The Canterbury Tales Flashcards

Terms Definitions
secular
long-term
merchant
urbanite
raiment
clothing
pall
coffin
stature
height
frugal
thrifty
Valor
bravery
discourse
communication/to converse
wanton
waste time
sanguine
cheerfully optimistic
cloister
to isolate
supple
Various; miscellaneous.
Nun
Madam Eglantyne
pre-late
church dignitary
adversity
(N)-trouble; misfortune
tempest
a violent storm
penitent
one who confesses
reverent
respectful, devout, admiring
...
Woman from Bath
knight
picture of chivalry
underhandedly
slyly and secretly
reproof
find fault with;rebuke;censure
ACCRUE
increase over time
recur
Occurring again and again
pike
a type of fish
Eschew
to stay away from
avouches
admit openly and bluntly
where are they going
Canterbury
Who is Chanticleer?
the rooster
Shipman
-from Dartmouth (pirates!)
-steals merchant's wine
-wears dagger
-ship = Maudelaine
Organization
"the general Prolouge" -introduction the overall plot od the entire story; pilgrim portraits
Pilgrim Prolouges
The Tales
personable
pleasing in behavior and appearance
rascal
mischievous :: laggard : dilatory
the prioress
dainty, materialistic, sentimental about her dogs. Wears a golden brooch with "love conquers all" inscribed.
taffeta
a crisp smooth lustrous fabric
ecclesiast
a member of the clergy
Diligent
Careful and persistent in work
sarcasm
using praise to mock someone
Host
Harry Bailly; "merry-hearted man"; proposes telling of stories
garrulous
excessively talkative in a rambling manner
Miller
-weighs 16 stone (16*14 lbs)
-wrestler able to rip doors off their hinges
-Physiognamy
-pig (dirtyness)
-fox (slyness)
-flaring nostrils (passionate)
-tells "tavern stories": innappropro stories
-"thumb of gold": gages oats for cheating people
Heavy Satire
defer
put off to a future time
Prelate
a high-ranking member of the clergy
arrears
debts that are unpaid or overdue
Unostentatiously
action, manner or qualities intended to attract or impress others
franklin
lived for pleasure (Epicurus' son); wealthy landowner; white beard; enjoyed food; very hospitable (always allowed people in house and gave them plenty of food); cheerful and friendly; sheriff
sable
marten of northern Asian forests having luxuriant dark brown fur
acquiescence
passive assent or agreement without protest (noun)
motley
incongruously varied in appearance or character
Discreet
being careful what you say, kinda sketchy
The Lawyer
very well dressed, professional, knows the law backward and forward
pitiably
in a manner arousing sympathy and compassion
haberdasher
someone who sells men's clothes and accessories
Lot
Lot's daughters got their father drunk and then seduced him (from the Book of Genesis in the Bible); the Pardoner's point is that Lot never would have committed incest if he had not been drunk.
covetousness
an excessive desire for wealth or possessions
Venery
indulgence of sexual pleasure, (n) : the practice or sport of hunting; the chase.
100 Years War
war Chaucer was captured during
Southwark
town in which general prologue is set
Summoner
Ugly scares children-
Job is to bring sinners to the church court
He had a fire red face, boils all over his face, narrow eyes, thin beard
Very ugly, bad breath, was a drunk
Took bribes
The Guildsmen
• They were social climbers, tradesman,that pretended to be better than everyone else.
gluttony
eating to excess (personified as one of the deadly sins)
Pardoner
traded on the gullibility of the populace; sold relics and indulgences--"pardons from the punishment due to sin"; rat-tails for hair (clergy)
Pilgrimages
journey that a person undertakes for a religious reason
1. to travel to venerate a specific place
2. to ask for supernatural aid
3. to fulfill a religious obligation
Fustian
a strong cloth made of lenin and cotton
posses
to own or have and to hold something.
the clerk's tale
Griselda, patient wife, and needlessly jealous husband Marquis Walter
24
the number of tales published in whole or in part
How is the canterbury tales described?
A social Commentary
Alison
As any weasel was her body graceful and slender (Miller's Tale)
woodcraft
skill in anything that pertains to the woods or forest
Ram
the first sign of the zodiac. The pilgrimage began on April 11, 1387
hank
a coil of rope or wool or yarn
Frankeleyn (Merchant)
ARRAY: dagger and silk purse around his waistRANK: High, was once a sherif and auditor, now a landowner (wealthy)MANNERISMS: Loves to eat, best host in region (St. Julian)TWIST: Wealthy landowner that is generous
tantalize
to torment with, or as if with, the sight of something desired but out of reach; tease by arousing expectations that are repeatedly disappointed
set of beads
rosary/prayer beads w/ crucifix on a string/chain
Prologue
How do we learn about the setting and characters
friar
member of clergy who took a vow of poverty; member of church clergy whose religious orders will not allow him to own any property which forces him to beg from those he serves
Alexandria
Site of one of the campaigns fought by Christians against groups who posed a threat to Europe during the fourteenth century. The place names that follow refer to other battle sites in these campaigns, or crusades
Archbishop Thomas a Becket
murdered in Canterbury Cathedral in 1170
Plowman
Many a load of dung one time or other he must have carted through the morning dew
The Squire
Son of the knight, 20 years old, been in the calvary, opposite of his father in appearance, sang, recited poetry, jousted, dance, draw, tight curly hair, red and white flowered tunic, materialistic
4 languages in which Chaucer was fluent
English, French, Latin, and Italian
summary of a nuns priests tale
The fable concerns a world of talking animals who reflect both human insight and error. Its protagonist is Chanticleer, a proud rooster who dreams of his approaching doom in the form of a fox. Frightened, he awakens Partlet, the only hen among his seven wives with whom he is infatuated. She assures him that he only suffers from indigestion and chides him for paying heed to a simple dream. Chanticleer recounts stories of prophets who foresaw their deaths, dreams that came true, and dreams that were more profound (for instance the Dream of Scipio). Chanticleer is comforted by Partlet and proceeds to greet a new day. Unfortunately for Chanticleer, his own dream was also correct. A col-fox, ful of sly iniquitee (line 3215) who has tricked Chanticleer's father and mother to their downfalls lies in wait for him in a bed of wortes. When Chanticleer spots this daun Russell,[2] the fox plays to his prey's inflated ego and overcomes the cock's instinct to escape by insisting he would love to hear Chanticleer crow just as his amazing father did, with neck outstretched, eyes closed and standing on his tiptoes. When the cock sticks his neck out and closes his eyes, he is promptly snatched from the yard in the fox's jaws. As the fox flees through the forest, the captured Chanticleer, thrice described as being carried on the fox's back,[3] suggests that the fox should pause to tell his pursuers to give up their chase. The predator's own pride is now his undoing: as the fox opens his mouth to taunt his pursuers, Chanticleer escapes from his jaws and proceeds to fly up the nearest tree. The fox tries in vain to convince the wary rooster, who now prefers the safety of the tree and refuses to fall for the same trick a second time.
gainsay
deny
assail
attack
japes
tricks
Scurrility
Vulgarity
suffices
satisfies
Pilgrimage
Journey
prioress
an abbess
apothecaries
a druggist
suffice
be sufficient
Surplice
ecclesiastical garment
assizes
court sessions
prudent
Wise, careful, cautious
extort(ing)
to get money
hackney
2 wheeled cart
Meekly
Gentle and kind
defective
not working properly
amiable
diffusing warmth and friendliness
herald
to proclaim or announce
repentant
apologetic, sorry, remorseful, contrite
Cant
Insincere or meaningless talk
Stratagem
ruse for deceiving enemy
temporal
limited to this world
dalliance
a trifling away of time
marrowbones
a bone containing edible marrow
Victuals
food fit for human consumption
rebuke
an expression of strong disapproval
Falsify
to make false or incorrect
lanyard
cord with hook worn around neck/shoulder
adorn
make more attractive by adding ornament, color, etc.
The Franklin
upper class; chief justice, parliamentary representative, sheriff; white beard, red-colored; kind, gentle, loving, intelligent, versatile; lived for pleasure, generous, open hearted; dagger, little silk purse; traveled alone
crone
(n.) an ugly old woman; hag
What did the Squire serve in?
Cavalry
Mire
soil with mud, muck, or mire
conveyance
means to transfer to and from
protruding
extending out above or beyond a surface or boundary
pore
To study something avidly, or be absorbed in the reading of it (usu. with over)
Absolution
Act of absolving; a freeing from guilt; release form consequences, obligations, or penalties.
extort
to gain, especially by ingenuity or compelling argument
The Skipper
Brown-skinned from years of sailing, he has seen every bay and river in England, and exotic ports in Spain and Carthage as well. He is a bit of a rascal, known for stealing wine while the ship's captain sleeps.
Jobs of C
customs officer, soldier, embassoderm justice of the peace, parliament member, knight, forestranger, poet, story teller
The Nun
Who was accompanied with three priests?
The Wife of Bath
bold, almost deaf, gap-toothed; obsessed with love, cheerful; Characters in her story: Knight, King, Queen, Old Lady
cherub
an angel of the second order whose gift is knowledge
squire
the second stage to becoming a knight, at around teenhood, kinghts assistant, caring for horses, train with weapons, and go to battle
The Summoner
degraded lower class; a lordly, a caller upon people; red face, pus-filled boils, narrow eyes, hot and lecherous, black scaly brows, thin beard, whelks; Latin spreaker, teacher, "Quistio quid juris" motto; loved garlic, drunk wine, shouter, jalber; wore a garland upon head, a cake, a round; the pardoner
the Pardoner
this representative of the church will forgive the sins of the other pilgrims... for a "small" fee
Whose face is red as a charaban?
The Summoner
Genre
a class of art (or artistic endeavor) having a characteristic form or technique
Reeve
Which character told a tale about two Cambridge University students sleeping with the wife daughter of a corrupt miller as payback?
2. Clergy
- nun, friar, monk, parson, summoner and the pardoner.
verity
(n) a belief or principle about life that is accepted as true
chan ly, su thuc
yeoman
a freeman and a commoner; a servant to the knight
100 Hundred years war
Which war did chaucer fight in?
Where do they go?
They go from Southwark to Canterbury
the old woman or hag
she answers the knight's question correctly and becomes beautiful and faithful in the end
Context clues help you _____.
words and phrases that help you identify an unfamiliar word
What moral does Chaucer offer in the following lines: "But in that moment Fate let fly her shaft; Ever the latter end of joy is woe, God knows that worldly joy is swift to go."
A AND B
-earthly joy is fleeting
-your destiny is determined by fate
bream
fish
mead
meadow
Array
Dress
coy
flirtaous
lith
lies
whelp
a puppy
Dirk
a dagger
perdition
damnation; hell
Choleric
easily angered
blasphemy
mockery of God
scrupulous
careful, strict, exact
hostelry
inn or hotel
cook
ulcer in knee
obstinate
stubborn against reason
iniquity
wickedness, depravity, immorality, injustice
malady
a disease or disorder
dainty
affectedly dainty or refined
Retinue
a group of retainers/attendants
Stratford-atte- Bowe
Nunnery near London
solicitous
showing interest or concern
parson
a member of the clergy
alderman
a member of legistlative body
Capital
wealth in money or property
preferment
an advancement in rank; promotion
when was chaucer's tomb moved?
1566
bulls
important papal documents or letters
Oxford Clerk
student at Oxford...very studious...thin, rode thin horse..wore threadbare clothes...Quiet, but spoke with dignity and moral virtue.
joust
to engage in combat on horseback
Doctor
Read astrology instead of the bible
pasturage
animal food for browsing or grazing
the miller
huge, strong, hard-drinking, rough, fight-picking, coarse man. red beard and big hairy wart. A carpenter with a pretty wife has a boarder named Handy Nicholas. He and wife, Alison, contrive to spend night together by convincing carpenter that an apocalyptic flood is coming and he should sleep in a bathtub on the roof. Another suitor, Absalom, comes to window asking for a kiss. She has him kiss her ass. The second time, Nicholas sticks his ass out, and gets a hot poker on it. Carpenter wakes up when he screams "water! water!" and falls off roof.
three types of irony
verbal, situational, dramatic
Lecherous
given to excessive indulgence in sexual activity
Clerek (Student)
ARRY: Plain, figured cloakRANK: Educated, fairly highMANNERISIMS: Very quite, reserved, loves books more than anythingTWIST:
ecclesiastic
a clergyman or other person in religious orders
A Monk
aristocracy; prior of the cell, priest; bald-headed, clean face, fat, big eyes; rebellious, hunter, horse rider, priest, hypocrite; wealthy, lazy; a brldle, fur coat, gold pin on hood, boats, horse; traveled alone
satire/ irony of wife of bath
five husbands
Monk
hunter on holy land, abbot, owned greyhounds and a stable of horses, lavishly dressed (fine gray fur on his sleeves), had a gold pin.
parody
mocking imitation of a known person, literary work, or ridicule
Cajole
to persuade with false promises and flattery
stertorous
characterized by harsh snoring or a gasping sound
Past Tense
indicates an action that ENDED BEFORE ANOTHER PAST ACTION BEGAN
Wife of Bath
Job - Housewife
Actions- sew many items as an act of charity
Appearance- red panty hose, gaps in her teeth, slightly deaf, wears head coverings to mass, soft and new shoes with spurs, large ass
Other - she had 5 husbands, she went on many pilgrimages to new places, always first at mass and gets upset is she's not
Irony - she loves making love, she wears bright red hose to church, she loves sex, not the modest → she says that she knows a lot about love. You wouldn't know a lot about love if you have been remarried 5 times
physician
loves money, though he is a good doctor
cadet
a younger brother or son; or someone that is training for the military service
Sergeant of law, wary and wise, discreet, noted of excellence.
The Lawyer
Cuckold
man whose wife is unfaithful so he grows horns
Served others and earned their money by living to please
The Guildsman
fought in russia; might be a badass perhaps; wise and very modest
the knight
Theofrastus is the author of the
Golden Book on Marriage
"he therefore had a special love of gold"
the Doctor
Direct Characterization
the author tells what a character is like
The fellow who is smarter then the lawyers for whome he works is the...
The Manciple.
Parson is a churchman
difference between the plowman and the parson
sergeant at the law
wary, wise, clients at st. Paul's, discreet, man of reverence, his noble work had earned his robes and money, all was unrestricted ownership to him, busy, knew everything since King William's time, maybe he wasn't really busy, pinstripe coat, silken belt
29 pilgrims
are on their way to the shrine of St. Thomas a' Beckett to a shrine in Canterbury.
what does the miller look like
big broad gross, wart , redheaded, not tall but wide
ire
anger
bewail
lament
contemptuous
scornful
pryvely
secretly
entuning
to tune
a cook
urbanite
merrier
more merry
Hubert
the Friar
MIDDLE AGES.
1100-1500
benidicte
bless us
harlotry
being a whore
serviceable
fit for use
prodigious
enormous; very great
Bath
English resort city
Morsel
Portion of food
hauberk
a long defensive shirt
insolent
insuling mater in speech
prior
employee of catholic church
reprove
to disprove strongly
to censure
blissful
completely happy and contented
"lover and cadet"
the Squire
him lest (list)
he wants
buffoon
a person who amuses others
pomp
a showy or dignified display
forthcoming
of the relatively near future
maim
to disable or permanently wound
cupidity
eager, ardent or excessive desire
Literary Type: Beast Fable
Nun and Priests
sycophant
one who wins favor by flattery
Skipper
Ignored the nicer rules of conscience
engender
to cause to exist or develop
Discrete
Cautious about one's words and actions
new gear
haberdasher, dyer, carpenter, weaver, and carpetmaker
his brother is the parson
the plowman
liberality
the quality or condition of being liberal in giving; generosity
Literary Type: Breton Lay
short romantic poem, Franklin
benefice
a church official endowed with fixed capital asset that provides a living
cosset
(v.) to treat like a pet; pamper
Blancmange
a sweet pudding prepared with almond milk and gelatin, and flavored with rum or kirsch
Peasent
A poor person who works on farms
did chaucer write the miller's tale
define "write"
The Summoner uses _____ to turn religion into personal profit?
blackmail/threats
*fustian
a stout, coarse fabric of low quality
anointed
to rub or sprinkle on; apply an unguent, ointment, or oily liquid to.
Tabard Inn
-SW side of London
-pilgrims meet here for 50 mi journey
-30 people there
Tithe
one-tenth of yearly income paid as a donation or tax to the church
martyr
one who suffers for the sake of principle
exemplum
a tale, usually inserted into the text of a sermon, that illustrates a moral principle
It was not fitting with the dignity of his position, dealing with a scum of wretched lepers; nothing good can come of dealings with the slum-and-gutter dwellers, but only with the rich and victual-sellers.
friar
Hailing from far west, he came from Dartmouth.
The Skipper
which story started out as a common bar joke
millers tale
tale about a woman who promises to have an affiar if the man will save her husband.
the franklin
Moral of the Pardoner's tale in Latin?
"Radix malorum est cupiditas"
Whom do the pilgrims agree to set up as judge over themselves?
The Host.
What is being suggested about the Miller by comparing him to a pig and fox?
He is greedy and sly.
irony of Chaucer being one of greatest English writers
writing was never his profession; he didn't complete his greatest work
shrift
confession
disdainful
arrogant
meager
thin
cloistered
secluded
quicksilver
mercury
dout
doubt
ribald
adj. vulgar
palmer
a pilgrim
Inferring
Guess, surmise
hallowed
sacred; revered
dorste
dare, dared
penurious
extremely stingy; misery
gelding
castrated male horse
carbuncles
a giant boil
most nuns were
cloistered
benign
kind and gentle
beaver boots
the merchant
ambling
an unhurried, leisurely walk
Alice
Wife of Bath's name
espouse
to adapt or support
amorous
showing or expressing love:
grandiloquent
speaking in a lofy style
to garnish
to decorate; to trim
fret
to worry, to be annoyed
guile
cunning in attaining a goal
Carcubuncle?
nasty boil on your face
social commentary
offers insight into society
serves knight and squire
the yeoman
concupiscence
a strong desire, especially sexual; lust
roister
act in uproar, carouse, debauch, revel
mercenary
primarily concerned with making money at the expense of ethics
Tithes
money given to support the clergy
ribaldry
to speak in jokingly tone (noun)
importunes
to annoy, vex, demand, beg for
guild
a formal association of people with similar interests
Guildhall
the hall of a guild or corporation
expound
to explain interpret in careful often elaborate detail
Politics
Besides writing what else was chaucer involved in?
Palmers
Pilgrims who wore two crossed palm leaves to show that they had visited the Holy Land
Middle English
original language of The Canterbury Tales
oxford cleric
this pilgrim would rather read and study books rather than do anything else
He live for pleasure and had always done,/ For he was Epicurus' very son
Franklin
The wife of baths tale is a
arthurian fairytale
satire
a kind of writing that ridicules human weakness, vice, or folly in order to bring about social change
Feudal system
political, military and social plan in the Middle Ages based on the ownership and control of land.
implore
to beg urgently or piteously, as for aid or mercy; to call for earnestly; to beseech, to importune
31
The number of people on the trip plus the narrator
palpitate
to beat at a rapid pace from exertion, emotion, disease
to flutter
what was the answer
women want sovereignty
to be equal with men
remedy
act of correcting an error or a fault or an evil
Framework tale
a group of stories held together by the circumstances of te storytellers
mew
to raise (like you raise a kid or an animal)
story asks "What do women want?"
"The Wife of Bath's Tale"
Where St.Thomas A. Becket was buried
What is the shrine of canterbury?
The Wife of Bath's Tale
About a Knight who must search for what a woman desires the most. An ugly old lady tells the Knight the answer and he has to marry her
what does a gap between the tooth tell?>
the person is lucky and would travel extensively. the wife of bath had this
buckler
protection
Duress
pressure
comely
beautiful
sovereign
excellent
knave
untrustworthy
ich
I
1340-1400
Chaucer's lifetime
concerted
strong, earnest
Veronica
A Plant
Skittish
Nervous, uncontrollable
garnished
decorated; trimmed
seistow
says you
Brimful
filled to capacity
rusty blade
the revee
Trussed
bound or secured closely
disdain
To treat with contempt.
acquits
to settle or satisfy
lawyer
successful-he knew everything abouthis job- deeding himself with land-corrupt
replete
1. abundantly supplied; filled
2. stuffed or gorged with food or drink; glutted, surfeited
3. complete
zephyrus
god of the west wind
wears scarlet hose
Wife of Bath
had a foxy look
the revee
Physician/Doctor
Used astronomy and astrology; familiar with medical authorities and their works. Not excessive in his own life, very healthy, not religious, materialistic, made a lot of money working during the Plague. In league with the druggist--worked with the pharmacist to make more money off people
thresh
to separate grain from a plant
whet
to sharpen by grinding or friction
consultation
the act of referring or consulting
Courtly
adj or adv, knightly, honorably, chivalrously
Folk Ballad
song that tells a story
avarice
too great a desire for wealth
Epicurus
Greek philosopher who believed that the world is a random combination of atoms and that pleasure is the highest good (341-270 BC)
The Knight
- nobility, courage, truth, honor, courtesy; very distinguished armor; Christian
- fought in places all over
- wise manner and distinguished demeanor ; always looking for good interests and never said anything foolish
- has great weapons and possessions; and his clothes being stained from battle
- The knight just returned from service to go on his pilgrimage
contingency
an event of possible but uncertain occurrence
frugally
sparing, reflecting economy in the use of resources
flinch
to tense the muscles involuntarily in anticipation of discomfort
Flanders... PicardyFlanders... Picardy
Regions in Belgium and France
shriving
to hear the confession of and absolve
The Yeoman
a hunter, bow and arrow, knew woodcraft, looked like robin hood
Fable
teaches by providing a moral at the end.
Smoother than ever chin was left by barber/ I judged he was a gelding or a mare
Pardoner
portrayal of death
price of wickedness
seen as a person
what order are the tales in
no known order
the miller's tale
Alison convinces her husband to spend the night on the roof to do it with Nicholas; Alison/Nicholas interrupted by Absalom who kisses Alison's ass by mistake and brands Nicholas's in fury later for it. Nicholas's screams alarm the husband who comes clattering down from the "flood"
Emilye
Prays to Diana that she may remain a virgin but is told she may not and must yield to the winner
Absolon
He smote Nicholas in the middle of the ass with his hot iron
What context clues in the following line will help you figure out the meaning of the word "aghast"? Line: "And Pertelote heard him roar and scream was quite aghast and said.."
roar and scream
verbal irony
where someone says one thing and means another; a common literary device used by Chaucer
the doctor's tale
Virginia has her father kill her in order to avoid falling into the clutches of Apius, an evil judge
What did Chaucer manage to do with the English
language, rythm
Equality in relationships, good sex life, more control
Conventianal views of wife of bath
At what time of year does the pilgrimage take place?
In the height of spring
Which tales take place in the Orient?
The Man of Law's Tale and the Squire's Tale
/ 360
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