art history 4 Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
renovatio
renewal
expressive
spirit/feeling/colour
dessiner
to draw
Tall Figure
The Gleaners
Bird In Space
Brancusi
The Spring
Ingres, 1820-56
The Blue Boy
warrior
460-450 early classical
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High Renaissance, 1495-1520MichelangeloThe Creation of AdamSistine Chapelfresco
Paline Borghese as Venus
Mosque
Islamic building for worship
Hanson, Museum Guard, 1975.
PHOTOREALISM
Votive Statues
Eshnunna, Limestone/Alabaster, 2900-2600 BC
polytheistic
belief in multiple gods
gropius
german architect, bauhaus school, international styles, cohesive
Geometric Krater, Ca. 800 BCE
realism
represent things as they are
Nave
central aisle of a basilica
Francisco Goya (Spanish): Untitled (Saturn Devouring One of His Children), ca. 1819-23
*Romanticism
atlantid
male figure as a column
foliate, vegetal, and tendril motifs
...
Giotto, "The Visitation."from the Arena Chapel (Scrovegni Chapel), c. 1300 CE. Italian, Early Renaissance.
Fresco. Padua, Italy. Commissioned by Enrico Scrovegni
...
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Artemisia Gentileschi. Judith Slaying Holofernes. 1614-1620. oil on canvas
Line
Shape subdividing space that creates direction
basilica
In Roman architecture, a civic building for legal and other civic proceedings, rectangular in plan with an entrance usually on a long side. In Christian architecture, a church somewhat resembling the Roman basilica, usually entered from one end and with an apse at the other.
The Church of Santiago de Compostela
Virgin and child
Early 14th Century
Stone
France
Oath of the Horatii, Jacques-Louis David, 1784, Louvre, Paris,Neoclassicism
FREUD
subconscious. art reaches your deepest desires
Titian
Venetian painter, famous for his brilliant colors and portraits, teacher to Tintoretto for about ten days
head of alex the great
hellenistic- 200-150bc
ART HISTORY
A historical analysis of art
Grosvenor Gallery
London gallery that exhibited "Nocturne Black and Gold" in 1877
radiating chapels
distinguishing feature of pilgrimage church
Great Stupa
At Sanchi, India. Shunga/Andhara Period (3rd century BCE-Early 1st century)
Richard Rogers
Georges Pompidou National Center of Art and Culture
earthworks
artwork and/or sculpture, usually on a large scale, created by manipulating the natural environment.
action painting
expressing deep internal feelings by taking it out on the picture... pollock
Cubism
An Artistic movement that focused on geometric shapes, complex lines, and overlapping planes with flat patterned spaces making objects and space hard to distinguish
stoa
In ancient Greek architecture, an open building with a roof supported by a row of columns parallel to the back wall. A covered colonnade or portico.
Las Meninas (The Maids of Honor)
Velázquez, 1656
Romanticism
a profound revolution in the human spirit of the late 18th and early 19th century. The most important elements were feeling for nature, emphasis on subjective sensibility (awareness) and emotion imagination, interest in the past, the mysterious, and the exotic.
robert motherwell
summer window open with mediterrainian blue 1974
biomorphic
an adjective used to describe forms that resemble or suggest shapes found in nature --> they are not abstract shapes - ex. Painting and Composition by Joan Miro
ambo
A raised place between the sanctuary and nave. For reading of the lessons/sermons.
What is the complimentary color to blue?
Orange
Justinian
Byzantine emperor who held the eastern frontier of his empire against the Persians
Palette of NarmerMudstone63.5 cmStockstad figure 3-4pictographs, hieratic scale
Egyption ArtEgyptcirca 3000 BCE
Mondrian
Dutch painter; cofounder of the De Stijl movement and the originator of neo-plasticism, one of the earliest and strictest forms of geometric abstract painting.
Fresco
A type of painting in which pigments are applied to a fresh, wet plaster surface or wall and thereby become part of the surface or wall (from Italian for "fresh").
Grand Manner portraiture
portrait designed to communicate a person's grace and class through certain standardized conventions, such as large scale of figure, controlled pose, landscape setting, low horizon line
Necropolis
a tract of land used for burials; "city of the dead"
Bayeux Tapestry
Depicts the battle of Hastings, an embroidery that is 240 feet long
Ranofer
c.2500 BC, from Egypt Old Kingdom, in relief, striding posture, straight arms, limestone
Groin Vaults
two crossed arches, stronger, ends in a point, capable of holding more weight.
The Third of May, 1808
Francisco Goya Spain Romanticism
NEOCROPOLIS
City of the dead - large
burial area
color
the element of art that is produced when light, striking an object, is reflected back to the eye
name, material, culture?
She-Wolf, bronze, Etruscan, c. 500 BCE
buttress
any external prop or support built to steady a structure by opposing its outward thrusts, esp. a projecting support built into or against the outside of a masonry wall.
geometric simplification of motif
reducing motif to underlying geometric form
Information exhibition
(Museum of Modern Art, New York City); concerned with the strongest international art movement or 'style' of the moment which is 'conceptual art,' 'art povera,' 'earthworks,' 'systems,' 'process art,' etc. in its broadest definition; demonstrate the non-object quality of this work and the fact that it transcends the traditional categories of painting, sculpture, photography, film, drawing, prints, etc."
akenhoten, nefertiti and three daughters
amarna art, amarna egypt, limstone
cenni di pepo (cimabue)
Madonna Enthrooned with angels and prophets
buon fresco
a technique in which the painting is made on wet plaster
Dying Warrior, from the east pediment of the Temple of Aphaia (left corner)
c. 490-480BCE
Marble
6' long
Great Wall of China
a fortification 1,500 miles long built across northern China in the 3rd century BC, built in Qin dynasty by Shi Huangdi
Jambs of chartres
all the jambs of chartre are decorated with human bodies as pillars, the first one looks as if the bodies heads are attached and there is no weight shift, the second one is of the prophets with elongated figures on it, but there is a turn of head, finally the third one resembles real life features of humans, but it still uses symbols
what the king of Spain asked Velasquez to do when he visited Italy
shop for paintings
Enter your front text here.
The Village Maidens, Courbet, 1851. Realist painting in France. Of his 3 sister giving money to a poor girl. Not proportional, looks akward, the faces emotions are akward. Looks like wooden figures. Thick paint. Realism: non emotive, sketchy style, drab c
As Romanticism grew, what did the artists worship of express in their art?
Wild, strange, marvelous, melancholy, space, time, classic greece, middle age, american forest.
What was the chinese revolutions plan
government sought to create a new visual culture that reflected their ideology
stone relief- descent of the Ganges
Ganges comes from hair, 3 heads in hair, parvati is stepped to the side
violet
violet
Fountain
Duchamp
seedbed
vito acconci
Archaic
600-480 BCE
The Swing
didactic
something that teaches
pronaos
enclosed vestibule (porch)
Moai,10th-12th century,stone,Easter Island
Mask of agamemnon
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Great Friday Mosque



1907 


Islamic 



Invented the Mobile
Alexander Calder
Title: Florence Baptistry, Exterior
view from above, Culture: Florence, Italy, Date: 1059 CE
Funerary Temple of Hatshepsut
ARCHITECT: Senmut
New Kingdom Period
Deir-El-Bahri (Upper)
15,000 BCE, France
Chauvet Cave
Goya
Family of Charles IV
talud-tablero
Talud-tablero is an architectural style. It consists of a platform structure, or the tablero, on top of an inward-sloping surface or panel, the talud. It may also be referred to as the slope-and-panel style.
Judith and Holofernes
Artemisia Gentileschi, 1620
Muqaranas
beehive style stalactites that decorate iwans
Raphael School of Athens 1509
Liam Gillick, Discussion Island, Redesignation Platform, 1997
iconoclasm
belief in destroying religious icons
Neoclassicial
Richard Boyle and William Kent
Pain and Despair
Showing the story-Lacoon
Angkor Wat
Cambodia, Early 12th century.
Edo Period: Watanabe Kazan "Ichikawa Beian" 1837
Barbara Kruger
"Red, white, black 'ad' pieces"
Sargeant- The Daughters of Edward Darley Boit (American Realism)
Shaman
Practitioner of "shamanism," which is the the intermediaries between the human world and the spirit world. They were all over the Pre-Columbian art. They can also enter supernatural realms to obtain solutions to problems afflicting communities. They are thought of as the "priests" of today's world.
Apollo from Veii, 510 BC, terra-cotta,Etruscan Art
Claude Monet: Sailboats at Argenteuil, 1874
*Impressionism
Venus of Willendorf
25,000-30,000 BCE lower austria
...
Peacock Mosaic. 1890
by Louis Comfort Tiffany (5.67)
Oppenheim (swiss) 1900-1950
Object (luncheon in Fur)
Hatshepsut
female pharaoh who expanded Egypt through trade
stonehenge
a prehistoric monument on Salisbury Plain, Wiltshire, England, consisting of a large circle of megaliths surrounding a smaller circle and four massive trilithons; dating to late Neolithic and early Bronze Age times (c1700–1200 b.c.) and believed to have
Sacred Marriage
Marriage between a god and goddess
Caravaggio
-painted the conversion of Saint Paul for the Cerasi Chapel
-the Saint-to-be appears amid his conversion, flat on his back with his arms thrown up
-the light from the use of Chiaroscuro seems to come from within the figures giving it an etheral feel
Installation
contemporary art work created for a specific site, especially a gallery or outdoor area, that created a complete and controlled environment, controlled field of vision
Divisionalism
proper name for style of Seurat. Little colored dots deceive perception, color theory- dots overlap and are inter linking
maqsura
Enclosure in a mosque, situated near the mihrab and minbar, defined by a metal or timber screen, used by a ruler for purposes of protection and status; Large domed room used for communal prayer
Smithson, A Non-Site (Franklin, New Jersey), 1968.
LAND ART
composition
the arrangements of elements in an artwork
Doric
oldest and simplest of the three orders of classical Greek architecture
Which artist explored and painted the American West?
Bierstadt
iconostasis
In the Eastern Orthodox church, the partition that extends across the front of the church separating the sanctuary from the solea.
Picasso
spanish painter, and was known for cubism
frieze
The part of the entablature between the architrave and the cornice; also, any sculptured or ornamented band in a building, on furniture, etc
continuous narrative
convention of same figure appearing more than once in same space at different stages of the story
Joesph Paxton
Architect with no formal training, created the crystal palace, the hosting place for the great exposition
Metope
panel between the triglyphs in a Doric frieze, often sculpted in relief
Kouros from Attica
six foot-tall Archaic Period Greek statue that was inspired by a similar Egyptian statue; it is not anatomically correct; it was found in a cemetary
hide painted with scenes of warfare, lakota culture
c 1880
bauhaus
a school of architecture in germany in the 1920s under the aegis of walter gropius who emphasized the unity of art, architecture, and design.
Temple of Portunos, Rome
Context:
-dedicated to portunos, roman god of harbors.
Form:
-etruscan plan with podium and free-standing columns
-ionic columns, and ionic frieze
-engaged ionic columns to sides and back of cella: pseudoperipteral temple
Materials:
-Imitation of marble
-limestone
-volcanic stone
-stucco
drawing
2-D art produced with a pen, pencil, stylus, or chalk, where the emphasis is on the line
Chronos Devouring one of his children
Franciso de Goya
Title House Delta: Room Lilies, Rocks, Lilies, Swallows, Culture: Late Minoan I, Date: 1500 B.C.E
house delta
Matthew
the evangelist shown as an Angel in the depiction of the Lindsforne gospels is who?
Paper Collé
a collage made only of glued paper
how much does van gogh love gauguin?
a lot.
Name, Artist, "-ism"
The Kiss, Gustav Klimt, Art Nouveau
Door from the king's palace at Ikerre
Areogun; Nigerian; wood
Battle of the Lapiths and Centaurs
572 BCE Greek Art
Nymph of the Luo River - after Gu Kaizhi, Palace Museum version, 5th century CE
bay
a vertical section of a church that is embraced by a set of columns and is usually composed of arches and aligned windows
The Parthenon was set on top of what sacred hill?
Acropolis
Church of Santa SabinaStockstad figure 7-11
Early Cristian ArtRome, Italy422-432 CE
Horus
the falcon- He was the son of Isis and Osiris, shown with the double crown of Upper and Lower Egypt. The pharaohs were thought to represent Horus on earth.
What are some characteristics of classical greek art?
more realism, anatomy developed, formal order, emotional restraint, ability to see weight distribution
Akhenaton, Nefertiti, and three daughters, 1353-1335 BCE
sunken relief, rare intimate look, domestic setting, under rays, different style than other pharoahs
Chris Ofili, The Holy Virgin Mary, 1996
Blue dress, Yellow Background, Greenish-Black woman (abstract)
Gentile da Fabriano, Adoration of the Magi
cramped, equal chromatic value, shimmering colors, constant movement, gold leaf, tempera, international style, 1423
Christopher Wren's focus on his church towers
eclectic combination of several styles on St. Paul's Cathedral
Georgia O'Keeffe (see text Intro Fig. I4)
A precisionist artist that moved to New York City and depicted fast pace of city life, cow skulls, and flowers. Stripped subjects to their purist forms and colors to increase expressive power.
Arringatore
orator
appropriation
...
triumphal arch
...
Bhu-devi
earth goddess
dotaku
a bell
BCE
Before Common Era
naturalism
portrayl of nature
an artist
un artiste
Narrative
tells a story
Ansel Adams
landscapesYosemitepreserve forestdetail'Moon over 1/2 dome'
Joseph Beuys
Fat Chair, 1964
iconography
symbollic representation; a representation or a group of representations of a person, place, or thing, as a portrait or a collection of portraits
Courbet, Burial at Ornans, 1849
Great Pyramids of Giza- Egyptian
"Eiffel Tower" by Gustave Eiffel
The Swing, Jean-Honore Gragonard, Wallace Collection, London 1766,French Rococo Art
Iktinos and Kallikrates, Parthenon, 450-440 BCE, High Classical. Acropolis, Athens, Greece
artists
name
year
period
location
Basket of Apples
Cezanne France Post-Impressionism
Octopus Flask or Marine Ware
Minoan
Temple of Aphaia
Aegina, Greece. Archaic. 500
Moulin de la Galette
Renoir 1876 Impressionism
baroque
expressed power and control, religious themes, great deal of expression and emotion, contoured body positions, adding theatricality
assemblages
were artworks constructed from already existing objects.
dome
A hemispheric vault; theoretically, an arch rotated on its vertical axis
Jan van Eyck; Annunciation; Dresden Triptych closed; 1437
Matthew Barney, Drawing Restraint 9, 2005
Krater
bowl for mixing wine and water
rusticated stone
stonework, sometimes roughly finished, distiguinshed by having the joints deeply sunk
Giorgione
Artist who did The Pastoral Concert
Geometric style
9th-8th centuries BCE. abstract geometric ornament and schematic figures
Portraying how a human actually stands-Contrapposto- counter balance-Real human being, perfect human figure - much more realistic stance-Naturalism and Idealism
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fauve
emphasis on color and quality versus realism/Mattisse
Sculpture of Worker and Peasant, 1937
Vera Mukhina
courbet. the artist's studio: a real allegory summing up seven years of my life as an artist
1855
Granulation
fusing of tiny metal balls, or granules, to a metal surface
Corbel
layers of stones that meet in arch
High Gothic
articulated columns in the interior. Rib vaults travel from the ceiling down to the floor; larger window space; larger choirs and chevets; compound pieces are common; more sculpture on the facade. Amiens and the interior of Chartres are High Gothic.
landscape architecture
The creation of artificial landforms, lakes, and contrived planting to produce an ideal nature.
polychrome
Artwork using many colors in the design or decoration.
Madonna of the Meadow
Raphael, High Renaissance 1490-1550
balustrade
a railing held up by small posts
cave paintings
Pictures were used to communicate information, ideas, and history.
mammoth-bone house, like a puzzle w/ skin-covered outside, shows they were nomaidc
woodcut
a relief printmaking process in which an image is carved on the surface of a wooden block by cutting away those parts that are not to be printed
rose window
a circular window decorated with tracery symmetrical about the center.
Limbourg Bros "The Very Rich Book of Hours of the Duke of Berry" 1415
arcade
a series of arches carried by columns and supporting a common wall
henge
a circle of monoliths; also called a cromlech
Yin & Yang
In Chinese cosmotology, the principle of active masculine energy which permeates the universe in varying proportions with yin, the principle of passive feminine energy
Late Medieval
greater interest in Christ's life on Earth; new concern with life on Earth in general
Views of Kailasa temple
shiva's home, inthe mountain caves
upper story contains the main shrine
- Nandi pavillion, Lakeshvrara shrine
-courtyard with pillars and nandi
controlled space
a concept and human motivation to impress or intimidate (by using fortified walls or lamassu)
Cella
the chief room of a Greek temple, where the statue of the god was located and, frequently, the temple's treasure was kept.
Daguerreotype
a type of early photograph that is characterized by a shiny surface, meticulous finish and clarity of detail; they have no negative
Cycladic art
Cycladic art-The art of the Cycladic Islands in the Aegean sea; so called because the islands circle the island Delos.
Low relief
Form of sculpture in which the forms project only slightly from the background rather than standing freely.
A.k.a: Bas relief
Low relief
Ex: Palette of Narmer, Stela of Hammurabi and Naramsin
The Blinding of Polyphemos
Most famous for its Orientalizing style this vase shows a giant's eye being stabbed out with a spear. 600 BCE.
linear perspective
things in a distance move away from you at an angle and eventually meet
Hellas and Hellenes
the name the ancient Greeks called themselves as the people of Hellas
Sarcophogous
A stone covering for a body to be buried in.
vanitas
In the arts, vanitas is a type of symbolic still life painting commonly executed by Northern European painters in Flanders and the Netherlands in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The term vanitas itself refers to the arts, learning and time. The word is Latin, meaning "emptiness" and loosely translated corresponds to the meaninglessness of earthly life and the transient nature of vanity
paleolithic era
called the old stone age (from 10,000 to 2.5 million years ago); they were concerned with food supply; they used stone as well as bone tools; they were nomadic hunters and gatherers.
composite view/ twisted perspective
convention of represention in which part of a figure is shown in profile and another
part of the same figure is shown frontally, bison
Hundred guilder print
because of his expertise with the new technologies, his etchings and engravings became a principal source of income for Rembrandt. His images of Biblical stories were very appealing to the buyers of the 17th century
Old Saint Peter's Basilica (plan)
Rome, Italy; 318-322 CE; Constantine was the patron; was situated where current-day Saint Peter's Basilica is; consisted of five aisles, a wide central nave and two smaller aisles to each side, which were each divided by 21 marble columns, which were all spoils from earlier pagan buildings; walls contain frescoes of scenes from Old and New Testament
Longitudinal Plan
A church plan in which the nave is longer than the transept, and in which parts are symmetrical against an axis.
Hierarchy of Scale
a figure on the picture is larger than other figures
Which of the following is a major period in Egyptian history?
All of the above
What is a folio?
its a single leaf or page of a manuscript
Goats treading seed and cattle fording a canal
Mastaba of Ti, Saqqara, Egypt, 5th Dynasty 2450-2350 BCE

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