the beginning of agriculture Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Castrated goat
Fortaz *pseudomonal
la enfermera
el labio
la cara
Upper Leg Posterior
total mixed ration
Ticarcillin/Clavulanic Acid
Timentin (IV)
tener lugar
take place
developing bud of cotton
absisic acid
inhibits plant growth
Gene interaction within chromosomes
Marginal cost curve
downward shift
Temazepam (Restoril)
USE: insomnia
ONSET: 12 min DURATION: 12-18 hrs (short)
nuclear envelope disperses microtubules of spindle attach to kinetochares nonkintick microtubuels interact with an opposit pole
study differences between different dialects in region, states and how they are spoken and how it affects their culture
food supply in monocot seeds
Market weight of sheep
120 pounds
High $ Pork Cuts
Loin, Ham
Methscopolamine (Pamine)
USE: GI hypermotility and secretions
Granisetron (Kytril)
5-HT3 receptor antagonists
USE: prevent N&V associated with emetogenic chemotherapy or radiation, prevention and treatment of post-op N&V
MOA: block 5-HT3 receptors of vagal afferent nerve plus those in CTZ and EC
Where were dogs domesticated?
East Asia
The "theatron"
a sloping, semi-circled "viewing-place"
Food Chain
5 central and connected sectors(inputs, production, product processing, distribution, and consumption) with 4 contextual elements acting as external mediating forces(the state, international trade, physical environment, and credit and finance).
3 probs. humans face today
*natural disaster
Disking Harrows
general purpose tillage instrument that can smooth soil . used to incorporate pesticides
Toward or at the body surface
passageway for semen and urine; deposits semen in the female reproductive tract.
time which a female is pregnant
Standardized weaning age of sheep
90 days
Low $ Beef cuts
shank, shortplate, flank
Hide greater than 30 lb
a skin
maaf, saya lupa
im sorry, ive forgot
Nicotine (Nicorette, Commit)
Nicotine receptor agonist
USE: smoking cessation
What disease are boxers prone to?
poner un vendaje
put on a bandage
Themistocles was eventually able to say, “I told you so,” after urging the Athenians to construct these vessels
6.2 kya
Maize domestication in Guilá Nequitz dates to
the purposeful tending of crops and livestock in order to produce food and fiber
Crop Rotation
Fields under cultivation remain the same but the crops planted are changed to balance the types of nutrients withdrawn from and delivered to the soil.
Township-and-range system
a rectangular land division scheme designed by Thomas Jefferson to disperse settlers evenly across farmlands of the US interior
supernatural specialist
religious leader who teaches doctrine of religion
The type of organism responsible for the majority of plant diseases are
planting 2 crops in the same year
Vascular tissue in monocot roots is arranged in the shape of a circle, while vascular tissue in dicot roots is arranged in the shape of a
coiled tube, attached to each testis and is responsible for maturation, storage and transportation of sperm.
o Tests skills and stamina of both horse and rider o Three days, combines: • Dressage • Roads and tracks, steeplechase, cross-country • Show jumping
all factors that can affect gene expression
mating unrelated animals of the same breed. Gene pairs are primarily heterozygous.
In addition to burying and burning, what is the third method for disposing of dead animals described in class?
Ergotamine tartrate (Ergomar)SL tablets
Ergot Alkaloids
USE: migranes
MOA: agonist and/or antagonist effects of 5-HT and a1 receptors
What is another name for dog's lips?
The basic building blocks of plants are:
a) leaves.
b) cells.
c) tissues.
d) nomenclature
His epic–poems of the Greek Dark Ages told of the heroes of the Trojans and Mycenaeans, and the interference into human affairs of the Greek gods.
any of several large, corvine birds having lustrous, black plumage and a loud, harsh call, esp. Corvus corax, of the New and Old Worlds.
organic agriculture
approach to farming and ranching that avoids the use of herbicides, pesticides, growth hormones, and other similar synthetic inputs
longlot survey system
distinct regional approach to land surveying found in the Canadian Maritimes, parts of Quebec, Louisiana, and Texas whereby land is divided into narrow parcels stretching back from rivers, roads or canals
is grass or other plants grown for feeding grazing animals,as well as land used for grazing.
Land Reform
Redistrbution of land by the state with a goal of increasing productivity and reducing social unrest.
the results in the body of poor nutrition; undernutrition, overnutrition, or any nutrient deficiency
prehistoric globalization
its local & regional; inter group marriages, natural disasters, spread of merchant trade, multi regional migration, early warfare for territories
of the following, the only fertilizer material that is a commercial source of both N and P is
monoammonium phosphate
protein mixed with starch in the wheat endosperm. gives wheat its bread making properties
Adjusted Seeding Rate Formula
recommended plant population/ % expected field emergence ÷ 100
In round numbers, what is generally considered the length of gestation in a mare?
11 months
on diagonal gaits when the rear hoof strikes the back of the front foot on the opposite side
Which of the following is the highest value wholesale cut from a Beef carcass?
Expected Change Per Year
SD x H/ Generation Interval
leading cause of death and injury for persons one to 37 years of age
Top 5 Smartest Dogs
Border collie, Poodle, German Shepherd, Golden Retriver, Doberman
When is the transition period in dogs?
day 14-21
Process for placing a value on an asset based on its future earning power and the expected interest rate.
A small, oval insect covered with white, fluffy wax found at the base of plant stems is probably a(n):
a) euonymous scale
b) whitefly nymph
c) mealybug
d) eriophyid mite
c) mealybug
With his career preaching to Jews and Gentiles alike, he laid the foundation for Christianity to become a world religion,
to expose (a food, as milk, cheese, yogurt, beer, or wine) to an elevated temperature for a period of time sufficient to destroy certain microorganisms, as those that can produce disease or cause spoilage or undesirable fermentation of food, without radic
First agricultural revolution
dating back 10,000 years, it achieved plant domestication and animal domestication
Double Cropping
Planted and harvested more than once a year.
the number of acres or hecters used. but land is not a uniform input. there are substantial differences in the productivity of soils and irrigation and drainage which critically affects the characterisitics of the land
How weeds cause losses
1. Competition for water, sunlight, and nutrients
2. Lower crop quality
3. Serve as hosts for diseases and insects
4. Decrease land values
5. Can cause livestock injury
Cotton plants have 2 types of branches. Give the name of each and briefly explain the role of each in production of the cotton crop?
-vegetative: photosynthesis
- reproductive: produce flower
Dry Fertilizer Application Formula
Pounds/acre = pounds applied / (distance x width) ÷ 43560 ft
What is the common general term for a tummy ache in horses?
Boer Goat
imported from south africa to add meat poundage to goats
What is "post-dip"?
a treatment barrier placed on teats after milking to prevent bacteria and infection until teat closes
Roughage (forage)
grazing, hay, silage, low fiber. has a low digestibility only 50-65%.
Long Run Competitive Equilibrium
All firms are maximizing profit.
No firm incentive for enter and exiting.
Neonatal Cats
0-2 weeks, orient to sound. eyes open at 2 weeks. They begin competing for dominance, this is earlier than in dog
The receipt of (or the making of) a series of uniform payments over a period of time.
The most common form of pesticide degradation is:
a) pesticide absorption
b) chemical degradation
c) photodecomposition
d) microbial decomposition
d) microbial decomposition
Jews, Christians and Muslims – according to Islamic thought.
"people of the book"
Ridge Tillage
which is a system of planting crops on ridge tops
Benefits of conservation tillage
reduces labor and saves time. Saves fuel, reduces machinery wear, improves soil tilth, traps soil moisture, reduces soil erosion, provides cover for wildlife, improves air quality
Most forage species in the Southeast are
introduced from other countries
biennial crop
seed to seet in 2 growing seasons. 1st year is vegetative growth, 2nd year is reproductive growth example:cabbage, celery, beet
What type of swine operation is most prevalent in Alabama?
Feeder pig finisher
Commercial Mating Systems
focus on hybrid vigor for growth and carcass traits
Alcohol Ethanol ETOH
MOA: binds to different site on GABA receptor, inhibits activation of NMDA (excitory) receptors, effects on other channels and neurotransmitters
Pound Dogs
not free, but cheap. You do not know the medical/behavioral history of the dog. Given the number of pound dogs out there, adopting from a pound is the most ethical thing to do
Gross income is included in the year in which earned, regardless of when payment is recieved. This method involves the use of inventories to determine gross income.
Accrual Accounting Method
"Scorching" of black locust foliage is most likely caused by:
a) the locust leaf weevil
b) Japanese beetles
c) the locust leafminer
d) a fungus
c) the locust leafminer
The fungus which causes apple scab overwinters primarily:
a) on alternate hosts
b) on stored apples
c) in the bodies of insects
d) on dead leaves
d) on dead leaves
Chisel Plow
deep tillage, but does so in a way to disturb the soil surface in the least possible way. had a large energy requirement
an example of a preventative method of weed management is
planting weed free seed
a major consequence of planting wheat too late is
lack of winterhardiness (cold tolerance)
In the swine industry, the underline refers to:
Number of teats on Belly
Average Variable Cost (AVC)
Variable cost divided by the level of output
Grasshoppers are most likely to cause problems:
a) after migrating
b) during warm, dry weather
c) after heavy rains
d) on shrubbery
b) during warm, dry weather
medea believed that this would be the best punishment for Jason's betrayal
murder their own children
how does conservation tillage improve water quality
less rainfall run-off, not as much toxic water runoff is able to escape
3 types Of Muscle Tissue
Cells that contract or relax ( Change shape)
Inedible by products of a steer
37% , include hide, blood, fetal serum, ponch, and endocrine glands
What are characteristics of a spitz breed?
thick double layered coat, pointed ears, wolf-like features, tail curled up over back
Trees with branch dieback and cracked, weeping bark have been:
a) damaged by egg-laying cicadas
b) infested with flatheaded or roundheaded borers
c) infested with bark beetles
d) attacked by scarabs
b) infested with flatheaded or roundheaded borers
In the backcross method of crop improvement the major objective is
improvement of one specific trait for an otherwise acceptable cultivar
Peanut came to the U.S. from Africa, but peanut is thought to have originated in
a. Brazil/Paraguay area in S. America
World Milk Production Rankings
1. EU 2. US 3. India 4. China 5. Russia
How to deal with fighting dogs
do not separate by hand. Stop the loosing dog and remove it from the area. use a water spray
A distinguishing feature of beetles is:
a) they have leathery wings that meet in a straight line
b) they have 6 legs
c) they have chewing mouthparts
d) the larvae are the most destructive life stage
a) they have leathery wings that meet in a straight line
Give 2 reasons why we till the soil
1. prepare for seedbeds
2. bury crop debris
What is the difference between range and territory?
range: the whole area a dog patrols. territory: where a dog fights to defend
Which of the following does not describe symptoms of Entomosporium leaf spot?
b)leaf spots develop depressed, brown centers w/dark, red margins
c)symptoms 1st appear on lower branches & spread upward
d)symptoms 1st appear on old growth of lower branche
d)symptoms 1st appear on old growth of lower branches
What is the special management problem encountered by dairy farmers in Hawaii
the grass has too much water that the cows cannot get the nutrients they need from the food sources.
A large, woolly mass on the trunk of a white pine indicates:
a) a pine bark adelgid infestation
b) a white pine aphid infestation
c) a pine needle scale infestation
d) an insecticide treatment is needed immediately
a) a pine bark adelgid infestation
Unlike most of the other crops we have studied, peanut produced in the U.S. is primarily utilized as
a. Human food, in candy, peanut butter and whole nuts
A deciduous plant is one that:
a) retains its younger leaves throughout the year
c) has needles rather than leaves
d) is usually classified as an annual
b) drops all of its leaves at the end of the growing season
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