A&P lab quiz Flashcards

c.
Terms Definitions
febr-
fever
Mammary
Breast
SUPENATION
PALM UP
3.5-4.7 g/dl
T.Bili
antidiuretic hormone
posterior pituitary
medial
towards the midline
meatus
tubelike channel or passageway
CO2Cervical DislocationLethal Injection
gallus gallus
Fractures (no planes)
Random breakage
ex: Quartz
Septum Pellucidum
separates the lateral ventricles
motile
Proteus mirabilis motile or nonmotile?
pleura
prefix meaning rib - side
Eolian
refers to environments where the action of wind has transported, arranged, and deposited sand and silt. Such deposits collect along shorelines but mainly in deserts as dunes and blankets of sand,
Anterior tibial Vein
branch into the popliteal vein, on the anterior aspect of the tibia
orange/yellow
no urea hydrolysis, urease is absent-
Squid feeding
Predaceous; eaten by sperm whale
Membranes
tissues composed of epithelia and connective tissues they line internal organs and body cavities responsible for serous and mucous membranes
Parallel
Tooth row shape of apes & monkeys
Upwelling
the movement of deep, cold, and nutrient-rich water to the surface
Superior vena cava 
returns deoxygenated blood from the head, neck, thorax, and arms.
Describe Prophase
Chromatin coils and condenses forming chromosomes composed of 2 chromatids held together by a centromere. Nucleoli disappear and the centrioles separate. Microtubules assemble from the centrioles to form the mitotic spindle. The nuclear envelope fragments and the mitotic spindle attaches to the centromeres via kinetochores.
NAMEis a tract of arched association fibers
fornix
Upper Appendages
A. BRACHIUM = HUMERUS1. Proximal structures:HeadGreater tubercleLesser tubercle2. Distal structurescondyles (2)
bones in lower limb
thigh- femurpatellaleg- tibia, fibulafoot and ankle- 7 tarsals 5 metatarsals 14 phalanges
dimorphic
present in some individuals but not others
submarine canyon
A deep valley eroded into the continental shelf.
Brachial Vein
upper arm vein that continues into the axillary regions as the axillary vein
Acute hepatocellular failure will be more readily apparent by measuring:a. albumin levelsb. AST levelsc. pre-albumin levels
c. pre-albumin levels
Guard Cells
have the ability to open/close stomata in response to conditions such as light or water loss
A: Branchiohyoideus in the Necturus
Retracts the Hyoid apparatus
bones of the pelvic girdle
hip- ilium, ischium, pubis
chromatogram
the column, gel layer, or paper strip on which some or all of the constituents of a mixture have been separated by being adsorbed at different locations.
respiratory system
major role: to supply the body with oxygen and dispose of carbon dioxide, comprised of four distinct processes
Cranial bones are examples of:
 
a. diarthroses
b. syndesmosis
c. symphosis
d. synarthroses
 
 
a. diarthroses
b. syndesmosis
c. symphosisd. synarthroses  
Importance of Squid...
Largest nerve fibers, used to develop safer anesthetics and drugs for neruological disorders
reticular tissue
there are large numbers of other cell types present in the (network of fibers) the cells are weblike located in spleen liver and kidney and functions in form spleen kidney and liver and provide framework
myelocyte
a cell of the bone marrow, esp. one developing into a granulocyte.
2 broad types of chromosome abnormality
variations in chromosome #
variations in chromosome structure
Describe the lymphatic drainage of the Prostate
Internal Iliac and Sacral nodes
FOR A MUSCLE FIBER TO CONTRACT, IT MUST BE STIMULATED BY WHAT?
A MOTOR NEURON
The ventral roots of each spinal segment:
 
a. bring sensory information into the spinal cord
b. control peripheral effectors
c. contain the axons of somatic motor and visceral motor neurpons
d. both b and c
 
 
a. bring sensory information into the spinal cord
b. control peripheral effectors
c. contain the axons of somatic motor and visceral motor neurpons
d. both b and c  
classifications based on the # of extremities involved
a. monoplegia (one extremity)b. hemiplegia (one body side)c. paraplegia (lower extremities)d. quadraplegia (all 4 limbs)e. diplegia (lower extremities more affected than upper extremities)
end of the first trimester
(9-12 weeks)
 
1. male can be distinguished from female
2. kidney functioning begins
3. reflexes
 
What is the maximum resolution and maximum total magnification possible with the microscopes available in the lab?
max. resolution – 0.2 µm max. total magnification – 1,000X
what is the number of pigs born per litter? \r\n \r\nfarrowing house
11.4 born (goal is 12)
What type of bacteria was our disease causing agent in lab?
-the bacteria used had to ferment lactose to make lactase
psych-
mind
Carpal
Wrist
scapular
shoulder blade
0.1-1.5 mg/dl
GGT
Papillary light reflex
Parasympathetic
polypnea
increased respiratory rate
superior/cranial
closer to the head
Roman military
Originally domesticated for?
glassy
Magma that cools extremely quickly
facet
flat surface at a joint
Vascular tissue?
responsible for internal transport-xylem and phloem
abdominopelvic
spleen, kidneys, digestive organs, liver, bladder, reproductive organs
Pyrite
Metallic, shiny gold, absent clevage, black streak, 5.5+ hardness
GALEA APONEUROTICA
SHEET-LIKE TENDON BETWEEN THE FRONTALIS AND OCCIPITALIS
Cell arrangement
Diplococcus - cocci in pairsStreptococcus - cocci in chainsBacillus - rod Streptobacillus - rods in chainsCoccobacillus - oval and similar to coccusVibrio - Comma chapedSpirochete - thin, flexible spiral Spirillium - thick, rigid spiral
Squid: Excretory
Kidney: Nephridium, drains fluids form pericardial chamber and forms urine
What separates at anaphase 1?
homologous chromosomes
Type I
Survivorship curves are for species that have a high survival rate of the young , live out most of their expected life span and die in old age (K-selected reproductive strategy). Humans, elephants, saguaro cactus, birds of prey.
active margin
usually narrow and consisting of highly deformed sediments. they occur where oceanic lithosphere is being subducted beneath the margin of a continent
Ulnar Artery
 medial branch of the brachial artery
Patellar reflex
Classified as somatic reflex, and simple stretch reflex
NAMEis a usally low # of RBCs
anemia
mineral base
all components are inorganic, ex. basal medium
articular discs definition
-also known as menisci-fibrocartilage pads improve the fit of two bones to prevent dislocation
gomphosis
an immovable articulation in which one bone or part is received in a cavity in another, as a tooth in its socket.
pelagic
The area of the ocean past the continental shelf, with areas of open water often reaching to very great depths
Tunica intima
is innermost tunic, thin tunic of capillaries, has a smooth surface to decrease resistance to blood flow
What is hematocrit?
Hematocrit (Hct)
Percentage of RBCs in total plasma volume
Serous fluid
fluid located between the layers of the serous membrane to stop friction when the body moves
What phylum are class diapsida and class mammalia under?
Phylum Chordata
what joint changes the angle between the two bones?
hinge joint
The Opthalmic branch of V components are _____
SA (exteroreceptive)
lumbar
area of the back between the ribs and hips
pronation / supination
pronation is movement of the palm downward; supination is the movement of the palm upward
Grasshopper: Reproductive system Male
Testes - sperm producing, above intestineVas deferens - carry sperm from testes to seminal vesicleSeminal vesicle - store spermEjaculatory duct - Tube from seminal vesicles and carrying sperm to penisPenis - reproductive organ
What occurs at diakenesis?
Chromosomes become shorter and thicker and the nuclear envelope breaks down
The facial components are ______
SVE (brachiomeric motor), GVE (pterygopalatine and sublingual ganglia) SVA (taste)
follicular phase of the ovarian cycle
lasts until day 14
6-12 follicles
follicle stimulating hormone
secretes more estradiol
What is another name for the RECTOUTERINE POUCH?
The Pouch of Douglas
WHAT ARE THE CALCIUM ION CHANNELS CALLED?
VOLTAGE REGULATED CALCIUM CHANNELS.
The axon terminal of a motor neuron releases:
 
a. sodium ions
b. cholinesterase
c. acetylcholine
d. potassium ions
 
 
a. sodium ions
b. cholinesterase
c. acetylcholined. potassium ions  
Gene Cloning/ Directional Cloning
A gene is isolated on a restriction fragment created by two different endonucleases that cleave on either side of the gene and generate distinctive single-strangded ends. The sticky ends are then rejoined to the complementary ends of a plasmid vector
What is the functional significance of gap junctions?
 
a. they maintain waater tight passages
b. they resist stretching and twisting
c. they coordinate the function of tissue
d. they attach cells to extracellular matrix
 
 
a. they maintain waater tight passages
b. they resist stretching and twisting
c. they coordinate the function of tissued. they attach cells to extracellular matrix
Heart beats when removed from body
because of self excitation and glucose reserves
What is the function of the urogenital papilla? and where is it found?
Found in mature specimens, projects fromt he cloacal aperature. Urine and gametes are released through this papilla.
Why do the chromatids appear to form a \"double V\" configuration at Anaphase 1?
Because the sister centromeres still adhere to one another
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