Art History Quiz Flashcards

Terms Definitions
to sit
The Gleaners
Le Desserte
airbrush,paint,shrine, reverence, lush, color, memento-mori, time
Vietnam war ends
Three Folk Musician
high class- 421-405bc
High Renaissance, 1495-1520Michelangelothe Sistine Chapel ceilingfresco
Mrs. Richard Brinsley Sheridan
dynasty of frankish kings
Stella, Lake City, 1962.
Italian, "drawing, design", renaissance artists considered drawing to be the external physical manifestation of an internal intellectual idea of design
maiden, young woman statue
Ghirlandaio, Confermation of the Franciscan Rule, Sassetti Chapel, Santa Trinita, Florence
Kore, Ca. 600 BCE
(Acropolis, Athens)
the gallery of the westwork
forms created to evoke emotions
Honoré Daumier: The Third-Class Carriage, ca. 1863-65
in ancient Mesopotamian architecture, a monumental platform for a temple
a fanciful, particularly clever extended metaphor
Fillipo Brunelleschi, Sacrifice of Isaac, 1400 CE. For the
Florentine Baptistery Bronze Door Competition. Italian,
Renaissance Period. Bronze.
Donatello, David. late 1420s-late 1450s. bronze
Harmony of Interval
Space between two figures
a distinctive feature of mosque architecture, a tower from which the faithful are called to worship
Theodore Gericault
French romantic painter and lithographer, known for The Raft of the Medusa and other paintings. He was one of the pioneers of the Romantic movement.
philosophy emphasizing the worth of the individual, rational abilities of humankind, human potential for good. Came into conflict with the Catholic church. During the Italian Renaissance, lead artists to study Classical art.
Madonna of the Long Neck, Parmigianino, Uffizi, Florence 1535,Mannerism
an apparatus for sending telegraphic messages by using a mirror to turn the sun's rays off and on
david, early italian renaissance, by donatello
Nike alighting on a warship
hellenistic- 190bc
Two of these support a lintel
Portrait of Philip II - Titian
flamboyant Gothic
characterized by a flamboyant (flame-like) arch.
Himeji Castle
Osaka. ca 1581-90. momoyama per.
James Van Der Zee
Couple Wearing Racoon Coats...
The vertical threads in a weaver's loom.
Le Dejeuner sur l'herbe "Lunching in the Grass" , 1863, Manet
Among the Sierra Nevada Mountains, California
Bierstadt, Romanticism
are igneous rock made of mineral grains
Militia Company of Captain Franz Banning Cocqc
Rembrandt, 1642
Piece of art that expresses emotion
Example- Kandinsky's improvisations and compositions
dorthea lange
did photos of the depression
-migrant mother with kids
an ordinary object that, when an artist gives it a new context and title, is transformed into an art object --> ready-mades were important features of the Dada and Surrealism movements of the early 20th century - ex. Marcel Duchamp's Fountain
a panel, painted or sculpted, situated above and behind an altar
Artistic or literary work of low quality
ancient city southeast of Naples that was buried by a volcanic eruption from Vesuvius
Abby Churce of St.-DenisStockstad figure 16-4
Early GothicIle-de-France, France1140-44 CE
a school of design established by Walter Gropius in Weimar in 1919, best known for its designs of objects based on functionalism and simplicity.
Middle Kingdom
2000-1700 B.C. A change in the political hierarchy of Egypt. as the power of the pharaohs was threatened by powerful landowners.
two minutes of spray paint directly upon the floor from a standard aerosol spray can
lawrence weiner
Portals at the four cardinal points of a stupa
deification of a person or thing. In art, often shown as an ascent to heaven or glory, borne by an eagle, angels, or putti (a plumped naked little boy with wings, cupid)
Geometric Period
c.800-700 BC
1st stage coming out of Dark Age
Characteristics of Postmodernism
Pluralism- acceptance of many styles, views, forms, etc.
Barbara Kruger (heart) and Cindy Sherman (heart)
Importance of context as if affects how we understand things
Questioning of genius, skill, originality, and the avant garde through appropriation
Use of "new" media including video, digital photography, and computer animation.
Greek, "ruler of all". Christ as ruler and judge of heaven and earth
La Goulue Entering the Moulin Rouge
Lautrec France Post-Impressionism
crayon used on surface gives tones to specific places on surface
the situation in which an artwork is seen
Bull Jumping, wall paintingWall painting (with modern reconstruction)Stockstad figure 4-15wasp waist, pail women, dark men, linear, flat
Aegean ArtKnossos, Crete1450-1375 BCE
a carved block of wood from which prints are made.
Cubist Monochrome
the reduction of the cubist palette to ochres, grays, whites, used non-empirically as structural color
Synthetic Cubism
a later phase of Cubism in which paintings and drawings were constructed from objects and shapes cut from paper or other materials to represent parts of a subject, in order to engage the viewer with pictorial issues
Mosque Mecca
The place that reflects the house of god on earth. "Sacred House" The haji or pilgramage to mecca. The kaaba is inside.
composite figure
a figure combining the body parts of different animals or humans.
Cast-iron, steel, glass--new possibilities in architecture
Advancements in the 19th century allowed larger, stronger, more fire-resistant structures with vast enclosed spaces
Victory Stele of Naramisn
Depicts god-like sovereignty the kings of Akkad claimed; Commemmorated his defeat of Lullubi
idealist image (idealism)
treatment of subject matter in a work of art in which a mental conception of beauty or form is stressed, characterized usually by the selection of particular features of various models and their combination into a whole according to a standard of perfection.
PIETRO DA CORTONA, Glorification of the Papacy of Urban VIII, Palazzo Barberini, Rome, Italy, 1633-1639.
"illusionistic ceiling" common in baroque architecture, makes ceilings seem to open up. Made for the family of the pope (Urban the Eighth.)
Salon de la Princess
Germain Boffrand. in Hotel de Soubise. Paris France, 1732
-typical of the delicacy and lightness seen in French Rococo hotel designs in 1730's
Enter your front text here.
Arab attacked by Lion, Delacroix, 1849. Again is orientalism. Romantic
Use of blue color for shadow
Second of five characteristics of Impressionists
Out comes of Black Death?
The black death was a plague that spread across Europe killing 50% - 60% of the population in the late 1340's. The result of this epidemic had influenced all aspects of life including: realignment of societies preconceived social structures, religious beliefs and artists perception of the time.
Bronze Doors of St. Michaels Church
Style: Ottonian - 11th Century - CityL Hildesheim - Bishop Bernward designer - Inspired by Roman Art - Left door represents Cain and Abel - Right Door shows Life of Christ - Bronze - Style Features emphasizes emotion
oldenburg "clothespin"
Tigris River
Ishtar Gate
hypostyle hall, egy
symbolic hand gestures
Peloponnesian War
431-404 BCE;
Van Gogh, Irises
Incense Burner

113 BCE 

Han Dynasty 

Giovanni Bellini
doge Leonardo loredan
600 BCE Greek Art
period of persecution
O-2nd century
Mere cregoire
whore house
Temple of Inscriptions
Where: Mesoamerica
scenes of daily life, egy
bank of china im pei
almond shaped blue glory thing
(New stone age) Megalithic architecture, Stonehenge, agricultural shift
"burial mound" cut by limestone
Louis XV was Louis XIV's
Necklace around a Gaul's neck.
name, location, culture?
Maison CareeNimes, FranceRoman
Michelangelo, Libyan Sibyl, Sistine Chapel ceiling, 1508-12. Italian, High Renaissance. Fresco, Commissioned by Pope Julius II.
Nativity Scene from Arena Chapel Padua, Scrovegni Chapel
archangel Gabriel announces to the Virgin Mary that she will miraculously conceive and give birth to God's son Jesus
composition made by combining various materials
Persia and German Barbaric invasion
Dioclesian shared power with his three rivals
Ruled without strife until Dioclesian retired
the four tetrarchs
Warka Vase, ca. 3000 BCE. (Sumerian)
Kore from the acropolis.
520. archaic.
rectangular cavities for placement of dead in catacomb galleries
decorative element that divides a column or pier from the masonry which it supports.
the act of representing something (usually on a smaller scale)
the process of pouring melted-down metal or other liquid substances into a mold to harden
a sinuous, spiraling, undulating, or serpentine line or linear motif.
This tall bronze statue is depicted throwing an unknown object
fantasy images, play with your mins, rejection of dada
The fenestrated part of a building that rises above the roofs of the other parts.
Late 19th century movement based on the idea that the artist was not an imitator of nature but a creator who transformed the facts of nature into a symbol of the inner experience of that fact
half man half bull
what is a minotaur?
Figure 3-25 Hypostyle hall, temple of Amen-Re, Karnak, Egypt, 19th Dynasty, ca. 1290-1224 BCE. (New Kingdom)
a graphic technique in which the design in incised, or scratched, on a metal plate
an ornamental sunken panel in a ceiling or dome
a sculpture depicting the head or upper chest of a figure
The creature that suckled Romulus and Remus
Edgar Degas
He painted people in frozen motion
the sensation of observing forms in nature, shadows have colors in them, natural light, trying to capture the image in the moment, valuing every moment throughout the day of the object in different lights, each painter had very unique personal brushstrokes
Pieter Bruegel the Elder. Hunters in the Snow. 1565. oil on panel
double monastery
A monastery for both monks and nuns.
Dora Maar
got together with Picasso after Olga left him
paint made of dry pigments mixed with a binding material
a figure pose which shows the human body twisted usually the shoulders and chest face a different direction than hips and legs.
Texture (represented)
a depiction of actual texture through the use of pigment
Figure 3-23 Interior of the temple of Ramses II, Abu Simbel, Egypt, 19th Dynasty, ca. 1290-1224 BCE. Sandstone, pillar statues 32' high. (New Kingdom)
Continuous Narrative
Portrayal of the same figure or character at different stages in a story that is depicted in a sing artistic space.
the uppermost part of a column or pillar supporting an arch
Dali (Spanish) 1900-1950, -described such paintings as "hand-painted photographs of the unconscious"
The Persistence of Memory
covered walkway with arches on one or both sides
the physical appearance of a work of art - its materials, style, and composition
Name, Artist, "-ism"
Burghers of Calais, Auguste Rodin, Expressionism
one of a number of large stone statues with the body of a lion and the head of a man that were built by the ancient Egyptians
Human figure with Lion Head.
c. 30,000-28,000 BCE, Paleolithic Period. Mammoth Ivory.
Jean-Antoine Watteau
French painter who worked in Paris and had a miserable life, but painted idealized people having a good time
Feminist Art
a rise in artists that were women, generally with a feminist statement
Pilgrimage to Cythera
Watteau. Rococo. Submitted to get into French Royal Academy. Rubeniste painter. Fetes galante.
define: ribbed groin vault
diagonal and tranverse ribs compose structural skeleton in groin vault
A style of art that emerged from the papal court of Avignon is called the ____________ Style because it was created by artists from several different parts of Europe.
International Gothic
Church of St. Philbert
1060. Burgandy France. Vaulted roof in stone with diaphram arches.
Edouard Manet, Olympia 1863
olympia was name from play about prostitutes, flowers are from client, flattened out sketchy, light is harsh, viewer is the cliental, cat is element in corner
Head of Constantine the Great
Roman, Late Empire, early 4th century CE. It was part of a mammoth sculpture of the emperor, consisting of a wooden torso covered with bronze and a head and limbs sculpted from marble.
What is a mosaic?
its the art of decorating a surface with designs made up of closely set, small pieces such as colored stone, glass, or other ceramic.
how are archaic sculptures different than geometric?
they are bigger, still still and selective, braided hair, archaic smile, frontal
what was the legacy that rembrandt left for all artists after him?
his outstanding ability to render the human figure and its emotions.
Many Mansions
Open Window
un pinceau
a brush
Hatshepsut as Sphinx
New Kingdom
Royal Pavilion,
Brighton: artist
c. (or ca.)
neutral colors
black, white, gray
American Gothic, 1930, Wood
representing what is real
The Rehearsal
on Stage: style
Father, Son, Holy Spirit
Spontaneous, free, and speedy execution
Hagia Sophia. Instanbul 532-537 CE
center pier of doors -ch.15
Holy trinity
Massacio; 1425; Italy; Fresco
a period of european history
Nocturne in Black and Gold
paleolithic woman holding bison horn
Proto-Shiva seal
three-prongedd headdress, possible multiple faces, yogic-like posture, possible raised phallus & surrounding animals (deer)
Alexander Calder, Lobster Trap and Fish tail, 1939, surrealism
Pre-Dynastic & Early Dynastic 3500-2575 B.C.
*Chartres Cathedral
Artist:-- Period: High French Provenance: Chartres, France Date: 1194 AD
-First church planned from the beginning with flying buttresses, which made possible the addition of the triforium (the band of arcades between the clerestory and the nave arcade)
-Rectangular nave bays with four-part vaults replace the square bays with six-part vaults
-New system with rectangular unit in the nave, became High Gothic Norm
-Emphasis on West End, two big towers
-Surrounded by big cities, very urban
-French gothic is a very vertical space
A square rectangular open space bounded on three sides by colonnades and on the fourth by a basilica. Acted many roles, religious, commercial, political.
People first began meeting in this forum around 800 BCE at the time of the Roman Republic.
Joe Crow Laws
Institutional segregation. Seperate but equal. Basically legal racism.
Post- Impressionism
Cezanne, Gauguin, Van Gogh, Seurat
Term to describe the development of French art after Manet and the Impressionist movement. Continued using vivid colors, thick application of paint, distinctive brush strokes, and real-life subject matter, but they were more inclined to emphasize geometric forms, to distort form from expressive effect, and to use unnatural color.
- pointillism or divisionism
- Pont Aven School
- Symbolism
- The Avant-Garde
"little dyer," Venetian painter who came after Giorgione and Titian, "The drawing of Michelangelo and the color of Titian", people said he had a pencil of gold, silver, and iron
The Portal of Rouen Cathedral (soleil), harmony in blue and gold
Giovanni Battista Gaulli, Triumph of the Name of Jesus, Il Gesù, Rome, Italy, (1676-1679.) Italian Baroque
Birth of Venus, BOTTICELLI, Early Renaissance, Period, 1482, tempera on canvas.
linear perspective
a method of creating three-dimensionality on a two-dimensional space by use of a horizon line and receding orthogonal lines
an ancient marble or stone coffin, often decorated with artwork and inscriptions
Slave Ship
Turner. Romanticism. Late 18th and Early 19th C.
Vinvent Van Gogh
The Night Cafe, Starry Night
Art Deco
movement that sought to upgrade industrial design and to work new materials into decorative patterns. Streamlined, elongated, symmetrical design
Engraving after Et in Arcadia Ego, Nicholas Poussin, 1655 Louvre, Paris,French Baroque Art
Nicolas Poussin
French painter who combined landscapes of Italy with Greek mythology
new word to express the chaotic, destructive, and irreverent approach they took to art
An artistic movement that sought to capture a momentary feel, or impression, of the piece they were drawing
Bison, Le Tuc d'Audoubert
France, c.50,000- 12,000 BCE
a plain, unornamented lintel on the entrablautre
Lintels 24, 25, Bloodletting, Vision of Lady Xoc
Where: Mesoamerica
Van Gogh

Starry Night
Modern Post Impressionism, Dutch, 1889
Atmospheric Perspective
creation of the illusion of distance by the greater diminution of color intensity
Louis XIV
the style is characterized by weighty brocades of red and gold, thickly gilded plaster molding, large sculpted sideboards, and heavy marbling. In 1682 Versailles was transformed into the official residence of the king; eventually the Hall of Mirrors was built;
columns carved in the form of clothed women raised on pedestals
Revolution of 1848
The Year of Revolutions," Revolutions broke out all across Europe for that year, triggered by the French Revolution. They were all subdued, but they had some sort of long lasting effects. The people were probably upset that they were silenced and they had no voice, that's my guess.
A layer of paint, thinned with a medium, so as to becomes somewhat transparent
1386-1466. He was a giant of a contributor to the renewal of classicism in italian sculpture. There is probably no greater sculptor in talent and skill. Revived equestrian stature and portrait bust. He created the first free-standing nude bronze sculpture and the first giant stature since ancient times. "David" and "Mary Magdelene"
visual Evidence
What is depicted in an art work.
Which artist sought to depict the idealist landscape?
Edwin Church
Gothic court style
where artist start to show gracefulness on the status they create, such as arranging the drapery so that looks curved
Venerated object, body or body part of a saint
the art and culture of ancient Greece between 480 and 323 BCE
an artwork made up of three panels. The panels may be hinged together so the side segments (wings) fold over the central area.
The space enclosed by a lintel and an arch over a doorway.
transverse arch
an arch that connects the wall piers on both sides of an interior space up and over a stone vault
vanishing point
in a perspective system, the point on the horizon line at which orthogonals meet
Upper & Lower Egypt
Two separated places in the Pre-dynastic age, that was "united" Narmer
Portrait of a Princess of the House of Este
Interlace pattern
a woven pattern created in the British Isles
any of a number of trends or movements in the arts and literature developing in the 1970s in reaction to or rejection of the dogma, principles, or practices of established modernism, esp. a movement in architecture and the decorative arts running counter
Title: Ravenna: S. Vitale: Apse Wall Mosaic: Theodora and her court, Date : 526 CE, Culture: Ravenna (Italy)
theodora and her court
The Academy was modeled after what Italian art school?
Academy of Saint Luke
Temple of Hera IStockstad figure 5-9entasis, doric order, post and lentil, peristyle, stylobate, entablature, metope, triglph
Greek Archaic ArtPaestum, Italycirca 550 BCE
Weighing of Souls, St. Lazare, France
GISLEBERTIS, 12th century, symbol of St. John: cockel shell, Eve is the seductive "first sinner", archaic stonework, highly emotive, high shadow effect
Temple of Artemis at Corfu, c. 600-580b BCE
Archaicone of the earliest stone peripteral temples in GreeceReliefs decorated metopes, huge high relief sculptures filled pedimentsMedusa and two panthers serve as temple guardians. Scenes from Trojan War and battle of gods and giants on far ends
How did St. Etinne combine celestial and terrestrial powers?
Used by William of Normandy as a burial place. Repetition of the number 3 in architecture.
Elizabeth Catlett
corinthian columns
Makapansgat pebble
une exposition
an exhibition
Prefabricated mosaics- ch.6
Ca. 590 BC
copy of original
Paxton, Crystal Palace, 1850
Axis line
imaginary, describes movement/direction
1780-1815. French revolution overthrow. Louis XVI monarchy. Urban middle class and national academics.
Plowing in the
Nivernais: style
Sistine Ceiling
Michel Angelo
Wet plaster/freco
Adam & Eve -> Noah's Ark
1348-1336 BC, New Kingdom
eastern end of a church
1915-1920. capture movement and modernism
Djoser's Funerary Complex
Early Dynastic Period
2630 BCE
dependant on nile river
-civilization around river
-art and architecture remained relativly consistenet for 3000 years
-most had religious or political purpouses(all intertwined)
a container for keeping relics
Untitled (Collage with Squares Arranged according to the Laws of Change)
islamic building for collective worship
Represents? Special Features?
Chinese Horse
Paliolithic/Old Stone Age
Subject: Horse
Style: Bloated belly, small head to represent fertility, no foreground/background. Naturalistic: orange, brown, rust colors; not detailed lines
Technique: painting on a cave wall (blood, dirt, etc.)
Composition: Central subject in space, spear-like techtiform superimposed above.
Content: Pregnancy, fertility, human awareness of life, spear marks signify human presence and the necessity of food, used for magical and spiritual purposes to ensure a good hunt (techtiform may represent the thing used to kill the animals (spear?))
Intermediary: Coping device between the physical and the unknown.
Knicks and gouges in the piece probably made by arrows or stones thrown at the wall.
David Em, Nora, 1979, new media
Notre Dame
1163-1270; Paris; half Romanesque, half Gothic(flying buttresses); rose window
the morning bath
edgar degas. 4q19th. pastel.
Out of the Web
Jackson Pollock, 1949
Characteristics of Realism
Representation of modern life/contemporary experiences. Naturalistic representation consistent with actual experience. Consideration of contemporary social issues/ the democratic treatment of life. Influence of photography.
during the hellentisitc period, the greeks are cosmopolitan and united through what?
Oldenburg, Ice Bag 1970's (Soft sculpture and Monuments)
Primitive form of the pendentive, built out of an angle
Portrait of the Artist's Sisters Playing Chess
a linear skeleton which provides support for other materials.
Venus of Urbino, TITIAN, High Renaissance Period, 1538, oil on canvas.
art movement developed between 1520 and 1600 with favored distortion and emotion to the calm of the High Renaissance in order to reflect the religious climate
Delian League
Deffensive alliance; all city states gave money to in order to become allies incase of war
any color mixed with black or complimentary color
venice 16th century
republic(Doge), wealth(trade), ties w/ Byzantine empire, contact w/ east, climate
a paint consisting of pigment mixed with melted beeswax- ch.5
Man in a House Beneath a Cliff,Shitao,ink and color on paper,Chinese Art
radial balance
elements arranged equally around a center point
Lange, Migrant Mother 1930's (New Deal WPA programs: FSA Documentary photography)
Post Impressionism
incorporated but went beyond boundies of impressionism
a printmaking method in which the image to be printed is drawn on a limestone, zinc, or aluminum surface with a special greasy crayon
Linbourg Brothers
book of hours; a prayer book
"Brown, Blue, Brown on Blue" Mark Rothko 1953 (Abstract Expression) Color Field Painting
Why: spiritual shield for their health and well-being. The more popular designs were of animals, nature, and general life symbols
Ashurbanipl Hunting Lions
North Palace of Ashurbanipal,Nineveh, Iraq, 645-640 BCE Assyrian

Column Capital
forms the crowning member of the column
Act Up
stands for AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power.
the practice of giving jobs to loyal supporters,
A painting or sculpture of the Virgin Mary holding and mourning over the dead body of Jesus
Chartes Cathedral
A Cathedral that was considered the symbol of the era. It took two centuries to create, was accidently burnt down, but the townspeople were persistant enough to build it up again. EXAMPLE OF HIGH GOTHIC ERA
fire burned clay or earth matter; used in reference to type of materials used in pre-historic art.
one of the 6 schools of yoga philosophy
flamboyant style
a late Gothic style of architecture supersceding the Rayonnant style and named for the flamelike appearance of its pointed bar tracery
rope around a name that represents the pharaoh's ruling over everything under the sun
a porch or vestibule of a church, generally colonnaded or arcaded and preceding the nave
____ became the king of Egypt, and killed Cyrus.
Improvisation 28 (second version)
Vasilly Kandinsky, 1912. Oil on canvas, 3' 7 7/8" x 5' 3 7/8".
Plate Tracery
a solid stone block which was carved so the glass could be embedded
The Opening of the Fifth Seal of the Apocalypse
A basic unit, such as the measure of an architectural member.
The kiss-gustav klimt.1907
reflecting his own life(the model was his lover) the theme is symbolist-inspired and relates directly to an 1897 painting by Munch of the same title.
fertile crescent
ancient area from Nile to Tigres and Euphrates
relief sculpture
projection of a figure from the plane on which it is formed
George Dyer
in 1964, he met 39-year old who was burgling his apartment. The relationship was stormy and in 1971, on the eve of Bacon's major retrospective at the Paris Grand Palais, Dyer committed suicide in the hotel room they were sharing, overdosing on barbiturates.
En plein air
"in the open air." French term for painting outside.
a space presented as a work of art to be entered, explored, experienced and reflected upon.
Golden Age of Pericles
mid 5th c BC in Athens, historians give this name to this period to recognize the great strategos Pericles
When did King Khafre rule?
During the old kingdom, dynasty 4 c. 2570-2544
Donatello's long career as a sculptor in a broad variety of media established him as one of the most successful and admired sculptors of the Italian Renaissance. Give two specific examples of his works and discuss them in detail.
St. George is one of the pieces commissioned by the armorers and swords guild. At the time it was an advertisement for the guilds trade because he was carrying a sword and had armor on. St. George is in a contrapposto pose, with a fierce expression. Another sculpture was the one of David that was the 1st free standing bronze that is portrayed as a young boy. It stands for Florance's citizens resolve to oppose tyrants.
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