Art Exam 2 Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
inko
ink
Bufones
Clowns
Random
AHJD
Dominance
Importance
l'ombre (f)
shadow
el mural
mural
Zeitgenosse
der contemporary
affirmer
to state
el pincel
paintbrush
Amber fort
Rajput fort
425
Christ as Shepard
base
bottom of column
The Dead Mother
Munch
elements of art
building blocks
533
saint apollinaris amid sheep
value
darkness/lightness of a hue
http://classconnection.s3.amazonaws.com/937/flashcards/672211/jpg/weird-street.jpg
Umbo (Otto Umbehr)Weird Street1928
content
the message the work communicates
Pigments
Colored powdered substance that artists create media from
Marcel Duchamp "Fountain" 1920 Dada
farther away
less detail, more light
rococo
an eighteenth-century European style, originating in France. A style of interior decoration consisting mainly of asymmetrical arrangements of curves in paneling, porcelain, and gold and silver objects
campaign
an organized effort to do something
Expressionism
the painting of feelings, sometimes with recognizable images, often totally abstract
joining
adhering clay surfaces together by scoring, slip and pressure
geometric
a shape that can be measured
Name john constables work.
The hay wagon
Conte Crayon
compressed pigment compounded with clay and small amout of greasy binder...
medium
the marking agent (lead, paint, pencil, pen)
de suma importancia
of very high importance
fubar
not working, completely messed up, bungled, confused
Technique
a method or proedure for making art
curator
A person in charge of a museum
Art Criticism
A systematic discussion of the characteristics of an artwork, usually involving four stages: description, analysis, interpretation, and evaluation
stylobate
the top level of the stair platform
The Supper at Emmaus by caravaggio, 1598, oil
All the Primary Colors
what complementary colors complete
ex. Red + Green = Red + (Blue + Yellow)
Sketchbook
A bound book that contains your project development and thought processes. It is a record of your experimenting and risk taking while designing your work.
Who was the most influential painter of the Baroque period in Europe?
Caravaggio
Kinetic Art
Any art construction that contains moving elements.
Athanadoros, Hagesandros, Polydoros
Laocoon and his two sons
dressed
stones that are cut up or shaped before use
contour line
line that defines and describes the edges and surface ridges of a shape
ribs, ribbed vaults
additional interior support for barrel and groin vaults
1 Point Perspective
What perspective has parallel lines that recede to one vanishing point?
Aesthetics
the philosophy or study of art and beauty
variety
refers to the amount of or diversity of an art element
Front Facade - Portal
Amiens, 1220-1269, Robert de Luzarches, Thomas de Cormont, Renaud de Cormont
IMPASTO
Using lots of paint, creates a "rough" painted look
Secondary Colors
The colors created from mixing two primary colors
The Fox in the Snow
(Jean Desire Gustave) Courbet
Abstract Style
Having a generalized form with only a symbolic resemblance to real objects.
Scale
deal with size/ size in relation to a standard or "normal" size.
mathematical perspective
a method of creating the illusion of three-dimensional space on a two-dimensional surface by delineating a horizon line and multiple orthogonal lines. These recede to meet at one or more points on the horizon (called vanishing points), giving the appearance of spatial depth
What is meant by nonobjective?
shapes with no object reference
elements
the basic tools of art - space, line, shape, form, texture, value
aerial perspective/atmospheric perspective
a technique that takes into account the ways that fog, smoke, and airborne particles change the appearance of things when they are viewed from a distance.
Where was Romagnesi's Minerva Protecting the Yopung King of Rome exhibited?
at the Paris Salon of 1812
Red Summer
1919, Race Riots -- in north and south (Chicago, DC, Arkansas), Instigated by whites, but for first time blacks fought back in mass
vanishing point
the dot that all lines coverage to in a perspective drawing
Hatshepssut with offering jars
red granite, ,depicts queen as a male pharaoh with false bead
For the face of Venus in his Toilet of Venus, Boucher used the features of _____________.
Madame de Pompadour
Rembrandt: Copy of Leonardo Da Vinci's Last Supper
a sketch in which Rembrandt added additional features such as royal canopy.
-a sketch with changes
-Rembrant added a Royal Canapy over JESUS' head symbolizing JESUS as KING over Heaven and earth.
-Halo over JESUS' head
-Dog in sketch as a symbol of loyality
sophisticated
complex
wood
drewno
emocionante
exciting
scissors
scissor
la armonía
harmony
el estudio
study
Selene
la luna
Renaissance
rebirth, classical
painting
la peinture
BACKGROUND
FURTHEST TO YOU
Archipenko
Walking Woman
Russia
Cubist Sculpture
1918-1919
le point culminant
climax
Actual Weight
Actual Weight
Weber, Chinese Restaurant, 1915
Mondrian
Composition, 1921/Tableau No. II 1921-25, with Red, Blue, Black, Yellow and Gray
Holland
De Stijl
1921-1925
Peasant's Dance by Bruegel
Christ Carrying the Cross
Titian
Time
non-spatial continuum; the 4th dimension
tartar de
to deal with/be about
Stella
Oil and Tempera on canvase
a la derecha
to the right
Shape
defined or implied 2D configuration
Symmetry
aesthetic balance achieved when parts of an object are arranged about a real or imaginary central line so that parts on one side correspond w. those on the other (liked mirror - image)
Flotilla fresco @ Thera
Aegean Minoan 1650
Analysis
Evaluating the artwork by each component of the elements and principles of art.
surrealism
An artistic movement that displayed vivid dream worlds and fantastic unreal images
iconography
identifying and studying the subject matter and conventional motifs or symbols in works of art
one color and its different values
monochromatic
Glaze
Coating applied to pottery to seal surface and as decoration. Can be colored, tranparent or opaque
Sources Of Subjects
Billboards, comic strips, Magazine advertisements, supermarket products
St. Luke and the Virgin (portraying the Virgin), Rogier van der Weyden. c.1435-40, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
Keita, Untitled, Officer with Keita's ¾ pose (c. 1957)
New Bamakois
geometric shapes
shapes distinguished by their crisp precise edges and mathmatically consistent curves
atraer
llamar la atención de algo o alguien
Bodhisattva
A being who has attained enlightenment but choose to remain in the world to help others advance spiritually
superimposing
technique in which various views of the same subject are placed on top of each other in the same image
Urizen
The embodyment of Reason, Law and Ethics
Shape
A flat 2-dimensional area or plane; an area enclosed by a line or defined by a color or texture
Panini's Modern Rome was commissioned by ______________.
a French collector
cylinder seal
a cylindrical piece of stone usually about an inch in height, decorated with an incised design, so that a raised pattern is left when the seal is rolled over soft clay. used as documents, storage jars,
Asymmetrical Balance
Involves two sides that are different but yet are in visual balance. Also called formal balance.
Relief
A sculpture in which figures or forms project from a flat surface
registers
a device used in systems of spatial definition, in pointing it indicated the use of differing groundlines to differentiate layers of space within an image
What was edvard munchs most famous work?
the scream
Mito de los Androgenos
habian seres pegados, hombre-hombre, mujer-mujer, hombre-mujer, tratan de subir a Olimpo, Zeus los castiga, se separan y ellos buscan su media mitad
line
a line, or hatch mark, made on surface
direction
lines can more in any direction, such as vertical, horizontal, or vertical
complementary color
colors that lie across from one another on the color wheel.
Realism
in the visual arts, the depiction of aspects or objects of the external world with a degree of perceptual accuracy.
Photocopy
a black and white copy made on a photocopy machine, which can be enlarged or reduced
(may also be in color)
a needle shaped tool used to carve small designs, decorate and score
Needle Tool
Abstract Art
Descriptive of art in which the forms of the visual world are purposefully simplified, fragmented, or otherwise distorted
Primary Hues
red , yellow, and blue. Cannot be mixed from any other colors, but when mixed together, those 3 colors can make any color on the spectrum.
Atmospheric Perspective
distance through the use of light and atmosphere
chiaroscuro
the use of light and shade in a painting and the skill displayed by the painter in the management of shadows
woman I by dekooning
an abstracted and disturbing image of woman painted using the Ab Ex technique
Abstract shape*
a shape that is derived from a visual source, but is so transformed that it bears little visual resemblance to that source
new stone age
latest part of the Stone Age beginning about 10,000 BC in the middle east (but later elsewhere)
Mixed Media
Use of more than one medium in a work of art.
gardners photographic sketchbook of the war
a seperate branch of the military est. 1883 whose sole duty was to explore and map the undeveloped parts of the U.S. they would perform scientific exploration such as mapping unknown terrain and identifying plants or animal species.
Why do expressionist painters despise impressionist painters?
Because they didn't show the world as it really was - ugly, harsh and painful.
Form
3D
workshop
taller
ombre
shadow
shogan
military warlord
la figura
figure
le jaune
yellow
el/la artista
artist
el papel
paper
Escher
Drawing Hands (1948)
dead christ, mantegna
Georgia O'Keeffe
flowers+bones, mexico,
play
obra de teatro
Oath of the Horatti
David
balence
equalizatuon of visual wieght
the mountain
Mt. Saint Victoire
Barry
House of Parliment- gothic
une école des Beaux-Arts
Kunst Akademie
cartoon
preliminary drawing for final painting
hue
The name of the color.
Tempera paint
pigments mixed with emulsion
Fra Angelico
Annunciation-anouncement of mary's pregnancy
Farnsworth House
Mies van de Rohe
Stylized
A manner of representation that conforms to an intellectual of artistic idea rather than to naturalistic appearances
symbol
something that stands for or represents something else
The City, France, UTOPIAN ART MOVEMENTS #1, Leger
balance
principle of art concerned with equalizing visual forces, or elements, in a work of art
The Parthenon
What is this building called?
space
positive and negative, object and around object
Theravade Buddhism
(Hinayana Buddhism) path of elders
Intaglio
Printmaking techniques in which the lines or areas that will take the ink are incised into the printing plate, rather than raised above it (compare relief). Aquatint, drypoint, etching, and mezzotint are intaglio techniques.
dolmen
The horizontal stone that joins a trilthon.
Imperial Hotel in Tokyo, Japan
Frank Lloyd Wright
Composition
The plan, placement or arrangement of the elements of art in a work
Emotionalism
focuses on content and the expressive qualities
cornice
the topmost projecting part of an entablature
Parallel
An object line running the same direction and the same distance apart
Creonte
hermano de Icoasta, dijo que le rindieran honores a Eteocles pero no a Polinices
Proportion
The relationship of one object to another in regard to size, height etc. withing a composition.
3 basic properties of works of art
subject
composition
content
value pattern
the arrangement or organization of values that control compositional movement and create a unifying effect throughout a work of art.
tapestry
the weft is freely manipulated, the back is finished
Arch
a curved structure used as a support over an open space, as in a doorway
what is canvas board?
a surface to paint on
analogous colors
colors that are closely related in hues. are usually adjacent to each other on the color wheel
Roman Basilica
1st recipient of building fund $; 15yrs to build; grand example of christian cathedral
op art
this art stands for and created optical illusions
intermediate colors
when primary color is mized with secondary colors
Triptych
A painting on three hinged panels that can be folded together.
preconceive
to form a conception or opinion of beforehand, as before seeing evidence or as a result of previously held prejudice
a color that allows some light to pass through
tranluscent
Emphasis
Stress placed on a single area of work or unifying visual theme
radial symmetry
an image that is mirrored around a center point
tints
light value of a color made by adding white
triadic color harmony
three colors evenly spaced on the color wheel
refracted
the process in which a light ray is bent slightly when entering a translucent object
texture
surface quality of a 2 or 3 d object or composition
Great Mosque of Cordoba, Spain (786)Granada
-largest, most important for capital
-Moores invaded Spain, and conquered Spain (711), N/African Islam that rulled Spain for 800 yrs, until christian Armies/ Columbia took over
-only place with institutions of hgher learning
-Horse shoe arches, stripes on areches (typical of the muslims and moores)
pier
a pillar or post on which a gate or door is hung
focal point
In a work of art, the center of visual attention, often different from the physical center of the work
To support thin walls supporting stained glass windows
Why were flying buttresses used in architecture?
what period was theater in?
where is this?
End of classical period 323 BCE with death of alexander the great
Beginning of hellenistic period
Theater is in the hellenistic period
Greater interest in emotions and drama
Did dramas in religious celebration of dionysos
Dionysos (goddess of wine) idea of dinking making you become another person
Built into natural landscape
Flat space at bottom is – ORCHESTRA
Theatron-(theater) a place to watch
Very good acoustics
Theater, Epidauros
stilista
stylist
representa
represents
Disegno
drawing
el tejido
textile
neolithic period
megaliths
peindre
to paint
Sumerian
cylinder seals
el fondo
background
baroque
power, expansion, warfare
el (la) escultor(a)
sculptor
el especta'culo
show/ performance
Gustave Courbet
The Stonebreakers
purity of a color
intensity
De Stijl
Characteristics include non-representational geometric shapes but without a philosophical component
The School of Athens
[fresco]
Raphael
Abstraction
Imagery which departs from representational accuracy, to a variable range of possible degrees, for some reason other than something apprearing to be true
Seated Bodhisattva, cave 196, Dunhuang, Gansu, 893-894CE
Hadrian
"Romanized"and organized the empire- built bridges, roads, and aqueducts, ruled during the height of the Pax Romana, Built Hadrians Wall across Britain, strengthened borders
calligraphy
precise, elegant handwriting or lettering
masonry
massing done with a consistent pattern
Binder
In painting, holds particles of pigments together
gradation
gradual step-by-step changes refer to what principle of art?
Hatching
repeated parallel lines that create value, to mark with lines, esp. closely set parallel lines, as for shading in drawing or engraving.
What is the oldest drawing medium?
charcoal
Tracery
ornamental stone work in Gothic windows which supported the pieces of glass
francisco goya "the third of may

french armies invaded spain
riot broke out against french & french soldiers shot civilians
unity
arrangement of elements to create a feeling of completeness
collage
a picture or design created by adhering basically flat elements to a flat surface
Migrant Mother, USA, "HIGH" MODERN ART IN NORTH AMERICA, Lange
The three Greek classical architectural orders:
Doric, Ionic, Corinthian
Formal Qualities
How well the work is organized
Balustrade
a railing held up by small posts
implied line
lines created by movement or direction
imagery
that which is created with basic components (elements and priciples of design) as well as symbols, letters, and photographs
Paul Eluard
French poet; founder of surrealist movement; Communist
kerry james marchall
Marshall is known for large-scale paintings, sculptures, and other objects that take African-American life and history as their subject matter. His work often deals with the effects of the Civil Rights movement on domestic life, in addition to working with elements of popular culture.
20th century
a period of art history (1900-2000), artists felt freedom to move away from the physical world as their subjects and paint what they felt or imagined, period includes Fauvism, Cubism and may other styles of abstract art
NATURALEZA MUERTA
Cuadro en el que se representan animales muertos o cosas inanimadas./still live of inaminate objects
clerestory
part of an interior wall rising above the adjacent roof with windows admitting light
Awareness
to be concious, to know something and to have an understand
Orthagonal Lines
Diagonal lines going lines going to the vanishing point(s)
Which of these paintings is considered a Rococo painting?
Fragonard's Bathers
Edition
a set of impressions from a single print surface
List four major Post-Impressionist painters.
Cezanne, Gauguin, Van Gogh, Seurat
Endowments
gift of money by a wealthy family to build a chapel as expressions of piety and devotion
St. Bernard said "light passing through Mary was like...."
"Light passing through glass"
la couleur (vive, foncée, pure, etc.)
(brilliant, deep, pure) color
video art
An art form first developed in the 1970s, in which artists use video equipment to stage and film performance or capture spontaneous events.
middle ground
part of the picture plane that is midway, appears higher up
Metaphor
A figure of speech in which a word or phrase referring to one thing or idea is applied to something different
ART REFLECT SOCIAL AND CULTURAL CONTEXT
ARTISTS FREQUENTLY RECORD THE ACTIVITIES AND OBJECTS OF THEIR TIME AND PLACES, REFLECTING CONTEMPORARY FASHIONS AND BELIEFS, AS WELL AS THE STATES OF THE CRAFTS AND SCIENCE
All receding lines meet at a single point in....
One point perspective
Mass and Volume are?
How objects take up and define space (ex: Jacques David-The Oath of Horaytii)
1. Represents the procession of the church
2. The Emperor is dressed in purple and holding bread
In one version of this scene, a man in yellow comforts the title figure while onlookers look upward in horror.
(the) Conversion of (St) Paul [or Saul]
statua
statue
peor
worse
personaje
character
1907
the pool
Tribute Money
Masaccio
David Hammons
...
Pieta
Michelangelo, 1498-1500
Color Wheel
...
el realismo/el idealismo
realism/idealism
al óleo
in oil
Van Gogh
Impressionism (1870-1900)
Dutch
expressionism
Starry Night
use of arbitrary and symbolic colors
post impressionist
tone
color with black
Lion Gate
Aegean Mycenaean 1300-1250
Armature
skeletal support for sculpture
ponderation
weight shift in sculptures
fine arts
created for looks
marc chagall
i and the village
In paleolithic...
hunting, gathering and survival
Día de las flores
Diego Rivera
Marc
color iconography & animalsYellow CowBlue Riter Group
el / la escritor(a)
autor;
persona que escribe
Model
it relates to two-dimensional art, creating the effects of light and shadow in order to portray convincing masses/Creating the illusion of three-dimensionality/Created through values
supas
beehive- shaped domed places of worship.
Pablo Picasso
Blue period (monochromatic painting), The Tragedy
Leandro
nadaba para ver su querida Hero
eastman kodak
first to do color photos
Expressive Line-
Convey artist's emotions or feelings.
location? period?
LAPHITH AND CENTAUR METOPE SCULTURE
Athens
High Classical
types of lines:
horizontal, vertical, diagonal, wavy, zigzag (thick or thin)
three consecutive colors on the color wheel (red, red-orange, orange)
analogous
Stippling
A drawing technique used to create value through the use of dots.
Pattern
a consistent repitition of elements of art
piercing
poking holes into, or cutting shapes put of clay
frottage
designs & textural effects are created by placing paper over objects that have raised surfaces & rubbing the paper with graphite, wax, or crayon
geodesic dome
structure invented by R. Buckminster Fuller, based on triangles arranged into tetrahedrons (or four-faced solids)
monochromatic color
all hues of any one color
paint
a substance composed of solid coloring matter suspended in a liquid medium and applied as a protective or decorative coating to various surfaces, or to canvas or other materials in producing a work of art.
Stylus
An instrument with a pointed end (used for writing and printmaking), which makes a delicate line or scratch. A special writing tool for cuneiform writing with one pointed end and one triangular wedge end
Middleground
Middle location in a picture that is immediately behind the foreground and is less detailed.
Complementary Colors
Colors directly opposite each other on the color wheel. Blue and orange, for example
Sensation/Saatchi Collection
show of YBA's work where adveristing house was in the UK
Negative space
Empty space in an artwork, a void.
converging lines
lines that lead toward a single vanishing point in one point linear perspective. In two point linear perspective these lines lead to two vanishing points.
Li
consists of the norms of proper social and moral behavior
Art History
A record of the visual arts, incorporating information, interpretations, and
judgments about art objects, artists, and conceptual influences on developments in the visual arts.
foreshortening
the represenation of the long axis of an object or figure by contracting its lines so as to produce an illusion of projectino or extension in space
Lower on the page
(Depth Perception) Lower on the page
Paleolithic period
Old stone age. Began about two million years ago and ended with the close of the last ice age about 13,000 B.C.
What were theodore gericaults works?
the wraft of the medussa
Single Frame Cartoon
Caption is outside of the picture frame
discipline based art education
The goal of discipline-based art education is to develop students abilities to understand and appreciate art. This involves a knowledge of the theories and contexts of art and abilities to respond to as well as to create art.
Contour drawing
Lines that define the outer edges of forms and surfaces within a form
expressive qualities of horizontal lines
static, peace, rest, quiet, stability, solidarity
Clothing and accessories worn by an actor in to signify period and portray character.
Mise-en-scène: What are Costumes?
What are the elements of design?
Color, form, line, shape, space, texture, and value
what is the fifth stage of drying/completion of a clay object?
glaze-ware: second firing, has been glazed. may hold water unless cracked
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