Art Hist 3 Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
tapestry
woven
450
myron- diskobolus
mont sainte-victoire
1880
Carries keys
Peter
2650
portrait of hesire
duomo
cathedral or dome
sistine chapel ceiling
1510
Crystal Palace Exhibition
...
Impressionism, Monet "Rouen Cathedral"
1894
Lion Capital.
Sarnath, India
Maurya Period,
Commissioned by :
[the Emperor Ashoka]
3rd century BCE.
Height 8'.
mandorla
almond shaped body halo
experiment on a bird
1760
Wassily Kandinsky "Improvisation No 30"
1913
Cubism Leger "La Grande Dejeuner"
1921
ambulatory
circular or semicircular vaulted passages (fig 6.29)
Hatshepsut
first recorded female monarch; portrayed herself as a man to show her authority
Holy Roman Emperor
Charlemagne was crowned
Central Heat
radiation heating and stuff...fireplaces become more of a decoration than a winter necessity
primitivism
an early 20th century artistic movement which was attracted to the directness, instinctivness and exoticism nonurban cultures
Bacchus
Greek name: Dionysus; Domain: wine, revelry; Symbol: grapes
clerestory windows
elevated windows above adjacent rooftops, usually along a central axis used to allow light into the interior of the building. (5.12)
controlled-space
opposite of architecture of mass; architecture contains rooms, space, etc
Pepin the Short, frankis king
Charlemagnes father
sublime
fear, obscurity, and terror, nature overwhelming, edmund burke, frederich, turner, horrifying simplicity
Church of San Vitale, looking towards the Apse (526-47 CE)
romanticism
a movement in literature and art during the late 18th and early 19th centuries that celebrated nature rather than civilization
dome
arch rotated 180 degrees around axes (4.50)
Emperor Justinian
Emperor Justinian ruled over the Byzantine Empire from 527 to 565 CE. His goal was to reunite the east and the west. He secured the eastern borders with diplomacy and sent most of his troops to reconquer the west. This left the East unprotected and without the resource of manpower. He built the Hagia Sophia and established the Corpus Juris Civilis. He ruled using Caesaropapism and combined religion and law. His motto was "One empire, one church, one law!" He made every citizen covert to Christianity.
Ramses II
Egypt's last great warrior pharaoh; ruled for 2/3 century; built a great temple and tomb for his sons
Archaemenids
Persian dynasty begun by Cyrus of Persia in 559 BCE and continued until 330 BCE
Apse
semicircular, in the wall of a building
aisle
The portion of the basilica flanking the nave and separated from it by a row of columns or piers
picturesque
in between the sublime and the beautiful, constable, too rough to be beautiful but too smooth to be sublime, looks like a picture, nostalgia, delight in variety
sfumato
the subtle and minute gradation of tone and color used to blur or veil the contours of a form in painting.
Page with Man, Gospel Book of Durrow, Probably made at Iona, Scotland or northern England
(650-700 CE)
Silk Road
An ancient trade route between China and the Mediterranean Sea extending some 6,440 km (4,000 mi) and linking China with the Roman Empire. Marco Polo followed the route on his journey to Cathay.
Herodotus
the ancient Greek known as the father of history
sarsen
a form of sandstone used for cutting monoliths
everyone in western europe except pagan vikings
Charlemagnes rule includes
oil painting
a painting technique using oil based pigments that rose to prominence in Norhtern Europe in the 15th century and is now the standard medium for painting on canvas
Olympia
1865, Manet, the viewer is the sender of the flowers intruding and admiring her beauty, woman asserting her presence and gaze was most shocking to audiences, distinct outlines, womans sexual dominance over men, cat is symb of repressed sexuality, inspired by titians painting
John Ruskin
english art critic, loved the natural stuff that waas becoming popular in art and silver and stuff
Which romanesque church seems to have influenced Alberti when designed the facade of Santa Maria Novella?
San Vitale
picture plane
the actual flat surface on which the artist executes a pictoral image. in some casuse the pciture plane acts merely as a transparent plane of referance to establish the illusion of forms existing on in a 3D space
fresco secco
dry fresco; plaster is allowed to dry before being painted on
Temple of Apollo
Paionios of Ephesos AND Daphinis of Miletos, 313 BCE, (Didyma)
Antoine-Jean Gros
Napoleon at the plauge house in Jaffa 1804, switch to romanticism, same comp as davids painting but hard to read and exotic
Philadelphia Centennial Exposition
1876, first world's fair in the US.10million visitors attended. 200 buildings constructed for it, with a huge variety of stuff
Basilica of Constantine and Maxentius, Rome
(306-312 CE)
final important governmental building erected in ancient rome, administrative center, changes the basilica
Wanderer above the mist
1818, Friedrich, power of nature to create a transformation, sublime, nature over powering
Piero's fresco represents episodes from
the legend of the true cross
Pisa tower opens its doors
for the first time in 12 yrs.
Empress Theodora and her Retinue, Church of San Vitale, Ravenna (550 CE)
thedora holds a chalice of wine offering it to christ, like the three wise men
Course of an empire: savage, pastoral, consummation, destruction, desolation
1836, cole, series of paintings, warning that destroying nature destroys its self, luxury saps moral fibers, nature remains
Girls on the Bank of the Seine
1856, courbet, caused a fuss because contemporary women were sprawled out
how does the plan of the church break with a centuries-old Christian building tradition?
He built a single huge hall with independent chapels branching off at right angles
typanum
stone lunette
slave ship
1840
Bruce Talbert
...
Cubism Picasso "Guitar"
1912
caryatids
female pillar statues
Untitled color field
1965
Suprematist Composition-Airplane Flying
1915
Abstract Expressionism Newman "Covenant"
1949
Realism, Daumier "Rue Transnonain"
1834
upper Egypt/lower Egypt
southern/northern (upstream/downstream); history began with unification by Memes
luncheon on the grass
1860
Realism, Eakins "The Gross Clinic"
1875
iconography
the images and symbolic representations that are traditionally associated with a person or a subject
1450
fresco of the bull leapers
Fisherman
(from Akrotiri, Thera) 1550 BCE
Impressionism, Degas "Women on the Terrace"
1877
automatism
any reaction that occurs automatically without conscious thought or reflection (especially the undirected behavior seen in psychomotor epilepsy)
plan and section of chaitya hall
510
euthymides- revellers and the warriors leave-taking
pillars
weight carrying part of architecture, pier or column, or used free standing for commemorative/decorative purposes
photography
technique of capturing an optical image on light sensitive paper
Cotopaxi
1862, church, bloody upside down cross, warning, power of nature, light and dark contrast, destruction in midst of creation
photomontage
A single pictorial composition made by juxtaposing or overlapping many pictures or designs of photographs
woodcut
engraving consisting of a block of wood with a design cut into it
icon
term used in Orthodox Christianity to refer to a painting of a religious subject (5.2)
540
exekias- achilles and ajax playing a dice game
sarcophagus
the decorated box that housed a mummy
Sanctuary of Fortuna Primigenia
(Praeneste Palestrina) 80 BCE
stained glass
In gothic architecture the colored glass used for windows.
Rousseau
edge of forest, 1854, breaks down compositional standards of prior landscape painings opens the door for imressionism
Women's Building
building in the world columbian exposition devoted to art and designs only by women
flying buttress
a segmental arch transmitting an outward and downward thrust to a solid buttress that through its inertia transforms the thrust into a vertical one.
expressionism
emphasizes the life of the mind and feelings rather than the realistic external details of everyday life
gable roof
roof formed by two planes sloping downward from a central beam (3.56)
Buddha
one who has achieved a state of perfect enlightenment
relief
a sculpture that is created by cutting into a relatively flat rock surface and creating an image that is projected from the background
cathedral
seat of a bishop, usually the largest church
dynamism
..., lots of action and emotion; in your face; bolder, more vibrant colors; use of diagonal lines (sense of change/action)
the paternal curse
1777, greuze, strong hand gestures like those that would be in a history painting
Rookwood Pottery
pottery founded in cincinnati by Maria Longworth Nichols Storer in 1880.she liked to glaze stuff and so evenually hired people and stuff
polyptych
a work of art composed of several connected panels.
oculus
Opening in the center of a dome for light and to lighten the dome (4.54)
votive statues
gifts or offerings to a deity, usually made in fulfillment of a vow
Bishop Bernward of Hildesheim
talented architect and sculptor and theologian, designed fortifications to help repel the vikings who were still a problem. familiar w/the monuments of rome, especially the column of trajan
Rue Transonian, le 15 Avril
1834, Daumier, lithography, french soldier kills shop keeper and civilians, censored, sense of violation by how father lays there innocently, no respect for ordinary people
Edward C. Moore
head designer of Tiffany. trained in France, collector of Japanese art.
Plan and Section of Great Stupa
Sanchi, India,
3rd Century BCE
Execution of Emperor Maximilian
1867, Manet, faces of victims erased, soldiers are detached, anonymous report of history even though it is significant subject matter,
Scholar at his desk or a hermit in the wilderness
Jerome
how does perugino's work illustrate the principles of linear perspective?
christ and peter flank triangle's central axis, which run thru temple's doorway, the perspective's vanishing point
Dionysiac Cult fresco mural from the Villa of the Mysteries, Pompeii (50 BCE late republic period)
integrates subject matter of murals with physical space of room, gods, goddesses, initiation into cult worship of Bacchus
In what way did he modify the Romanesque original to create a highly sophisticated Renaissance design?
they used math and proportions
What was the political significance to Perugino's fresco?
the close ties between constantine and saint peter and of the great basilica the first christian emperor built over st peter's tomb
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