The Civil Rights Movement Quiz Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Boycott
1
Sit-in campaign
Atlanta
Segregation
seperation of races
SCLC
Southern Christian Leadership Conference, churches link together to inform blacks about changes in the Civil Rights Movement, led by MLK Jr., was a success
SNCC
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
1972
Equal Employment Opportunity Act
Freedman's Bureau
Churches, organizations, state governments helped African Americans form their own universities.
NAACP
an interracial U.S. organization working for political and civil equality of black people
George Wallace
Governor of Alabama
resisted integration
refused to let march happen
Thurgood Marshall
first african american justice
Thomas E. Dewey
1956 Republican candidate
1964
President Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
using prejudice, assumptions + discriminations by authorities against members of minorities
racial profiling
MFDP
Short-lived political party during the civil rights movement designed to highlight and challenge the segregated Democratic Party in the South. Staged a public stand at the 1964 Democratic convention. Its failure pushed many African-American activists into a militant stance., Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party
spontaneous
sudden and not planned or expected
Black Panthers
Organizations of militant African Americans founded in 1966
desegregated the armed forces
harry s truman
De Jure Segregation
Segregation that exists by law.
March 21, 1965
date when Malcolm X killed
James Meredith
United States civil rights leader whose college registration caused riots in traditionally segregated Mississippi (born in 1933)
William Dubois
Blacks should aspire to university education, the "talented tenth" would be enough to uplift the race. 1909 creates NAACP
Birmingham
a city in Alabama where violence towards african american nonviolent protests occured.
14th amendment
cant deprive citizens of life, liberty, or property without due process of law
De facto segregation
segregation (especially in schools) that happens although not required by law
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Blacks wouldn't ride the bus
Freedom Summer
1964 voter registration drive for blacks
Section 504
civil rights law that prevents discrimination against people with disabilites in programs that recieve federal funding
Malcom X
African american leader who said african americans could only suceed if whites and blacks were seperated. He later said they could peacefully coexist.
Sit-ins
Protest in which those participated go some where and refuse to leave
Malcolm X
Spokemen for the Nation of Islam
Medicare
a federal program of health insurance for persons 65 years of age and older
Susan B Anthony is credited with starting the Civil Rights movement.
False
civil disobedience
refusal to obey laws that are considered unjust as a nonviolent way to press for changes
Little Rock Nine
9 black teenagers who integrated Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas, and became the focus of a national crisis that required the intervention of federal troops to resolve.
movement
A group of people with a common ideology who try together to achieve certain general goals.
Freedom Rides
a series of political protests against segregation by Blacks and Whites who rode buses together through the American South in 1961
Jesse Jackson
Wanted African Americans to have more political power, tried to get more job oppurtunites for African Americans.
Plessy vs. Ferguson
a. Questioned the constitutionality of Jim Crow laws
b. Caused new Jim Crow laws
c. Jim Crow laws- laws segregate blacks and whites
d. "Separate but equal"
de facto segregration
in practice but not necessarily ordained by law" or "in practice or actuality, but without being officially establishe
Freedom Riders
Civil Rights advocates, both black and white, who traveled to the South from the North on buses in 1961 as volunteers for the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE). Object was to protest racial segregation and in bus terminals by testing to see if those terminals were still segregated despite a 1960 Supreme Court ruling. Despite harassment and violence, the Freedom Riders maintained their nonviolent stance and ultimately forced the integration of 120 bus terminals in the South.
Plessy v. Ferguson
sumpreme court ruled that segregation public places facilities were legal as long as the facilites were equal
Rosa Parks
United States civil rights leader who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man in Montgomery (Alabama) and so triggered the national civil rights movement
James Earl Ray
convicted of killing Martin Luther King Jr. in 1968 and sentenced to 99 years in jail
Kansas
Linda Brown from this state had to take a 26 block trip to her school while a white school was a block away
equal rights amendment
a proposed amendment to the constitution that would provide equal rights to women
Mahatma Gandhi
a major political and spiritual leader of India and the Indian independence movement
Voting Rights Act of 1965
outlawed discriminatory literacy tests, provided federal insepctors to be sent into areas that discriminated black voters; huge impact on number of blacks registered to vote in South.
Eugene Bull Connor
Chief of Police in Birmingham, Alabama
Earl Warren
Chief Justice during the 1950's and 1960's who used a loose interpretation to expand rights for both African-Americans and those accused of crimes.
john kennedy
President during Bay of Pigs, and Cuban Missile Crisis. Strong image icon. Creator of Civil Rights Act.
Kerneer Commissiom
group set to investigate the causes of race riots in American cities in the 1960s
Jo Ann Robinson
Civil Rights activist and educator in Montgomery; head of Women's Political Council; suggested bus boycott in Montgomery
Selma march
March from Selma to Montgomery in 1965 to pressure federal government to enact voting rights legislation
Governor Patterson
was the 44th Governor of Alabama. He was elected to the post of Attorney General when his father was shot as Attorney General. He managed to ban the NAACP from operating the Alabama and he blocked the black community's boycotts in Tuskegee and Montgomery. He defeated George Wallace with the help of the KKK and he was elected Governor in 1958 where he continued to be a supporter of the state's segregationist policies. He instigated the expulsion of black students for staging a sit-in and he defended Alabama's voter registration policies against federal criticism.
Cold War
This is the time period between 1945 and 1991 in which world politics were dominated by the struggle between the United States and the Soviet Union. Because the "eyes of the world were watching," the Civil Rights Movement was able to gain a momentum it had not been able to gain after World War I.
A. Philip Randolph
a. Organized the Brotherhood of the Sleeping Car Porters- union
b. Roosevelt signed 8802- banned segregation in the government and defense industry
c. Organized the March on Washington
Civil Rights Act
this secured the rights of freedmen and gave citizenship to African-Americans.
Lyndon B. Johnson
The US president who privately wanted to stay out of Vietnam but sent soldiers because his goal was to stop the spread of communism
Henry David Thoreau
American writer who was against a government that supported slavery, started the movement of civil-disobedience when he refused to pay the toll-tax to support him Mexican War.
Huey Newton & Bobby Seale
founders of the black panthers
Nat Turner
He led the deadliest slave revolt in history (1830)
Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)
organization that planned Freedom Rides
May 17 1954
warren read the courts ruling against segregation in public schools
1963, August
March on Washington, I Have a Dream Speech
Civil rights act of 1964
outlawed discrimination in public places and employment based on race, religion, or national orgin
marcus garbey
after world war 1, the great migration occured, but the north was not what the africans expected. race riots broke out in several cities. under these conditions, the jamaican immigrant Marcus Garvey gained a wide following. after arriving in america in 1916, he was a great speaker who created the universal negro improvement association. the UNIA sponsored activities to promote black pride and unity. it also encouraged african americans to move permanently to africa.
A group of people who share the same interests and concerns.
community
19. Martin Luther King Jr.
pastor of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church, influenced by Ghandi, national spokesman for the Civil Rights Movement
Lyndon B Johnson
signed the civil rights act of 1964 into law and the voting rights act of 1965. he had a war on poverty in his agenda. in an attempt to win, he set a few goals, including the great society, the economic opportunity act, and other programs that provided food stamps and welfare to needy famillies. he also created a department of housing and urban development. his most important legislation was probably medicare and medicaid.
James Lawson
Born in Union Town, Penn. and grew up in Massillon, Ohio. Spoke out against racial injustices during the Civil Rights movement. By age 20, he was also speaking out against the cold war and was branded a communist by his hometown paper. Joined forces with Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. in starting a non-violence mass movement. Taught mechanics of nonviolence to emerging Civil Rights activists in Nashville. President of SCLC for 14 years.
Project C/ Protest in Birmingham
The C stood for confrontation,"Project C" was the name given to the plan devised by Martin Luther King
Poll taxes
a fee required to vote; Af. Am's never recieved reminders or someone to take their money
Fannie Lou Hamer
denied the right to vote and arrested, help found Democratic National Convention in 1964
1963 March on Washington
more than 250,000 people gathered in Washington, D.C., to deman racial justice; Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. gave his "I Have a Dream" speech.
a. philip randolph.
King owed much of his philiosophies to him. he was a prominent african american labor leader who was skilled at organizing nonviolent mass protest. he was head of the brotherhood of sleeping car porters. he threatened a mass protest unless roosevelt moved to end discrimination in the armed forces. in response, the president ordered employees doing business with the government to support racial equality in hiring. to enfore the order, he set up the fair employment practices committee to investigate charges of discrimination. the committee and the growing need for workers opened many jobs that previously had been closed to african americans. by the end of 1944, about two million african americans were working in war plants
Gideon vs. Wainwright
Lawyer must be appointed to anyone who cannot afford one
Brown v. Board of Education
court found that segregation was a violation of the Equal Protection clause; "separate but equal" has no place; reverse decision of Plessy v Feurgeson
March on Washington
held in 1963 to show support for the Civil Rights Bill in Congress. Martin Luther King gave his famous "I have a dream..." speech. 250,000 people attended the rally
Faubus and the re-election?
vowed to not mix races, signed bills to reserve school segregation
Overview of Kennedy & CRs
Can't get new laws but promised executive orders and action for Civil Rights
Housing Act of 1949
Act passed by Congress that's goal was to provide a decent home for every family in America, funded by public housing and urban renewal programs. Ended up making things worse
46. Civil Rights Act of 1964
civil rights bill that was passed by LBJ; abolished Jim Crow Laws; turning point of the civil rights movement
24th Amendment - No Poll Taxes
Poll taxes - pay to vote; 24th Amendment gets rid of it
the civil rights act of 1964
on july 2, 1964, it was signed into law by johnson. it made racial discrimination in public places, such as theaters, restaurants, and hotels, illegal. it also required employers to provide equal employment opportunities. projects involving federal funds couldn now be cut off if there was evidence of discriminated based on color, race, or national origin. it also attempted to deal with the problem of african americans being denied the vote in the deep south. the legislation stated that inuform standards must prevail for establishing the right to vote. schooling to sixth graded constituted legal proof of literacy and the attorney general was given power to initiate legal action in any area where he found a pattern of resistance to the law.
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