the odyssey vocab Flashcards

Terms Definitions
incessant
uninterrupted
lofty
high
vaunt
boast
conspicuous
standing out
covert
secret, concealed
carrion
decaying flesh
profusion
large supply, abundance
Discernment
Acuteness Of Judgment(Noun)
adversity
hardship; great misfortune
lucid
easily understood, mentally sound
current
stream in the ocean
nocked
fitted to the bowstring
rebuke
to criticize sharply; reprimand
begrudge
envy the possession of something
titanic
of great size or strength
stealth
secret or sneaky action or behavior
Melanthius
Treacherous goatherd who supports the suitors
abominably
in an extremely unpleasant or disgusting manner
ardor
warmth or heat of emotion; extreme force, vigor, or energy
vigilance
the process of paying close and continuous attention
gorge
throat and jaws of a greedy, all devouring
Summary of Book 12
Back to Aeaea, buries elpenor (crewman), sleeps with circe, she gives him advice: first sirens, plugs ears, binds himself to mast to resist them, Schylla and charybdis next, schylla takes 6 men, then to helios' island and he wants to avoid it but is convinced to let his crew rest, enough provisions to last for a month but the weather is unrelenting and they get hungry, he goes off and naps, crewmen eat the cattle, zeus makes storm that consumes entire crew but odysseus, back to charybdis, narrowly escapes, and eventially lands in ogygia, calypso's island
Who was Demodacus?
A bard in Phaeacia, blind, inspired by muse
Summary of Book 9
Odysseus begins his tale: from troy to Ismarus (city of cicones) which they plunder, to the lotus-eaters that make some lose all thoughts of getting home, then to cyclops land, find a cave full of goats and cheese and milk, it's polyphemus's and he returns, odysseus gets him drunk on wine, the whole "nobody" incident, blinds him with the sharpened staff, escape under sheep the next day, calls to land once they escape and reveals his name, polyphemus has his dad (poseidon) curse odysseus
winsome
Attractive
whetted
sharpened
revelry
merrymaking
regalia
clothing
Icarius
Penelope's father
Ewe
Female sheep
contender
a fighter
Scylla
six-headed monster
Entrails
internal organs
tempestuous
turbulent, stormy
Adversary
enemy, opponent
fawned
behave affectionately
sumptuous
costly, rich, luxurious
desolation
lonely grief; misery
Cyclops
one eyed monster
Libations
offering to deity,
Insolent
disrespectful; deliberately rude
Headlands
Cape, peninsula, cliff
Penelope
Wife of Odysseus
Telemachus
son of Odysseus
heralded
announced or publicized
baffle
to frustrate or confuse
Boisterous
Rough and stormy, violent
Teem
Verb
move in large numbers
prowess
noun ability, skill, expertise
Lout
An awkward, stupid person
Shade
Ghost / mental representation
incredulity
in able to believe
brimstone
sulphur, fuel of hell-fire
callow
lacking experience of life
Dissemble
conceal under a false appearence
Demodocus
blind singer of the Phaeacians
laertes
odysseus' father- killed eupeithes (antinous' father)
Versatile
having great diversity or variety
Who is Odysseus' loyal wife?
Penelope
book 12
They visit the underworld
69. Lucid
easily understood; completely intelligible or comprehensible
irrepressible
impossible to restrain or control
Calypso
The goddess of the sea.
Theme
a subject of discourse, discussion, meditation, or composition; topic
inexorable
that cannot be influenced by persuasion or entreaty/ cannot be altered
chattels
movable piece of property eg slave
zeal
enthusiastic devotion to a cause, ideal, or goal
harmonious
exhibiting accord in feeling or action
brazen
Marked by flagrant and insolent audacity; Having a loud, usually harsh, resonant sound
ponderous
heavy in a clumsy way, bulky
lithe
flexible, limber; capable of being easily bent
Pylos
city ruled by Nestor (I, 100)
Nausicaa
beautiful daughter of King Alcinous and Queen Arete of the Phaetians. Discovers O on the beach in Scheria
carousal
a jovial, riotous drinking party; boisterous merry making
disdain
to regard or treat with contempt; despise
Suppliant
adj. expressing a humble and sincere appeal to somebody who has the power to grant a request
Concealing information
Fault that Odysseus demonstrates on island of the sun god
Hamper
to restrict the free movement or progress of somebody or something
Odysseus' homeland, to which he is many years in returning is:
Ithaca
compelled
to exert a strong, irresistible force on; sway
epithet
a brief descriptive phrase that points out the traits associated with a particular person or thing
magnanimous
generous in forgiving an insult or injury
Poseidon
-God of the Sea/ Earth Shaker
-hates Odysseus becaue he blinded his son
Tiresias
A Theban prophet who inhabits the underworld. Tiresias meets Odysseus when Odysseus journeys to the underworld in Book 11. He shows Odysseus how to get back to Ithaca and allows Odysseus to communicate with the other souls in Hades.
adept
someone who is dazzlingly skilled in any field
Athena
daughter of Zeus and goddess of wisdom, skills, and warfare who helps her chosen heroes
Quest
A journey that turns into a great adventure with a goal in mind
Aphrodite
Goddess of love and beauty, born from the foam of the sea, laughter-loving, married to Hepphaestus
King Alcinous
King of Phaeacians and the person Odysseus tells his story to
poised
in full control of your faculties / readiness for action
colonnade
a structure composed of a series of arches supported by columns
relent
to give in; as in influence or pressure
renown
the state of being much known and talked of; exalted reputation derived from extensive praise of great achievements.
Eurycleia
The aged and loyal servant who nursed Odysseus and Telemachus when they were babies. She is well informed about palace intrigues and serves as confidante to her masters. She keeps Telemachus's journey secret from Penelope, and she later keeps Odysseus's identity a secret after she recognizes a scar on his leg.
Arete
Nausikaa's mother, O has to get her to like him in order for him to be able get help to get home
Odysseus
The hero of the Odyssey, known for his fighting skils and his cunning
harried
to torment by or as if by constant attack
maraud
to roam or go around in quest of plunder; make a raid for booty:
Libation
an act of pouring a liquid out to a deity
In about what year was the Odyssey composed?
700 B. C. E.
Why is Telemakhos so impressed with Menelaos' palace?
It's very luminous with bronze, gold, amber, silber, and ivory; believes this is what the court of Zeus looks like; elegant/ expensive
Blandishment
flattery
swarthy
dark-colored
trmulous
trembling
cope
struggle
victuals
food
mammoth
enormous (size)
beguiling
charming; pleasing
hubris
excessive pride
Travail
painful effort
stately
dignified, majestic
rogue
dishonest person
vex
to irritate, annoy
Eumaeus
swineherd of Odysseus
Charybdis
* giant whirlpool
Veered
to change direction
beeves
plural of beef
avenge
to take vengeance
vexation
discomfort or distress
styx
river in the underworld
Circe
beautiful wich-goddess; transforms Odysseus' crew into pigs when they land on her island. w/ Hermes' help resists her powers; becomes her lover for a year
mutinous
adj rebellious, insubordinate, revolutionary
Surfeit
An excess or abundance
Mauldin
foolishly; often tearfully, sentimental
indignation
feeling of righteous anger
gluttons
excessive eater, voracious animal
skirmish
a minor short-term fight
Homer
9th-century b.c., Greek epic poet
Aloft
at or to great height
filigree
delicate and intricate ornamentation (usually in gold or silver or other fine twisted wire)
Irony of Teiresias
prophet is blind
54. Ordain
to destine or predestine
Aegisthus
Lover of Clytemnestra and co-conspirator in Agememnons murder.
Resolution
a solution, accommodation, or settling of a problem, controversy
abhors
to shrink from in disgust, hatred
breach
break through something (army line, wall, etc.) breaking of waves
contingent
dependent on conditions or occurrences not yet established; conditional
whim
a sudden impulse or notion, fancy
foreboding
to indicate the likelihood of, portend; to prophecy or predict
a formally drawn request, often bearing the names of a number of those making the request, that is addressed to a person or group of persons in authority or power, soliciting some favor, right, mercy, or other benefit
petition
Aphrodite, Hephaestas and Mars
love story, cheating
assuage
to make less severe or burdensome
suffice
to meet present needs or requirements; be sufficient
Perplexity
n. something that is difficult to understand, especially because it is complex or part of a complicated whole
Antinous
One of Penelope's main suitors; an arrogant and mean young noble from Ithaca.
When leaving Hades, Odysseus sees his dead _______.
mother
sap
(v) to weaken; exhausted (n) vigor, energetic
myths
stories that use fantasy to express ideas about life that cannot be expressed in realistic terms
Menelaus
King of Sparta, brother of Agamemnon, and husband of Helen, he helped lead the Greeks in the Trojan War. He offers Telemachus assistance in his quest to find Odysseus when Telemachus visits him in Book 4.
Huberous
excessive pride that leads to the downfall
Sirens
The creatures that attempted to lure Odysseus into the rocks with their song; Odysseus passes their island tied to a mst so he can be the only human to be able to claim to have heard their song.
grime
the state of being covered with unclean things
Lotus Eaters
inhabitants of a land of sleep-producing flowers visited by Odysseus and his crew
Archetype
The pattern or model upon which you judge
Nestor
wise old ruler of Pylos who fought with Odysseus at Troy
restitution
a making good for loss or damage; repayment
ply
to join together, as by molding or twisting
shroud
burial garment in which a corpse is wrapped
Cunning
marked by or given to artful subtlety and deceptiveness
Polyphemus
A Cyclops, the son of Poseidon, who's eye was stabbed by Odysseus, which gave Poseidon a reason to seek revenge on Odysseus and prevent him from returning to Ithaca.
Zeus
the most powerful god. His home is on Olympus. Click icon to open your Notebook Ulysses and His Companions on the Island of the Cyclops by Pellegrino Tibaldi
King Agememnon, King Menelaus
Greek kings who fought at Troy
plunder
to rob of goods or valuables by open force, as in war, hostile raids, brigandage, etc.:
Why is this episode important?
To show the importance of family
What does Tiresias warn Odysseus not to harm on his voyage?
the cattle of the sun
What is our first view of Odysseus?
Odysseus is crying, his lifetime was running short due to his many days in exile; he was looking out over sea, his heart groaning and mourning; he is lost at sea!
weariness
tiredness
strife
conflict
retching
vomiting
whet
sharpen
exultant
triumphant
Tumult
Noisy commotion
benison
a blessing
keen
sharp; quick
dire
very serious
Malinger
fake illness
luxuriant
richly abundant
Thrinacia
Island of Helios
Didactic
Teaches a Lesson
revulsion
feel of disgust
raucous
loud and harsh
smite
to hit hard
clarion
clear and shrill:
augury
interpreting signs and omens
Taphian
people ruled by Anchialus
euryalus
phaeachean who challenges odysseus
wiles
tricks used to deceive
adorn
add beauty to; decorate
demur
to hesitate, to delay
no
was Paris a good guest?
Minstrel
Celebrated by singing/ a singer
dissension
Disagreement, sharp difference of opinion
malice
desire to inflict harm, injury
Forlorn
Adj. Lonely and sad; forsaken
cannot be subdued or overcome
indomitable
Catalogs/Genealogies
includes catalogs of characters, equipment, or some other pertinent element of the plot; genealogies for important characters
epic
long, narrative poem which celebrates deeds of legendary heroes
Sisyphus
punished in underworld (rolled rock uphill)
Orestes
son of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra, avenger of his father
Spartan (adj)
exceedingly simple, avoidance of comfort, marked by self-discipline
nymph
(classical mythology) a minor nature goddess usually depicted as a beautiful maiden
Epic Similes
extended comparison between one element or character of the poem and some foreign entity. Highly visual, forces the reader to consider the object of the simile in a new light or helps reveal a secret about the element which would be too complec to detail didactically
Book 22
Odyssesus reaveals himself and slaughteres all the suitors
prosperous
marked by success or economic well-being; enjoying vigorous and healthy growth.
squalid
conditions that result from poverty or being a slob
Died upon seeing Odysseus after many long years
Argus
harbor
give protection (by giving food and shelter); provide a refuge for; hide; keep in mind (thoughts or feelings); Ex. harbor a grudge/criminal; N: place of shelter; refuge
chaos
a state of extreme confusion and disorder
portents
things that foreshadow a coming event : omens, or signs
ornate
marked by elaborate rhetoric or florid style
2 : elaborately or excessively decorated <an ___________ mantle>
The herald placed an __________ lyre in Phemius' hands
laestrygonians
Monstrous cannibal giants who lived in Telepylus. They destroy all of Odysseus' fleet except his own ship and eat all of his men except his crew.
Medon
Ithacan herald who remains faithful to Odysseus and is spared when the suitors are killed (IV, 722)
Gnashed
To grind or strike one's teeth together, especially in rage or pain
Deiphobus
son of Priam, commander in chief of the Trojans after Hector's death, consort of Helen after the death of Paris
Sea monster who pulls men from their boats and eats them
Scylla
conciliate
to reconcile, to pacify, to renew a friendship
what is the name of the witch goddess?
Circe
Ino
A sea nymph who helps Odysseus reach the island of the Phaeacians during the storm in book V. Also known as Leucothoie.
a slow person, especially a person who falls behind
laggard
Consummate
to bring to a state of perfection; fulfil
Iphigenia
Maiden who is sacrificed by her father in order for the Acheans to set sail for Troy
megaron
the central hall of a large Mycenaean house
divination
the art or gift of prophecy (or the pretense of prophecy) by supernatural means
What is the name of the 6 headed monster that ate six of odysseus' men?
scylla
95. How did Odysseus demonstrate physical strength?
Odysseus demonstrates physical strength when he stabs the Cyclops in the eye and when he must cling on to the bottom the sheep for the entire night
The man who fell off Circe's roof and has not had a proper burial
Elepenor
Odyssey by homer
An epic poem attributed to a blind poet, Homer. This is one of the greatest works of literature. The story tells of the adventures and journeys of a Greek hero, Odysseus.
Appease
To bring to a state of peace; to make calm
How many years to get home
Takes Odysseus 10 years to get home
Why does Penelope challenge the suitors?
Her parents are urging her to marry a suitor very soon.
lustrous
shiny
ruddy
pinkish
bereft
deprived
sage
wise
delving
looking for/searching
Melanthios
goatherd, disloyal
pliant
adj. flexible
baleful
deadly, sinister
Dispatched
finished quickly
stamina
staying power, endurance
crags
steep, rocky cliffs
Desist
To cease, abstain
Anticleia
Mother of Odysseus
King of Phaecia
Alcinous
formidable
inspiring, admiration, impressive
mariner
(n) sailor; seaman
Luminous
radiating or reflecting light
Rejoicing
to feel great joy
elucidate
to make clear, explain
Ambrosia
food/nectar of the gods
reverie
absent-minded dreaming while awake
idle
not in active use
Sentient being
having feeling and conscious
restitution (n)
compensation, repayment; restoration of something to its rightful owner
***ignominious***
marked by shame or disgrace
staunch
steadfast in loyalty or principle
disperse
move away from each other
fettle
condition, trim ("in fine fettle")
wretched
(adj) pitiable, pathetic, miserable, or contemptible
Lulled
to cause, to sleep, to rest
resourceful
capable of devising ways and means
reveling
to take great pleasure or delight
callous
adj being insensitive, cruel and/or unsympathetic
Trove
Treasure of unknown ownership, hidden from view; a collection of valuable or delightful things
Paris
Sun of king prium of troy
tyro
novice, a beginner in learning anything
valor
boldness or determination in facing great danger, esp. in battle; heroic courage; bravery:
engendering
to bring into existence; to bread, generate, procreate
surmise
a message expressing an opinion based on incomplete evidence
beguile
to deceive, to mislead, to persuade with charm
Aigisthos
kills Aganmemnon when he returns from war
Portico
(Noun) a structure consisting of a roof supported by columns at regular intervals, typically attached as a porch to a building.
Spar
to box, especially to make boxing motions without hitting
abyss
an immeasurably deep chasm, depth, or voide
snare
a trap for birds or small mammals
affliction
(noun) a cause of or the condition/situation of pain, suffering or distress
innumerable
very many, more than can be counted
endow
to provide with property, income, or a source of income
shied
easily frightened away * timid * to draw back in sudden dislike or distaste
Eurymachus
A suitor who is generally as offensive as Antinous although occasionally he is seen as a considerably lesser evil. After Antinous is slain, he tries to bargain with Odysseus.
Barrow
A frame with handles for carrying a load,
Preside
to be in a position of authority during a gathering
hovered
stayed in or near one place (Mom hovers over me when I do my homework.)
journey
call to adventure --> refusal of the call -->Help --> trials/ struggles (initiation) --> inmost cave --> allies/ enemies --> elixir --> resurrection --> sharing elixir -->home
ambrosia
food of the gods or having delicious flavor
horizon
the line at which the sky and Earth appear to meet
tithe
an offering of a tenth part of some personal income
invocation of the muse
the opening prayer of Homer's Odyssey
discus
one of the games the men play at the party
role of women in the odyssey
Persephone was the reason for odysseus returning home. Anthena sent odysseus on his way home and put hope in odysseus and telemachus' heart. Helen was the reason for the trojan war.
what is the mnemonic device for Odysseus's adventures
the lazy cyclops are crazy so run straight toward COP island.
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