Art Definitions Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
Monet
tercero
third
rappant
striking
le rovine
ruins
Colgar
to hang
proportion
size relationship
la figura
figure
la melodia
melody
The Kiss
Klimt
texture
how it feels
plastic
wet, workable clay
la vestidura
garments (formal)
Flack
"Marylin" 1980; flowers/fruit/candles go back to classic symbols; also, we accept "photovision" as truth- should we? Photo/Super Realism
deconstruction
questions traditional assumptions about what we see; provides no definite answers
kinetic art
art that moves
Diagonal Lines
Lines that slant
The Imaginary Malady
(Honore) Daumier
3
there are _____ secondary colors
tactile texture
the way something feels
Value
The hue's lightness or darkness
Characteristics of Romanesque
Architecture. Symbolism!!...Romanesque arch is THE characteristic.. Had stained glass. Dark inside. Cross floor plane
negitive shape
refes to the ground
Nominalism
low countries, everything as it appears
popular
with great favor or approval especially by the public
una pintura al oleo
an oil painting
Shape
A flat, two-dimensional area bounded by a line, value or both.
llamar la atención
to attract one's attention
4 Evangelists
Mathew=Winged man, Mark=winged lion, Luke=Bull, John=eagle
vertical placement
same size, lower are closer
effective
having the result that one wants, productive
Pattern
is created when something is repeated with sufficient regularity
realism
an attempt to capture through art. immitation of real life.
ernst (kids)
two children and the nightingale dadism
Jacob's Ladder
a multiple folded bookmaking technique that connects squares to create a long, sculptural book
Virgil
(70-19) The greatest of all Roman poets. Author of the Aeneid.
Natural Pigments
pigments made from: indigo, a vegetable or the cochineal beetle, an insect
Form
real, 3D object having volume and thickness
rustication
feature that contrasts in texture with the smoothly finished, squared block masonry surfaces
The brightness or dullness of a hue.
Intensity
Modern Architecture
less is more, simplicity & formalism; natural or geometric forms, Frank Lloyd Wright
expressive content
The ideas and moods that art expresses.
zigzag lines
are made from a combination of diagonal lines and change directions suddenly.
Champs de Mars: The Red Tower, France, Cubism, Delaunay
elements of art
color, line, space, shape, value, texture, and form
brain mode
a mental state implying emphasis on particu;ar capabilities of the human brain such as language processing(L) or the visual spatial processing(R)
Pablo Picasso
a unique artist who's main mediums were temper paint an oil paint; invented cubism
woodcut
parts printed white are cut away going with the grain
Painting started flacking
The problem with the LAst Supper
Atmospheric Perspective
Creates the illusion of distance by reducing color saturation, value contrast, and detail in order to imply the hazy effect of atmosphere between the viewer and distant objects. 
Perspective=a system of creating an illusion f depth or three-dimentional space on a two-dimentional surface.
 
transept
aisle between the apse and nave. cuts across the nave and side aisles. FORMS A CROSS
Color wheel
A color circle that shows thr spectrum colors.
analogous colors
colors that appear next to each other on the color wheel, have one hue in common
gouge
tool used to remove a material from a pringing block or plate
Eye level line
The horizontal line drawn in the center of the blank. The eyes are positioned in the very center of the persons face. This line should be divided into 5 equal sections to determine the space between and around the eyes
what is the halfway point of a full figure
wrists
cross-contour
A line that moves across a shape or object to define the surface undulations between the outermost edges.
symbolic color
a color that has been assigned to a specific meaning in society (ex: white=wedding gowns)
Point of View Shot
The camera records what the character must be seeing
Two-Point Perspective
The use of TWO vanishing points on the horizon line of a representational picture made in linear perspective
Andy Warhol "Marilyn Diptych" 1960 Art since 1960
colorful pictures of a women
what is a monochromantic color scheme
diffrent tents and shades of 1 color
fig 3.17 is a seated statue of Khafre
seated statue of khafre from giza. 2520-2494 bc. Diorite
Vermeer
sombrío
somber
fade
bland
citare
to quote
Pensar
to think
hue
pure color
el pincel
paintbrush
The Gleaners
Millet
un pincel
a paintbrush
Iconography
"Writing of images"
claro
bañado de luz
kinetic sculpture
sculpture that moves
organic shapes
leaves, mountains, trees
rotunda
open, cylindrical interior space
The Death of Chatham
Copley
warm colors
red orange and yellow
line
a moving point through space
Intensity
Quality of brightness and purity
Judith Slaying Holofernes, ARTEMISIA GENTILESCHI, Baroque Period, 1614-20, oil on canvas
Fresco
wall painting with wet plaster
cbi XIX-david smith
geometric forms blanced recariously
symbol
something that stands for, or repesents something else
realizar sus metas
to realize his/her goals
Shoki the Demon Queller, Utagawa Kunishada
Escutcheon
refers to a coat of arms
scale
size relationship between a constant and a object
identify
to recognize the identity of someone or something
Color
An element of design with the proprieties, hue, value, and intensity. Also the character of surfaces created by the response of vision to wavelengths of reflected light.
traditional
works that have form, style, and subject matter that are familiar to the public as art
Renaissance Paintings
commissioned works of art, mythology, classical values, nature/anatomy, secularism/christianity, perspective, classical architecture, chiaroscuro (human emotion), glorified the subjects
Ionic Order
Graceful and more elaborate. Rises from a tiered base, twenty-four flutes, capital-pair of spirals (volutes).
Secondary colors
Orange, green, and violet. These colors are made by mixing two primary colors together
Aesthetics
A branch of wesern philosophies that is concerned with the meaning of beauty. The notion of whatis beautiful is a culture value, and therefore, has an enormous range of meaning.
A finely ground powder that gives paint its color.
Pigment
Surrealism
An art movement that begain in 1924, its subject matter has a dream-like quality.
Red Room, France, Modern Art in Europe (the Fauves), Matisse
hard edges
sharp lines and forms in a painting
drawing
leaveing a mark on a surface to communicate thoughts and feelings. its the basic language of art
elements of design
line, shape, form, space, color/value, and texture
ancient egypt period
ka statues, death, pyramids, Ra god
Marbel
Michelangelo took a block of this and completed the vision he saw inside
Mannerism
A style that developed in the sixteeth century as a reaction to the classical rationality and balanced harmony of the high renaissance; characterized by dramatic use of space and light, exaggerated color, elongation of figures, and distortions of perspective, scale, and proportion.
Lamassu
assyrian guardian in the form of a man headed winged bull
bisque
clay that has been fired once. clay is now ceramic
wash
a color of ink or watercolor that is diluted with water to make lighter in value and more transparent
asymmetrical balance
the organization of the parts of a composition such that the sides of a vertical axis are visually equal without being identical
Central line of vision

an imaginary line centering the cone of vision

 
process of interpretation
subject matter + form + mediums + context= meaning
Wrought iron
- worked in a heated state with hand tools:
Middle Ground
On a 2d surface, the area of a representation between foreground and background in a 3D representation
Raoul Haussmann, Mechanical Head (Spirit of the Age)
• Chance and randomness sought as conditions of art
• Appropriation of ordinary objects as "Art" -rejection of f traditional art and belief in subject matter--attempt to shock
Madonna with Canon Georg van der Paele
Jan Van Eyck. 1436, Groeningemuseum (Municipal Museum), Bruges, Belgium
Line - Element of Art
A mark made by a pointed tool; can be expressive, indicate movement, and create texture
artista
artist
8
unity
el retrato
portrait
tint
add white
agir
to act
finial
crowning ornament
secondary
orange green purple
Theodore Robinson
The Layette
The Sleeping Gypsy
Rousseau
line segment
a finite line
In situ
in situation (#2)
Bruegal
country wedding painting
wedding feast
Pablo Picasso, Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler, oil on canvas
salonniere
women who host intellectual gatherings
Church of Santa Costanza, Rome
337-351
space
distance around, between, above, below, within an object on a dimensional surface
Rembrandt
17th Century, Amsterdam, explored human psyche
divergers
can reflect on situations from different viewpoints
matrix
wood blocks, metal plates, stone slabs, and silk screens
Context
The personal and social circumstances surrounding the making, viewing, and interpreting of a work if art; the varied connections of a work of art to the larger world of its time and place.
contour line
drawn slowly and describes outlines
Ruby Dew (Pink Melon Joy)
Laurie Reid
Primary Colors
make up all the other colors
types of clay
earthenwares - red, brown, tan.
stonewares - most common of three, grayish or brown
porecelain - rarest and most expensive
archeological perspective
use of architecture, clothing and artifacts from the time period being depicted
Relief
Matrix carved with knives so that areas wont be printed
monochromatic
containing shades and tints of only one hue
negative space
the space surrounding a positive shape; sometimes referred to as ground, empty space, interspace, field, or void,
...empty spaces surrounding shapes and forms
contrast
the key word is difference or opposites, i.e. one big circle with small squares
Abstract Art
Art that departs significantly from natural appearances. Nonrepresentational
Vanishing point
The point at which parallel lines receding from and observer seem to converge.
Analogous
Colors that are adjacent on the color wheel
multiple perspective
a depiction of an object that incorporates several points of view.
Oil Paint
Introduced by Flemish artists in the early 15th century, oil paint would soon become the most popular painting medium in Europe. Often preceded by a preperatory composition in tempera, oil, dries slowly, allowing artists to work slowly to create effects or to make corrections. COlors suspended in oil are richer than colors possible in fresco and tempera. Artists can very the thickness and opacity of their paint. OIl can be applied in highly diluted and nearly transparent washes of paint. (called glazes) are applied one on top of another, or it can be thick and opaque.(Impasto)
incised
Burin or graver is used to incise lines instead of using knives or gouges
Very fine lines can be made with the burin, and these lines can give the illusion of tonal gradations
Psychic Automatism
a process of generating imagry thorugh ideas recieved from the unconsious mind and expressed in an unrestrained manner
an arrangement of the elements of art and the principles of
composition
assemblage
a technique that involves grouping a 3 dimensional object
dome
a radial form of arch to cover a circular, octagonal, or square area.
Folk Artist
people with little or no formal art education who make objects commonly recognized as art, usually paty of an established tradition of style and theme
image transfer
using a water based glaze which binds pictures into a plastic film which can then be put onto a new surface
How does movt show expression?
straight: swift, curved: relaxed, jagged: awkward
Giuseppe Arcimboldo
portraits made out of objects such as fruits, vegetables, flowers, and fish
balance, movement, ph___, contrast,emphasis,pattern,unity
what are the seven principles of art
three things that you can draw on besides paper
papyrus, pottery, canvas
What do primary colors do?
They Make Up All The Other Colors
Salon de la Princesse of the Hotel de Soubise
Boffrand, 1700-1750, Paris, France
enorme
huge
cubismo
cubism
26
f
el tema
subject
shade
add black
l'obscurite
darkness (f.)
Colonnettes
small columns
cool
green blue violet
annunciation
leonardo da vinci
Pope Innocent X
Velazquez
motif
distinct design of element
Cathedral
Thrown, Where Bishop resided
Marcel Duchamp, Fountain, Ready-made
Locus uberrimus
rich and fertile place
Church of San Vitale, Ravenna
547
naturalism
replaced idealization in Baroque art
Prejudice-
Judging someone based on little knowledge; for example, prejudging someone
Giotto, Lamentation
example of a fresco painting
Aesthetic
The branch of philosophy concerned with the feeligns aroused in us by sensory experiences such as seeing and hearing. Examines, among other things, the nature of art and the nature of beauty.
plate
surface that ink is rolled onto
dry brush
upward strokes from a brush
Mummy Portrait of a Man
Faiyum, Egypt
balance
principle of art concerned with equalizing visual force, or elements, in a work of art. If a work of art has visual balance, the viewer feels that the elements have been arranged in a satisfying way.
Landscape
shows the features of the natural environment
Throwing
shaping clay on a rapidly revolving wheel
Mary Cassatt
female impressionist artist from the U.S.
Gum
Sticky substance found in plants, used to bind pigments as found
relief sculpture
sculpture still attached to a background, standing out from that background
Fuller, The Awakening of Ethiopia, c. 1914
rythm
the principle of art that indicates movement by repetition of elements or objects
Chiaroscuro
Transition from light to dark to create illusion of 3D form with continuing gradations of value.
Foreground
The part of a scene or representation that is nearest to the viewer
graphic
forms drawn or painted on a 2-D surface.
Edition
refers to the number of prints made from a plate.
fiberglass
glass spun into fine filaments and can even be worekd into textiles
Composition
Good use of space on your paper. Objects work together as a whole. Arrangement and placement of images, text, color etc. has been well thought out.
a frame used to support an artist's canvas., an upright tripod for displaying something (usually an artist's canvas)
easel
Symmetrical balance
One half of an artwork closely resembles the other half
Work of Art
visual expression of an idea and experience formed with skill through the use of a medium
bone folder
used to press down creases and fold pages
Volume
The quality of a form that has height, width and depth; the representation of this quality.
portraits, still lifes
popular subject matters in the Baroque period
triad color scheme
This color scheme uses 3 colors that are equally spaced out on the color wheel (for example: Red, Blue, and Green)
Hudson River School
a group of American painters of the mid-19th century whose works are characterized by a highly romantic treatment of landscape, esp. along the Hudson River (The Oxbow)
What are the elements of art?
Color, Line, Space, Shape, Value, Texture, and Form.
Prayer Statues from Abu Temple, Tel Asmar
near eastern, these statues show definite influences from egypt as shown in the squared shoulders and folded hands
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