art final Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
diverseco
diversity
Monjes
Monk
Regular
A...A...A
Mandala??
???
le dessin
drawing
el fondo
background
Zeichner
der drawer
citer
to quote
el retrato
portrait
Madrasa
center of learning
547
Theodora and attendants
afocal
no focal point
The Dinner Horn
Homer
intensity
dullness/brightness --> neutralize with complement
1354
hall of two sisters
secondary
violate (purple), green, orange
http://classconnection.s3.amazonaws.com/937/flashcards/672211/jpg/the-legible-city.jpg
Jeffery ShawThe Legible City1989-1991
expresar (se)
to express (ones self)
warhol (soup)
cambell's tomato soup pop
Pablo Picasso "Les Demoiselles d'Avignon" 1910 Cubism
la galeria de arte
art gallery
abstract expressionism
emphasising spontaneous personal expression and the act of painting itself, this movement, begun in New York City in the 1940s, ignored accepted artistic values and called attention to the surface of the painting - brush strokes and textures
extensive
great in amount or area, considerable
carving
a subtractive method of sculpture; taking away wood or stone
non-objective
artworks that have no recognizable subject matter such as flowers, buildings...
portraiture
the artform that hockney contributed to
4 Shading Techniques:
Hatching, Crosshatching, Blending, Strippling.
Oil
Pigment compounded with oil usually linseed oil the oil acts as a binder creating as it dries a transparent film in which pigment is suspended
tight
(like bugs) exact, carefully detailed w/ small brushes or precise tools (lots of little details)
a principios de
at the beginning of
phenom
a phenomenon, especially a young prodigy
Inspiration
the feeling of being motivated or stimulated to create something.
-to be inspired`
periodical
another name for a book or magazine
Principles of design
Unity, variety, emphasis, rhythm, movement, balance, pattern, and proportion
coffered
a shaped sunken panel used as decoration on the ceiling
Elevation of the Cross by Rubens, 1610, oil
Jackson Pollock
Abstract expressionist who started the movement
Internet
Where can people see Julian Beever's images?
Which artist rejected modern society and painted images of "primitive" island culture such as in The Day of the Gods?
Paul Gauguin
Craftsmanship
The technique, style, and quality of working.
Aphrodite of Knidos
nude Aphrodite, Greek Classical, marble Roman copy, 350-340 BC
Activated Space
The area controlled by a physical object, including its physical volume or mass and the surrounding or enclosed space.
airbrush
a small scale paint sprayer that is capable of projecting a fine, controlled mist of paint
value
refers to lightness and darkness of a hue,changes by adding black or white
Doric Order
the column/post sits directly on the platform. The topmost piece/capital of the column is unornamented/not decorated
Contour Lines
What are curved lines that create volume?
Lithograph
uses a grease pen and a lime stone
proportion
refers to the relationship of one part to the whole or of one part to another
The Fall of Troy
Parthenon, Iktinos and Kallikrates, 447-432 BC, metopes, north
Glazing
layering of thin coats of oil paint over one another to achieve luminous complicated colors
Background
On a 2D surface, what appears farthest from the viewer in a 3D representation.
Three Studies for Figures at the Base of a Crucifixion
Bacon
Line of Sight
Use a line to draw the eye
Actual Texture
The surface quality of an object. It appeals to your sense of touch.
indirect method
model that is lost is not the original
What are the 3 types of balance?
symmetry, asymmetry, radial
cast shadows
shadows cast on surfaces or tables as a result of the light shining on them
technology
the study of how to do things (the technology of football, computers, a car, etc.)
Who commissioned the sculpture of Voltaie in the USAD Art Resource Guide?
Empress Catherine II of Russia
Red orange, yellow orange, yellow green, blue green, blue violet, red violet
Tertiary colors (From top, clockwise)
Modern and Contemporary Methods and Materials
Throughout history sculptures have searched
for new forms expression.
• Constructed sculpture
• Assemblage
• Readymades
• Mixed media
• Kinetic sculpture
• Light sculpture
• Land art
Golden Section / Golden Rectangle
ancient Greeks/ division of a straight line into two, the ratio of the whole line to the larger part is exactly the same as the ratio of the larger part to the smaller part/Plato saw this proportion as the key to understanding the cosmos.
The Vincennes porcelain factory was named after ____________.
the town where the factory was located
The THREE levels of Content in a Work of Art are:
Subject Matter, Elements & Composition, and Underlying or symbolic meanings or themes
abstrait,e
abstrakt
Baco
Bacchus
espantoso
spooky
Fortitude
Botticelli
Smithson
Spiral Jetty
la arquitectura
architecture
el tema
theme
light
la lumière
free form
ODB
Italian Renaissance
linear perspective
Eva HESSE
Post-Minimalism
late 1960's
la touche
brush stroke
Jugendstil
Youth style- Germany
perspective
system for representing three-dimensional objects and space on a two-dimensional surface by means of intersecting lines that are drawn vertically and horizontally and that radiate from one vanishing point, two points, or several points on a horizon line
form
objects having three dimensions
ni siquiera
not the least
building
architect
date
culture
sant' ivo della sapienza
boromini
1642-1660
italian baroque
la trompeta
instrumento de Luis Armstrong
Christ's Entry into Brussels
Ensor 1889
viewfinder
Device used to isolate forms.
Identificarse con
to identify oneself with
Nonobjective
Without recognizable objects. Art without reference to anything outside itself
format
layout of a work of art
line
a mark with length and direction
Daguerre, Boulevard du Temple, 1839 (Marien p. 15)
- first photograph shown in public
- first photograph showing a person (man having his shoes shined)
- example of a daguerreotype
*frieze
decorative horisontal band along the upper end of a wall
Rotunda
- roofed by a hemispherical dome:
Darwinism
developed the theory of natural selection and the survival of the fittest
Gustave Courbet's manifesto reads "To record the manners, ideas, and aspects of the age as I myself saw them - to be a man as well as a painter - in short to create a living art - that is my aim." Courbet is considered the father of __________.
realism
earthworks
earth sculpture; earth sites; artwork created by altering a large area of land using organic/ earth materials (spiral in lake, great salt lake UT)
tonality
In music, scale systems and their modifications.
Scale
The relationship between the size of an image and the size of it's surroundings.
repitition
pattern is based on variation and this
CÚPULA
dome/Bóveda en forma de una media esfera u otra aproximada con la que se cubre un edificio o parte de él. La cúpula se compone de los siguientes cuerpos
cloisonne
enamelware in which colored areas are separated by thin metal strips
Debonaire Apache
John Chamberlain, an assemblage or construction
resistant
referring to something that does not allow aomeone or something to touch or hurt it
The Pantheon's dome is __________ to lessen the weight of it both physically and visually.
coffered
Balance
Ways in which the elements (lines, shapes, colors, textures, etc.) of a piece are arranged.
Gustave Klimt
Death and Life, 1908 - 1911
The Aeneid
epic narratives about Aeneas who left ruins of Troy to found Rome
Capital
The uppermost member of a column or pillar supporting the architrave.
Elements; Principles
__________ are what you use, and __________ are how you use them
subordinate
placed in or belonging to a lower order or rank; of less importance; secondary
Geometric Shapes
precise shapes that can be described using mathematical formulas
Shape
A flat figure created when actual or implied lines meet to surround a space
pattern
a choice of lines, colors, or shapes repeated over and over in a planned way
Iconography
The meaning of the images or subject matter in paintings.
Portrait of an Insane Woman
Theodore Gericault, c. 1822
Rapid changes in technology can be called
linear progression
Frida Kahlo did a self-portrait with a tiny Itzcuintli one
dog
Slip
A mixture of clay and water applied to a ceramic object as a final decorative coat. A solution that binds different parts of a vessel together such as the handle and the main body
Optical color
Color perceived by the viewer due to the effect of atmosphere or unusual light in the actual color.
Relieved or Approximate Symmetry
Slight differences between axial areas of work.
Motif
a repeated shape or design in a work of art
What is value?
Describes the the darkest or lightest of a color or an object
Two-Dimensional Space
A planar surface area bound by height and width
Corinthian order
One of the three types of columns in Greece. Flowery capital.
full range of values
all the values between black and white
degree of curve
lines can curve gradually or not at all, become wavy or form spirals
List the 7 elements of Art
Space, Shape, Line, Value, Form, Color, Texture
One Point Perspective
In which all lines appear to meet at a single point on the horizon.
Chéri Samba's Problème d'eau. Où trouver I'eau? is an ironic comment on:
the US spending millions of dollars to look for water on Mars, while millions of people die for lack of water in Africa.
l'admiration
Bewunderung
caprichoso
whimsical
paisaje
landscape
Desolation
Cole
Rauschenberg
Monogram (Assemblage)
los incidentes
incidents
el artista
artist
work
une oeuvre
texture
surface quality
Bigger
(Depth Perception) Bigger
Bridget RILEY
Op Art
1960's
un chef d'oeuvre
masterpiece
Title: Cyclops
Date: 1895-1900
Creator: REDON, Odilon
Medium: oil on wood
la obra
work of art
niello
a black metallic alloy
al fondo
in the background
la ovación
aplauso de gente parada
Liberty Leading the People
Delacroix 1830
Aerial Perspective
colors in foreground-brighter,sharp focus, and define. colors in background-duller, soft focus, and defuse
Parecerse (a)
to look, to seem
Contrapposto
Italian for "counterpose." The counterpositioning of parts of the human figure about a central vertical axis, as when the weightis placed on one foot causing the hip and shoulder to lines to counterbalance each other-often in a graceful S-curve.
proximity
closeness or clustering of shapes; limiting of negative space between shapes
width
lines can be thick or thin
Marey, Joinville Soldier Walking, 1883 (Marien p. 210)
Learns from Muybridge a method for photographing movement
He believed his was a more scientifically truthful method
All images appear on one plate, not many as in Muybridge
Humans are not shown nude,
*stele
curved stone decorated with relief sculpture on the face
Quilting-
sewing fabric scraps into durable blankets:
Edward Burne-Jones, Pygmalion and the Image series, 1868-78
The Post-Impressionist Georges Seurat's painting technique is known as __________, which is a meticulous application of pigment that he derived from the study of __________.
Pointillism; color theories
montage
cut and paste photographs, juxtapose images
folklore
A term coined by 19th-century scholars studying the unwritten stories and other artistic traditions of rural peoples to distinguish between "folk art" and the "fine art" of the literate elite.
Unity
(a principle) Sense of coherence or wholeness in a work of art
ink
this media creates the darkest and truest black
Emphasis
A forcefulness that makes a particular part of a work of art stand out and brings the eye to that point. Created with elements of art
ESTUCO
Material plástico formado por yeso y polvo de mármol aglutinado con cola de pescado/stucco(gysum+marble dust)
aquaduct
waterway that brings water into a city
still life
an arrangement of mostly nonliving objects shown in artwork
ladder
a piece of equipment used for climbing
In its original meaning, a __________ was a full-scale preliminary drawing executed on paper for projects such as frescoes, stained glass, oil paintings, or tapestries.
cartoon
sunken relief
carving an image into a surface
Louis Sullivan
Guaranty Trust Building, 1894 - 1895
Pictograph
short hand or simplified shape of an object
Chiastic Pose
From the Greek letter chi: an asymmetrical stance, where the body carries the weight on one leg (and often bears a weight with the opposite arm).
Movement
the way your eye moves around the composition (line/value/shapes create movement)
marxism
the meaning is in the economic and social context of the time the piece was made, especially class relations
implied
a series of seperate points or edges for the shapes that the viewer tends to see as connected
variety
combining one or more elements of art to creat interest
Stylize
To simplify forms for the purpose of increasing their aesthetic and expressive content.
Donald Judd
Hollow rust-ish box with two inner diagonal walls.
Colors in the _____ system are paint(pigment), and colors in the _______ system are light.
subtractive, additive
One of this artist's works shows his black-shawled mother sitting on a red loveseat with her knitting as his sister plays
Cezanne
Ajanta
A town in India where there is a monastery located within caves
Cool colors
the colors on the blue/green side of the color wheel possible because of their association with water and sky.
kiln
a large oven for firing or burning or drying such things as porcelain or bricks
Ars Nova
A style of music characterized by a greater richness and complexity of sound (harmonies).
Organic shape, Biomorphic shape
A shape that resembles irregular shapes often found in nature
blind/pure contour
a line drawn by looking at the object only. The artist uses one continuous line.
five sources of inspiration artists use
nature
myths and legends
spiritual and religious beliefs
creative techniques
artists of the past
Split complementary
A color plus the 2 hues on either side of its complement
William de Kooning, Woman I, 1950-52
pigment is applied abrubtly, "10th st. touch" way of making brush strokes picking up diff colors pushed together thick impasto, women in positive way, vens of Willendorf exaggerated, action painting
In works such as Olympia, realist painter Edouard Manet was denying traditional painting style and drawing attention to:
his modernity and break with the past
mural
mural
kitsch
kicz
elongado
elongated
Caprichos
Goya
superpuesto
super imposed
el texto
text
peindre
to paint
ensayar
to rehearse
ballet
le ballet
Wright
Modern Architecture
Fallingwater
Ernst
The Elephant Celebes
Germany
Surrealism
1921
Distortion
Deviations from expected
Water Music Suite
Handel
Riis, Two Ragamuffins, 1890
secondary colors
green, orange, purple
The Scourging of Christ
Titian
horatio walker
ave maria, 1906, o/c
Autumn Rhythm: Number 30
Pollock 1950
The Gleaners, France, Realism, Millet
asi es la cosa
that's it
Color schemes

 a system of color
Christos
this couple did "Surrounded Islands" in 1980; all temporary, using volunteers and money they raised; reference to Monet's water lillies; Site Specific
"The Raft of the Medusa"
Theodore Gericault
Analysis
Ask, how is the work organized?
Photography
the technique of capturing optical images on light-sensitive surfaces
Imitationalism
An aesthetic theory focused on realistic presentation
Francisco Goya, Saturn Devouring His Children, 1819-1823
Name the secondary colors
green, violet, orange
static shape
standing still or resting shape
Simulationism (Neo-Geo)
ironic and biting commentary on contemporary consumer society
mix of Pop and Dada
comments on "failure" of Modernism
Koons -- self-parody as art superstar
Madonna of the Dry Tree, Petrus Christus, c.1462, Thyssen-Bornemisza Collection, Madrid
spoken
vocal pitch pace emotion number tone language volume
Cast Shadow
shadow thrown down of a surface
Round Arch
(perfected by Romans) Bears weight more effectively than a beam.
Composition
In visual art and architecture, the arrangement of line, form, mass and color
trompe l'oeil
literally, "deceives the eye"; the copying of nature with such exactitude as to be mistaken for the real thing
Symmetrical
both sides of composition are equal, eg. a mirror image, bullseye
pieta
italian word for pity, used to describe depiction of mary holding the lifeless body of christ and mourning over him
At the beginning of Louis XV's reign, the royal court left Vesailles and went to _____________.
Paris
Saturation
The purity vividness or intensity of a color.
Progressive Rhythm
Rhythms in which the elements change sizes as they move across space.
shadow
area where the object is falling into darkness
Low-Key Value
Dark (or cool) values that recede. Blues and greens
Pier
An extra mass of masonry used to stiffen a wall
fenix
ave que se pegaba fuego cuando cree que va a morir, renace de sus cenizas, simbolo de resureccion
contour
lines that define the outer edges of forms and surfaces within a form
Manuscript illumination
book written by hand and has pictures
figure-ground reversal
when the positive and negative shapes in a piece can be reversed or are ambiguous.
"We tend to perceive things in context."
elevated photography to an art form, anyone can do it
Ex. Steerage (steamboat)
Alfred Stieglitz
trumeau
a column, pier, or post found at the center of a large portal or doorway, supporting the lintel
What is equal to the width of an eye?
nose
cyclopean construction
a method of building using huge blocks of rough-hewm stone often that only giant cyclops could construct
...
What new form of art was found from the Neolithic period and why?
stopping out
applying a varnish or another coat of ground in etching
signified
The idea the word the image of what the artist is trying to portray, what it stands for
Transept
the part of a church with an axis that crosses the nave at a right angle
Purpose and function of art
Art can inform, embellish, inspire, arouse, awaken and delight us. art challenges us to think and see in new ways, and help us develop a sense of beauty and truth. Art can also deceive, anger and humiliate us.
the principles of design
rules artists use to organise the elements of art
Paleolithic cave paintings subject
animals are the center of the nomad's community and their art
Why was egyptian artwork made?
to prepare for afterlife and to honor the pharoah
High Key <--> Low Key (Range)
High Key- more white Low Key- more dark
pharaoh
ruler
tapestry
gobelin
sueno
dream
front
back
la sombra
shadow
la sensación
sensation
la danza
dance
divertir
to entertain
Classical
Emphasizes rational thinking
Masaccio, Expulsion, 1401-1428
cost much
coûter cher
la coiffure
l'arrangement des cheveux
"the beautiful girl"
hannah hoch
Ophelia, England, Pre-Raphaelite, Millais
primary colors
red, blue, yellow
Landscape with a Footbridge
Altdorfer
Jean-Francois Millet "The Gleaners" 1857 Realism
Abstract
Simplifies, reduces, emphasizes, or otherwise distorts qualities found in real life forms
Minotauromaquia / Picasso / S20
...
Qin Shaihuangdi
terracotta warriors (clay warriors)
nave
Long aisle of the church. Central.
monastery
Sites of education and manuscript production.
A community of persons, esp. monks or nuns, living under religious vows.
Negative Space
The area around the object
monumental
great in importance, extent, or size
texture
the characteristic appearance of a surface
group portrait
depcits more than one person
pigment
dry coloring matter (especially an insoluble powder to be mixed with a liquid to produce paint etc)
Negative Shape
unoccupied space around positive shapes
Naturalism
Doctrine that art should adhere as closely as possible to the appearance of the natural world. Naturalism, with varying degrees of fidelity to appearance, recurs in the history of Western art
mosaic
a picture made up from small parts
encaustic
paint mixed with wax (vehicle is heat)
impressionism
An artistic movement that sought to capture a momentary feel, or impression, of the piece they were drawing
Style
A characteristic manner or mode of artistic expression or design
visual texture
the illusion of a 3-dimensional surface
The French saw Rococo architecture as ______________
female
commissioned duccio to create the maesta
siena cathedral
subordination
neutral areas of lesser interest that keep the viewer from being distracted from the area or areas of emphasis.
Using differences in the elements of a composition to offset unity and make it more interesting.
Variety
jail
a building where criminals are kept as punishment, a prision
the glacier of the selkirks
lucius o'brian 1886 w/c
A color scheme using three colors that are equal distances apart on the color wheel such as the primaries of red, yellow, and blue
Triads
Media/medium
Material(s) used to make a work of art
black-figure
a stlye or technique of ancient greek pottery in which black figures are painted on a red clay background
Sulla
besieges Pompeii. did damage and a lot of things changed. took property and land and gave it veterans of the military.
Armature
the internal support or structure of a sculpture (Ex:foil inside of paper pulp)
texture (element)
surface quality 1. tactile (feels) 2. simulated (looks like it feels, visual)
basilica
A public building for legal and other civic proceedings, rectangular in plan with an entrance usually on a long side. In christian architecture, a church somewhat resembling the Roman basilica, usually entered from one end and with an apse at the other.
3 types of art destruction
1. Willful destruction
2. Unintentional destruction
3. By nature
Septpartive Vault
A type of vault divided into seven sections.
Romare Bearden
born in NC, family moved to NYC, apartment was a gathering place for for artists and intellectuals, deeply emmerced in Jazz, Three Folk Musicians 1967 collage - painted collage, BS in math from NYU, worked as a cartoonist
sentado
no estar de pie / estar en una silla
Leather Hard
Clay that is dried slightly making it stiffer and able to support its weight
one-point perspective
a form of linear perspective in which all lines appear to meet at a single point on the horizon
The artist's work is on the cover of your ARTFORMS textbook?
Paul Klee
Stroboscopic motion showed images at ________ frames per second, while film shows images at _______ frames per second, and video shows them at ____________ frames per second.
16 / 24 / 30
monochromatic color scheme
a scheme involving one hue plus its tints and shades
Kehinde Wiley, Ice T, 2005
hiphop sterotype, would take guys on streets and make them pose as traditonal art history poses, Ice T was VH1 awards for hiphop king, reference to Napolen, tools of power shown im modern day hiphop, Wiley smaples skills of great masters relating to hiphoppers competting
What kind of feeling do Cool Colors create/represent?
Feelings of calmness, sadness, lonliness
A crescent moon visible in the upper left appears with the setting sun in the lower right of the sky, and an opening in the clouds features a floating red banner, under which two tremendous armies clash
(The) Battle of Alexander at Issus
Organic
nature
l'entracte
intermission
marbre
marble
Dante
Italian author;
La estatua
statue
le paysage
landscape
la ornamentación
decoration
el escritor
writer
Triumphal Arches
commemorative arches.
Basilica means
assembly hall
Ascanio
hijo de Eneas
Geometric Period
800-700 BC
el cartón piedra
paper mache
Abrahamic Religions
Judism and Islam
mosques
muslim places of worship
freestanding column
not attached to wall
Paleolithic Period
Old stone age.
Stone tools
natural features
used to frame subjects
Laquesis
teje el hilo de vida
medium
the substance an artish creates
This architect's Unites d’Habitation were the building blocks of his ideal “Radiant City.” This architect planned a city that would include the Palace of Assembly and the Palace of Justice
Corbusier
exedrae
In architecture, a semicircular niche. On a small scale, often used as decoration, whereas larger kind can form interior spaces
Johannas Vermer "Girl With Pearl Earring" (Dutch Baroque genre-scenes)
Eiffel Tower, France, 19th Century Architecture, Eiffel
Shapes found in nature are called_____
Organic
elements
line, space, shape, form, color, value, texture
Annunciation and Visitation @ Reims Cathedral
France 1245
Louis H. Sullivan
American Architecht, first skyscrapers, Functionalism
contour line
a line that defines a shape
Dadaist
Sought to shock viewers into seeing absurdity of Western world's social and political situation
Scoring
Scratching the surfaces of the clay that are to be connected
ideal
theory or conception of something in its absolute perfection; standard or model of excellence, based on shared cultural values
la perspectiva
representar en una superficie los objetos tal y como aparecen a la vista, a través de colocar líneas
mobile
construction made of objects that are balanced and arranged on wire arms and suspended so as to move freely
slab construction
second hollowing technique, roll out the clay, cut it, score and wet it
Dimension
means the amount of space an object takes up in one direction.
gold leaf
dropped into position, only in wet areas. aka water gilding
Modeling
In sculpture, the creation of form by manipulating a pliable material such as clay.
is a path made by a moving point
line
Syncopated Cubism
Stuart Davis combined the flat forms of Cubism with the tempos of American Jazz
lunette
a semicircular wall area, framed by an arch over a door or window. Can be either plain or decorated.
intarsia
cutting and inlaying pieces of wood to form mosaic images
Neolithic refers to the:
New Stone Age (Stonehenge, England)
A technique in which there is very little modeling. The artiest goes from rapidly from highlighting to deep shadow.
Tenebrism
space
the element of art that refers to the empitness or area between, around, above, below, or within objects
analogous colors
they are located near each other on the color wheel; yellow-green, yellow, and yellow orange
What combines to form the principles of design?
Elements of Art
You Who Are Getting Obliterated in the Dancing Swarm of Fireflies
Yayoi Kusama
how do you make a tint
adding white to a color
horizontal
a line or shape that lies down and is parallel to the top and bottom edges of the paper
Define &quot;heraldic composition&quot;
a central figure with an animal on each side
Fred Wilson's exhibit for the Maryland Historical Society made the point that the Historical Society:
had ignored and caricatured African Americans and Native Americans.
Xia Gui, Detail of Twelve views from a thatched hut, 13th century
a) About self cultivation and self discipline
comtempary
today
raro
rare
Republic
...
el bombardeo
bombardment
scolpire
to sculpt
le style
style
Unique Forms
Boccioni
la marine
seascape
el cuadro
picture, painting
Zeus
dios del rayo
evocador/a (de)
evocative (of)
warp
long fibers in place
Piers
Rectangular, Vertical support- cylindrical.
subtractive
take away from sculpture
the last supper
da vinci
Houdon's sculpture of Voltaire included in the USAD Art Resource Guide was created when Voltaire was _______.
eighty-three
to rely on
sich verlassen auf
la Familia Real
The Royal Family
length, width, height
dimensions of form
NADAR Elevating Society to Art
Daumier
Assumption of the Virgin
Asam, Style: Rococo
Who was a pop art painter?
Warhol
water color
transparent pigments mixed with water
A line is a
element of art
relief
3D art form w/ flat back
Akhenaton and Nerfertiti
Developed a monotheistic religion dedicated to the sun god
Destroyed all other gods besides the sun god
impasto
the thick, textured build-up of a picture's surface through repeated applications of paint
Analogous
Colors that are beside eachother on the color wheel, that share a common hue
Modular
Work that uses units in its construction that are alike, similar
glaze
a vitreous coating applied to pottery to seal and decorate the surface, it may be colored, transparent, or opaque and glossy or matte. In oil paintings, a thin transparent, or something semi transparent layer applied over a color to alter it slightly
Diadem
in the portrait of Sabina (Hadrian's wife) she is depicted with a this on. She resembles a greek goddess and represents the ideal, perfect woman. idealized.
Hand-Building
Making clay forms by a non-mechanical process
Delacroix
Liberty; thought to lead to another revolution
cool colors (7)
yellow-green, green, blue-green, blue, blue-violet, violet, red-violet
Chasing
Using chisels and punches to create fine designs on the surface of a metal form.
fresco
oldest form of painting done on wet plaster
straight
if the line continues in only one direction
Hindu and buddhist
what 2 religions strongly influenced the art of India?
horizon line
represents the viewers eye level, it is the spot in the picture where your own eyes would be if you where observing the scene
noteshare
an application used on the laptops to create artwork
El hogar tan querido: Fin del corrido
Diego Rivera
intaglio
Any process in which the cut or incised lines in the plate are filled with ink, and that ink transfers onto the paper. (Italian --->engraving)
body art
Marking and adorning the body as an expression of cultural and personal identity, or which serves other functions.
Rhythm
a type of movement in a painting or drawing
horizontal registers
which help to create a narrative in the scenes and allows for the viewer to follow along with the visual story
value range
the range of lightness or darkness of a color
bone dry
clay in which all the moisture has dried out
Define &quot;closed style&quot;
In sculpture, no open spaces, solid &amp; attached... gives a sense of strength and power
point of view
angle from which the viewer sees an object.
Eteocles
fue el primero de los hijos de Edipo a tomar el trono, luego no se lo quiso resginar a su hermano
This man is not Lucas van Leyden, but he painted a work titled Young Man Holding a Skull showing a boy with a large feather in his cap
(Frans) Hals
Albrecht Durer, Four Apostles, diptych, oil 1526
first prodestant piece of art. created for city hall in nuremburg, appostles for city hall, different...ususally for churches. major distinction, prod believe everyone should have access to bible, catholic art was didactically and becomes emo and miraculous themes. prod- not much religious content.
john and peter on left, mark and paul on right, inscriptions are MKL translations from mark and paul. notion of warning of coming perilous time and dangers of folowing false profits. They are monumental, (he has seen italian art) warmth of colors, in garment and sufmato in heads, faces closer to italian ideal than to northern. shows influence of italian. faces less distinctive than northern, still put bumps and wrinkles, double chin, specificity...both!
shows mixture of both intriguing.
Relative size and linear preception
• The farther the objects are from us, the smaller the object looks.
• Things that are closer to us look larger and things that are further away look
smaller.
• Artists use different techniques like relative size and linear perspective to
create the illusion of depth in a piece of art.
what is a portfolio? what is the purpose of a portfolio?
a folder that contains your art work; to keep all of your artwork together and safe
EXHIBITION
ERAKUSKETA
Stippling
Ex.
6
blue
Eugene Delacroix
Romanticism
cadre
frame (m.)
Tertiary Intermediate
Yellow-orange Yellow-green
Graphic Design
Commercial communication
Third Class Carriage
Daumier
convergers
prefer ideas and theories
Gallery
Place that exhibits art
three point perspective
three vanishing points
Humanists
European scholars, writers, and teachers associated with the study of the humanities (grammar, rhetoric, poetry, history, languages, and moral philosophy), influential in the fifteenth century and later.
prendre du recul
to stand back
ground
surface media is placed( paper/canvas(
fetid
having an offensive odor; stinking
femmage
unification of feminine imagery and materials with the medium of collage
collograph
intaglio print taken from block created by sticking collage elemets onto a base
Le Corbusier
architect that integrated structure and function. was interested in the way people interacted with architecture and the way it affects daily life. created the 5 points of a new architecture.
shading
drawing that uses subtle, gradual values of gray
Nicolas Hilliard
mere One 5/8 inches painting
Myceneans
1450-1200 mans dominance over nature, only built palace fortresses, in constant war. Through Homer, provided Greece with myths
Warm colors come where in a picture?
Forward
aulos
a loud, double reed instrument that came to be identified with Dionysus
3 types of light
fluorescent, sunlight (natural), incardecent (yellow lights at home)
Guilds functions:
control standard of production annd trading. participated w/ gov't @ city state.
Incised
To cut into with a sharp tool
Tahiti
Visions of ____ in memory of oceania.
Persian War
480, persians conquered Athens and start of Classical
Harrowing
adj. very shocking or frightening and making you feel very upset.
complementary colors
two colors that are directly opposite one another on the color wheel, like yellow/purple, red green, and blue/orange
tertiary colors
the combination of a primary and secondary color (blue-green, red-orange, etc.)
print
picture made by pressing a surface w/ a plate or block
heirachy scaling
used as a way of indicating importance
Bigger= More important
Neutrals
tones which do not reflect any single wavelength of light
teirtary
colors made by a primary and secondary color
background shapes
shapes that appear to be behind other shapes
Asher B. Durand
Painted Kindred Spirits, The Study of Nature: Rocks and Trees. He was an engraver and payed attention to detail.
Identify the stylistic characteristics of 12th and 13th century painting
Devotion and spirituality, Manuscript illumination populr, fresco gained interest
shade
a hue with a darker color or black added to it to make it darker
ex. brown is a shade of orange
Greek Statues and sculptures
ike their architecture shows a concern with balance, harmony and proportion. Life like or naturalistic
freestanding sculpture
A sculpture that is carved or cast in the round, unconnected to a wall, and thereby capable of being viewed in its entirety by walking around it. Freestanding sculpture can also be designed for a niche, which limits the visible portions of the sculpture
metaphor
a figure of speech in which a term or phrase is applied to something to which it is not literally applicable in order to suggest a resemblance, as in "A mighty fortress is our God."
What happened to Egypt's high ranking people after death?
preserved to live forever, embalmed, mummified, tomb with belongings and paintings
fan
background shading
...
el espectáculo
show
strophe
a stanza
une sculpture
sculpture
Facade
false front
positve shape
the objects
Saying Grace
Norman Rockwell
View of Delft
Vermeer
Vimala temple
on Mount Abu
textureq
surface quality of things
petina
oxidation of certain chemicals
Terracotta
A brownish-orange earthenware clay body commonly used for ceramic sculpture.
radial
A balance arrangement that results from the repetitive placement of elements radiating out from a central point.
Salvador Dali
leader of surrealism
dreams and attempt of subconscious to communicate with concious
The Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem
687-692
monochromatic color harmony
having only one color
Pulpit
inside Piza cathedral
where priest gives sermen
papyrus
paperlike writing material used in ancient egypt and made from the pith of a plant
realistic drawing
the objective depiction of objects attentively seen
etching
using a chemical process to incise lines into the surface
Neoclassism
New Classicism. A revival of classical Greek and Roman forms in art, music, and literature, particularly during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries in Europe and America. It was part of a reaction against the excesses of Baroque and Rococo art.
Jose Clemante Orozco
mexico, social realism, mural, skeletons, communism, ivy league school; gods of the modern world
expressive line
lines can suggest energy, movement, etc
purpose (fine arts)
to express the artist's emotion
fine art
art valued for visual appeal or success in communicating ideas or feelings
Cubism
The term given to the artistic style which uses geometric shapes that was developed by Picasso and Brague.
Focal Point
what your eye is drawn to first
Donatello
Feast of herod
John sent baptist to jail solamai didnt want to dance but did was rewarded with johns head on silver platter
impression
In printmaking, a single example of an edition
A 2 dimensional are defined by outer edge
Shape
Albrecht Durer
German artist that was considered the leader of the Norther European Renaissance, known for his master prints and used them to distribute his work, make his fortune, and discuss his religious beliefs
converging lines
lines that are coming together to meet at a point
enviornmental design
careers that are centerd on the places people visit and where they live and work
Thrust Theatre
one that extends into the audience on three sides and is connected to the backstage area. Like Take mE out
Hard Edge shape
defined by a line or definite edge
mixing color
color you slowly mix into base color, less dominant
Atmospheric perspective
a technique, to give the sense of the 3rd dimension on paintings using contrast
rules for contour drawing
○ Go slow
○ Don't sketch
○ Look at the object 80% of the time
○ Try not to lift your pen
It is also very portable, so it lends easily to _________ or "In the open air" landscapes.
En plein air
large canvases against the wall
What did Pollock use to paint his art on and where?
moderno
modern
stencil
...
el sentimiento
feeling
la tanière
lair
la poesía
poetry
Expresar
To express
Monochromatic
One Color
evolution
growth progress development
lumiere
to light (f.)
Airborne Event
Fred Tomaselli
1890
Van Gogh died in:
collluseum
example of roman architecture
Maja Clothed/ Maja Nude
Goya
tint
hue with white added
asymmetry
balance achieved with dissimilar objects that have equal visual weight or equal eye attraction
individual style
constant or reoccuring characteristics, themes, colors
Andachtsbilder
a devotional image, particularly for Vespers. ex: Vesperbild
Joseph Cornell
artist of the hotel eden
adintelada
straight cover; no importa la lluvia
¿Qué te parece?
What do you think?
tonal blending
using varied shades and pencil pressure to create light to dark
isolation
putting an object alone to emphasize it.
principles
rules authors use to organize the elements of art
Goddess Hathor and the Overseer of Sealers, Egypt, 26th Dynasty
recital
a musical performance, usually by one person
Decoupage
the Victorian craft of cutting out motifs from paper gluing them to a surface and covering with as many layers of varnish as is required to give a completely smooth finish.
a natural or synthetic filament, such as cotton or nylon, which can
fibers
vanishing point
imagianry point at which parralel lines converge
Complimentary Colors
Opposite each other on the color wheel
corbel
Courses of stone or brick in which each course projects beyond the one beneath it. Two such structures, meeting at the topmost course, create a corbelled arch
3 dimensional space
sculptures, architecture, and art with mass
Music Lesson
Matisse
oil on canvas
more about joy of music
(subject and content)
frank stella
famous op artist who had famous protractor seris
charcoal
a dry drawing medium made from charred twigs, usually vine or willow.
The Ecstasy of Saint Teresa Sculpture
Gian Lorenzo Bernini 1646
Paleolithic Era
"Stone age" Began around 9000 BCE and continued over the next 4000 years
Limbourg bros
Dutch
Book of hours of the Duke of Berry(payers divided though out the day)
Feb page( shows month)
1st winter Landscape
Elongation
core shadows
showdows on the subject, caused by the subject
end papers
used inside the front and bak cover of a book
5 characteristics of barogue art
extreme lights and darks, dramatic stories, eye movements using angles, flash/bright colors, very large
What are lines able to express
Spatial depth, weight, light shadow and feeling
cambiando de tema, que me dices de..?
changing the subject, what do you have to say about?
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