Art 6 Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
gros(se)
épais(se)
variety
confusion
Principle
Variety
Leda
Brancusi
ayam jago
rooster
efavirenz (Sustiva)
NNRTI
la escena
scene
Fragonard
The Swing
Matthias Grunewald
Proto-Expressionist
Knossos
Aegean Minoan 1700-1400
to be standing
parado
Cool Colors
Blue,Green,and Purple
At the Races
Degas
Matisse
Painted Harmony in Red
Primary colors
Red, Yellow, Blue
Yellow is
a primary color
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Title: Last JudgmentArtist: Michelangelo BuonarrotiDate: 1534-1541Painted people nude which were later covered up (16th century) which remained until 1980s
Canon
A law, rule, or standard.
jemanden überraschen, verblüffen
to baffle someone
David SALLE
U.S. Postmodern "Big 3"
1980s
amate bark paper
made from mulberry
por medio de
by means of
Vertical Lines
move straight up and down.
pepon osorio
scene of the crime (1993)
Adoration of the Magi ("Montforte Altarpiece"), Hugo van der Goes, c.1470, Gemäldegalerie, Staatliche Museen (State Museum), Berlin
Placement
where something is located, close=low, high=far
Frederico Fellini
Produced the film 8 1/2
apse
A large semicircular or polygonal niche protruding from the end wall of a building. In a Christian church, it contains the altar. Apsidal is an adjective describing the condition of having such a semicircular or polygonal space.
Bent-corner Chest symbolizes the importance of family to _______ because it is carved of cedar to protect family heirlooms and clan regalia.
The Tlingit
Byzantine art
Styles of painting, design, and architecture developed from the fifth century C.E. in the Byzantine Empireof ancient eastern Europe.  Characterized in architecture by round arches, large domes, and extensive use of mosaic; characterized in painting by formal design, frontal and stylized figures, and rich use of color, especially gold, in generallly religious subject matter 
A sculpting technique typically done with clay and in an additive process in which the artist adds more and more material to achieve the final project.
Modeling
Muhammed
prophet who founded the religion of Islam; lead his followers to the more hospital neighboring city of Medina in 622, a watershed event called the Hijra that marks the starting point of the Islamic calendar
Texture
How something feels or appears to feel
Cubism
period of art history (20th century), artists took familiar objects and broke them up into series of gometirc figues then put them back together
Abstract Art
Art that departs significantly from natural appearances. Nonrepresentational
martyrium
a church that commemorates a deceased saint or holds the remains of a martyr; an early Christian martyrium is usually centrally planned
rectillinear and circular
two types of geometric shapes
shading
drawing different values on an object to give it form
The _______ paintings of Jackson Pollock and Willem de Kooning reflect the instability of energy and movement in self-expression rather than the order and containment of traditional conventions of representation.
Abstract Exressionist
Negative Space
Empty space surrounding shapes and forms.
Chiaroscuro
the subtle gradation of light and shadow used to create the effects of three dimensionality.
Definition
The degree to a shape is distinguished from both the ground area and from other shapes within the design. Clearly defined shapes tend to advance while blurred shapes tend to recede; the degree of resolution or focus of an entire image.
contour drawing
a drawing done slowly, focuses on outline, more detail than a guesture drawing, focuses on outer and inner edges
Monochromatic
Using tints and shades of only on color
sensory anchoring
using an object to catch someones attention
tooth
the textural "feel" of a sheet of paper. Charcoal paper has more tooth than smooth paper needed for pen & ink
the grattage
scraping away the surface of a painting to reveal layer beneath
Slab
Large flat piece of clay formed by rolling or throwing
continuous contour
never take the pencil of the page
rococo style
the style of art, architecture, music, and decorative arts from early 18th century europe made primarily for the upper class
Scale
The comparative size of an element of art or object in relation to other elements or objects and expectations about what is normal
His first work accepted by the Salon was his Scene of War in the Middle Ages
Degas
Credit line
a listing of important facts about an artwork
Contour Line
defines the outline of an object and its details
Hue
the name of a color in the color spectrum
acrylic paint
a water based paint that has a (polymer) plastic binder and dries to a permanent covering.
Optical Color Mixing
Placement of different colors in such a way that the human eye mixes them to form new colors
cast shadow
the dark area created on a shadow when a form prevents the light from falling on that surface
analogous colors
colors right next to each other on the color wheel
Napoleon Visiting the Plague House at Jaffa
Antoine Jean Gros, 1804
analogous color scheme
A color scheme that uses hues next to each other on the color wheel.
Applied or Commercial Art
created to sell a product to a target audience
what is mixed media
a work of art with two or more types of media use
romantico
romantic
abstracto
abstract
claro
light
le dessin
drawing
representar
to represent
el arquitecto
architect
La danza
Dance
el aplauso
applause
The Coiffure
Cassatt
bau has
walter gropius
el movimiento
the movement
warm colors
...visually advance
Celts
ancient people of Gauls
Tone
any color plus gray
se renseigner
to get information
Self-Portrait, REMBRANDT, Baroque Period, 1660, oil on canvas
The Barque of Dante
Delacroix
Fluxus
Started by George Maciunas.
-Belief that art should derive from daily life.
-Means: something that is always changing, shifting, moving.
krater / amphora
greek JAR. geometric
major art movement of 1600s
baroque
spectrum
colored bands of visible light
shape
2D area with a boundery
Intellectual Growth
exploring, experimenting, and problem solving
Composition
The organizational or arrangement of the art elements in a pictorial space.
scumbling
implied texture created over the surface over the surface of the support
Standing Buddha, Mathura, 4th c. CE
Carnival
Gericault was fascinated with the riderless horses during this event
Two Point Perspective - 2
Vanishing Points
Kitsch
Artistic or litereary material of "low" quality designed to appeal to current popular taste.
fresco
means "fresh" or "wet" in Italian.
Romangnesi's sculpture in the USAD Art Resource Guide is made of ___________.
plaster
secondary colors
produced by mixing primary colors violet, orange, green
color intensity
brightness or darkness of a color
Subject Matter
in representational or abstract art, the objects or events depicted.
transparency
pertains to the translucency of the paint
Line
The most versatile and necessary of all graphic elements. It can be two dimensional (pencil on paper) three dimensional (wire or rope) or implied (the edge of a shape or form)
feminist art
womens rights & issues
rejection of male dominated "boys club" modernist establishment
"alternative spaces" AIR gallery and womanspace
watercolor
a water-based paint that is a translucent wash of pigment
art is
a visual language that has communication -*language-* symbols
Op art
Based on creating sensations of movement throughout the repetition and manipulation of color, shape, and line; illusion of vibrations through afterimages and disorienting perspective with contrasting colors
horizontal
line running in the direction of the earth's surface
Etching
The process of using strong acid or mordant to cut into the unprotected parts a metal surface to create a design in the metal
Russian Revolution
the Tsar was overthrown after civil war and Communism ruled Russia.
silverpoint
a stylus made of silver, used in drawing in the 14th and 15th centuries because of the fine line it produced and the sharp point it produced
Value
The lightness or darkness of a color or tone
Perspective
creating the illusion of depth on a 2-D surface
modeling
a process in wwhich a soft, pliable material is built up and shaped into a sculptural form
One of the most highly acclaimed sculptors of the Baroque era was:
Gianiorenzo Bernini
What other term is graphic design connected to?
Commercial Art
principles of art
the rules that govern how artists organize the elements of art
shiny texture
A surface that reflects so much bright light that it seems to glow
media
the material used to create a piece of work
Ships head from Oseberg, Norway (820)
-celtic, non-christian, vikings aggresive culture. Greatest explorers/navigators(mythological creature)
-modern day scandanavians
-longboats means of transport
-it is a model for ships head, made of bone in Norway for longboat
-viking invaded,destroyed,raped conquered N/E kingoms=never defeagted
Non-utilian Pleasure
people enjoy art for art's sake and don't demand that it 'keep us warm'
ideograms
symbols that stand for an idea are not phonetic repesent actions of a spoken language (chinese caligraphy)
bisque fire
when bone dry clay is fired the first time
Georgia O'Keeffe, Black Iris III, 1926
challenges viewer to interpert meaning, women were expected to paint motherly/earthy/women-based things, took it literally, interested in naturalism, obssesed with finding out what america is like
strap
is the piece of wood screwed on top of the toggle and rail to hold them together
Roman painting was inferior because
they did not understand proportion and proportion
to symbolize their association with this mythic ancestor
Why did Native Americans of the Northwest build totem poles?
The the Epic of Gilgamesh, the legendary Sumerian King of Uruk goes on a quest for eternal life but ultimately recognizes that:
The city of Uruk is his lasting accomplishment, He is mortal and must accept it
focus
emphasis
stage
escenario
peinture
painter
un courant
Strömung
to oblige
verpflichten,zwingen
compras
rhythm, beat
el fondo
background
unity/harmony
go together
Malle Babbe
Hals
ernst (men)
pieta dadism
Digital photography
Maureen Nappi
junto a
next to
Triads (colour)
Triangle... Primaries, Secondaries
Death of Marat
David 1786
Thomas Hart Benton
Trail Riders
Friedrich
Abby in Oak Forest
Self-Portrait with Burning Cigarette
Munch
The Blind Leading the Blind
Bruegel
mood
a characteristic (habitual or relatively temporary) state of feeling
Albert Bierstadt
Emigrants Crossing the Plains
The Trinity, MASACCIO,
Early Renaissance Period, 1428, fresco
photorealism characteristics
highly realistic, smooth finish,sharp details, a photographic appearance
cross contour
careful shading technique for shading
earth colors
pigments made from natural minerals
Currier and Ives
Plantation of the Mississippi
Madonna With the Long Neck
Parmigiano, 1540
Tempera
painting with pigments with egg yolk
Define "lapis lazuli"
semi-precious, azure-blue stone imported from Afghanistan... used by and for people of wealth and importance
Duchamp
was famous for his "ready mades", objects purchased and them presented as sculptures with virtually no alterations.
Mesolithic
the middle stone ages, between the paleolithic and neolithic ages
Form
An object with 3 dimensions. Geometric and organic. 3-D
Contour
Lines that describe the surface plane of an object
Van Gogh "Night Cafe" 1890 Post Impressionism
William Henry Jackson
Yellowstone, provided images for government to declare it park
Lithography
printmaking method of which the image to be printed is drawn on limestone, zinc, aluminum, with a special greasy crayon
What is further north, Corsica or Sardinia?
CORSICA
tenebrism
the use of strong chiaroscuro and artificially illuminated areas to create a dramatic contrast of light and dark in a painting.
Define "cuneiform"
wedge-shaped, pictograph signs used by the Sumerians for writing
picture plane
The surface of a picture.. closest thing to you
Patrons
People who commission an artwork to be created.
wedging
Kneading clay in order to remove air bubbles and prepare it to be used
Aerial view of the Forum, Temple of Jupiter, Basilica, Pompeii
republic.
Salon
art exhibition that took place once a year in Paris
Simulated texture
type of texture, a representation of texture without it really being there. texture that can be seen but not felt
lost wax casting
sculptured modeled into wax and replaced with metal
Complementary colors
colors opposite each other on the color wheel
Section drawing
Representation of a drawing as it would appear if cut by an intersecting plane, so that the internal structure is displayed.
What Material is the Atlas Slave Made of ?
Marble
Interpretation
Come up with a theory of what the artwork is about
Judgment
Now ask, is this a successful work of art?
Slab method
flat pieces of clay of equal thickness that are cut into shapes and used to construct a ceramic object
Robert Capa
If picture not good enough then not close enough, Spanish Civil War
Limbourg Brothers
May and February, rich hours of Duke de Berry, (France)
 
 
Achromatic Grays
Grays that are created by mixing black and white. Achromatic grays have no evident coloration when seen against a white background. Black and white are also achromatic
mouth
the ______ is a 1/3 of the way down from the nose. the ______ is closer to the nose than to the chin. the corners of the lips should line up vertically with the pupils of the eyes
atmospheric perspective
A way to create the illusion of space in artwork based on the observation that objects look more muted and less clear the farther they are from the viewer
One-Point Perspective
The use of only ONE vanishing point on the horizon line of a representational picture made in linear perspective
Jardin del Amor / Rubens / S17
Tema - Autorretrato con mujer/amigos
Textura de ropa, variacion de color (ticiano), composicion en flecha diagonal, en foca es pareja, elecancia de la postura, no luz dramatico, movimiento
Adoracion de los Reyes Magos / Velazquez / Sevilla '23
Naturalismo - tonos miel (zurb), sensillo virgen/modelos, models (propia fam!), comp cuevo (agujo), luz/contraste
"shaman" witch doctor having been slain by a bison
what do the Hall of Bulls seem to represent?
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