Art Appreciation 6 Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
Apoxyomenos
...
Overlap
Creates Space
Christianity has....
Denominations
Nicea
Anne Truitt
Venus of Urbino
Titian
negative
the ground
reversal-subordinate background
very important
white/light
Sleep, Constantin Brancusi
Coatlicue, Aztec, Basalt
...
deKooning
The women series
abstract
distorted
Maya Ying Lin
Site Specific-Monument
"The Broken Column"
Frida Kahlo
Surrealism
Barbecue, Archibald Motley Jr.
impression-sunrise
Claude Monet, oil canvas
Non-Representational
or
Non-Objective
No object being represented
Highlights- directly reflects the sunlight
...
composition
the way things are organized
Line
Actual line, imaginary line, outline
Woman and Bicycle
Willem de Kooning
Walter Gropius, The Bauhaus International Style
Which is heavier in architectural style? Romanesque or Gothic?
Romanesque
Peter Paul Rebuens
most influential Baroque artist
aesthetics
awareness of beauty or elevated awareness
the understanding of things
shape/material
Artist who was Born in Spain
Picasso
Ionic
taller and more dynamic than doric
Expressionism
The broad term that describes emotional art, most often boldly executed and making free use of distortion and symbolic or invented color. More specifically, Expressionism refers to individual and group styles originating in Europe in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
iconography
the symbolic meaning of signs, subjects, and images.
The Red Room (Who?What?)
Henri Matisse -Fauvism
Statuettes from Abu Temple, Tell AsmarSumerian Art
texture
the characteristic visual and tactile quality of the surface of a work of art resulting from the way in which the materials are used.
Absolute Symmetry
Each side is exactly the same
tufa
a soft, porous, volcanic rock that hardens on exposure to air, used as a building material; easy to work
Modeling- the use of chiaroscuro to represent light falling on a curved object
...
received knowledge
preconceived notion- prejudice of what you already know
example: picture of a house
Afterimage
An image that persists after the visual stimulus that first produced it has ceased. The mechanics of vision cause an afterimage to appear in the complimentary hue of the original stimulus.
"She"
Lorna Simpson, black woman in four different poses
Lascaux, France
the Wall Painting was found in...
Georgia O'Keefe
Jack in the Pulpit No. 5
What idea did Antony Guadi's piece implement?
Extraordinary/Ordinary
HARMONY & PROPORTION refer to the correct geometrical ____ of objects/images
SCALE
Which photographer used the Whatsit wagon as a portable dark room?
Mathew Brady
Expression
refers to some sort of outward manisifestation of the artist emotions
Doric, Ionic and Corinthian are the 3 orders of Greek...
architecture
Visual
These elements are used by artists to create imagery
Hatching- is an area of closely spaced parallel lines
...
Georges Seurat
This painter was very interested in the formal structure of his paintings. He developed an optical color mixing technique called POINTILLISM, which uses tiny dots of color to create a vibrant surface based on optical mixing; it is meant to create a more solid, formal organization of Impressionism through the use of simplified shapes. He painted "A Sunday on La Grande Jatte" using this technique.
Contrapposto
A pose that suggests the potential for movement, and thus life, in a standing human figure.
Font
the name given to a style of type.
47"
Prince Rahotep and his Wife, Nofret is how tall? (exact)
A sculpture built into a room is called...
Installations
Intensity/Chroma/Saturation
Refers to the relative purity of a color.
PLATO began the idea of the beautiful soul /spirit, saying that...
ideas=beautiful
beauty= ______ (perfect)
GEOMETRY
Barrel Vault
semi cylindrical in the cross section, deep arch or an uninterrupted series of arches, one behind the other
What German Expressionist created PROPHET and what technique was used?
Emil Nolde, relief process
What characteristics does the middle ages focus on?
Spiritualism and the afterlife
Filas for sale
Charles Searles, he uses an open palette his painting is known as polychromatic, the painting is almost abstract and it is of a nigerian marketplace and the painting is swirled because of the craziness of the market.
define romanticized
subject matter to treat it in a romantic mood, romantic, sweet etc
The Armory Show
This was a European art exhibition that was held in New York in 1913. Over 1600 works of art were included in the show, and American artists were able to see key works by Impressionists, Post-Impressionists, and Fauves including Matisse. Picasso and Braque were included in the show, as was the sculpture of Brancusi. Cubism and other forms of abstract art spread to America from this one show.
Principles of colors
If alter one dimension, alter the color. If eliminate one dimesion, eliminate the color.
Black figure painting
a three stage firing process that gives vases black figures on a reddish ground.
Erna Motna's painting Bushfire and Corroboree Dreaming depicts the preparations for a corroboree, or:
d. a celebration ceremony
light
the aspect in which a thing appears or is regarded:
JACKSON POLLOCK
uses a drip method where the paint is splattered and dripped on to the art piece
Post Impressionism 1889
Van Gogh, The Starry Night, oil on canvas
kinetic art
a form of art that depends on movement for its effect.
Manet's Dejeuner sur l'herbe (Luncheon on the Grass) was rejected from the annual salon exhibition in Paris in 1863. Where was it exhibited?
b. at the Salon des Refuses
Place de I'Europe on a Rainy Day
Gustave Calliebotte, uses two-point linear perspective which creates a more lively composition, this painting shows a city with a bunch of people walking around with umbrellas
What are the 2 kinds of fresco?
Buon fresco and fresco secco
Carl Andre's sculpture Redan appears to be completely nonobjective. It does, in fact, have a source that can be traced to the real world. What is it?
c. an architectural aspect of fortifications
what criteria would influence one to label a church 'high gothic'?
more lifelike statue, early church pulpit, half way down auditorium
By the 19th century, the type of perspective used in paintings such as J.M.W. Turner's Rain, Steam and SpeedThe Great Western Railway had come to dominate the thinking of landscape painters. What type is it?
b. aerial or atmospheric perspective
what is unusual about their society and their art?
mainly sailors and fishermen, had no writing system. art from early bronze - minutiae statuettes
Oath of the Horatii, Jacques-Louis David
A story of virtue and the readiness to die for liberty.
What are the 3 characteristics of the middle ages?
1) Ignorance 2) No longer ruled by logic or reason 3) World = bad place
Ziggurat
...
The Colosseum
...
Bull's head
Pablo Picasso
hue
name of color..precise
18
Interior of Sistine Chapel
Michaelangelo
Vatican, Rome
Reformation
Netherlands, Germany, and England
-came about as a result of financial abuses and lavish lifestyle in the clergy
-People began to reform, break away
-not about Jesus, Mary, etc
-Protestants
livid
discolored, bruised, or very angry
20
St. Teresa in Ecstasy
Gianlorenzo Bernini
Marble and gilt bronze
Dontallo
Equestrian monument of Erasmoda Narni
★First life size bronze equestrian sculpture
load-bearing
in architecture, construction where walls bear the weight of the roof
impasto
painting that applies the pigment thickly so that brush or palette knife marks are visible
case of bottles
Robert Arneson, glazed ceramics
tympanum
A semi-circle space above doors, ususally adorned with sculpture
Topography
the distinct land characteristics of the local site
The Birth of a Nation
D.W. Griffith
5
The Boating Party
Mary Cassatt
Oil in canvas
Impressionism
Cimabue
The earlier Madonna Enthroned was made by...
Porch, Provincetown
Joel Meyerowitz, photo with lighting bolt
assemblage
an artwork composed of objects, parts of objective materials originally intended for purposes other than art
Cave Paintings
to record an event; hunt- communication and survival
★Rococo 18th Century
-came after the Baroque period
-delicate,twirling, organic forms
-subject matter→leisurely, activities of the upper class
-soft brush strokes→painterly
★-Originated from "Saloons" in private homes in Paris "Upper-class"
transept
the crossarm of a church that intersects, at right angles, with the nave, creating the shape of a cross
formal
The Palazzo Ducale's 3rd floor is the ____ rooms.
etching
The process of using strong acid or mordant to cut into the unprotected parts a metal surface to create a design in the metal
Slide 3
"Madonna and Child" - Fra Filippo Lippi, Tempera on Panel
color field
Mark Rothko was the prominent artist of this movement
storyboard from Gone With the Wind
William Cameron Menzies
entablature
the part of a building above the capitals of the columns and below the roof
edition
a batch of prints made from a single plate or print form
What is the broad term for the time aspect of music?
rhythm
flying buttresses
on a Gothic church, an exterior arch that opposes the lateral thrust of an arch or vault, arching inward toward the exterior wall from the top of an exterior column or pier
Slide 32
"Fatata Te Miti (By the Sea)" - Paul Gauguin, Oil on Canvas
flying buttress
a buttress in the form of a strut or open half arch
The medium of art is what the art was made of, and the subject of art is what the art shows. (Page 3)
What is the difference between the "Medium" of an artwork and the "Subject" of an artwork?
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