Art History MIDTERM Flashcards

Terms Definitions
to mix
Athenian general
Green Caesar
ornamental clasp; pin
A stone coffin.
Aula Palatina,Roman Art
Baroque in Spain
Mantiklos ApolloOrientalizingShows ancient east
Cezanne, Basket of Apples
Santa Costanza, Rome (337-351)
francois vase
ergotimos and kleitias
Artemisia Gentileschi
Judith slaying Holofernes
Carolingian Art
late 8th-9th century
Greek Classical Sculptor; devised mathematical formula for representing the perfect male body; famous work=Doryphoros (bronze statue of young man holding spear)
Catharina Hooft & her nurse
durer century
late 15th early 16th
Shaft Grave
underground grave. myceanean grave
painted mural decoration usually depicting architectural subjects
in Christian architecture, the building used for baptism, usually situated next to a church
Arnolfini Wedding
Jan Van Eyck
Northern Renaissance
Arnolfini originates from Florence
Menkaure & a wife (Khamerernebty)
Gizeh, Egypt
4th Dynasty
2515 BCE
Old Kingdom
54" high
graywacke (dark coarse-grained sandstone)
from valley temple of Menkaure
timeless, eternal substitute homes for the ka
typical poses for king, wife
rigid, no emotion
*Lion Capital* --Buddhist --Sandstone --250 BCE
Although politically divided into many small entities, Italy's common heritage in the 15th century descended from ancient ______.
artistic representation that aims for visual accuracy
David- Oath of Horatii (France Neoclassicism)
takashi Murakami, Eye love superflat, contemporary art
Saint Basil's Cathedral, Barma and Postnik, 1555-1561,Byzantine Art
Gustave Courbet: The Stone Breakers, 1849
group created to reform other monks
Reverand Lawson
by William Prior
The lindsforne gospel depiction would be considered an ________ because it is an image of a story, not just an image of him.
deliver adam and eve from hell
Venus of Willendorf
Prehistoric, fertility, exaggerated female features, portable figurine. paleolithic
the action or spirit of iconoclasts.
alternating high and low sections of wall, giving a notched appearence and creating permanent defensive shields in the walls, giving a notched appearence
a style of architecture developed in northern France that spread throughout Europe, characterized by slender vertical piers and counterbalancing buttresses and by vaulting and pointed arches
The first artistic style to be influenced by Sigmund Freud was
Taliesin West
was architect Frank Lloyd Wright's winter home and school in the desert from 1937 until his death in 1959 at the age of 91. Now a school for architects, open to public for tours.
separate pages of vellum or parchment bound together at one side; the predecessor of the modern book.
Pearlstein, Female Nude on Chief's Blanket, 1976.
paint medium where proteins are used as a binder. has clear color dries quickly and has a uniform surface
george segal
did people made out of plaster.
-cinema 1963
-diner 1964-66
-subway 1968
-sidney janis with mondrian painting 1964
city where most of renaissance tool place
a flat slab forming the uppermost member or division of the capital of a column, above the bell. Its chief function is to provide a large supporting surface (wider than the capital) to receive the weight of the arch or the architrave above.
van Dyck
Artist who did Charles I Dimounted
a style of representation based on close observation of the natural world
A canopy over an alter or thrown
Egyptian.the falcon- He was the son of Isis and Osiris, shown with the double crown of Upper and Lower Egypt. The pharaohs were thought to represent Horus on earth.
Albrecht Durer
-first artist outside Italy to become an international art celebrity
-personally acquainted w/many of the leading humanists and artists of his time
-famous for mastering the graphic arts and printmaking
-trained as a goldsmith by his father thus developing an extraordinary proficiency in engraving tools
-Melancholia I 1514 engraving
Cloisonne Masonry
An enamel technique in which metal wire or strips are affixed to the surface to form the design.
: a 'great room' or large audience hall in a Mycenaean
Stele of Hammurabi
First time specific laws outlined based on classes
Higher class - fine
Lower class - physical punishment
Hammurabi is standing
Shamash is seated and bigger than Hammurabi
Hammurabi conversing with god about law
Composite pose
sculpture which has 4-D in that is literally moves, due to shifts in balance
gustav klimt (depicted image is hope wich is similiar to the kiss)
The Kiss
Aerial Perspective
Showing depth by making the distant objects, hazy and bluish
The tall, cylindrical part of a column between the capital and the base.
the band of color produced when white light passes through a prism
Greek "ruler of all." Christ as ruler and judge of heaven and earth.
Name, Artist, "-ism"
Falling Water House, Frank Lloyd Wright, American Regionalism
a color that as been made dark by having black or another dark hue added to it
Art style that consisted of a grid of vertical and horizontal black lines and the use of the three primary colors
a vault of even curvature erected on a circular base. the section can be segmental, semicircular, pointed, or bulbous.
canopic jar
the container in which organs of the deceased were stored for later burial with the mummy
Ara Pacis Agustae
(Early Empire) Monument est. his most important achievement- establishment of peace. 4 panals depict mythological subjects
name, material, culture?
Ara Pacis Augustae (Altar of Augustan Peace)marbleRoman
Fit for Active Service
George Grosz, 1916-1917. Pen and brush and ink on paper, 1' 8" x 1' 2 3/8".
Man in a Red Turban
Jan Van Eyck; 1430; North; (self-portrait); Oil on wood
Parthenon, Iktinos and Kallikrates, 447-438 BCE
trying to create perfect beauty, harmonic proportions, figural reliefs in metopes
Name/Time Period/Artist (if applicable) {pg.61}
The Great Sphinx of Khafre/Old Kingdom (Egypt)/ [none]
*Selt taught artist
*Women on left
*Men on right
*Flat, no dimentionality
Joseph B. Moore and His Family. 1839.
by Erastus Salisbury Field (2.62)
Akhenaton, Nefertiti, and Three Daughters
Akhenaton - only worship sun god Aton (disk)
Moved capital
More curvilinear, individualized
Figures more elongated to appear graceful
Amaran style
Woman holding a bison horn, from Laussel ("Venus of Laussel"), ca. 25,000-20,000 BCE. Painted limestone.
Pose is not definitive, holding a horn, other hand on belly, woman looks older
Mona Lisa
Sunken Relief
Fang Mask
painting on stone
The Parthenon
Ancient Greece
Parewahawaha Marea,20th century,Bulls,New Zealand,Maori Art
Baroque in Holland
Between the Light
Wassily Kandinsky
ornamental, highly regimented flowerbed
Ashurbanipal Hunting Lions
Assyrian Period
vertical channels within columns
Robert Smithson
Spiral Jetty
Earth Art
Madonna with the Long Neck
what party is daniel inuoye
Chariot procession of Septimius Severus, Libya, Ca. 200 CE
Titian Venus of Urbino 1538
Greek statue that exhibitms emotion
A painting in 3 panels.
Venus, Cupid, Folly and Time
Akhenaten & His Family (Nefertiti)
from Akhetaten (modern Tell el-Amarna)
18th Dynasty
1348-1336 BCE
painted limestone
sunken relief
12.4" x 15.25"
art - more informal
elevated role of Queen
Tamamushi Shrine
ca. 650, Hakuho Period.
What is tarashikomi?
Wet on wet technique
Jennifer Bartlett
"One-foot square enameled steel plates"
Cezanne- The Great Bathers (French Post Impressionism)
Hermes and the Infant of Dionysos,Praxiteles, from the Temple of Hera, 340 BC, marble, Greek Classical
Germain Boffrand (French): The Salon de la Princesse in the Hôtel de Soubise (Paris), 1732
*Rococo Art
time period of the high renaissance
Huron: wampum belt. 1611
by Anonymous (1.43)
Based on images originating in dreams,nightmares, and other unconscious fantasies, where the logic of the ordinary world is violated, and on Freud's claim that the "royal road" to the unconscious is through dreams.
Examples: Dalí and Magritte.
archaic greek sculpture of standing male
any of the military expeditions undertaken by the Christians of Europe in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries for the recovery of the Holy Land from the Muslims.
in Mesopotamia, a tall stepped tower of earthen materials, often supporting a shrine.
an art movement focused on fundamental geometric forms (in particular the square and circle) which formed in Russia in 1915-1916.
painted dots, color theory, how many dots do you need? Do not overlap.
a panel, painted or sculpted, situated above and behind an altar
Rosenquist, 1, 2, 3, Outside, 1963.
the amount of pigment and therefore color aka saturation
claes oldenberg
exhibition green gallery, 1962 ny
free stamp in cleveland 1982-92- had to be moved the first time
In what country did the renaissance mainly occur?
half-round panel that fills the space between the lintle and arch over the doorway of the church.
Artist who did The Well of Moses
Usually, the front of a building; also, the other sides when they are emphasized architecturally.
An arrangement of huge stones in a circle; also called a henge.
Jan Vermeer
a Dutch painter of the interior domestic scenes whose mastery of light and quiet placed him above the ordinary genre scenes of 17th century,
leonardo da vinci. madonna and child with saint anne
c 1503-06
Storming of the Bastille prison, sparking revolution
July 14, 1789
- Drawing to be the external physical manifestation of an internal intellectual idea of a design.
post and lintel
a construction technique where two uprights support crosspieces
DADA or Dadaism
It participants ridiculed what they considered to be the meaninglessness of the modern world and rejected the prevailing standards of art
Axis Line
Imaginary line that shows movement or direction
Animal style
a style that dominated the arts, displaying an impressive array of serpents, four legged beasts, and squat human figures. In the fifth Century,
Duchamp, The Bride Stipped Bare By her Bachelors Even 1910's
example of display of stigmata
Bonaventura Berlinghieri's "St. Francis" year: 1235; Italo-Byzantine/Maniera-greca style
vanishing point
position on a horizon where near and far things seem to come together.
Interlacing patterns
forms and shapes that often weave and interlace into complex motive shapes and designs
Statues all tend to have same body, no attempt to individualize--and immortal body, eternal. Not just a human being, a god
Ionic order
one of the systems of the Greek temple: characterized by volutes, capitals, columns with bases, and uninterrupted frieze
Inuit art was typically made for what purpose?
religious needs
In a mosque , the pulpit on which the imam stands.
what are the three cultures in the Aegean sea and on the Greek mainland?
Cycladic, Minoan, Mycenaean
Grunewald, Isenheim Altarpiece, 1510-1515
in a monastic hospital, panels depict suffering and disease but also miraculous healing, hope, and salvation
Title: The Palette of Narmer (front), Date: 1st dynasty,3000 BCE, Material: slate, Measurements: height: 63.5 cm, Description: From Hierakonpolis, Kom el-Ahmar, other info: goddess hawtor is a cow(divine mother of pharaoh), papiorus is a symbol of lower E
the palette of narmer front
greek- pediment, columns around building, cella, porch, orders, pediment
etruscan- only front stairs, podium, frontility
in the temple of portunas, what are the greek and etruscan influences?
Paleolithic era: Human with feline head, ca. 30,000-28,000 BCE. Mammoth ivory,
a zoomorph = human with animal like features
points to the idea of human being one with natural world
Sigmar Polke
Rouen Cathedral
central plan
minimart art
minimal everything
Notre-Dame Paris. 1163CE
entrance into temple
pilgrimage to mecca
Great BathersPost Impressionism
to be like
être ressemblant
Battle of San Romano
Impressionism, cropped, implies movement, typical middle class contemporary life, greenish skin color. painted Le Moulin de la Galette
Kritos boy
early classical- 480
Ti watching hippo Hunt
Sistine Ceiling (Genesis) 1508-1512
& The David 1501- 1504
& Last Judgement 1536-1541
dome in a square tower
Monet, "Impression: Sunrise", France, Late 19th c.
Theater, Polykleitos, 350 BC, Epidauros, Greek
simplified pictures standing for words
Isenheim Altarpiece
Grunewald, Germany, High Renaissance
In architecture, a beehive tomb
fenstrated (arrangement of windows) part of building; rises above roofs.
archaic Greek sculpture of standing female
Great Stupa Sanchi
100 BCE (Buddhist India)
Honore Daumier
Rue Transnonain, The Third-Class Carriage
seperate space placed perpendicular to nave aisle
Barrel Vault
Semicylandrical in cross-section, is in effect a deep arch or uninterrupted series of arches are behind the other over an oblong space
q, ornamental stonework for holding stained glass in place
Artist: Judd, Period: Late Modernism, Movement: Minimalism
The Christian ceremony of re-enacting Christ's last supper
the act of representing something (usually on a smaller scale)
apotropaic- Capable of warding off evil.
Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2
Marcel Duchamp
(Alexandros) Aphrodite, Venus de Milo, Ca. 200 BCE
Hellenistic Period
"Ballet Rehearsal"
Degas. 1874. France. 19th Century Impressionism. Reveals fascination with photography.
High Brow
person having or affecting highly cultivated intellectual tastes, sophisticated, involved, educated in intellectual activities or pursuits
33-45: MAX ERNST, Two Children Are Threatened by a Nightingale, 1924. Oil on wood with wood construction, 2' 3 1/2" high, 1' 10 1/2" wide, 4 1/2" deep. Museum of Modern Art, New York (purchase).
strong animal depicted in paleo and neolithic
the visual aspects of a painting (color, line, spacial devices, light, etc.)
Chardin was accepted into the Royal Academy in what year?
New England Sea View - Fish House
Return of human figures to Greek art
neolithic- From the Greek neo-new and lithos- stone; New Stone Age c. 9000-2000BC. Age, during which humankind produced the first art objects beginning ca. 30,000BC.
develop late mid. ages. followers of St. Francis. concerned with making Jesus personal
Ewer w/ lid
Korea, Koryo per. ca. 1100-1150.
Georges de La Tour, Magdalen with the Smoking Flame, ca. 1640
E: on iron, Cu plates
D: diamond tip, scribing
P: Permanent
E: wax
single scale
one system for determining the sizes of figures and/or objects in a work of art used consistently throughout—e.g. if a one-foot figure in the work of art stands for a six-foot man in the real world, this size relationship is consistently applied throughout the work (thus, all objects and/or figures "make sense" in comparison to one another)
wide molding with a Greek key pattern that joins pilasters and divides wall into two horizontal sections- ch.6
Serra, One-Ton Prop (House of Cards), 1969.
One of the two systems (or orders) invented in ancient Greece for articulating the three units of the elevation of a classical building-the platform, the colonnade, and the superstructure (entablature). The Doric order is characterized by, among other features, capitals with funnel-shaped echinuses, columns without bases, and a frieze of triglyphs and metopes.
Ishtar Gate
Babylonian monument that uses the arch and glazed tiles
some sort of structure in the wall that marked where paintings hung in palaces.
analytic cubism
The first phase of Cubism, developed jointly by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, in which the artists analyzed form from every possible vantage point to combine the various views into one pictorial whole.
the study of a group of representative pictures or symbols
Period: OttonianStyle: hierarchy of scale, comic-book like figures, 2D, architectural structure to show indoors, orb signifies royalty, monk signifies support of the churchPurpose: to be used in mass or for personal scripture study
St. Sernin, Toulouse, France
The Gattamelata Equestrian Monument, Donatello
c1450's (early). famous general, bronze
Abbey Church of St Denis
Paris, France; Early French Gothic
A room used to make various types of art, such as painting, pottery, clay, and sculpture.
Abstract Expressionism
Abstract art meant to appeal to the emotions.
rib vault
a vault in which the diagonal and transverse ribs compose a structural skeleton that partially supports the masonry web between them
Period: English GothicLocation: London, EnglandArchitects: Robert and William VertueDesign: See below
Interior of Chapel of Henry VII
alexander the great
who was the macedonian king who spread greek culture?
William Holman HUNT
the most religious of the PRB. "the awakening conscience" Woman lured into apartment through young man with "easy morals" hes playing the piano to seduce her. She is looking at the window and hearing a bird scene. She is awakening to what is happening and thinking of home and mother. Prostitution in the 19th century.
Room is cluttered with objects of cheap consumerism. Window is salvation. Cat and mouse depicts the situation she is in. the clock represents the urgency . density of objects and figures eliminated contouring and patterning that the PRB hated
Celtic Cross
a cross that has a circle around it;s four arms. Were used to denote monastery boundaries mark hallowed ground where mass would be celebrated.
interior France 1700 extensively elegant ornamental
Rococo: A style, primarily of __ design. that appeared in __ around __. Interiors were __ decorated and included __ furniture, small sculpture, __ mirrors, easel paintings, tapestries, reliefs, and mural painting.
Guggenheim Museum- Frank Gehry. 1992
its unique forms and vocabulary make it impossibel to establisha ny sepcific meaning or arhcitectural refernces. strcture is an exploration of the abstract sculptural play of enormous volumes, and it shows clearly the architects pure delight in arhcitectural freedom.
Purse Cover From Sutton Hoo
Saxon Culture - 600 Ce - Suffolk England - Made of Gold, Glass - Found in Ship Burial of King - Technique: Cloisonne - Styles/ Designs come from: Late Roman/Barbarian Animal Style - Birds Symbolize King as warrior
HOw to explain pictures to a dead hare- Joseph Beuys. 1965
performance was about the meaningless of conventiaonal picture making, art that had to be explained, and about the need to replace it with a more spiritual and natural form of commnication, an art the meaing of which culd be felt by a viewer rather than inderstood intellectually. . performance was designes to create a magical art that woudl cause poeple to invest thier own lives with spirituality.
Geometric Period
Prophet Zuccone
Dutch Baroque
Alexander Rodchenko
Advertisement: Books!
capable of walking
5th century BC
The Banjo Lesson
Church of Saint-Etienne
Father: Orazio
Judith Beheading Holoferres
Cathedral Modena
Italy: Wiligelmus; Romanesque
Beaked Kamares Jug
1800 BC
Rothko, Blue Red Orange
Another name for City-State
Frances Bacon, Painting, 1946, Postware Expressionism
elements and principle of art
A vertical free-standing masonry support
Saint Matthew and the Angel
horizontal line at eye level
Nonchaloir (Repose) 1911
by John Singer Sargent (5.40)
In classical architecture, the triangle space (gable) at the end of a building, formed by the ends of the sloping roof above the colonnade; can also mean an ornamental feature having this roof. In Classical Greek temples, the portals were covered by a pediment.
Barnett Newman, Vir Heroicus Sublimis, 1950-1951
painting that applies the pigment thickly so that brush or palette knife marks are visible
Ara Pacis Augstae, Ca. 100 BCE
Prairie House Style
Horizontal lines,flat roofs,reinforced concrete walls,cantilever support
To conform an artistic representation to the rules of a conventional style.
Notre Dame Chartres+ jamb statues
1220 Gothic
Lipstick Ascending on Caterpillar Tracks
Oldenburg 1969-74
a sculpture having fixed units (usually constructed of sheet metal) and attached to a fixed support
Southwest kiva
a large circular semi-subterranean structure
Descent from the CrossArtist: Rogier van der WeydenMedium: oil on woodemotional contentheavy angular draperiesMary and Christ have same S-shapeno planes NetherlandsEarly Renaissance
Nude woman (Venus of Willendorf), from Willendorf, Austria, ca. 28,000-25,000 BCE. Limestone, 4 1/4" high. Naturhistorisches Museum, Vienna. (Paleolithic)
a high-fired ceramic ware made of white kaolin-rich clay. the process was invented and perfected in China
the well of moses
claus sluter 1395 1406
an image that symbolizes an idea, concept, or principle, often moral or religious
Hellenistic Greek
centers on emotion; more diverse subject; scenes of domestic life and regular people
Caroline minuscule
The alphabet that Carolingian scribes perfected, from which the modern English alphabet was developed
Byzantine emperor who was known for restoring and building churches and influencing art and architecture
area of a church designed to accommodate the liturgical singers, located in the chancel, between the nave and the altar
Dying Gaul
Roman Copy of Greek Bronze
Original, ca 340 BCE
a monument, vertical in style, small or large, that contained writing or pictures to commemorate or record something
Charlotte Corday
Responsible for the assassination of Jacobin leader Jean-Paul Marat, who was partly responsible for the Reign of TerrorExample: Jacques-Louis David \"Death of Marat\"
In a Gothic cathedral , the blind arcaded gallery below the cleredtory, occasionally the arcades are filled with stained glass.
guaranty (prudential) building
louis henry sullivan, 1894-1896, new york, america
La Malinche
She was the interpreter for Cortes. She helped the Spanish make their way into Tenochtitlan.
33-40: OTTO DIX, Der Krieg (The War), 1929-1932. Oil and tempera on wood, 6' 8 1/3" x 13' 4 3/4". Staatliche Kunstsammlungen, Gemäldegalerie Neue Meister, Dresden.
Nile River
the world's longest river in Egypt whose annual floods supported all life in that ancient land
flying buttress-
exterior arches that spring from lower roofs over the aisles and ambulatory. Flying buttresses transfer the thrust of the nave vaults across the roofs of the side aisles and ambulatory to a tall pier rising above church's exterior wall.
The use of sarcasm or ridicule to expose and denounce vice or folly.
Head of Roman Patrician
(Roman Republic Art) Versistic portrait (superrealistic) described personality
the art and science of designing adn constructing structures that enclose space to meet a variety of human needs
a type of art where images are intended to appear real.
Taharqo as a Sphinx, Ca. 700 BCE, Kush in the Sudan
color field painting
artists sought to reduce painting to its physical essence by pouring diluted paint onto unprinted canvases, allowing pigment to soak into canvas. Helen Frankenthaler and Morris Louis
uses a greasy crayon to write on a stone, the wipes water on the stone. The artist then oil based ink onto the stone, presses the paper to the stone and the drawing transfers to the paper.
The fourth style of Roman fresco is described as...
architectural illusionism
This is...
Titre de la peinture : Les Grandes baigneuses
Le peintre : Renoir
La date : 1887
Le mouvement :
La location :
Taille :
Autres choses :
19. Renoir Pierre-Auguste, Les Grandes baigneuses, 1887, huile sur toile, 115 x 170, Philadelphie, Museum of Art.
• Surrat → influencé Renoir → le pointeliste
Relief Panel of Hesy-Ra (no photo)
2660 BC, Old Kingdom
Sluter, Well of Moses, interior of Chartreuse de Champmol, 1385-93
integration b/t new/old testaments
very naturalistic, chooses for a purpose
stresses human-like qualities, brings closer to contact- to better understand
"Self Portrait with a Straw Hat"
Whirlpool of brushstrokes. Expresses himself.
Burial of Count Orgaz
El Greco. Mannerism. Placed son in painting with handkerchief signed by him. Saint Steven and Saint Augustine helped burry him. Uses isocephaly. Deesis. Clouds look like a real substance. The baby represents his soul.
eye in the sky. hole at the top of the dome
Gustave Courbet, The Stone-Breakers,1849
oil on canvas destroyed in WWII, image human size to portray drudgery, political statement through artistic terms of the size of canvas, cant see face so it seems more relatable, "first socialist painting", rejected from salon
Les Très Riches Heures
du Duc de Berry
Limbourg brothers,1413-1416. Ink on vellum,
approx. 8 1/2" x 5 1/2". Musée Condé, Chantilly
the national museum of women in the arts
wilhelmina cole holladay, art by women
to trip
the creator
Pierre-Auguste Renoir
At the Opera
same as cloissonism
a portrait
un portrait
Greek, "arrogant pride."
Kathe Kollwitz
the survivors
Tori Busshi, Shaka Triad
Musee d'art Moderne, 1969
dying gaul. 230. hellenistic.
structure for conveying water
Bonheur, The Horse Fair, 1853
Ecstasy of St. Teresa
Bernini 1642-52
"Chiswick House" by Richard Boyle
David, Gianlorenzo Bernini, 1623, Borghese Gallery, Rome,Italian Baroque Art
Nude Woman (Venus of Willendorf),
Limestone. 28,000-25,000 BCE,
Paleolithic Period
The Great Bathers
Cezanne France Post-Impressionism
A long, wide, center aisle
Greek column capital detailed with volutes, a spiral or scroll shape.
niche that distinguishes the wall oriented towards Mecca
capture feeling and impression versus actual detail, small dot like brushstorkes, ordinary subject matter, unusual visual angles and different uses of light and perception
313 AD. became a recognized religion
MASACCIO, Holy Trinity, Santa Maria Novella, Florence, Italy, ca. 1428. Fresco, 21' x 10' 5".
Jacques de Baerze; Champol Altarpiece; 1394
Douglas Gordon, List of Names, 1990-ongoing
Jan van Eyck (1434 N. Renaissance)
Ornaments based on animals, spirits, reptiles
Darby and Pritchard
Use of Cast Iron
-Not stiff rows but natural hair-Normal toes, more realistic face-Still not a portrait
breathing paint on canvas
Rothko described painting as...
masonry made up of accurately squared stones; laid in regular courses with a smooth face and fine joints
buddha preaching the first sermon
c 465-85 ce
In ancient Rome, wax portraits of ancestors.
Post + Lintel
two vertical posts supporting horizontal lintel
a screen decorated with icons, which separates the apse from the transept of a church
the arrangement of formal elements in an artwork.
A large coffin, generally of stone, and often decorated with sculpture or inscriptions. The term is derived from two Greek words meaning "flesh" and "eating."
POCHADES. These sketches were seen as finished paintings. No need to imrove on nature in the studio. Landscape immediately experienced, no need for tradition, leading to impressionism.
opus modernum
"modern work" referring to the originality of the gothic style
Riace Warrior
Use of hollow-casting bronze. Cire perdue (lost wax)
Embryo in the WombArtist: Leonardo da VinciMedium: Pen and Brown Inkanatomical drawingssynthesis of art and scienceItalyHigh Renaissance
pointed arch
an arch having a pointed apex.
faiyum portrait
mummy portrait of priest of serapis from egypt . color pigment in hot wax=encaustic
continious narration
a type of narrative that illustrates multiple scenes of a narrative within a single frame
synthetic cubism
the movement spread and remained vital until around 1919, when the Surrealist movement gained popularity.
Islam, Muslim
5 Pillars of faith; Islamic= absolute submission to the will of God; Islams=those who submit; one of the fastest growing nations yet
Byzantine Empire
Eastern Roman Empire; main focus - religion; heavy use of symbolism; bright, primary colors on gold background; show the soul; illuminated manuscript
technical properties
media, tools, and equipment used to make a work of art
the portion of a basilica flanking the nave and separated from it by a row of columns or piers
Christ as ruler and judge of heaven and earth
Artist who did The Water Carrier of Seville and Las Meninas
If captured an immensity so large that it could hardly be comprehended by the imagination
Bilateral symmetry
When elements are arranged equally on either side of a central axis.
Bilateral symmetry
Ex: Menkaure and His Wife, Great Pyramids and Giza, Mycenaen Lioness Gate.
The Battle of Issos
This mosaic, 100 BCE Hellenistic, shows Alexander the Great in engaged combat.
a round opening on the ceiling or a painting on the ceiling
Flying Buttress
An arched bridge above the aisle roof that extends from the upper nave wall, where the lateral thrust of the main vault is greatest, down to the solid pier.
Kore (pl. Korai)
Greek, "young woman." An Archaic Greek statue of a young woman.
1) A small chest or casket. 2) A recessed, geometrically shaped panel in a ceiling. A ceiling decorated with these panels is said to be coffered.
international gothic
a phase of Gothic art which developed in Burgundy, Bohemia, France and northern Italy in the late 14th century and early 15th century. In this period, artists and portable works such as illuminated manuscripts travelled widely around the continent, creating a common aesthetic among the royalty and higher nobility and considerably reducing the variation in national styles among works produced for the courtly elites.
Spotted horses from Pech-Merle
Pech-Merle, France, ca 22000 BCE paleolithic

memento mori
a reminder (as a death's head) of your mortality
Theater of Marcellus
Rome, Italy; 13-11 BCE; named for the nephew of Augustus; could originally seat 11,000; employs technique of opus reticulatum, in which a diamond-shaped pattern is created
A cheap type of paper that is used for practice and planning drawings. It is also used to print the News on.
what is the sig for Palette?
unification of upper and lower Egypt
"__", detail of Miniature __Fresco, from Room 5, West House, Akrotiri, Thera (Cyclades), Greece, ca. 1650 BCE. Fresco
Minoan art because of __ and __ life
"Flotilla", detail of Miniature Ships Fresco, from Room 5, West House, Akrotiri, Thera (Cyclades), Greece, ca. 1650 BCE. Fresco
Minoan art because of nature and aquatic life
Primitive art in art in Africa
the artist influenced by primitive art from Africa
1. Gauguin(French 1848-1903)
2. Picasso(Spanish 1881-1973)
3. Cubists, Kirchner(German 1880-1938)
4. German expressionist
Interior of the Tai-an Teahouse, Myokian temple, yamazaki.
by Sen no rikyu. Ca 1582. Momoyama Per.
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