Art Hist 2 Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
450
doryphoros
Haniwa Warrior
stone breakers
1850
Discharge printing
...
Flavian Amphitheater (Colosseum).
flamboyant gothic
flamelike tracery
marie de Medici
1620
doric order
masculine simplicity
Mondrian "Facade Composition No7"
1914
transept
cross-shaped christian church (5.13)
Lion Gate
1500 BCE, (Mycenae)
sketch I compisition VII
1913
trompe l'oeil
decieves the eye
Minimalism Eva Hess "Hang Up"
1965-1966
stupa
large hemispherical Buddhist shrine, erected to hold a relic or mark a holy site
Aton
central to Akhenaton's religion; identified with sexless sun disk
tracery
ornamental stonework for holding stained glass in place
The Stone Breakers
1849, courbet, realism
Neo Expressionism Schnabel "King of the Wood"
1984
dada
a nihilistic art movement (especially in painting) that flourished in Europe early in the 20th century
nave
large central hall, usually axial often with a clerestory that characterizes the Basilica (5.13)
ziggurat
high, solid platform that raises temples above street level
Laon
original portal sculpture here was also largely destroyed in the french rev.
Jacques-Louis David
1748-1825, father of neoclassicism, Oath of the Horatii 1784, Napoleon Crossing the Alps 1800,
di sotto in su
from below upwards
orthogonal
having a set of mutually perpendicular axes
triumphal arch
In Roman architecture, a freestanding arch commemorating an important event, such as a military victory or the opening of a new road. In Christian architecture, the arch framing the apse at the end of a church nave.
Justinian Archbishop Maximianus
mosaic;eucharistic ritual; San Vitale, Ravenna
barrel vault
deep arch over an oblong space
prehistory
the period of time before history began to be recorded; as far as art goes, there are no records of the meanings of any artworks
flying buttress
arched masonary support serving to bear thrust
triptych
a three paneled painting or altar piece
Birth of Venus
1863, Cabanel, acedemic painting, deeply erotic but okay because is is a myth,
Who designed the Palazzo medici-riccardi?
Michelozzo Di Bartolommeo
embroidery
the art of working raised and ornamental designs in threads of silk, cotton, gold, silver, or other material, upon any woven fabric, leather, paper, etc., with a needle.
impressionism
a school of late 19th century French painters who pictured appearances by strokes of unmixed colors to give the impression of reflected light
Hadrian
Roman Emperor who was the adoptive son of Trajan, , The Roman Empire in AD 117-138. He ordered the construction of this wall. He traveled though his empire to strengthen it's frontiers and encourage learning and architecture.
registers (bands)
different and distinct levels in the composition of many sculptures and reliefs
etching
a kind of engraving in which the design is incised in a layer of wax or varnish on a metal plate. The parts of the plate left exposed are then etched slightly eaten away by the acid in which the plate is immersed after incising.
Virgina State building
built by thomas jefferson, 1785, reproduction of roman temple mazion caree in france, made with ionic colums instead to symbolize wisdom
Danial Pabst
furniture maker who builds many of FRank Furness's desings
List three adjectives that characterize the effect created by Pollaiuolo's Hercules and Antaeus
a. stress
b. agitation
c. ferocity
Column of Trajan (114 CE)
commemorate victories of emperor trajan and armies, 125 ft, topped with statue of trajan,
aniconic
~A style of art that does not employ images or idols (e.g. Buddha not being portrayed in human form in art). -- depicting a figure, usually a deity, symbolically instead of anthropomorphically (fig 4.23)
strict profile
the only view from which the head, body, tail, and all four legs of an animal can be seen; it gives the most information about the animal's body
pointed arch
A narrow arch of pointed profile as aopposed to a semicircular arch.
Dejeuner sur l'Herbe
1863, Manet, means luncheon on the grass, unsmooth nude figure, large dimensions, poor lighting, background lacks depth, based on renaissance art,
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The utrecht psalter
a psalter is a collection of the psalms of the old testament
Amberina Glass
glass with a shade from red to yellow, due to reheating. heat gradient
Chi Rho page from the Book of Kells, Iona, Scotland (late 8 or early 9 century CE)
abbreviation for christ
What 2 Renaissance interests are summed up in Masaccio's Holy Trinity fresco?
a. realism based on observation
b. application of mathematics in the new science of perspective
interior plan and section of Hagia Sophia
Emperor Justinian; combination of a basilica and central plan
Masaccio's method in using light to model his bulky figures
suggests bones, muscles and pressures and tensions of joints
The excutions of the 3rd of May 1808
1814, full range society shot down, killers faceless, personhood vs statehood, contemporary event
wheatstack
1890
reflected light
paintings
Bicycle Wheel
1915
ionic order
wisdom
Mondrian "Horizontal Tree"
1911
2551
pyramids at giza
manuscript
written by hand
school of athens
1510
Abstract Expressionism Rothko "Untitled"
1968
Post Modernism Richter "Skull"
1983
2254
victory stele of naram-sin
Charlemagnes architect
Odo of Metz
oath of the horatii
1780
Realism, Delacroix "Liberty Leading the People"
1830
Rococo
fanciful but graceful asymmetric ornamentation in art and architecture that originated in France in the 18th century, Art style that focuses on pastels, ornate interiors, and sentmental portraits.
Halo
radiance of light, visually represented as a golden circle or disc surrrounding a holy figure (5.22).
Doryphoros (Spear Bearer)
Polykleitos, 450 BCE
Most hated building
Portsmouth's Tricorn Centre
Color Expressionism Emil Nolde "St Mary of Egypt Among Sinners"
1912
iconoclasm
the attacking of widely accepted ideas, beliefs
Constantine
Roman emperor (r. 312-337). After reuniting the Roman Empire, he moved the capital to Constantinople and made Christianity a favored religion.
pendentive
An inverted, concave, triangular piece of masonry serving as the transition from a square support system to the circular base of a dome. (5.1, 4.50)
fluted columns
columns with vertical channels; similar to later Greek columns
gothic
Originally a derogatory term named after the goths used to describe the history culture and art of wester europe in the 12th to 14th c
Monk by the Sea
1810, Friedrich, sublime
suprematism
is an art movement focused on fundamental geometric forms (in particular the square and circle) which formed in Russia in 1915-1916.
relief printing
printmaking techniques in which the image is printed from the rasied areas of the printmaking block.
arch
means of construction in which an opening, often semicircular, is spanned by a series of wedge-shaped elements (fig 4.50)
Gilgamesh
legendary king of Uruk, slayer of monster Huwawa; subject of the Epic of Gilgamesh, literary work that predates Odyssey and Iliad by ~1500 years
Aphrodite of Melos (Venus de Milo
150 BCE
The cornation gospels
illegedly taken from charlemagnes corpse when his tomb was opened in the year 1,000. charlemagne personally owned it. made to commemorate the title of holy roman emperor
La Grande Odalisque
1814, Ingres, exaggerated femenity, emptied of meaning, erotic and exotic
rose window
a circular window decorated with tracery symmetrical about the center.
surrealism
a 20th century movement of artists and writers (developing out of Dadaism) who used fantastic images and incongruous juxtapositions in order to represent unconscious thoughts and dreams
cruciform basilica
A basilica with transepts forming a Latin cross plan (5.13)
Empress Theodora
The most powerful woman in Byzantine history, she passed laws and advised her husband, Justinian
radiocarbon dating
method of dating organic objects that measures the decay rate of carbon isotopes
notre dame cathedral
freakish wind storms damaged this cathedral. 11 ferris wheels. roofing was almost torn off.a stained-glass window at the Sainte-Chapelle was shattered.
prefabrication
..., the manufacture of sections of a building at the factory so they can be easily and rapidly assembled at the building site
Death of Sardanapalus
1827, delacriox, story of babyilonian king who is being destroyed so orders the entire kingdom to be destroyed, teaches you nothing but makes you relate with sex and violence, emphasis on the individual
Bryant Vase
the vase tiffany constructed in the competitino for william bryants brithday gift. made ofsilver and gold, it won.
buttress
any external prop or support built to steady a structure by opposing its outward thrusts, esp. a projecting support built into or against the outside of a masonry wall.
pop art
an American school of the 1950s that imitated the techniques of commercial art (as the soup cans of Andy Warhol) and the styles of popular culture and the mass media
code of Hammurabi
known comprehensive set of laws; made of 3500 lines of cuneiform; dated nearly 1700s BCE
Narthex
a lobby. one had to be added to accomodate that growing mobs of pilgrims and crusaders
Assassination of Julius Caesar
1867, gerome, academic painting, sells a fantasy report of journalism, easily forgettable,
Mixed metal Silver
becomes popular in late 19th century. tiffany makes coffeepot with different metals such as gold and copper for the gourds. that card reciever too
jataka tales
A story about a previous life of the Buddha; tales that tell the story of the buddha's previously incarnated lives before he became the Buddha
marriage a la mode:the contract, shortly after the wedding
1743, hogarth, moralistic warning shows the disastrous results of an ill-considered marriage for money, failure of arraged marriages, enlightenment ideas of voltaire
list 3 characteristics of Piero's style
a. spatial clarity
b. unflaggin interest in properties of light and color
c. careful delineation of architecture
The Grand Tour
going to Europe for a few years to define yourself as an aristocrat go to Italy buy stuff in search of antiquities and 'whore' around, all about pleasure not about school or religion
Bedroom of the Villa of Publious Fannius Synistor, Boscoreale (mid 1st century BCE)
architectural fantasy, sense of space, based on theater sets
List two projects commissioned by Ludovico Gonzaga in Mantua
a. redesigning of Sant' Andrea
b. arch of augustus
what effect did the preaching of Savonarola have on the people of Florence?
Upheaval. Deprived artists of some of their major patrons. Dampened the neopagan enthusiasm of the Florentine Early Renaissance
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