancient city in Asia Minor that was the site of the Trojan War
actual texture
those we can feel by touching such as polished marble, wood, sand, or swirls of thick paint.
visual communication
most direct avenue to the mind is by the way of the eyes. In art, visual experience is essential. how the artist interprets the subject is more than the actual subject; how the image is composed becomes the basis for the in depth experience of art.
Triads color scheme
A color scheme using three colors that are equal distances apart on the color wheel such as the primaries of red, yellow, and blue, or the secondaries of orange, violet, and green
Abstract Expressionism aka The NY School
1. Pure Abstraction
2. Expression of inner emotion/state of mind
Process over Product
camera obscura (dark room)
a darkened box used as a drawing aid in the sixteenth century
What is the meaning of abstract expressionism?
A school of painting that flourished after World War II until the early 1960s, characterized by the view that art is nonrepresentational and chiefly improvisational
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