Art Final 2 Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
arrogant
self-important
Cubism
kubizm
chistoso
amusing
pen
pens
el disfraz
costume
la comparación
comparison
tanato
la muerte
Oblique =
Cube
studio
l'atelier (m)
color
vibration/reflection of light
Delaunay, Robert
Simultaneous Contrasts: Sun and Moon
France
Orphism
1913
texture
sense of touch
Acrylic
Plastic Paint 1956
Donald Judd, Untitled, 1969
Picasso
Glass of Absinthe
Spain
Cubist Sculpture
1914
La Pieta by Michelangelo
Bedroom in Arles
van Gogh
Medium
specific material & technique used
Intermediate Colors
Red-Orange, Blue-Green, Yellow-Green ect.
photomontage
the technique of combining pre-existing photographs to create a new image
hue
identifies a color by name
exuberance
joyful enthusiasm. overflowing with eager enjoyment or approval
Rayographs
man ray made innovative photgraphs which he called_________, bu placing objects on light-sensitive paper and exposing them to sunlight.
The Fall of the Rebel Angels
Bruegel
secondary colors
orange,violet and green are called___________ because they are mixed form primary colors
Scale
Size in relationship to the norm
George Stubbs
Horse Attacked by a Lion
synthetic
characterized by the introduction of different textures, surfaces, collage elements, papier collé and a large variety of merged subject matter
Bruegel
Northern Renaissance (16th c.); beauty of nature; scenes of peasant life and seasons; uncompromising honesty; hopelessness; "Triumph of Death"; "Wedding Feast"; "Hunters in the Snow"*; paintings compared to Shakespeare
expression
1. The manifestation through artistic form of a thought, emotion, or quality of meaning. 2. In art, expression is synonymous with the word content.
Maniera Greca
Formal Byzantine style that dominated Italian paining in the 12th/13th centuries (shallow space/linear flatness)
-literally, a prayer or petition, it is often used to refer to the iconographical composition of Christ flanked on both sides by the Virgin and St. John the Baptist.
Deisis
Medici
an important and powerful family of Florence, who had made their money in banking; they wielded great power in government and were important patrons of the arts.
Lamentation of Christ (exterior of a triptych), Geertgen tot Sint Jans, The right wing of a tripytych, after 1484, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
Shiraga, artist painting with his feet at the 2nd Gutai Art Exhibition (1956)
Gutai
closure
closing in the gaps , connecting forms
el impresionismo
movimiento artístico que captura el efecto de la luz y el color en las cosas y los momentos
Syncretism
The union of different ideas of principles in philosophy or religion
installations
interior or exterior settings of media created by artists to heighten the viewer's awareness of the environmental space
propaganda art
Marat depicted as charitable and compassionate, highlighting the injustice and outrage over the assassination
relief
sculpture in which 3-d forms project from the flat background of which they are a part
The Vendome Column was modeled after _______.
Trajan's column
hierarchy of scale
an artistic convention in which greater size indicates greater importance
Slab
Large flat piece of clay formed by rolling or throwing
papyrus
paper made from the papyrus plant by cutting it in strips and pressing it flat
What was paul cezannes favorite subject to paint?
Mt. Saint Victoiure
Hermes
Coloco a Heracles en el pecho de Hera
ways we use art
personal expression cultural heritage politics religious beliefs
zigzag lines
are made from a combination of diagonal lines; form angles and change direction suddenly
expressionism/Expressionism
- Is also modern art movement
Form and color are freely distorted by the artist in order to achieve a heightened emotional impact
Henri Bergson: "elan vital"
Spiritual force behind art nouveau
Vertical Line
A line that moves straight up and down.
Will cause a structure to explode in the kiln
Air Bubbles
King Ludwig II of Bavaria
Neuschwanstein Castle FAIRY TALE ROMANTIC
Chiaroscuro
The treatment of light and shade in a work of art, especially to give an illusion of depth.
fresco
a durable method of painting on a wall by using watercolours on wet plaster
line
is an element of art that is the path of a moving point through space.
Portrait of Margaretha van Eyck,
Jan Van Eyck. 1439, Groeningemuseum, Bruges
God Te Rongo
He is a creator figure; his virility is accentuated; these sculptures were carved by priest/artists, who trained as apprentices until they could control the power, or MANA that existed in their materials and tools.
Mesopotamia, egypt, india, and china
Name 4 locations around the world where prehistoric art has been found.
comic books, advertisments, TV, movies, packaging
what are some of the subject matters of pop art?
van gogh's main style was to
paint in blots of colorful paint in still lifes and landscapes
moderno
modern
creador
creator
doric
plain
lo scultore
sculptor
El tipo
types
el análisis
analysis
El fondo
Background
la interpretacion
interpretation
The Nightmare
Fuseli
Burgundy
Red + black
el museo
the museum
shade
color plus black
sponsor
help to pay for
form
three dimentional geometrical figure
read beans
las habichuelas coloradas
Fijarse
to notice (take notice)
Saturn Devouring his Son
Goya
impasto
rich, thick strokes/not smoothed out/not fully blended
Who was a symbolist painter?
Gustav
Signs
Suggests a fact or condition.
post impressionism
france, color theory, cezzane
cool colors
where blue is dominent
design
An ordered aesthetic arrangement or organization of one or more of the elements of art
5 pillars
faith, sharing, pilgrimage, fasting, prayer
experiential intelligence
contribution of intuitively applied prior experience to intelligent functioning
Sutra painting, cave 45, Dunhuang, Gansu, 725CE
Gericault
The most significant romantic painter in the early 19th century
territory
an area or region of land
Maquette
Small scalre model of a work
Great Hall of Bulls
Lascaux Cave painting
Lithography was an atrractice print medium for romantic artists because it __________.
was spontaneous
Trilithic
A form of construction using three stones--two uprights and a lintel--found frequently in Neolithic tombs and ritual architecture.
Subject
The most important figure, object, or area in a composition
unity
when all elements work together they show
Roman contributions to art
town planning and architecture
architecture
the art and science of planning buildings and environments for people
cast
container into which liquid is poured to create a given shape when it hardens
1990s african american art
lorna simpson, david hammons
increasing visibility for african americans
wide variety of approaches
1994 black male exhibition at whitney museum
GRID
a device used to help draw perspective
Kinetic art
Art that moves (ex - mobiles)
Henri Matisse
He used color in a structural way-bold, broad areas of pure color- and distorting shapes.
figure
the primary or positive shape in a design; a shape that is noticeably separated from the background. dominant shape.
Ground
A coating applied to a canvas or printmaking plate to prepare it for painting or etching
Duccio, 1308-1311, Tempera and gold on panel, Italy
Maesta Altarpiece
Painted tomb gate, tomb of Lou Rui, Taiyuan, Shanxi, 570CE
Complimentary Colors
Colors that are directly opposite each other on the color wheel, such as red and green, blue and orange, and violet and yellow.
complementary
colors that are across from each other on the color whee (blue and orange, red and green, etc)
cornice
uppermost part of moldings at top of wall
style
personal way of using the art elements and principles to reproduce what they see and to express their ideas and feelings
in the location of values, lighter values appear____.
further away
Proportion
The ration of one part of the composition to another
refracted light
the bands of color seen when white light is passed through a prism
Positive Space
Space in artwork that is filled and emphasized
Armature
A frame work around which clay can be molded
parallel
2 or more straight lines or edges on the same plane; never intersect
Two point perspective
The parallel lines recede from the viewre to TWO VANISHING POINTS. Linear perspective. The sides of object are at an angle.
Frottage
rubbing a piece of paper on a rough surface such as wood or stone to capture the texture for use in artworks
interior form
the shape of the inside of a hollow work of art; an inner form that appears to be emerging from or contained within the outer form
who was pablo picasso?
a spanish cubist in the abstract expressionistic era and he was influenced by paul cezanne and the african art
3 properties of color
hue (name), value (lights and darks), intensity (bright/dull)
Aerial or Atmospheric Perspective
The way of showing depth and distance in a painting by using fading colors and hazy details to indicate objects in the distance.
Smithson, Spiral Jetty, 1970
made out of trees rocks and sand, salt lake utah, artist can modify landscape, image of interpy, things falling apart, ruins w/in natural domain, god like artist, b/c he has control over nature, use of Entropy
What is meant of the term expressionism?
Use of bright color and shapes to evoke certain emotions
invisible
invisible
musician
músico
sentimiento
feeling
Hopper
Nighthawks (1942)
secular
not religious
le peintre
painter
el sentimiento
feeling
brillante
que brilla
Rokeby Venus
Velazquez
hoffman
golden wall abstract
la fotografía
photography, photograph
el centro
the center
mastaba
a low, flat tomb
The Wheat Sifters
Courbet 1853
WHEN DID IMPRESSIONISM START
1860's
Cimabue
Madonna Enthroned, Early (Florence)
yong soon min "dwelling"
Egyptians
more sophisticated than Sumerians; deal w/ "Life after Death" matters; Pyramids; Hierarchic scale
What is a shade
adding black
Jamb Figures (from Chartres Cathedral), Gothic Period, 1145-1230, stone
KNOW
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Meat Still - LifeAertsenHigh Renaissance - North
"Sistine Chapel Ceiling"
- Michelangelo
Omitted... Artist: Michelangelo
positive
the space an object takes up
Dine
1960's pop art, did random patterns;objects, favorite medium was negative space, style=realism abstract
pattern
repetition of colors, lines, shapes, form or texture
What is tactile texture?
can be felt
Kachinas
Impersonated by masked and costumed male members of a tribe
masonry
stone or brickwork, a structural architectural feature at which the Romans excelled.
closed form
not allow space to penetrait
What techniques did Gentileschi use to portray the drama of the scenes of Judith and Holophernese?
Tennebrism
contour
line representing the outline of a figue or shape
2 ways we experience texture
sight and touch
print
produce in large quantities, by a mechanical process involving the transfer of text or designs to paper
HB pencil
hardest, lightest marks, easiest to erase
Gesture drawing
Sketchy, fast, shape, quick drawing that captures energy ad movement
Yasumasa Morimura
Artist becomes every character in frame, digitally altered
Analogous
closely realted in color adjacwent on the color wheel
Light Sculpture
Light and its reflections have always
been an important elements in
sculpture (and art!)
• However, "light sculpture" is a 20thcentury
artform
• What are the physical psychological
and physical effects of color and the
creation of illusion?
visual literacy
being able to understand information of a object in visual form
What era?
Humor
Hellenistic art
Aprodite, pan, and eros
Bewitching pan to advance on pan
camera obscura
firerunner of the modern camera was the ______ ________, literally "dark room"
Diego Rivera 1886-1957
leader in Mexican mural painting, painted for Mexican government and patrons in US
dry brushing
the process in which relatively dry pigment is applied lightly over a surface creating broken color in order to ephasize texture
8 Principles of Design
1. Balance (symmetrical, asymmetrical radial)
2. Emphasis
3. Harmony
4. Variety
5. Gradiation
6. Movement
7. Rhythm
8. Proportion
Pop artist is found in/on
ads and comic books
slab roller
clay machine that flattens clay into slabs
symmetry
a special type of formal balance in which two halves of a balanced composition are identical, mirror images of each other
pilgrimage
A journey to a place considered sacred for religious purposes.
Fixative
 
A spray used on pastel, pencil, and charcol drawings to prevent the medium from smudging; can be final (permanent) or working (art can still be worked on)
Ziggurat
a terraced tower of rubble and brick that served ancient Mesopotamians as a temple-shrine
he pyramids of Egypt are an example of art as a ______ activity.
social
Non-Objective art
Art that is an arrangement of lines, shapes and colors that in no way represent recognizable objects.
modern
this time of art was from 1880 to present day
David Hockney
trained as painter and often drew from photographs, constructed to reflect true way we see
Kneaded erasers
Made of soft rubber; can be reshaped for lifting out pencil marks
HORIZON 
LINE
The place where the land and the sky meet.
American Gothic
to show an aging Lowa farmer and his unmarried daughter
split complement
a color and the two colors adjacent to its complementary
ex: yellow, red purple, blue purple
Doric Order
The capital of the column is a rounded base. The column is thin on the top and wide on the bottom/center. The frieze is interrupted w triglyph and metope.
Las 3 Gracias / Rubens / S17
Tema - Mitología
Naturalismo - anatomia, tonos, movimiento
Otro - Pinta desnudo para el rey, tenía ayudantes, paisaje en fondo
Francis Picabia, Ici, c'est Stieglitz, 1915
same view Duchamp has, drawling of mechinical advances, mocking Stieglitz because the camera doesn't work in the picture, is missing component
John Baldessari, This is Not To Be Look At, 1968
cover of art fourm, shifter, uses language to confuss us, act of negation, copy of Frank Stella's "Union I", part of conceptual art
Divertido
fun
Baroque
grand
realista
realistic
la imagen
image
venus, boticelli
volverse
to become
genuine
true; real
Speechless
Shirin Neshat
"Nighthawks" - Edward
Hopper
Gouge
Cuts out lines
Sentado/a
To be seated
sus raices
his roots
shape categories
inorganic & organic
giacometti
man pointing, open form
Content
Representational subject matter
Ideas portrayed thru work
What the work is about
diagonal
line running in a slant
Glorification of St. Ignatius" 1691-94, di sotto in su (Italian Baroque church ceiling)
acanthus
ornamental design motif representing leaves of the acanthus plant
Parecerse (a)
to look, see (like)
pediment
In classical architecture, the triangular space (gable) at the end of a building, formed by the ends of the sloping roof above the colonnade; also, an ornamental feature having this shape
types of dry art
pencil, charcoal, pastel
Postmodernists
Thought unadorned functional purity of International style made all buildings look same, and lacked purpose, symbolism, mystery, and excitement
Tenets of Constructivism
1. Everyday/Industrial Materials
2. Utilitarian Objects
3. Pure Abstraction
4. Artist serves role in society
Cartoon
In painting, a full-size preliminary drawing from which a painting is made
Judy Dater
psychological self-portraits, did nude women portraits
me hace sentir
it makes me feel
value
lightness or darkness of a color
The Problem We All Live With
Rockwell
iconography
symbolic meaning of signs subjects and images
cloisonné
an Asian technique for fusing ground glass to a metal surface decorated with thin metal strips
The message, meaning, or ____of an artwork is the content.
Point
David Siqueiros
first artist to use synthetic paints
collage
A picture or design created by adhering basically flat elements to a flat surface.
observation drawing
drawing what you are looking at
cross-hatching
shading done by drawing closely set parallel lines that
intensity
the brightness or dullness of a color
Facade
The front exterior face of a building.
Geometric Shapes
Human made shapes; squares, triangles, circles, etc. that have regular edges
How many values can a human eye percieve?
35-40
Light-Box
where you trace a image using the substance of light
Intensity:
Term used to describe the strength and purity of a hue or color.
Non-objective shapes
such as circles rectangles and squares are pure forms. (Shapes created with out direct reference to reality)
visual thinking
ten people painting the same subject from the same vantage point>>>make ten different images based on their experiences, values and interest
5 basic lines
curved, zig zag, horizontal, vertical, and diagnol
sublime landscape
a landscape so impressive that it inspires awe or wonder
visual rhythm
the result of pattern combines with implied movement
diffusion
when you fade shading from darkest to lightest
Art that has no recognizable subject matter.
Nonobjective Art
The Bust of Voltaire in the USAD Art Resource Guide is made of _______.
marble
Color Scheme
An organization of a color that works together.
shaft
the __ has flutes and the basae is like the Ionian
press mold
a mold made from plaster, fired clay or wood into which clay can be pressed to create the shape of the mold
Bench hook
an aid used by printmakers to steady the block during cutting
Quieres ir a ver...?
Do you want to go see...?
Claude Monet Painting at the Edge of a Wood
Sargent
the colors in order are
red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, violet
Overlapping, vertical positioning, atmospheric perspective, and linear perspective
What are the methods for creating pictoral space?
Naïve artist and outsider artist
2 terms that mean untrained artist
three characteristics of impressionism
no black, lots of whites; short, quick strokes; worked outdoors
what is step 4 of IVF?
the *embryo is transferred back into the uterus after the fertilized egg has been lab grown for 3-5 days.
what is visual measuring and what is it used for
locked arm, hold pencil in hand, close one eye. used to determine accurate proportions at a distance
canzone
song
mejor
better/best
escultor
sculptor
criss-crossed lines
Cross-hatching
Sistine Chapel
Perugino
William Kentridge
...
Pantheon
[oculus]
Rome, Italy
[oculus]
el autorretrato
self portrait
titularse
to be titled
The Dinner Party
Chicago
dark
B pencils are ______.
iso
camera's sensitivity to light
quadratura
painted illusion of architecture
applied arts
created for purpose
thumbnails
small sketches before final product
Earthwork
An environment that is outdoors
Tertiary colors
yellow orange
yellow green
blue green
blue purple
red purple
red orange
Líder agrario Emiliano Zapata
Diego Rivera
genre subjects
figures in everyday life
Van Gogh
self portraitsbedroomstarry nightPOST IMPRESSIONISM
la obra maestra
obra de arte importante
shape
2-D, two dimensional, length and width, flat
Terracotta
Earthenware material, or an object made thereof.
Benday Dots
(Roy Lichtenstein) Similar to Pointillism; depending on the effect, color and optical illusion needed, small colored dots are closely-spaced, widely-spaced or overlapping.
Dedalo
padre de Icaro, constructor del laberinto, y le hizo halas con pegamento y pluma para su hijo
temporal
has beginning, middle, and end (books)
location? period?
Palace of Knossos
Island of Crete
Minoan
Judith and Maidservent with head of Holoferness
Gentileschi
a color that is mixed with white
tint
Monochromatic
Composed of variations of the same hue, often with different values and intensities
symmetrical balance
called formal balance. the parts, details, shapes, colors, and lines on one side are an exact duplicate or mirror image of the other side
Origami
originally from Japan; an ancient art form that involves folding paper into 3-D objects
reniassance means
rebirth of greek and roman empire
il est douteux que
it is doubtful that
decalcomania
paint is forced into random textured patterns. paint is placed between two canvas surfaces. the canvases are then pulled apart
colonization
system of settling new lands that remain under the government of their native land
Non-representational
does not represent the visible world itself
impression
a strong effect produced on the intellect, feelings, conscience, etc.
Engaged column
An architectural element that is only attached to a wall, used for support and/or decoration.
Blind Contour
Drawing done without looking at your paper.
opaque
never see through the words and only the form is important
Hieroglyphics
A system of writing using symbols or pictures (hieroglyphs) used by the ancient Egyptians.
Perspective
A tool used by artists to indicate spatial relationships of objects in a picture. There are three main types of perspective that artists use to create the sense of "deep space".
Which of the following is not an additive sculptural process?
carving
Formalism
A theory of art that emphasizes design qualities. According to this theory, the most important thing about a work of art is the effective organization of the elements of art through the use of the principles of design.
Linear persepective
a system developed during the italian renaissance which is based on the idea that parallel lines or edges appear to converge, and objects appear to grow smaller as they recede into the distance.
linear perspective
as parallel lines move away from you, they seem to move closer together toward the horizon line
contour line
drawing the edge of an object looking at the paper and the object
Linocut
Print made from a design cut on a piece of linoleum.
Shading
The use of light and shadow to give feeling of depth.
neutral
the kind of color that is made by mixing all three primary colors
characteristics of a well written lesson objective
-be specific
-stay focused
-encourage depth rather than range
Expressive Lines
Lines that are produced to express an idea, mood, or quality
on-line hanging
- in art curation, hanging art in one row around a room
- ideally, hanging is done at eye level
- well-suited method for small works, such as photographs & prints
Describe the Printmaking technology - Lithography
Lithography or "planographic printing" was invented in the 19th century by German Playwright, Aloys Senefelder.
Lithography is a planographic or "flat surface" method that uses a stone slab matrix.
Unlike relief and intaglio printing, the matrix used in lithography is completely flat.
Enter your front text here.
Genres: Comedy (Old Comedy, New Comedy)?
mural
a work of art that is part of a wall surface
Where and how long did Chuck teach Art?
University of Massachusetts in Amherst, 3 years
raro
rare
imagenes
images
35
f
la exposicion
exhibit
applaudir
to applaud
signifier
actual word
el dibujo
the drawing
St. Peter's Basilica
Bramante
Close up
shows actors face
St louis
King of france
cool colors
blue green purple...coldness
Leonardo
Who made the Mona Lisa
Mausoleum of Galla Placidia, Ravenna
425
Plane
A two-dimensional, continuous surface with only one direction.
andy warhol's elvis
example of silkscreen printing
gesture
a quick drawing to show movement.
"Odalisque"
painted with a loose brush stroke
Positve Space
The area an object occupies.
gouache
a heavy opaque watecolor paint producing a less wet appearing and more strongly colored picture than ordinary watercolor
Color is derived from this.
reflected light
size and ornateness
2 features of Baroque style
split-complementary
start with yellow-green then go to opposites an duse (red and purple)
Cartier-Bresson
photography is a matter of capturing decisive moment
"The Swing"
painted by Jean Honore Fragonard during the Baroque period, this painting epitomizes Rococo style, pastel colors and soft light. the painting had no meaning, just to please the aristocrats
Narrative Editing
Using multiple cameras to photograph movement from different vantage points is the technique used for
primary colors
foundation colors, used to create others (plural)
Rothko, No. 7 (Green and Maroon), 1953
basic visual symbols in the language of art
elements
ethnomusicology
study of structure and technique of music and how it fits together with other aspects of culture
multipoint perspective
a system of spacial illusion with different vanishing points for different sets of parallel lines.
ROMANESQUE
extensive use of ROUND ARCH and BARREL VAULT (Roman forms)
negative space
space that's not drawn in; empty space
the use of post and lintel construction and symmetrical balance. Included 6 main parts of a temple: cornice, pediment, frieze, capitol, shaft, and base. The three columns types were Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian.
Greek Architecture
radial balance
occurs when the forces or elements of a design seem to come out (radiate) from a central point
graded wash
a wash where color values range from light to dark
A woodcut is an example of a(n) ______ printmaking process.
Relief
Ambiguous Space
Space that is neither clearly flat nor clearly volumetric, containing a combination of both two- and three-dimensional elements.
Fresco 2
Most of Giotto's work was done in ___
description
what do i see? list the facts. list EVERYTHING you see.
Picasso exclusively paints in blues and greens
after Picasso's friend cfommitted suicide:
The Doge's Palace and the Riva degli Schiavoni
Canaletto, 1700-1750, Italy
Egyptians around 3000 B.C.
Who discovered how to make glass and when?
what are five parts to an art problem
○ Time
○ Subject
○ Media
○ Method
○ Idea/Problem
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Term:
Definition:
Definition:

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