A&P Lab Flashcards

Terms Definitions
pollex
thumb
thoracic
chest
patellar
kneecap
manus
hand
mental
chin
umbilical
navel
superior
above
anterior
front
mammary
breast
tarsal
ankle
superficial
external
inguinal
groin
cephalic
head
Transcription
DNA-->RNA
dorsal
back side
vertebral
spinal column
hematopoiesis
blood synthesis
antecubital
interior elbow
Monosaccharide
single sugar
polypeptides
large proteins
Glycocalyx
signaling molecule
Reproduction
produce again
Interstitual
inbetween cells
Intracellular
inside cells
sural
front of leg
sacral
between hips (posterior)
occipital
back of head
epigastric region
above stomach
digital
fingers or toes
popliteal
back of knee
Perinuclear
around the nucleus
Leukocyte
white blood cell
Avascular
w/out blood flow
Myosin
special muscle protein
parietal serosa
lines body cavity
iliac region
lateral to hypogastric
hypogastric region
below umbilical region
Metabolism
sum of chemical reactions
Hypokalemia
depressed potassium in blood
Denaturation
breaking apart of proteins
Pericardial
located around the heart
Microvilli-structures that increase surface area to increase absorption
transitional ET loc
ureters, bladder, urethra
parietal pericardrium
lines cavity near heart
Hydrophobic
water fearing (not water soluble-fats)
Decomposition
breakdown to elemental particles (decay)
Exocytosis
bringing particles in the cell
simple cuboidal ET fx
secretion & absorption
Microfilaments
proteins that make up the cytoskeleton
Lipolysis
breaking apart of lipids for ATP
Bradycardia
depressed resting heart rate (less than 40 beats per minute)
transverse plane
divides body into superior and inferior
Autolysis
self breakdown or destruction of cell by own action
Tachycardia
elevated resting heart rate (more than 100 beats per minute)
simple columnar ET loc
digestive tract, gallbladder, small brochi, uterine tubes
Colloid
mixture that is not solid and not liquid
pseudostratified columnar ET loc
sperm carrying ducts, ducts large glands, ciliated in trachea, upper respiratory tract
stratified squamous ET fx
protects underlying tissue in areas subject to abrasian
gluco-
sugar
gluteal
buttocks
Pink indicates
Basic
Subscapularis
Origin: ScapulaInsertion: HumerusAction: Adduction and flexion of humerus
sperm cells
male gametes
Aldosterone:
water and electrolyte balance
Mollusk shell recycled how
ShelterLimestone
Mineral
a naturally occurring, inorganic, crystalline substance with a definite chemical composition that may vary only between definite limits
Drains the pelvic organs
Internal iliac
NAMErecognizes spoken words, translates words into thoughts, and possibly helps us sound out strange or new words
wernicke's area
example of pivot joint
elbow- radioulnar
repulsive
causing intense disgust; ability to repel
Basilic Vein
superficial vein that empties into the axillary vein
Dehydration makes RBC and H&H values appear higher or lower?
higher
WHEN TO AVOID ORAL TEMP
UNCONSCIOUS,MOUTH BREATHER,FACIAL,NUERO,PROBLEMSOPENING MOUTH,LOW ORAL TEMP NO CAUSE
Ion Channels
embedded protien channels, passive diffusion
Method for seperating proteins and other molecules in complex mixtures
Chromatography
Porphorytic
mixture of large and small grains (intrusive/extrusive)
adrogenital syndrome (AGS)
hypersecretion of androgens; both adults and kids
histones
little balls composed of protein w/ DNA tightly wound around it
NAMEreceives impulses when olfactory receptors of the nose are stimulated
primary olfactory area
obligate aerobes
organisms that require oxygen for growth (ex. micrococcus luteus)
descriptive statistics
to summarize or describe the data
a single hemoglobin molecule can carry _____ molecules of oxygen
Four
Oolitic Limestone
gray with littler pearl like grains (chemical)
Popliteal Vein
posterior branch into the femora vein, on the posterior of the knee
crest
narrow ridge, not as thick as a hole
spore resistant
Their thick ______ coat and low metabolic activity (they essentially dormant) renders spores extremely _________ to drying, heat, radiation, and toxic chemicals.
alkaliphiles
bacteria that grow at alkaline pH (ex. alcaligenes faecalis)
deductive reasoning
experiment on broad question based on existing theory, result is to confirm or deny theory
hypernea
abnormal increase in depth and rate of breathing
splenic vein
drains the spleen and part of the pancreas and stomach
formation of secondary oocytes
secondary oocyte hogs all the cytoplasm after the meiotic division, while the other cell is left to degenerate-->polar body
if you touch a ahot stove w your hand, the sensory receptors in your hand send a singal of pain to the CNS through the afferent nerve fibers of the peripheral nervous system. When the information reaches the CNS and is processed a/an motor response is se
efferent
What is caries?
-tooth decay caused by most common bacterial infectious disease in the U.S.
cingulate cortex
36; a critical part of Papez circuit involved in the analysis of sensory events in the limbic system, this structure is now known to play a key role in limbic representation of pain, pleasure, and reinforcing or aversive consequences of behavior, with widespread projections o subcortical sensory nuclei
Extensor Digitorum Longus
O - Anterior interosseus membrane, I - dorsal surface of phalanges, A - Extension of phalanges 2-5.
Describe the Visceral Mass in detail
Digestive - complete, ciliated cellsCirculatory - chambered heart has ventricle(pump blood out of heart) and one or two atria(recieve blood); open except cephalopodsReproduction - GonochoristicRespiration - Aquatic(gills) & Land (lungs)Nervous system - ganglia in head food and visceral mass
Median plane (sagittal plane)
passes through midline of body & divides it into equal right & left halves.
4 types of mutations in DNA
1. Bade changes
2. Insertions or deletions of extra bases during replication
3.sections of DNA may be deleted transposed or inserted into other chromosomes
4. expanision in numbers of trinucleotide repeats in a gene sequence
What are four defining traits of chordates?
notochord, hollow nerve cord, pharyngeal slits and bars, and post-anal tail.
What is the action of the sternocleidomastoid m?


BI: flex head and neck
UNI: laterally flex head and neck
1st step of PCR, denaturation
double stranded DNA to be copied is heat denatured to single stranded DNA requiring temperatures of ~95 degrees Celsius, energy source is heat
11 pairs lie between ribs; fibers run obliquely downward and foward toward sternum
deep thorax for respiration- external intercoastals (des & loc)
What are the four classes for Phylum Echinodermata?
1. Stelleroidea (sea stars and brittle stars) 2. Echinoidea (sea urchins and sand dollars) 3. Holothuroidea (sea cucumbers) 4. Crinoidea (sea fans)
What are the two sides to a starfish called?
Aboral - side of madreporite \r\nOral - side of mouth
mayfly
Ephemeroptera
calcaneal
heel
Inferior
below
milking shorthorn
Hematite
oolitic, flaky, massive
Order Isopoda- terrestrial
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4e/Armadillidium_vulgare_001.jpg/800px-Armadillidium_vulgare_001.jpg
milli-
meaning: thousandth
size: -3
length: millimeter (mm)
volume: milliliter (ml)
weight: milligram (mg)
Family Enterobacteriaceae
enteric “gut” bacteria
Abdominal cavity
contains digestive viscera
diastole
the period of ventricular filling
Nervous system
Brain, Spinal cord, Nerves
hyphae
individual filament; secrete digestive enzymes and absorbs food. and surrounded by a cell wall w/ the polymer CHITIN..
crossdating
matching patterns of tree-ring width among several tree-ring series allows the identification of the exact year of formation of tree-rings.
enocardium
serous endothelium which lines the chambers of the heart
luteal cells
come from granulosa cells
secrete estrogens, inhibin and progesterone
NAMEare small anucleate cells that contain hemoglobin
erythrocytes
multiplex PCR
amplification of several different pieces of DNA from a complex template in a single reaction
infundibulum
expanded, distal end of uterine tube
Contact Metamorphism
achieved chiefly by application of heat due to proximity to a body of magma; nonfoliated
mesometrium
the part of the broad ligament specifically anchoring the uterus
Glenohumeral joint structural classification
synovial- ball and socket
Cell Morphology?
Scientific Terms: -Coccus = round shaped,-Bacillus = rod shaped, -Spiral = wavy shaped
Earthworm: Nervous System
Suprapharyngeal ganglion (Mass of nerve cells above the pharynx and connected by nerve chords and subpharygal ganglionVentral Nerve Cord (transmits nerve impulses to and from the brain; beneath digestive tract)Segmental ganglia (Small masses of nerve cells in each segment which coordinate activities in each segment)
Primary auditory Cortex
Cortex located in temporal lobe
ovary
produce, nourish, and release ova as well as producing estrogen and progesterone
Compaction
decrease in amount of pore space by squeezing of a sediment under the weight of overlying material
papillary muscles
small bundles of cardiac muscle that project from the myocardial wall
every time we double the distance from a sound source, amplitude drops __dB
6
Prostomium
First fleshy lobe of the head lying in front of the mouthHas sensory organs
Primary afferent Neuron
Carries action potentials to CNSSame cell as receptor in somatic sensory systemDifferent cell than receptor in special sensory systems
heterozygous
both alleles for a trait are different Tt or tT
pelagic sediments
located on the slope, rise, and deep ocean floor- mostly biogeneous origin
Simple columnar epithelium function and location
secretion and absorption; location: digestive tract (duodenum), oviducts, and many glands
What are the motor areas?
initiate impulses to skeletal muscles
What are Chelicerae?
The two front appendages found on horseshoe crabs. Look like two fangs.
MOTOR (EFFERENT) DIVISION CONTAINS...
MOTOR NERVE FIBERS CONDUCTS IMPULSES FROM THE CNS TO EFFECTORS (MUSCLES AND GLANDS)
hard and soft palates
separate the nasal passages from the oral cavity
is a Petri dish that contains a growth medium (typically agar plus nutrients) used to culture microorganisms or small plants like the moss Physcomitrella patens.
agar plate
Naming Restriction Enzymes
1st letter - genus name of organism which the enzyme is isolated2nd, 3rd letters - initial letters of the species name4th = strain of organismroman number - order or discovery
right and left fastroepiploic arteries
serve the left curvature of the stomach
What is the secondary curvature of the spine?
Cervical & LumbarFormed during infancy and childhood
What muscles are suppled by the facial
facial m, buccinator, orbicularis oculi, levator anguli oculi medialis, auriclar mm, caudal belley of digastricus, occiito-mandibularis and stylohyoideus (muscles of 2nd brachial arch group_
What is the Innervation of the Ovaries?
Sym: Ovarian Plexus via Ovarian VesselsPara: S2-S4Pain: T10-T11
What is the action of the teres major m?
Extends, adducts, medially rotates humerus
are both continuous and discontinuous series minerals present in the rocks?
yes, you can tell by the color and crystallization of the rock, some are easier to tel than others based on their physical appearance
Why does the filament elongate during meiosis?
SO that at the end of meiosis the anther is beside the style
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Term:
Definition:
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