The Iliad - Characters Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Aphrodite
Trojan
lull
pause
Neoptolemos
Greek
Protesilaus
Greek
Andromache
Hector's wife
phoenix
greek
achilles tutor
Son of Aphrodite
Aeneas
time
acknowledgement of worth
Hector
Greatest Trojan Warrior
arrogant
stubborn and obnoxious
Achilles
GreekLeader of the Myrmidons
Priam
the King of Troy
Apollo
Greek god of light
patrclus
greek
best friend of achilles
Meriones
friend and countryman of Idomeneus
Night raid, promised Achilles' horses
Dolon
Aristeia
one of Diomedes finest moments
Teucer
Greek, archer, brother of Ajax
shamelessly
without remorse, guilt, or regret
Diomedes
Greek grandson of Tydus; became friends with Glaucus because their grandpas were friends
Patroklos
Son of Menoitios and Achilleus's companion. Raised by Achilleus and joined him to fight in the Trojan War. (Greek)
Zeus
Son of Cronus; most powerful god.
Stupid exchange of armor with Diomedes, Trojan warrior
Glaucos
Astyanax
youngest son of Hector and Andromache
Philoctetes
King of Thessaly, Greek fighter (archer)
Polydamas
Hector's good friend and wise counselor
Hecuba
queen of Troy; King Priam's wife.
Menelaus
King of Sparta; Husband of Helen
Agamemnon
King of Mycenae; commander of Akhaians; brother of Menelaos
Nestor
*King of Pylos; *Oldest Achaean commander; *very wise but not as strong as the others; *acts as an advisor to the military commanders, especially Agamemnon; *one of the Achaean's best public speakers, along with Odysseus
Helen
wife of Menelaus whoe abduction by Paris causes the war
Teucros
brother of Great Ajax; a good bowsman
Cassandra
Daughter of Priam, sister of Hector, lover of Agamemnon, murdered with him by Aegisthus and Clytemnestra. The was a prophetess who foresaw the doom of troy, her visions inspired by Apollo who, his love rebuffed, denied her the power ever to be believed.
Ambiguity
Allows for two or more simultaneous interpretations of a word, phrase, actions, or situation
Calchas
Primary seer/ prophet for the Greeks, reveals why Apollo is plagueing the Achaeans.
Ajax
Son of Telamon, king of Salamis, fights for the Greeks
Meleager
Paradigm that Phoenix used when trying to convince Achilles to return. Had to do w/ the Palydonian Boar Hunt. He didn't get to have the prizes he was offered once he returned; paralleled w/ Achilles not wanting the prizes offered to him
Hekabe
Hector's mother, Queen of Troy, and the wife of Priam. Lead Trojan women to pray for Athena in book 6. (Trojan)
Hera
Wife of Zeus; enemy of the Trojans
Odysseus
a very shrewd strategist for the Akhaians
poseidon
greek
brother of zeus; lord of the sea, causes earthquakes, father of polyphemus
Hera (Juno)
The goddess of marriage, the sister and wife of Zeus. (Greeks)
Athena
at the prompting of Hera, she prolongs the Trojan War
Briseis
a girl captured from the Trojans by Achilles as a prize of war.
Muses
Daughters of Zeus and Hera, there are 9 of them, represent inspiration
Hades (Pluto)
The god of the underworld, "most hateful god".
Zeus's brother and son of Kronos.
Machaon
*a healer; *wounded by Paris in Book 11
Ares
God of war; hated by parents, Hera & Zeus; murdurous, cowardly; Mars
Hermes
Messenger of the Gods, in favor of the Greeks, god of travel, escorts Priam to Achilles so that he can ask for his son's body back, Roman name: Mercury,
Aphrodite (Venus)
The goddess of love, daughter of Zeus / born from foam, protected Helen and in book 3, rescues Paris from Menelaos and brings him to Helen.
(Trojan)
Zeus (Jupiter)
The most powerful of the gods, son of Kronos, the lord of the sky. (Trojans)
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