Art Appreciation 12 Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
Hue
colour
George Rickey
Sculpter-Kinetic
Plumage
bird feather
Sumerian Art
Ls Meninas
Diego Velazquez
Hinduism originated in...
Asia
Grant Wood
American Gothic
PYRAMIDS OF GUIZA
EGYPT
Calligraphy
Fine art of handwriting
William Harnett
A Smoke Backstage
opulent
rich, characterized by wealth
Marcel Duchamp
Nude Descending Staircase
Keith Haring (Style)
POP ART
Time Smoking a Picture
William Hogarth
additive
white- adding all colors (wavelength)
Houses at L'Estaque, Georges Braque
Rococo
ornate; highly decorated; 18th century
WHERE DID HINDUISM ORIGINATE? (CONTINENT)
ASIA
Raphael, School of Athens Renaissance
Battista Sforza and Federico da Montefeltro
Francesca
reserve
untouched white ground of the paper
creativity
"children"
source of all art
human imagination
Dada
An international art movement that emerged during World War I. Believed that society itself had gone mad, Dada refused to make sense or to provide any sort of aesthetic refuge or comfort.
mesopotamia
Female Head is from what culture?
Maya Lin
Vietnam Veterans Memorial, Public Art
lintel
in architexture, a horizontal member supported by post.
Edouard Manet, Luncheon on the GrassRealism
Jane Dickson's Stairwell illustrates the _______ printmaking process, which relies for its effect not on line but on tonal areas of light and dark.
d. aquatint
What are pictograms?
written language with picture characters
Impressionism
characterized by small dabs of pure color to form a generalized image.
sphinx
A mythical Egyptian beast with the body of a lion and the head of a human.
Nicolas Poussin
The Holy Family on the Steps
Wainwright Building
Louis SULLIVAN. St. Louis, MO. 1890.
Pigment
a coloring material made from various organic and chemical substances
Bauhaus
a German art school that combined crafts, the fine arts, and modern design. It only operated from 1919 to 1933, but proved influential to architecture and product design throughout the 20th century
The Spirit of Our Time, Raoul Hausmann
Symmetrical
having similarity in size, shape, and relative position of corresponding parts
Louvre
Claude Perrault, with Louis Le Vau, and Charles Lebrun
DROPPED FATHERS NAME AND GOT MOMS (WHO?)
PICASSO
Icon
a portrait or image, especially in byzantine art
Question 6 Objects that are intended to stimulate a sense of beauty in the viewer are thought to be ______ rather than functional.
Aesthetic
Texture
Refers to the surface quality of a work
paleolithic
second part of the Stone Age beginning about 750,00 to 500,000 years BC and lasting until the end of the last ice age about 8,500 years BC
Farben
Gerhard Richter, a bunch of colors on a board with individual boxes for each color
what art form was a part of hiberno-saxon art?
illumination
Atmospheric perspective
Based on the observation that distant objects appear less distinct, paler, and bluer than nearby objects due to the way moisture in the intervening atmosphere scatters light.
Art Nouveau
flowing curves and organic forms that attempted to be modern but pre-industrial; drew inspiration from nature
Prehistoric
The Woman of Willendorf is from the _____ era
Performance Art
Perform actions before audience or in nature, contains both visual art and drama, and has historical antecedents in Dada performances of the early twentieth century as well as in Expressionist painting
Installation
where an artist transforms a space by bringing into it items of symbolic significance.
THE DAVID THAT IS COMPLETELY NAKED IS BY
DONATELLO
Naturalistic or figurative art is sometimes used to describe:
a. representational art
Question 1 Which of the artists below created a work titled Piet?
Michelangelo
Who was Courbet?
painter who bridged the realists and impressionists
Outline
indicates the edge of a 2d or 3d object
Cool Colors
colors ranged along the blue curve of the color wheel, from green through violet.
carved stele
Law Code of Hammurabi was a... (two words)
- style that was developed from cubism into complete abstraction.
•Suprematist art
SOCIOCULTURAL THEORIES (critical approach)
approaches looking & analyzing art that focuses on contextual & environmental influences on work of art
Lines that are suggested but not literally visible are called:
b. implied lines
What ideas fueled realism in art?
industrial revolution and the enlightenment
what were some contributions of the etruscans?
engineering and detailed architecture
Jacob Lawrence
A painter who studied art at a center set up by the WPA in the 1930s in Harlem. While there, he met most of the leaders of the Harlem Renaissance. He painted in a style he termed "dynamic Cubism," a reinterpretation of Cubism focusing on his investigation into African art. He painted, "General Toussaint L'Ouverture Defeats the English at Saline."
ex. of representational art
"A Bar at the Folie-Bergere" -Eduart Manet
"A Smoke Backstage" -William Harnett
what is a cloister? a refectory?
cloister = courtyard
refectory = monks dining hall
Who was Maya Lin? What is she famous for?
"Vietnam Veterans Memorial."
Question 2 Paul Cezanne’s Madame Cezanne in a Red Armchair illustrates in:
All the above; design, pattern, color
What does lithography mean?
to be able to be transferred to the screen
Why is prehistoric art the most speculative? Give 2 reasons
Little has survived and no written record to support the visual record
What other piece is Picasso famous for? What type of art is it? What's another name for that kind of art?
"Seated Woman Holding a Fan." This type of artwork is called Abstract Art. It's otherwise known as Cubism.
On an arch, what is a "keystone"?
The block which connects both sides of the arch, distributing the weight on both sides
Who is Giovanni Bellini? What piece is he famous for?
"Pieta" Is it art? Is it beautiful just because of its religious aspect?
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