The Great Gatsby Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Loitered
Lingered
commensurate
equal
forlorn
forsaken
fractious
irritable; unruly
redolent
(adj.)
evocative
pleasantly fragrant
evocatively fragrant
Inviolate
not corrupted
Impetuously
Impulsively and forcefully
rout
an overwhelming defeat
sagely
Adv – wisely
transcedent
exceeding usual limits
permeate
to penetrate or pervade
insidious
intended to entrap trick
truculent
Adj – aggressively defiant
Rancor
Bitter, long-lasting resentment; deep-seated ill will
erroneous
containing error, mistaken, incorrect, wrong
magnanimous
"Adj – noble-spirited (very generous, kind, or forgiving)"
expedient
suitable, practical, or advisable; also opportunistic
transpired
came to light, leaked out
dissension
strong disagreement; a contention or quarrel; discord
defunct
no longer in force or use
proximity
nearness in space, time, or relationship
pompadour
N – woman's or man's hairstyle
Turgid
excessively complex in style or language
feign
make believe with the intent to deceive
Adventitious
resulting from chance rather than from an inherent cause or character; accidental, not essential
Daisy Buchanan loves Gatsby before she marries Tom
True
vestige
a visible sign of somethingthat once existed.
The American Dream
•    Coined by James Adams•    Write short book on America called “Epic of America”•    Says every citizen can improve their lives in any way•    Priority of Americans to keep the dream alive•    American dream present before term coined•    Shown on Statue of Liberty by the quote about giving me your dirty and poor immigrants•    Stems from declaration of independence and the first amendment (life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness)•    Common idea throughout settlement•    America provides you with more opportunities than other nations
facade
the face of a building, the main front
Nick is distressed after Gatsby's death when Gatsby's friends
Don't show up
Euphemism
the substitution of a mild or vague term for one considered harsh or blunt
Anteroom
a room before the main room; a waiting room
Trimalchio
A character in a Latin work who was known for throwing lavish parties
Oculist
Optometrist
disconcerting
upset
facet
aspect
corpulent
excessively fat
complacent
self satisfied
strident
shrill, grating
punctilious
adj. careful finicky
transitory
quickly passing, momentary
apathetically
showing no intrest
innuendo
n. subtle hint; sexual
valor
heroic courage or bravery
cataracts
floods of water, waves
romantic
characterized by picturesque strangeeness of variety, fabulous
Supercilious
adj: haughtily disdainful or contemptuous, as a person or facial expression
anon
soon; in a short time
reposing
V – to lie resting
Vehemently
zealous; ardent; impassioned: a vehement defense; vehement enthusiasm.
Gayety 
a state of joyful activity 
Languidly
lacking in spirit or interest; listless
meretricious
characteristic of a prostitute; cheap and gaudy
vestibule
a small entrance hall or anteroom; lobby
interpose
to step in between parties at variance; mediate
The narrator hints that Gatbsy does not earn his money honestly
True
Desolate
barren or laid waste; devastated: a treeless, desolate landscape.
Nordics 
of or relating to the characteristics of Scandanavian people especially by the ball, narrow-headed, blonde-haired people 
extemporizing
speaking on the spur of the moment without preparation
prodigality
N – extravagance or the trait of spending extravagantly
Juxtaposition
The state of being placed or situated side by side
'The only crazy I was, was when i married him!'
Myrtle
divot
a piece of turf dug out of a grass surface by a golf club or by horses' hooves
Laudible
praiseworthy
profusion
abundance.
incredulously
skeptical
borne
carried
oblivion
...
hauteur
arrogance; haughtiness
harrowing
distressing; vexing
disheveled
in disarray
rough-neck
no class
reciprocal
mutual, equivelant
reverie
day dreaming
conceivable
(adj) believable
ravages
ruins; devastating damages
fractiousness
refractory or unruly
deft
(adj.)
nimble; skillful; clever
harlequin
a comical character
credulity
willingness to believe
olfactory
pertaining to smell
Languid
lacking energy; indifferent; slow
bizarre
Extremely strange, unusual, atypical
Abrupt
(Adj.) -sudden or unexpected.
Hulking
Heavy and clumsy; bulky
superfluous
being more than required
transcendent
surpassing all others, pre-eminent
presumptuous
going beyond what is right
Deft
quick and neat in action
elocution synonyms
pronounciation, declamation, speech, rhetoric, announcement
cynical
people do things for themselves
jaunty
easy in the walking manner
contiguous
adjact; next to each other
obstinate
adj.- stubbornly adhering to an attitude, opinion, or course of action; stubborn
Affectation
a deliberate pretense or exaggerated display
Reproach
(v) To express disapproval of, criticism of, or disappointment in
complacency
a feeling of contentment or self-satisfaction, especially when coupled with an unawareness of danger, trouble, or controversy
pandered
to provide gratification for others' desires. To cater to or exploit the weaknesses of others.
privy
Participating in the knowledge of something private or secret usually fol. by to:
intimation
to indicate or make known indirectly; hint; imply; suggest
epigram
a short statement that makes an observation about life, often funny
corroborate
support with evidence or authority or make more certain or confirm
turid
excessivley ornate or complex in style or language
fluctuate
to rise and fall; to vary irregularly
Caterwaul
verb. to make a loud howling noise
apathetic
showing little or no emotion or animation
Denizen
(N) an inhabitant, resident; one who frequents a place
wan
of an unnatural or sickly pallor; pallid; lacking color:
Ingratiate
to try to install oneselt into the good graces or favor of another.
Gatsby
" 'Can't repeat the past?' he cried incredulously. 'Why of course you can!' "
Swindle
To obtain money or property by fraud or disceit
pasquinade
a satire or lampoon, esp. one posted in a public place.
Who did Jay Gatsby watch "in a way that every girl wants to be looked at?"
Daisy
World War I
Much of the partying was because ____ was over
On his last night in New York before returning to the Midwest, why does Nick reflect upon the discovery of the new world, America, by the first Dutch sailors?
Nick's awareness that tolerance must have a limit. He wants the world in uniform, standing at moral attention forever. Hence, the look inland, inward, to the original inspiration of the country. Gatsby's hope is linked to the history of hope that defines us. Like Nick Caraway, we can face our future only if we first recover our past.
vacuous
purposeless
feebly
weakly
Abortive
Unsuccessful
hearse
...
INCREDULOUS
adj skeptical
"Got by."
Gatsby?
dilatory
tardy; slowmoving
septic
causing putrefaction
incarnation
a bodily manifestation
Arresting
striking, eye-catching (adj)
colossal
very big; enormous
vulnerable
open to attack
MALEVOLENCE
n hate, ill will
staid
conservative, subdued, sedate character
caterwauling
quarrel noisily, harsh cry
distort
twist out of shape
Vestige
trace of something gone
infinitesimal
less than a assignable quantity
rivulets
a small brook or stream
obscure
make unclear, indistinct, or blurred
recklessly
Fitzgerald and Zelda lived ____
peremptorily
On the spot, no oppurtunity
tumult
a violent or noisy commotion
stout
bulky in figure; thickest or corpulent
Provincial
a simple perspective, restricted by geographical area
Sporadic
hit and miss, something that fluctuates
peremptory
offensively self-assured or given to exercising usually unwarranted power
serf
an agrarian bound to the land
indiscreet
imprudent; not showing good judgement in conduct
formidable
extremely impressive in strength or excellence
Elocution
the art of effective public speaking
defer
to yield respectfully in judgement or opinion to another
suppressed
kept from public knowledge by various means;
extemporize
improvise, to make up on the spot
ascertain
to learn with certainty about; find out
Simultaneous
happening, existing, or done at the same time
asunder
into separate parts; in or into pieces:
effeminate
(of a man or boy) having traits, tastes, habits ect. traditionally considered feminine as a softness or delicacy
somnambulatory
adj. having the habit of walking while asleep
surmise
v. - to make a guess or conjecture
abstraction
a state in which someone is in deep thought
Theme
The main idea of a story or piece of literature
amorphous
shapeless
beaux
gentleman
unpunctual
late
repose
peace
Affectations
poses, mannerisms
feigned
preteneded, assumed
juxtapose
side by side
Redolent(adj)
Having or emitting fragance;aromatic
Incredulous, Incredulity
skeptical, shocked, disbelieving
Postern
Private or side enterance
contingencies
events the may occur
innumerable
too numerous to be counted
Tentative
experimental in nature; uncertain, hesitant
intermittent
not continuous; happening at intervals
jovial
jolly; being in good spirits
insolent
unrestrained by convention or propriety
cardinal
crested thick-billed North American finch having bright red plumage in the male
harrowed
an agricultural implement with spikelike teeth or upright disks, drawn chiefly over plowed land to level it, break up clods, root up weeds, etc.
vicarious
taking the place of another thing
affront
an open or intentional offense, slight, or insult
tangible
perceptible by the senses especially the sense of touch
expostulation
the act of expressing earnest opposition or protest
vinous
of, pertaining to, or characteristic of wine
pathos
a quality that arouses emotions (especially pity or sorrow)
Chapter 9
•After dealing with police, photographers, and rubberneckers, Nick tries to get in touch with Daisy. He finds that the Buchanans have gone and left no forwarding address.
•Nick tries to track down friends and family for Gatsby, but no one wants to come and pay their respects.
•Nick gets a mysterious phone call at Gatsby's house that is obviously intended for Gatsby; it confirms that Jay was indeed involved in illegalities.
•Nick is able to delay the funeral, however, until Gatsby's father arrives.
•Mr. Gatz (the father) has typical parental misconceptions; he believes his boy was going to help "build up the country," had he lived.
•A man who knew Gatsby calls - he's too busy to come to the funeral, but he wants a pair of shoes back that he left at the house. We feel good about the fact that Nick hangs up on him.
•Nick begins to feel "shame" for Gatsby, who was so generous to so many people but ultimately had only one friend - Nick.
•Nick can't even get Gatsby's business partner, Meyer Wolfsheim, to show up.
•From Gatsby's father, Nick learns how Gatsby wanted always to improve himself as a child - how he wanted to rise above the life of the poor, uneducated family into which he was born.
•He even wrote out little schedules and "resolves" for himself.
•When we finally get to the funeral, it's a terribly rainy day.
•One other person does show up - three guesses who it is. Fine, we'll just tell you. It's the man with owl-eyed glasses.
•He agrees with Nick that it's horrible how hundreds of people came to Gatsby's parties, but how none came to his funeral.
•Nick is reminded of waiting in train stations on holiday vacations during his youth.
•He goes on about the train stations in the Midwest, and concludes that he and the whole crowd - Daisy, Tom, Jordan, Gatsby - were all westerners who just couldn't cut it in the East.
•He has an interesting vision of something out of an El Greco painting - a drunken woman in white being carried on a stretcher, a woman whose name no one knows or cares about. Those carrying her then bring her into the wrong house.
•After this little vision, Nick decides to go back home. He's had enough of this East business.
•But before he goes, he meets up with Jordan, who accuses him of being "dishonest" after all. She says she trusted him, but it turned out he was as "careless" a driver as she is.
•Nick's cryptic response? "I'm thirty. I'm five years too old to lie to myself and call it honor." He then remarks that he's "half in love with her" and "tremendously sorry" when he leaves.
•Some time later (it seems he's taking it slow with the moving back home bit), Nick runs into Tom Buchanan.
•Tom reveals that he is the one who told Mr. Wilson that the car belonged to Gatsby.
•Nick can't bring himself to utter the truth - that Daisy was the one driving. He doesn't even know anymore whom to believe.
•Nick realizes that Tom and Daisy were "careless people," people who made messes and then left others to clean them up.
•Outside of Gatsby's large, empty house, Nick wanders the "blue lawn" and gazes at the "green light" across the bay - the light on Daisy's house.
•He thinks of what the island must have looked like years ago to the first sailors that came to "the new world."
•He says the problem is that Gatsby was trying to run towards his dream, not realizing it was in the past behind him.
•We end with what is arguably one of the most famous passages in American Literature:
"Gatsby believed in the green light, the orgastic future that year by year recedes before us. It eluded us then, but that's no matter - to-morrow we will run faster, stretch out our arms farther...And one fine morning -
So we beat on, boats against the current, borne back ceaselessly into the past."
evasions
acts of escaping or avoiding by cleverness or deceit
Forlorn (adjective)
desolate or dreary; unhappy or miserable, as in feeling, condition, or appearance
delicatessen
a shop selling cooked meats, cheeses, and unusual or foreign prepared foods
Jordan
This person is a friend of Daisy's.
poise
graceful and elegant bearing in a person
indiscernible
difficult or impossible to perceive or discern
solemn
grave, sober, or mirthless, as a person, the face, speech, tone, or mood:
Complete the analogy. Gatsby loves Daisy like...
None of these
Daisy
"All right...I'm glad it's a girl. And I hope she'll be a fool -- that's the best thing a girl can be in this world, a beautiful little fool."
To pass into or through every part of; to penetrate through pores; to be diffused through; pervade; saturate
Permeate
menagerie
n - a collection of wild or unusual animals
olfactory (68)
adjective of or relating to the sense of smell
The Valley of Ashes Symbolism
It represents the moral and social decay that results from the uninhibited pursuit of wealth, as the rich indulge themselves with regard for nothing but their own pleasure. The valley of ashes also symbolizes the plight of the poor, like George Wilson, who live among the dirty ashes and lose their vitality as a result.
nebulous
vague
labrynth
maze
garrulous
talkative
distraught
deeply agitated
ineffable
beyond expression
scrutiny
close observation
incoherent
disordered, unconnected
sumptuous
costly, rich, luxurious
levity
lacking seriousness, lighthearted
vehement
strongly emotional; intense
pernicious
extremely harmful; deadly, fatal
infinite
(adj.)
indefinitely or exceedingly large
florid
elaborately or excessively ornamented
garnished
having decorative or flavorful additions
benediction
a blessing, a closing prayer
fortnight
a period of two weeks
1927
Time the story takes place
anemic
Suffering from quantitative deficiency of the hemoglobin, often accompanied by a reduced number of red blood cells and causing pallor, weakness, and breathlessness.
substantiality
consisting of value and substance; wealth
turbulent
involving much conflict, disorder, or confusion
valour
boldness of determination in facing great danger, heroic courage, bravery
LIBERTINE
one who acts without moral restraint
Helps Gatsby out to see Daisy
Nick
rotogravure
printed material, such as a newspaper
holocaust
a great or complete devastation or destruction
perturb
to throw into great disorder; derange; bother; annoy
characterization
the way a writer makes the character seem real to the reader
seek to please somebody or win favor with somebody
ingratiate
divan (8)
noun |diˈvan; ˈdīˌvan| a long low sofa without a back or arms, typically placed against a wall.
bantering
to speak to in a playful or teasing way
at Gatsby's party
When/where did Nick meet Gatsby for the first time?
Where is the valley of ashes?
Between West Egg and New York City
avstracted
preoccupied
amour
...
unscrupulous
conscienceless, unprincipled
precipitately
at breakneck speed
Portentous
of ominous significance
laudable
worthy of approval; praiseworthy
lethargic
adj. slow-moving, lacking energy
Contingency
an uncertain event; chance; possibility
fractious (ADJ)
easily irritated or bad-tempered
cower
verb: show submission or fear
pneumatic
characterized by compressed air (Gatsby's pool mattress)
Moribund
on the point of death
subterfuges
a deceptive stratagem or device
superficial
(adj) shallow; not profound or thorough; only on the surface
she cries
when daisy sees gatsby's shirts...
Cordial (adj)
courteous and gracious; friendly; warm
phantasm (n.)
ghost; illusion of the brain
tawdry
of finery, trappings, etc. gaudy; showy and cheap.
"Her voice is full of money."
Jay Gatsby
hyperbole
a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
retribution
the act of correcting for your wrongdoing
Euphemisms
A vague statement considered blunt or offensive
audible
capable of being heard; loud enough to be heard; actually heard.
laden
burdened; loaded down; fill or place a load on
Charleston
A fast ballroom dance in 4/4 time, popular during the 1920s
elicit
(v) to draw or bring out or forth; educe; evoke
Divine retribution
punishment from a higher being for bad deeds or transgressions.
[a] blind
a cover or decoy to hide what is really there
The last words in the book are...
"So we beat on, boats against the current, borne ceaselessly into the past."
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