The Classical Period Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Beethoven
Transition/Innovation
polyphonic
homophonic
Homophonic Texture
Monodic
Development
develops ideas (II)
Recapitulation
restates idea (III)
Mozart
Eine kleine Nachtmusik
Foretepian
the early piano
Sonata-Allegro Form
Expostion, Development, Recapitulation
Haydn
"Father of the Symphony".
Gluck
Began the reform of opera
coda
Literally, "tail"; a closing section.
poor
Mozart died being very _____
Revolutions
_____ in France and America.
"Piano Concerto No. 23" Mvt.1
Mozart
Cristofori
invented the fortepiano in 1700
form
Organization and design of a composition, or of one movement within a composition.
prodigy
unusual or extraordinary, a marvel. They have unusual skill at something at a very young age
orchestration
The arrangement of a musical composition for performance by an orchestra. Also, utilization of orchestral instruments for expressive and structural purposes.
One of the most important musical forms used -
___ Form
(ABA Form)
concerto
Absolute Music
has no literary, dramatic, or pictorial program
orchestra
a group of musicians playing different musical instruments
piano
A stringed instrument played by a keyboard that causes hammers to hit the strings.
Although employed by the Court of __ he made two concert tours to __ which made him an international celebrity.
ESTERHAZY
LONDON
Theme
Musical idea that is used as a building block in the construction of a composition
thematic development
musical expansion of a theme varying its melodic outline harmony or rhythm
articulation
The type of attack and release or decay of the sound of an individual note or chord.
the Enlightenment
more on people, less on church, movement toward rationalism and empiricism, equality of man. more natural
German composer __ studied with Haydn and performed for Mozart as a young man. He loved and was often inspired by nature and is considered the __ between Classical and Romantic period.
LUDWIG VON BEETHOVEN
BRIDGE
Chamber Music
ensemble music for up to about 10 players (1 player ea. part)
piano quintet
Usually, a work for one piano and strings. Can be for five pianos, but that is rare.
The invention of the __ __ and the rise of the middle class led to the development of a market for music at home
printing press
the year he died
when did Mozart write The Magic Flute?
Rondo
A B A C A or A B A B A
The Concerto, the Symphony, the Sonata and the growth of orchestras occurred at this time in history because
_____.
improvements in the design of instruments allowed them to play a more soloistic role and caused a growth in their popularity.
Lyrical Melody
songlike
Sonata-Allegro
A B A
Operia Buffa
comic Opera
opera buffa
comic opera
polyphonic baroque
homophonic classical
Cadenza
Improvised by instrumental soloist
minuet trio
third sonata movement
pianoforte
An eighteenth- or early-nineteenth-century piano.
Woodwinds became a self-contained section. This led to the development of the ___ - a musical work in which one solo instrument is contrasted with an orchestra.
concerto
Diatonic Structure
I, IV, V chords
motive
short melodic or rhytmic idea
"Sym. No. 40" Mvt. 1
Mozart
insturmental in conception
vocal in conception
Musical texture in Renaissance and Baroque Periods was mostly ___ - several melodies woven together
POLYPHONIC
strict
Art, Literature, and Architecture were _____.
What is homophonic texture?
Melody with harmonic/chordal accompaniment
100
the 20th century orchestra consists of ____ or more players
more intellectual "Constructed sound"
more emotional "natural" sounding
One of the most momentous changes in music history was the development of __ which remains the prevailing texture of most Western music even today - even jazz, rock and pop.
homophonic
neat and ordinary
the classical period was very ...
lower middle
Rise of the _____ and _____ classes.
modulation
Gradual or rapid change from one key to another within a composition.
Joseph Haydn
known as "Father of Symphony and String Quartet". Teacher of Beethoven. Leader in developing Sonata form.
During the classical period, people became fascinated with the ancient civilizations of?
Ancient Greece and Rome
sonata rondo
The form of a movement that shares characteristics of both the sonata and the rondo forms. It usually has an A section that returns as it would in a rondo, but it also has a development section such as that found in a movement in sonata form.
Ludwib van Beethoven
Student of Haydn and Salieri. first gained populatiry in Vienna as a pianist. middle period referred to as heroic period (eroica)
Beethoven began losing his hearing when only 30 years old. Totally deaf by __, he continued to compose which is sad considering he never heard some of his greatest compositions performed.
7 years before his death
act
A large section of a play or an opera that can be complete in itself, or it might be composed of several scenes.
The new middle class could pay for lessons and for published music. Music was becoming a widespread source of entertainment - it wasn't for just the rich anymore. Composers had to appeal to the broader public. They wanted music __ and __.
less complex
and
easier to play
andante con moto
A tempo that is a walking pace, with a sense of motion (con moto).
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