Art Exam Review Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
gouge
abstract
abstracto
effectif
actual
mudra
hand gesture
el escultura
sculpture
le turquoise
turquoise
el/la autor/a
author
la estatua
statue
Corot
Ville d'Avray (1867)
flat line
never changes
Bearden
star girl, collages
economy
less is more
The Creation of Adam
Michelangelo
unity
oness and vissually conected
side by side color
monet
Lichtenstein
pop art, mass production
Dali
The Persistence of Memory (1931)
terra-cotta
fire baked red clay (earthenware)
Paleolithic art
carvings and cave paintings
Hue
identifies the color by name
Linear perspective
3-D on 2-D surface
The Ecstasy of Saint Theresa
Bernini
Buddha
An Indian prince named Siddhartha Gautama, who renounced his wealth and social position. After becoming 'enlightened' he created his religion
Monochromatic
Tints or shades of one color
Object (Luncheon in Fur), France, Surrealism, Oppenheim
variety
principle of art concerned with difference or contrast
Hepworth
Who created Assembly of Sea Forms
common line
a shared edge between objects
Muses
nude females represent the inspiration of arts
Linocut
A relief printmaking technique in which the printing surface is a thick layer of linoleum, often mounted on a wooden block for support. Areas that will not print are cut away, leaving raised areas to take the ink.
hypostyle hall
A flat ceiling supported by columns
Man, Controller of the Universe 1934
Diego Rivera
Contemporary
Current, belonging to the same period of time. Usually referring to our present time, but can refer to being current with any specified time
Aesthetic Theories of Art Criticism
Imitationalism, Formalism, Emotionalism
porch
a structure attached to the exterior of a building often forming a covered entrance
Line
A mark with length and direction created by a point that moves across a surface.
Eneas
hijo de Anquises y Afrodita, heroes troyano
Drawing
A visual representation of an artists idea or ceoncept, using such media as pencil, charcoal, pastel etc.
spiritual functions
express spiritual beliefs about the destiny of life controlled by the force of a higher power.
decorative (value)
onamenting or enriching but, more importantly in art, stressing the two-dimensional nature of an artwork or any of its elements. Decorative value stresses the essential flatness of a surface
entasis
when columns are wider in the center
guernica by picasso
modern arts most powerful antiwar statement, memoralized the first saturation of a civilian area
emphasis
stressing one element of an area to stand out in a work of art
graphic art
two dimensional forms such as drawing, painting, making prints. two dimensional use of the elements. may also refer to the techniques of printing as used in newspapers, books, magazines
Egyptian Patterns (anatomy)
combo of natural (paleolithic) & abstract (neolithic)
ash
what preserved some of italys art in the city of pompey(this was from the volcano MT VISUVIUS)
cubism
The most influential style of the 20th century, developed in Paris by Picasso and Braque, beginning in 1907. The early mature phase of the style, called analytical lasted from 1909 through 1911. is based on the simultaneous presentation of multiple views, disintegration, and geometric reconstruction of subjects in flattened, ambiguous pictorial space; figure and ground merge into on interwoven surface of shifting planes. Color is limited to neutrals. By 1912, the more decorative phase called synthetic or collage began to appear; it was characterized by fewer, more solid forms. conceptual rather than observed subject matter, richer color and texture.
Graphite
A soft form of carbon similiar to coal
complimentary colors
colors that contrast wit each other opposite on color wheel
Tempera
A paint made of dry pigments, or colors, which are mixed with a binding material.
Technique
the manner and ability with which an artist, writer, dancer, athlete, or the like employs the technical skills of aparticular art or field of endeavor.
model
a standard or example for imitation or comparison.
What are the different types of relief printing?
engraving, etching
Maquette
Small scale 3D sketch of a work often used to aid the planning process
curvillenear shapes
shapes that are dominted by curves and flowing edges
Shades
dark value of a color made by adding black
paint palette
...is a color harmony OR something an artist carries mixed paints on
Creates a feeling of completeness
What does unity do for artwork?
Elements of Art
The seven basic components used by the artist to create works of art are: line, shape, color, value, space, form, and texture
Constantine the Great
First empiror of Rome to be a christian
What was boucher above all interested in? (rococo)
between the body and nature
"Most Beautiful God" at Aimen Cathedral
What does the Beau Dieu refer to?
Features of this structure include a 75-foot diameter cylindrical exhibition hall, which balances a theater cantilevered over Lake Erie
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame (and Museum)
antiguo
old
Judd
Minimal
durar
to last
el fondo
background
la torre
tower
Los colores
Colors
Symmetrical
identical balance
soleil levant
rising sun
gouache
water-based opaque paint
burnisher
a rubber tool
Effects de lumiere
strong highlights
Free-Form Shapes
irregular/uneven shapes (organic)
"Number 1, 1950(Lavender Mist)"
Pollocks
mosaic
cut glass and stone
Alexander Pope
English Satire and poetry
van gogh
painter of starry night
Henri Matisse
MEMORY OF OCEANIA artist.
warm colors
red orange yellow pink...hotness
glazeware
glazed and finsihed piece of pottery
Iconography
symbolic meaning of signs, subject, and images; not contained in all art
design
a planned arrangement of visual elements to construct an organized visual pattern.
Petrarch
Updated classical themes of Chastity over love, death over chastity, fame over death, time over fame, and eternity over time (allegories)
Antonio del Pallaiolo
made Battle of Nudes
intaglio print
etchings (acid eating into metal)
1
Death of Marat
A: David
D: 1793
M: Oil on Canvas
L: Musee Royeax des Beaux Arts, Belgique (Belgium)
Thumbnail sketches
Small plans for a larger composition
pains gray
blue black and water makes what?
aqueduct
a channel system that carried water from mountain streams into cities by using gravitational flow
monogram
an artistic emblem of your family name
hieratic
something with a heirarchy (size and location of figures in art)
Fine art
art created for purely aesthetic expression, communication, or contemplation. Painting and sculpture are the best known of the fine arts.
Sumerian art
Ziggurat :the tower of Babel
Tellasmar votive figures: eyes are the window to the soul
placement
way of showing depth by placing smaller smaller objects higher up on the picture plane
What kind of drawings capture movement and are done very quickly?
Gesture Drawings
complamentary colors
colors that are directly accross from each other on the color wheel
filippo brunellechi
made the dome of the Florence cathedral
The Joy of Life
Fauvism 1905 -1906 Henri Matisse
tint
a color lighter than the hue's normal value
space
element of art that refers to the emptiness or area between, around, above, below, or within objects
Simultaneous contrast
If you place two complimentary colors together, both of them will seem more brilliant
Cluster of four cubes
George Rickey 1992
stainless steel kinetic sculpture (moves with the wind)
which man competed with Picasso (very similar paintings), were daring and abstract, and was influenced by Cezanne in the art of wholeness and clarity of figures?
Henri Matisse
Rembrandt, Self-Portrait
shows misery, wife died, son dying and bankrupt, society turned against him, best representation of aging at the time, 1658, Dutch, taught by mediocre artist
"The Death of Socrates"
neoclassic painting by Jacques Louis David
a ? is a scholar who specializes in the study of nature and the beauty of art
aesthetician
elements of art: line
the path of a moving point
Line-a
long narrow mark or stroke (a dot on a walk)
Asymmetrical Balance
Happens when to forms of two sides of the composition don't correspond to each other in size, placement and shape but the composition is still balanced
Magic and sculpting during Ice Age?
"Venus of Willendorf" meant successful childbirth
What role did geography play in the development of ancient Mesopotamian and Egyptian cultures?
Mesoptomia has many different states/ cities
Egypt was very isolated so they had one united culture
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