Art Hist Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
Garden.
verism
extreme realism
Two Fridas
1939
dead christ
1580
Streetcar suburb
...
The First Sermon
nude
shows distinct features
pilgrimage to cythera
1710
Corinthian order
culture femininity
Post Impressionism Cezanne "Bathers"
1900-1905
Plaza of the Moon
Sarcophagus
(from Cereteri) 520 BCE
Bride STrippd Bare 1
1915
Mt. Washington Glassworks
frederick shirley.
Cubism Picasso "Les Demoiselles d'Avignon"
1907
kami
SHINTOISM: Japanese nature spirits that endow all things
mummification
preserving remains; characteristic of ancient Egypt
cloister
courtyard, with covered ambulatory. descends from atrium gardens of roman houses
two children teasing a cat
1590
Impressionism, Degas "Woman Bathing in a Shallow Tub"
1886
drypoint
An intaglio printmaking technique in which the design is scratched directly into a metal plate with a sharp, pointed, tool that is held like a pen.
Excavation of the
Terra-cotta Army.
210 BCE.
cuneiform
wedge-shaped signs, the earliest form of writing
jamb figures
side post of a doorway
triumph o the name of jesus
1670
Piero della Francesca's great fresco cycle in San Francesco is at
Arezzo
watercolor/ gouache
a water-base paint (with water-soluble pigments)
mausoleum
n. a large stately building holding many tombs
hellenistic
a word meaning to "imitate Greeks"; Greek-speaking civilization which spread through many lands of the eastern Mediterranean and beyond following the conquests of Alexander the Great.
pilotis
supports such as columns, pillars, or stilts that lift a building above ground or water; traditionally found in stilt and pole dwellings; Le Corbusier's Villa Savoye, Poissy
Horus
son of Osiris; avenged his death, became king of Egypt; live pharaohs identified with him (falcon/falcon headed)
westwork
2 large towers and window of appearance
grisaille
a monochrome painting done mainly in neutral grays to simulate sculpture.
Nymphs and satyr
1873, bouguereau, academic painting, something a photo couldnt capture, life size, sells sex
Which of Brunelleschi's buildings most closely approximates the centralized plan?
Santo Spirito
vanishing point
a point of disappearance, cessation, or extinction:
neo-classism
Art that is nostalgic in Greek and Roman ideas; used arches, symmetry; as well as Greek and Roman subject matter
centrally planned building
denotes an architectural design in which regularized units radiate, usually at 90 angles, from a central area, often surmounted by a dome (8.27)
hieroglyphic writing
a form of written or pictographical language connected to the once-spoken ancient Egyptian language
Sargon
ruler of Akkad who dominated a loose group of city states in 2334 BCE; his name means True King
verticality
draws eyes toward heaven, to the top of the church
calotype
negative on a piece of paper, uses silver oxide, william talbot, 1835
Portiere
A heavy curtain hung across a doorway, such as the tapestries that Candace Wheeler made
East Doors Florence Baptistery
Lorenzo Ghiberti, reflects increasing influence of humanism
-recalls classical statuary
-appreciation of nude model
-altar-classical
-unified system for representing space, perspective illusion
Arch of Constantine
(312-315 CE)
victory over maxentius, recycled sculpture
buon fresco
true or wet fresco; pigments are mixed with water and become chemically bound to the freshly laid lime plaster (6.45)
free standing
sculpture that is in the round; unlike relief sculpture, it is not projected from a background
Neo Classicism
A style of art and architecture that emerged in the later 18th c. as part of a general revival of interest in classical cultures neoclassical artists adopted themes and styles from ancient greece and rome.
Raft of the Medusa
1819, gercault, huge in deminsions, examining disaster, features roman soldier from davids painting, mangled bodies, looked at normal rather than ideal bodies
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post and lintel construction
an arrangement of two large monoliths capped by a lintel, or a stone beam used to span an opening
Art Furniture
Furniture is the art itself. It is not really practical. all about the aesthetics.
Aulus Metellus (The Orator) (100 BCE)
truthful depiction of facial features, bronze,
under the influence of reliefs by Ghiberti and Donatello, Fra Filippo Lippi abandoned a style based on Masaccios massive forms and developed his mature style, which is characterized by:
contours and suggesting movement through flying and swirling draperies. Manipulating line, delineation of forms
Alexander the Great
(300s B.C.) - He came to power at a young age due to the fact the current ruler of Macedonia Phillip II was killed. He was a good general in their army with helpful strategies that brought victories; he had lots of knowledge because Aristotle had been his teacher. Alexander wanted to travel as far east as possible conquering everyone in sight. The Persians were an obstacle, they defeated them at Granicus River and freed Ionians, the next time they fought them the Persian ruler Darius was killed and Alexander decided he was now the ruler of Persia. Alexander now wanted to conquer India and when they got there his soldiers decided they wanted to return to Greece. He wanted to go farther but they went to Babylon which he made the capital of his new empire. His intention was to make a huge empire that took up area in Europe and Asia and unite everyone under his rule. He later became sick from malaria or other disease and died. His empire was split up by three of his old generals, Ptolemy, Seleucus, and Antigonus.
3 ways Donatello's Zuccone differs strikingly from traditional representations of prophets
a. he is bald
b. awkwardly crumpled mantle with deeply undercut folds
c. head discloses a fierce personality
shop sign of the art dealer at gersaint
1720, watteau, rococo, end of king louis XVI regin, freedom cannot last long, new order vs ols
embroidery
stitched
480
kritios boy
les demoiselles
1907
Vitruvian Man
1480
Newcomb Pottery
...
470
charioteer from delphi
naked
no distinct features
raft of medusa
1820
Candace Wheeler
textile maker/designer
Pontillisim, Neo-impressionism Seurat "sunday Afternoon on the Isle of La Grande Jatte"
1884-1886
west wall of Synagogue
isocephaly
heads at same level
raising of the cross
1610
Realism, Manet "Dejeuner sur l'herbe"
1863
Mondrian "Composition in Red,Yellow and Blue
1930
iconography
the images and symbolic representations that are traditionally associated with a person or a subject
Egyptology
the study of ancient Egypt
trumeau
middle post in the doorway
William Hogarth
1697-1764, enlightenment, like voltaire, series of paintings marriage a la Mode: The Contract 1743
hierarchy of genres
history,genre, portrait, landscape, still life
Emperor Ashoka
273-232 bs. Bloodthirsthy warrior. exposed to buddhism. at the battle of kallican states "what have I done?" the emperor became buddhism. Converted all subjects to buddhism. Edict pillars that had scriptures.
Tutankhamen
adolescent pharaoh from 1333-1323 BCE; his largely un-plundered tomb is one of the most remarkable discoveries of ancient Egypt
reliquary
container for relics, often jeweled covered and added onto for centuries
Danae
boucher, 1750, fliud erotic brush strokes match subject matter
roman architecture
round arch, vault, use of concrete
diptych
a painting or carving (especially an altarpiece) on two panels (usually hinged like a book)
amphitheater
circular or oval building with tiered seats for sports and entertainment, developed by the ancient Romans (fig 4.46, 4.47)
Akhenaton
pharaoh between 1353 and 1335 BCE; abandoned traditional religion in favor of Aton, identified with sun disk
what later becomes france and germany
Charlemagne controlled
polyptych
an altarpiece or a painting composed of more than three sections.
The white horse
1819, constable, picturesque, delight in variety, too rough to be beautiful, too detailed to be sublime
Piero's Brera Altarpiece was commissioned by
Frederico da Montefeltro
Sarcophagus from Cerveteri, Italy
(520 BCE)
burial coffin for wealthy
Column of Trajan, Rome
Its continuous narrative relief depicts Trajan's campaign and victory against the Dacians
Qin Shi Huangdi
First/only emperor Qin Dyn. legalist; abolished feudalism. Est. bureaucracy; anti-religion; built Great Wall unified all of China under one ruler. Created tGreat Wall. Terra cotta soldiers known for book burning; not popular, scholars/poor people hated him
Osiris
initially god of order, but chopped up by god of chaos; reassembled and made god of the underworld
royal palace at Versailles
worst hit by the winds
Renaissance
Rebirth the term used to describe the history culture and art of 14th through 16th century western Europe during which artists consciously revived the classical style.
pastoral
non urban life of shepards, sit in nature, fantasy, romantic landscapes
Mackay service
1200 piece silver service made by tiffany for teh mackays. they borrowed it for the paris exhibition
briefly describe Fra angelico's style
simple, serene, pristine clarity.
Plan of the Abbey of St. Gall, St. Gallen, Switzerland (817 CE)
anthropology (anthropologist)
study of (or one who studies) past cultures (although current culture can be studied as well)
Funerary Temple of Queen Hatshepsut
Senmut, 1480 BC (Deir el-Bahari)
lithography
greasy waxy ink the image is drawn in and roll paper over block, good for thousands and thousands of impressions, able to do more than black and white, takes off in 1800s
Portrait of Pompey (55 BCE)
successful roman general, part of triumvirate, verism
vezelay, france
the start of one of the 4 major pilgrimage routes to Santiago de compostela, the origins of the 2nd crusade
Describe the classical characteristcs that are apparent in the figure
relaxed classical contrapposto and the proportions and sensuous beauty of Greek Praxitelean gods.
Line drawing of tattooing
on the shoulders of male in Barrow 2.
Fifth-fourth century BCE.
Length approx. 1' 6".; In the Alti Mountain in Siberia; -is from the shoulders of a male figure.
-was found in Barrow 2 at Pazyryk.
-is related to shamanistic rituals.
-comes from a figure buried in a sarcophagus hewn from a single log decorated with animals in combat.
Purse Cover, Sutton Hoo Ship Burial, Suffolk, England (first half of 7th century CE)
only decorations r original, lid disappeared and replaced
Napoleon at the Plague House at Jaffa
1804, gros, darker colors, more cluttered, harder to read, exotic arches, public order corrupted
Tomb of the Reliefs, Cerveteri, Italy (200 BCE)
cemetaries where bodies were placed in decorated houses
T-shape Banner, found in the Marquise of Dai's Tomb, Changshua, China
The Marquise (Lady) of Dai with Attendants.
Painted silk.
c. 180 BCE. 6' 8 3/4", 3 ' at top.
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