Art History test Flashcards

Terms Definitions
to mix
Belvedere Torso
The Bath
environmentally friendly architect
Woman with Fans
Les Demoiselles d'Avignon
Geometric Krater yr
High Renaissance, 1495-1520MichelangeloPietamarble
Plague House at Jaffa
niche in qibla wall
Estes, Telephone Booths, 1968.
Jean-Antione Watteau
first rococo painter
time before Columbus's voyage
Siphnian Treasury
Greek ionic style temple
Caryatid, Erechtheion, Ca. 500 BCE
a multy story apartment house
Trompel' oeil
image fools the eye
Gianlorenzo Bernini: David, 1623 (19.30
*Italian Baroque Sculpture
a vertical, freestanding masonry support
financial supporter of the arts
Marshalls and Young women
Greek-c.438 BCE
*Lion Gate* --stone --1300-1250 BCE
Paleolithic Era 22000-21000 BCE
Woman of Willendorf
East ancient tower, usually associated with a buddhist temple, having a multiplicity of winged eaves; thought to be derived from the indian stupa.
the act of killing a king
Italian for "set against". Composition developed by the Greeks to represent movement in a figure. Parts of the body are place asymmetrically in opposition to each other around a central axis, careful attention is paid to the distribution of weight.
Blanche of Castile and Louis IX,1226-1234,manuscript,Gothic Art
Realist Painters
Daumier, Millet, Bonheur, Courbet, Messonier, Monet
trinity, early italian renaissance, by masaccio
Horn Pitcher. 1882
by Clara Chipman Newton (5.66)
Latin word meaning wedge-shaped; a system
of writing used in Ancient Mesopotamia,
in which wedge-shaped characters were produced
by pressing a stylus into a soft clay tablet, which
was then baked or otherwise allowed to harden
Anne of Cleves - Hans Holbein
emperor. made empire by conquering most of W. Europe. crowned as emperor on Christmas in 800. re-created Roman empire. pulled W. Europe together. called empire \"Holy Roman Empire\". created capital in Aachen. stabilized writing form
Deccan, W. India. 5th century CE.
a representation of the Virgin Mary mourning over the dead body of Jesus
A type of art form incorporating performance and visual images developed in the 1950s.
Painting on lime plaster, either dry or wet.
Title Chartres Cathedral, South Rose Window with Lancets, Date : 1221 CE, Culture: Cathédrale de Chartres, France
chartres cathedral
A triple projecting, grooved member of a Doric frieze that alternates with metopes.
The fenestrated part of a building that rises above the roofs of the other parts. In Roman basilicas and medieval churches, the windows that form the nave's uppermost level below the timber ceiling or the vaults.
a term applied to the non-essential small figures and animals employed by the artist to animate a painted composition
james rosenquist
-earned living as a billboard painter
-collage for the president elect
-i love you with my ford
-spagetti & coke
-f-11 detail
in drawing or painting, the treatment and use of light and dark, especially by gradations of light that produce the effect of mottling - ex. Tribute Money by Masaccio
the passage (walkway) around the apse in a basilican church or around the central space in a central-plan church
Adam and Eve
Durer. Northern Renaissance. Painting of a sculpture. Four human temperaments- melancholy elk, choleric cat, phelgmatic ox, and the sensual rabbit. Mouse represents satan.
In ancient Rome, wax portraits of ancestors
row of columns that surrounds the cella on all four sides
De Chirico
Italian artist heavily influenced by German symbolists used ominous shadows and intense light.
standard of Ur; mes
3 registers, soldiers & king;
Counter reformation
the reaction of the Roman Catholic Church to the Reformation reaffirming the veneration of saints and the authority of the Pope (to which Protestants objected)
the tower attached to a mosque from which the muezzin, or crier, calls the faithful to prayer five times a day
Subject of Parthenon's Continuous Frieze
ionic, the Panathenaic Procession
The Two Fridas
Artist: Kahlo, Period: Early 20th Century Modernism, Movement: Mexican Modernism
Icon / iconoclasm
The destruction of images, iconoclasts were known as the destroyers
Claude Monet
an impressionist who liked to paint all day painting the same scene to show the effects of light
coming together as artists in form of a union
George Seurat
Sunday on la grande jatte, pointalism, big paintings, impressionist, complementary colors
Ekkehard and Uta, Naumburg CathedralStockstad figure 16-53
Regional GothicNaumburg, Germanycirca 1245-1260 CE
Optical Use of Color
Unexplored rendering of an object's color
Environmental art
Often uses the land itself as their material, artists construct monuments of great scale and minimal form. Permanent or impermanent, these works transform some section of the environment, calling attention to both the land itself and to the hand of the artist.
Arab prophet of Islam. At the age of 40 he began to preach as God's prophet of the true religion. Muhammad established a theocratic state at Medina after 622 and began to convert Arabia to Islam.Dies in 632 and 100 years later is battle of poitiers
west facade
the west side of a medieval building; four large buttresses divided the facade into three bays that correspond to the nave and aisles.
"less is more"
Andrea Del Sarto, The phrase as adopted by the architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe as a precept for minimalist design
Ground line
In paintings and reliefs, a painted or carved base line on which figures appear to stand
ship burial
A ship burial or boat grave is a burial in which a ship or boat is used either as a container for the dead and the grave goods, or as a part of the grave goods itself. (ie: Sutton Hoo)
Jacques-Louis David, Napoleon Crossing the
Saint-Bernard, 1800-01.
Oil on canvas
Baroque in style: associated with absolute rulers. (France, Spain, Flanders.) Names in stones associating Napoleon with previous successful emperors.
Dry fresco (fresco seco)
The technique of painting after the plaster has dried
Enter your front text here.
First Leaves, Near Nantes, corot, 1855. Part of the Carbizon school (in France). Many painters painted this forest outside of Paris. More of an exact recording, less romantic.
Justinian's positioning in his apse mosaic in San Vitale describes this ideal.
The Balance of Church and State
Pilgrimage to the Island of Cythera
Watteau, Pilgrimage to the Island of Cythera, 1717
Paintings at Synistor House
Culture: Roman - Date: 40 BC - Why so Well Preserved: Ash from Vesuvius - What it Shows: Architectural Scenes - What it Indicates about Owner: Temples to night Goddess - Perspective: Intuitive Perspective
the background
Durham Cathedral,1093,Durham,England,Romanesque Art
Hagia Sophia
Merode Triptych
Robert Campin
Caillebotte Self Portrait
Ornate; highly decorated
Perseus – CelliniMannerism
Warhol, Marilyn Monroe Diptych
three part altar piece
what is a kore?
Leonardo Da Vinci
Monna Lisa
the destroyers of images
black-figure vase painter (Ex: Achilles and Ajax playing dice) from Archiac Greek Period
1st c. (CE)
Agesander, Athenodorus, Polydorus (of Rhodes)
Vatican Museums (ROME)
Unearthed in 1506 (From ruins of Nero's house)
Trojan priest (Laocoon)--apollo sends two sea serpents to kill him & his sons for warning people about wooden horse
Lots of emotion--the three are tied together from the serpents
Donatello (c.1386-1466) invented a technique known as schiacciato (shallow relief), in which he ingeniously achieved effects of spatial depth
The Bay from L'Estaque (1885)
a distant through an opening
Study after Velazquez 2
Bacon, 1953
Who created the Discus Thrower?
Rhinoceros, Wounded Man, & Disemboweled Bison
Lascaux, France
cave (well) painting
15,000 - 13,000 BCE
Bison ~ 3' 8"
one of 1st ever depictions of human
Oldest painting used as narrative
*Imperial Shinto Tomb* --shinto --earthen --300-400 AD
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
Street, Berlin, Seated Woman
Leonardo da Vinci, Last Supper
c. 1495-1498
frequent subject of George Bellows's paintings
miriam schapiro, black bolero, pattern and decoration
Las Meninas, Diego Velazquez, 1656, Prado, Madrid,Spanish Baroque Art
treatment of forms, colors, space, etc. as they appear or might appear in nature
birth of venus, early italian renaissance, by botticell
Used terracotta (clay) and tufa (limestone).
semicircular apse or its domed roof
Chapel of Henry VII, Westminster Abbey
a person who gives or donates.
type of ceramic covered with colorful, opaque glazes that forma smooth, impermeable surface. First developed in ancient Egypt.
Thomas Gainsborough
another English portrait painter who made the people look graceful and charming; colors not very rich and glowing, but rather, silvery and gray
Painting in the "shadowy manner" using violent contrasts of light and dark as in the work of Caravaggio
a movement in literature and art during the late 18th and early 19th centuries that celebrated nature rather than civilization.
Greek, "great stone." A large, roughly hewn stone use in the construction of monumental prehistoric structures.
a religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches
The Haywain
By Constable. Romanticism. Late 18th to early 19th c.
hans hoffman
-grew up in paris, knew picasso
-school in germany
-moved to ny in early 30s
-taught color theory
-concept of "push and pull"
a movement in the Byzantine Empire that favored banning and destroying images --> destroyers or images were known as iconoclasts
making engraved or etched plates and printing designs from them, The sacred enclosure in which one or more Greek temples stand.
Artist who did David, Mary Magdalene and Gattamelata
Regional Style
variations in style based on geography
Central Plan
The horizontal arrangement of the parts of a building or the buildings and streets of a city or town, or a drawing or diagram showing such an arrangement. In an axial plan, the parts of a building are organized longitudinally, or along a given axis; in a central plan, the parts of the structure are of equal or almost equal dimensions around the center.
French painter who favored line over colors. Alternative to the baroque style.
has the middle pyramid at the Great pyramids; great sphinx.
a painting which is divided into four or more sections, or panels.
Damnatio Memoriae
The Roman decree condemning those who ran afoul of the Senate. They had their memorials demolished and their names erased from public inscriptions.
Hypostyle hall
a large interior room characterized by many closely spaced columns that support its roof
Opening of the Mouth Ceremony
Book Pg. 63 (5.19)
Cantilever Construction
A cantilever is an architectural term referring to a beam supported at one end. It is held in tension by putting lots of weight somewhere on the support end. Cantilevers are made out of materials with strength that can hold the tension. Often, concrete is used. Cantilevers are also seen in bridges. In bridges, truss construction and cantilever construction are often used together.
A famous example of cantilever construction is Frank Lloyd Wright's Fallingwater in Pennslyvania.
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (similar image, not the actuall one)
At the Moulin Rouge
art nouveau
a French school of art and architecture popular in the 1890s; characterized by stylized natural forms and sinuous outlines of such objects as leaves and vines and flowers
Part of a building with columns below the roof
Implied Lines
Lines that dim, fade, stop, and/or disappear. The missing portion of the line is completed in the viewers mind.
A porch or vestibule of a church, generally colonnaded or arcaded and preceding the nave.
Name, Artist, "-ism"
Casa Mila, Antonio Gaudí, Art Nouveau
symmetrical balance
one side of an image mirrors the other
Jack the Dripper
Pollack's new way of painting earned him this nickname
Justinian and His Men
Across Empress Theodora. San Vitale. More powerful guy steps on foot of less powerful. Balance of power between church and imperial power.
tiny stones or pieces of glass cut to the desired shape and size to form a mosaic
Portraits of the four tetrarchs
(Late Empire)Porphry- purple marble. Impossible to name the rulers
21-23 Jacques-Louis David: Oath of the Horatii

*Neoclassical, Exemplum virtutus
*1784. Oil on canvas. 11 x 14 feet
*Came to symbolize French Revolution
* Civic duty- important for progress of society
*Swords being held up by father, reinforcing patriarchal
*Symmetrical - one figure, with group of people on each side 3 Sections, lines of ground converge on point of swords
*Complete opposites in genders - men straight and angular, women passive
Mortise and tenon
the projecting piece on a stone or timber that fits into the depression that was made to receive it (use at Stonehenge)
Portinari Altarpiece
A large triptych by Hugo van der Goes depicting the adoration of the infanct Jesus. Painted circa 1475, it is considered a masterpiece of Renaissance symbolism. It is the only work securely documented as being by Van der Goes.
Of, relating to, or in the form of a plane.
Name/Time Period/Artist (if applicable) {pg.61}
The Great Sphinx of Khafre/Old Kingdom (Egypt)/ [none]
*Photo realism w/ air brush
*Vanitas (Reminders of life depleting/impending death)
*Commercializations of Beauty from Hollywood
Marilyn: Vanias
by Audre Flack. 1977
Chapel of Henry VII, Westminister Abbey, London
ROBERT AND WILLIAM VERTUE, early 16th century, houses king's tomb, contemporary to French Flamboyant style (intricate fan vaults of ceiling) tall clerestory but not stained glass, triforium becomes kings gallery
__ era: Nude woman (Venus of Willendorf), ca. __,000-__,000 BCE. Limestone.
Could be a statue of fertility. Would be important during this time because of early civilization and increasing population, the head is unidentified of being a hat or hair, cont
Paleolithic era: Nude woman (Venus of Willendorf), ca. 28,000-25,000 BCE, limestone
to sit
Royal Portals,1145-1155,Cathedral,Chartres,France,Gothic Art
Sanchi Stupa
Virtruvian Man
Da Vinci
Civil War Lithograph
Bishop Bernward Doors,1015,bronze,Ottonian Art
Degas France Impressionism
Picasso, Les Demoiselles d'Avigon
side aisle
where you sit
corinthian capital
polykleitos the young
Gian Lorenzo Bernini
David (twisted)
Romanesque Period
ca. 1050-ca. 1144
warrior goddess, protectress of Athens
Dipylon Amphora
750 BCE
Geometric period
National Archeological Museum (ATHENS)
Almost 5 ft. tall
Grave marker/libation (oils drip out of bottom)
MILESTONE: 1st pot to make reference to HUMAN BODY
Main band = lying state of dead man (whose grave it was) and people tearing out hair as they grieve
Animals--dear & running goats at top
Black figure--typically profile views...
who created the arena chapel/
characterized by simple geometric forms in design and decoration
The Persistence of Memory
Dali, 1931
The Night Watch
-chiaroscuro / tenebrism
-lighting is important
Funerary Temple of Hatshepsut
Deir el-Bahri - west bank of Nile River across from Luxor, near entrance to Valley of the Kings
18th Dynasty
1478-1458 BCE
New Kindgom
wife of Thutmose II, regent for 12-yr-old Thutmose III
proclaimed herself pharaoh
1st grea
*Epidauros* --Polykleitos the Younger --stone --350 BCE
David Alfaro Siqueiros
Echo of a Scream
Votive Statues
Offering to God; Sumarian Culture
Monet- Rouen Cathedral: The Portal (French Impressionism)
Jeff Koons, michael jackson and bubbles, contemporary art
The Surrender of Breda, Diego Velazquez, 1634-1635, Prado, Madrid,Spanish Baroque Art
Frans Hals: Malle Babbe, ca. 1650
*Dutch (Northern Netherlandish) Baroque Painting
small apse-like chapels arround along the eastern walls of the transcept and apse
an ancient metalworking technique, is a multi-step enamel process used to produce jewelry, vases, and other decorative items
the doctrine emphasizing a person's capacity for self-realization through reason
Period: RomanesqueSubject: Christ in majesty, apocalypseStyle: four evangelist symbols; painted directly on the plaster; hierarchy of scale; cartoon-like; unnatural drapery; elongated, disproportional figuresPurpose: icon, decoration
Sant'Ambrogio, Milan
extraordinarily great in size, extent, or degree; gigantic; huge.
a frame for a hieroglyphic inscription formed by a rope design surrounding and oval space. Used to signify a sacred or honored name.
characteristic of the time of chivalry and knighthood in the Middle Ages
Isabel Rawsthorne
famous artist's model. Modeled for Bacon and Picasso
a concave, triangular section of a hemisphere, 4 of which provide the transition from a square area to the circular base of a covering dome. Although pendentives appear to be hanging from the dome, they in fact support it
Degenerate Art
items of modern art declared degenerated by the Nazis, often by artists that were "unfit",bad art
sculptural form
-open volumes: can be seen through
-closed volumes: present a solid block
rene margritte
-the trechery of launguage
"this is not a pipe"
cofin where deceased were mumified and put into
an ancient upright stone slab bearing markings
Artist who did The School of Athens
Refers to an objects shape and structure
In church architecture, the pillar or center post supporting the lintel in the middle of the doorway.
architect and leading figure in the emergence of Baroque architecture.
Beehive tomb
tholos tombs; Shaped like a beehive. large vaulted space with no interior support. series of stone corbeled courses laid on a circular base and ending in a lofty dome (ex. Vault of Atreus, Mycenae)
Mona Lisa
- this portrait was doubtless painted in Florence between 1503-1506. It is thought to be of Lisa Gherardini, wife of a Florentine cloth merchant named Francesco Giocondo, hence the alternative name, La Gioconda.
- However Leonardo seems to have taken the completed portrait to France rather than giving it to the person who commissioned it.
- it was eventually returned to Italy by Leonardo's student and heir Salai.
- it is not known how the painting came to be in Francois I's collection
A semicircular wall area, framed by an arch over a door or window.
is the Japanese word for the spirits, natural forces, or essence in the Shinto faith. Although the word is sometimes translated as "god" or "deity,"
Temple of Amen-Re
Hypostyle hall - different size columns - papyrus plant - represent creation of earth from mud
Largest temple constructed - largest stone building built
Axial symmetry
Battered wall
mixed media
art made from more than one material
James Abott McNeill Whistler
nocturne in black and gold
Linear Perspective
Showing depth by making parallel lines seem to converge
A female figure that functions as a supporting column.
Negative Space
The areas around the objects, shapes or forms
Radiating Chapels
In medieval churches, chapels for the display of relics that opened directly onto the ambulatory and the transept.
an element of art that refers to the brightness or darkness of a color
the dinner party
depicts place settings for 39 mythical and historical famous women throughout history.
a compartment that serves as a unit of division in a building
a tall aquatic plant used as a writing surface in ancient Egypt
Villa of Mysteries
(Roman Republic Art) Dionysos was the focus of an unofficial mystery religion popular in Italy
21-6 Antoine Watteau: Return from Cythera

*Heavily influenced by Rubens
*Acceptance piece to Lousic XIV’s school
*Fete galante - elegant, parties, picnic in silk
*Idealized nature: locus amonus, a place of pleasure
Untitled (Your Body is a Battleground)
Barbara Kruger, 1989. Photographic silkscreen on vinyl, 112 x 112".
Venus, Cupid, Folly, and Time
Bronzino; 1546; Oil on Wood; Mannerism
Panathenaic Festival procession frieze (in the Parthenon)
ionic frieze, procession of citizens on horseback and on foot that took place every four years under the watchful eyes of the gods, celebrating Athenians
Frairs had brims; local people did not
Women artists
Chumash: coiled hat. 1793
by Anonymous (1.39)
Paintings from the Tomb of Nebamun - Folwing
Nature is naturalistic
Human more abstract
Hierarchy of scale between nature and man
Even action pose is stiff
More freedom depicting animals - like prehistory
__ era: "__Gate ", __, Iraq, ca. __ bce, glazed brick
Neo-babylonians: "Ishtar Gate ", Babylon, Iraq, ca. 575 bce, glazed brick.
The Annunciation
athena parthenos
High Relief
goddess of fertility
Guernica, 1937, Picasso
mystic nativity
sandro botticelli
Romanesque art
1000-1150 CE
Isenheim Altarpiece, Grunewald; Northern Renaissance
Ballet Rehearsal 1877 Impressionism
Sacrifice of Isaac
Filippo Brunelleschi
competition panel of east door of bapitistery
Florence, Italy
1401 - 1402
Gilded bronze
1'9" x 1'5"
2nd place
Moulin de la Galette
Leone Battista Alberti
Palazzo rucellai
a sacred or holy place
in architecture, a circular opening.
arena chapel
giotto painted frescos here
a professional military leader employed by the Italian city-states in the early Renaissance.
In classical architecture, the triangular space (gable) at the end of a building, formed by the ends of the sloping roof above the colonnade; also, an ornamental feature having this shape.
Location: Persia
Date: 500 BCE
Artist: unknown
Processional Frieze: on a staircase, shows lions eating bulls followed by a procession of people representing different lands they conquered
the arrangement, proportions, and appearance of the columns and the entablatures.
Velazquez, Las Meninas (Maids of Honor), 1656, Baroque
shapes common in nature, curvilinear and irregular
Franz Marc
"The Fate of the Animals"
4th-century bc Greek sculptor: his works include statues of Hermes at Olympia, which survives, and of Aphrodite at Cnidus
Nebamun hunting birds
Book Pg. 62 (5.18)
looks like real like
example- the last supper by leonardo davinci
Bronze Doors of St. Michaels completion year
The Latin word meaning "writing tablet" or "written record." In a Roman house, a room at the far end of the atrium, or between the atrium and the second courtyard, used for keeping family records.
Nicolas Pisano, Pulpit at Baptistry Pisa, Italy 1260
strips of stone for reinforcing masonry
Nicola Pisano. Pisa Baptistery Pulpit, Nativity and Annunciation, 1259-1260. Italian, Early Renaissance. Marble. Pisa, Italy. Commissioned by Federico Visconti.
Discus Thrower
Myron, early classical, original is lost, marble copies, originally bronze 450BC tension in body, face remains expressionless ROMAN COPY
the development of industry on an extensive scale
historiated capital
one displaying a figural composition of a narrative scene
Axial Gallery
15,000-13,000 BC Paintings on ceilings and walls art of the stone age
in Gothic architecture, a tall narrow window ending in a pointed arch
Flower considered the symbol of upper egypt
A mythical Egyptian beast with the body of a lion and the head of a human.
people who are against the scared image, eastern.
screened area near the mihrab, usually reserved for elites
The exterior facing of a building, often in decorative patterns of fine stone and brick.
a domed or vaulted recess or projection on a building especially the east end of a church
based on the observation that parallel lines appear to converge as they recede from the viewer, finally meeting at a vanishing point on the horizon
linear perspective
divisionism and scientific pointillism
scientific approach to color
Jan van Eyck
Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride 1434
& Man in a Red Turban (Self-Portrait). 1433
Kritios Boy, Ca. 500 BCE
Early Classical Period
large room in a monastery dedicated to the copying and maintaining of texts
sacred ground to one or more gods- contain alters and shrines with a sacred natural element- ch.5
illuminated manuscript
A hand written book decorated with bright colors and precious metals. Monks created the illuminated manuscripts.
Greek, city of the dead. A large burial area or cemetery.
Berlinghieri vita retable of St Francis
1235 Early Renaissance
11 and 12 centuries
When did Romanesque Art happen?
Mondrian (Dutch) 1900-1950, -painted only using primary colors and absolutes (lines)
Composition with red,blue,and yellow
telescopes the human figure to make it seem like their flying in space
Chauvet cave
has paintings that have not been touched in thousands of years in France
Term describing a work of art in which forms are created primarily to evoke subjective emotions rather than to portray objective reality.
lamassu (six legs)
The winged man-headed bull of Assyrian art
Terrace at Ste-Adresse 1867
By: Claude Monet
Looking over garden at Aunts house (English Channel). Not very personal, unable to see father's face. Black boats have a strong contract against blue water. The colors of the flowers make it interesting, a clam and relaxed feeling.
The worship of the Christ child as the divine King of kings. Typically present are his parents, angels, the ox (representing the Gentiles) and the ass (representing the Jews), and either the shepherds or the three magi (or both).
Groin Vault
A vault created by the intersection of two barrel vaults of equal size which creates 4 side compartments of Identical size and shape. AKA-- 2 barrel vaults a a right angle.
dots of pure color that tend to mix in our eyes to produve the illusion of color mixture
Portrait Bust of a Man
The Roman Republic (c. 50 BCE)
Cylinder Seal of Queen Puabi
location: tomb of Queen Puabi
date: 2600 - 2500
medium: Marble
size: 4cm tall, 2cm diameter
Guitar and Wine Glass
by Pablo Picasso
created in the 20th century, synthetic cubism
done in oil
conceptual art
based more on the idea of the art then the picture itself
Question about Etruscans associated with Rome
1. they also enjoyed watching fights to the death which would influence the Romans.
2. At first the etruscans ruled Rome.
3. In that time, the Etruscans did much to improve the city and cleared the swamps and built up the city.
4. Romans got the use of the Arch from the Etruscans.
5. Roman conquered the etruscan city states and incorporated them into their republic.
Mont St. Victire seen from Bellevue 1882-1885
By: Paul Cezanne
A dramatic painting, scene in space (relating us to the world), compares the mountains to the trees.
What is a fresco painting?
A painting on a wall or ceiling into moist plaster.
Jennifer Bartlett
Three Musicians
leonine physiognomy
discus thrower
450 bc
a visual representation
Reclining FigureBiomorphic Surrealism
to sketch
faire une esquisse
Damned Cast into Hell
Pectoral of Sunusret ll
Claus Sluter
Well of Moses 1395-1406
Capitoline Wolf, Ca. 500 BCE
Andy Goldsworthy, "Icicles", England, Late 20th c.
Capitoline Wolf, 500 BC, bronze,Etruscan Art
Mosque of Selim, Islamic, 1510
2,600 BCE, Ur
Bull Headed Lyre
Roman Patrician,
from Otricoli,
Roman Republican
ca. 75-50 BCE
Ornamental stonework for holding stained glass in place, characteristic of Gothic cathedrals. In plate tracery, the glass fills only the "punched holes" in the heavy ornamental stonework. In bar tracery, the stained-glass windows fill almost the entire opening, and the stonework is unobtrusive.
God Measuring the Universe, 1215-30, Gothic
Francois Girardon
Apollo Attended by the Nymphs
Lotte Jacobi
"Portrait of Lotte Lenya Weill"
true to natural appearance; very realistic
a circular domed building or hall
Characteristics of Impressionism
Short, thick brushstrokes
Captures fleeting moments- short strokes to capture the immediacy.
Unconventional compositions
Changes in atmospheric light
Focus on color
Subjects included modern life, middle-class (bourgeois) leisure, urban life (city, opera, ballet, cafe), landscapes and nature
Monet's Impression: Sunrise in 1872 inspired the movement
Horizon Line
eye level of the viewer
An artistic movement emphasizing the imagination and characterized by incongruous juxtapositions and lack of conscious control
Diagonal lines, imagined to be perpendicular to the picture plane and receding away from the viewer. In one-point perspective, the orthogonals are understood to be parallel to each other and to converge at a vanishing point.
An open vesitbule before the cella
Pose emphasizing the nature of a figure
a painted or carved screen placed above and behind an altar or communion table
Realist: Cultural Influences
1.Positivism-says human progress is critical
2.Revolutions of Germany, France, England
3.Entreprenurial urban middle class more money to spend on art
Judy Chicago
The Dinner Part 1979 Feminist Art
Augustus of Primaporta; Roman Imperial
name and period
33-32: MAN RAY, Cadeau (Gift), ca. 1958 (replica of 1921 original). Painted flatiron with row of 13 tacks with heads glued to the bottom, 6 1/8" high, 3 5/8" wide, 4 1/2" deep. Museum of Modern Art, New York (James Thrall Soby Fund).
"bench" usually above a tomb chamber. large stone
bringing knowledge into the context of the painting; stories represented by the painting, symbols associated with it, etc.
The most value was put on
history paintings
Christ Handing the Keys to St. Peter
rocky slope draws attention to dead christ
façade- Usually, the front of a building; also, the other sides when they are emphasized architecturally.
Four Evangelists
4 beasts described in Revelations. used to rep. Matt.(angel), Mark(lion), Luke(ox), John(eagle).Eagle: bird head w/beakLion: fangs, maneOx: hooves, horns on headAngel: human(abstracted) face
New countries - Italy, Germany, etc (previously city states)
Albrecht Dürer, The Fall of Man (Adam and Eve), 1504
Beatus Page, Dagulf Psalter
8th c. CE
Manuscript illustration
Austrian National Library, Vienna
Paper made of calf skin, cover made of leather
May have been made by a woman! (at a convent)
Made as a gift for Pope Hadrian 1
one-point perspective
a formula for projecting an illusion of the three-dimensional world onto a two-dimensional surface in which all parallel lines seem to converge on one vanishing point located with reference to the horizon line of the picture, and associated objects are rendered smaller the farther from the viewer they are intended to be seen
a series or row of columns, usually spanned by lintels- ch.6
a school of late 19th century French painters who pictured appearances by strokes of unmixed colors to give the impression of reflected light
An ancient Greek mantle worn by men and women over the chiton and draped in various ways.
Boucher, Nude Lying on a Sofa (Blonde Odalisque), 1752
A variable that usually has the value of zero assigned to it. This variable is used to access information about an array.
early ruler of Egypt who rejected the old gods and replaced them with sun worship
a canvas covered altar covered by a column
St. Mark or San Michele, Donatello
Florence, c1412 (early). nature+classical figure, gothic/mideval, building is a gild hall (union), used saints of gild to "decorate" the outside also to advertise, realistic+idealized, contraposto pose, drapery
Hippodamian Plan
A city plan devised by Hippodamos of Miletos ca. 466BCE, in which a strict grid was imposed on a site, regardless of the terrain, so that all streets would meet at right angles.
Interior Design
Creating color and design for inside a building; usually involves paint, furniture, art pieces, fabric, tile.
Who painted propaganda artworks at the beginning of the Romantic Period?
Jacques Louis David
orcale bone
a bone that predicts the future used during the shaung dynasty
Period: OttonianDesign: two ends look similar, smaller apse is main end; main door on side of church; no arcading, columns; tower, bell tower; small windows; lots of masonry
Interior, St. Michaels, Hildesheim
R mode self talk
____ redirects us while drawing using words like angles, lines, spaces, or curves instead of naming things
Fin de siecle
"the end of the century" anxiety about empending change in the end of the 19th century while others reveld in wealth from the industrial revolution. Associated with the Decadent Movement, a literary fashion that started in france 1880s about biazarre, self indulgent characters obsessed with anti bourgeois lifestyle and rejecting mechanization of modernity. In Britain, this was best represented by Oscar Wilde.
memento mori
a reminder (as a death's head) of your mortality
Nativity from the Arena
14th c. Late gothic painting in Italy. By Giotto. For Scrovegni chapel in Padua. Buon Fresco.
The prevalence of Ritual- Romare Bearden. 1964
number of african american artist formed group called Spiral , dedicated to supporting civil rights movement. berden organized for them to meet to create collaborative project about black identity but noone showed up so he worked on it himself. , the work has the effect of tracing american culture back to its african roots and reinforcing the continuous impoirtance of ritual and community,
Fayum Mummy Portrait
140 CE - Found in Fayum Oasis, Egypt - TechniqueL Encaustic Paint on Wood - Used: Painted and placed in house during life, attatched to mummy after death, buried - Reflect Interest in individual portrait - Inspired: Icons
Nocturne in black and gold-1875, James abbot McNeill Whistler
picture of the Thames river meant to support his "art -for -art's -sake" position, the surface has a delicate Japanese sensitivity so refined that shapes and marks barely exist as one color bleeds through the haze of another.
Marilyn Diptych
dextrarum junctio
Holbein, Henry VIII
giotto. the lamentation
Broadway Boogie Woogie
Nike of Samothrace
Hindu religious site
Valadon, Blue Room, 1923
Untitled #175
Cindy Sherman, 1987
Neo Sumerian and Babylonian
David, Donatello
1400's, renaissance, Italian
Lamassu (winged, human-headed bull)
from citadel of Sargon II
Dur Sharrukin (modern Khorsabad), Iraq
720-705 BCE
~ 15' high
protect king from visible & invisible enemies
naturalistic + styalized
partially in the round & high relief
ansel adams
pictures of national parks
Empty "enlightenment" seat for gods
Virgin of Paris,early 14th Century,Gothic Art
Leisure activities in Paris. Pointillism/Divisionism. Scientific. Optical blending.
Villa Rotunda
Palladio, High Renaissance, 1490-1550
to strip off the skin
SACRIFICE OF ISAACSan VitaleRavenna, ItalyByzantineApporximate perspective, table gets larger further away
Waterworn pebble resembling a human face, from Makapansgat, South Africa, ca. 3,000,000 BCE. Reddish brown jasperite, approx. 2 3/8" wide. (Paleolithic)
Three Women at a Spring, 1921
-Giotto, Joachim among the Shepherds, 1303-05.
-Fresco in the Arena Chapel in Padua, Italy. -Earthy physical presence.
'Rebirth', used by Petrarch. What died? Knowledge of Greek and Roman world
Oath of the Horatii
David, 1784, Neoclassicism
Vermeer- Maid Pouring Milk (Dutch Baroque Holland)
a construction technique where the walls and roof are hung uprights, rather than resting on them
It introduced different textures, surfaces, and collage elements
Ghent Altarpiece, Van Eyck
1400's, renaissance, Netherlands
palette of narmer
hierankopolis egypt
ca. 3000-2920 bce
Portrait Head
From Delos. 80 BC. Bronze. Hellenistic.
Edo Period: Kano Tanyu "Pine Tree" 1615-1868
Andokides, Achilles and Ajax playing a dice game, Ca. 600 BCE
la moulin de la galette
auguste renoir. 4q19th.
print made with metal, scratching into the metal
Decorative sunken panel in a ceiling, dome, soffit, or vault.
A small concealed chamber in an Egyptian mastaba for the statue of the deceased.
Any painted assemblage that is neither simply painting or sculpture, but rather a hybrid or interdisciplinary painting-sculpture.
A German school of architecture that emphasized the unity of art, architecture, and design. It was universal, understood by all people
describes the people who lived in England from about 600 AD and their language and customs, somebody who speaks english where saxon is the primary language
Japanese, "golden hall." The main hall for worship in a japanese Buddhist temple complex; contained statues of Buddha and the bodhisattvas to whom the temple was dedicated
modeling -The shaping or fashioning of three-dimensional forms in a soft material, such as clay.
a hinged two-leaved tablet used in ancient times for writing on with a stylus.
David Wojnarowicz, When I put my hands on your body, 1990, political art
started in 1970s, and is art that combines usually, sculpture with local, either site specific or movable, but with an emphasis on treatment of space
series of arches supported by piers or columns. When attached to a wall= blind arcade
the top element of a pillar or column.
One of the two systems (or orders) invented in ancient Greece for articulating the three units of the elevation of a classical building: the platform, the colonnade, and the superstructure (entablature). The Ionic order is characterized by, among other features, volutes, capitals, columns with bases, and an uninterrupted frieze.
one of a series of superimposed bands or friezes in a pictorial narrative, or the particular levels on which motifs are placed
Anna Coleman Ladd, Casts in Red Cross Studio, Paris, ca. 1919
a circle of monoliths; also called a cromlech
Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride
Jan van Eyck
Early Northern Renaissance
Rogier van der Weyden
Early Northern Renaissance
picture plane
the actual flat surface on which the artist executes a pictoral image. In some cases the picture plane acts merely as a transparent plane of referance to establish the illusion of forms existing on in a 3D space
The king of Benin, believed to be a divine figure, a living god.
"little white girl" 1864
WHISTLER's painting is similar to Rosetti's. dreamy yet sensual . influenced by japonisme. surrounded by well made things. japanese fan and cherry blossoms.
Pilgrimage to the Island of Cythera was painted by
Jean Antione Watteau
Book of Hours
A devotional book popular in the Middle Ages usually containing similar collections of texts, prayers and psalms, often with appropriate decorations, for Christian devotion.
Hellenistic( Greek sculpture)

the spread of Greek culture beyond Greece
influence of Alexander the Great
psychology as well as iconography
Ex: Winged Nike, 190 B.C., marble, 8 ft. tall, found in Louvre, Paris, iconography: winged victory, contrapposto, honored the goddess
persistence of vision
retention in the brain for a fraction of a second of whatever the eye has seen; it causes a rapid succession of images to merge one into the next, producing the illusion of continuous change and motion in media such as cinema.
trompe l' oeil
art which "fools the eye" by the convincing illusion of 3-D and surface textures
Describe the Temple of the Jaguar.
Extremely high and intimidating. King's portrait would be placed on top and could be seen over the forest surrounding.
fêtes galante (French, "amorous festival")
a type of Rococo painting depicting the outdoor amusements of upper-class society.
who designed PARIS OPERA?
19th cent GARNIER. Art is becoming a replacement for religion. Centerpiece of paris. Very opulent. Has sculptures and paintings overload. People used to go to the opera dressed up. The entertainment was watching the people.
Rouen Cathedral: Portal in Sun: effects
Liked the effects of shadows and light. Painted with dots of complements.
Statues from the Abu Temple at Tell Asmar, Iraq
Ancient Near East, Sumerian 3500-500 BCE
Man Striding
creative freedom
audience hall
un portrait
a portrait
Chatal Huyuk
7400-6200 BCE
A wall painting
simulated space
(element) 2D space
Eiffel Tower, 1887-89, Effel
anti classicism
individualism and subjectivity
Death of Marat: style
Jackson Pollock, Phosphorescence, 1947
vault divided into 7 section
Sainte- Chappelle Paris. 1239 CE
A raised horizontal molding,- ch.15
Pisa Complex
Rise of the Pulpit
Brook Watson and the Shark
an architectural ornament consisting of a horizontal sculptured band between the architrave and the cornice
north india
10-11th century ce.
Chandellas. royal dynasty intedned to glorify themselves
 Lakshmana Temple-circa 950. Four towers. Series of mountain peaks. Inside=cave. Cave important in Hinduism and Buddhism >where gods reside.
-Vishvanatha=. northern type tower. (round with stress on the verticle) saiva temple. can be circumambulated. four small shrines on each corner. and seperate open srhine for shiva's bull, nandi. garbagriha
linga in garbargriha=axis mundi.
piled up mountainw ith dark narrow interior. erotic images -> tantric rituals
Constantin Brancusi, Bird in Space, 1924, Abstraction sculpture
Minoan 1700-1200 B.C.
*Salisbury Cathedral
Artist:-- Period: English Gothic Provenance: Salisbury, England Date: 1220 AD
-Embodies essential characteristics of English Gothic Architecture
-Has a squat facade that is wider than the building behind it, flying buttresses sparingly
-Doesn't correspond to the 3 part division of interior (nave and 2 aisles)
-Differs from French Gotchic design. Gothic in its 3 story elevation, pointed arches, fourt-part rib vaults, compound piers, tracery of the trioforium
-Big tower comes in intersection of transepts
-Has 2 transepts
-Usually surrounded by countryside, grass, etc.
-Interior space is very horizontal in English Gothic
-Web vaulting
Location: Athens, Greece
Date: 448 - 432 BCE
the largest temple in Greece, built to show superiority over other Greek city-states.
Dedicated to Athena and her assistance in defeating the Persians
in medieval architecture, a separate chapel or building in front of a church used for baptisms
horrible disease that killed Giorgione when he was 32; also may have killed Titian in his old age
Interior, the Artist's Mother and Sister
Bernini, Ecstacy of Saint Teresa, Cornaro Chapel, Santa Maria della Vittoria, (1645-1652) Italian Baroque
Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus, Early Christian Period, 359, marble.
composers and performers of Occitan lyric poetry
The simple and massive gateway, with sloping walls, of an Egyptian temple
Augustus of Primaporta
Roman Imperial Portraiture 27-330 BCE
Paul Cezanne
Mont Sainte-Victoire, The Basket of Apples
Biomorphic Surrealism
abstract movement that sought to express the world of dreams and the unconscious
oval outline around a royal name- ch.6
Marie de' Medici Cycle, Peter Paul Rubens, 1622-1625, Louvre, Paris,Flemish Baroque Art
The art that addresses reflects and shapes modernity.
(Modern thought, character, or practice. A revolt against the conservative values of realism. The rejection of tradition. Rejected the enlightenment thinking and also the existence of god.)
An artistic and cultural movement which has its roots in mid 19th century France. Defined by new forms of art, architecture, music, and literature.
prints of the "floating world," the realm of geisha and popular entertainment
used reason to understand & explain faith.had profound effect on European thought
Kangaroo and Mimi Spirits
Who: Australian Aborigines; Gagudju

Et in Arcadia Ego
French Baroque, 1655

-Landscape, foreground is three shepherds who are pointing to the tomb
-Female is spirit of death
-"Grand manner" of classicism
Column Shaft
the vertical segment of a column between the base and the capital
revival of a classical style (in art or literature or architecture or music) but from a new perspective or with a new motivation
the citadel of an ancient Greek city, located at the highest point and housing temples and a treasury
Getrude Stein
among the first Americans to respond with enthusiasm to the artistic revolution in Europe in the early years of the 20th century. Painted by Pablo Picasso.
Pointed arch
In Gothic architecture, a doorway or window with a point on the top, like an arrow directing eyes upward
a shallow gallery of arches within the thickness of inner wall, which stands above the nave in a church or cathedra
physical evidence
The materials used in an art piece.
Pop Art
Bright flat colours, little or no shading from popular imagery (ie .Advertisements)
Sarcophagus of Constantina
- Constantina was Constantine's the great daughter
- A Christian sarcophagus
- Peacocks in this sarcophagus is the symbol of immortality to reference the immortality by Christians
Classical & idealistic
influence of greek gods and goddesses
the chamber at the center of an ancient temple; in a classical temple, the room in which the cult statue usually stood
a segment or portion of a repeated design. Also: a basic building block
a molded band framing an arch or a series of stone blocks that rest directly on the columns
a style or category of art; also, a kind of painting realistically depicting scenes from everyday life.
The is the order and revered as the king who civilized Egypt. He's was killed brought back to life, had a son, then went to be the king of the underworld, and left the kingdom to his son. Most pharaohs think that will assimilate with him when they die.
Untitled Film Stills Series
Note: There are more than one
Culture: French, Title: Casket with Scenes from Romances, Date: 14th century
casket with scenes from romances
Haysticks, End of Summer
1891; Series of same scene in different lighting; pure Impressionism
Page with LionGospel of Saint MarkBook of DurrowStockstad figure 14-4
Insular ArtIona, Scotland (?)circa 675 CE
Head of Christ
Can't find it for the life of me... but it's crossed out on the website
Hellenisticnot a victorious young athlete w/ a perfect face and body but a heavily battered, defeated veteransculptor appealed to emotions when striving to evoke compassion
Old Market Woman, 2nd c. BCE. Marble, h. 49 1/2\". The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.
How did Sainte Chapelle fix lighting issues?
Upper level has 3/4 made of windows, wall is mostly made of glass.
Harbaville Triptych,c.950,ivory,Byzantine Art,
military commander
Amiens Cathedral
hot, colored wax
Kongo Power Figure,1875-1900,wood,nails,blades,shells,African Art
Speeding Automobile era
Andrea Mantegna
Dead Christ
Vowels; original syllabic script
Maid Pouring Milk
Dutch Baroque
Galloping Horse in Motion
Classical Period
5th c BCE
Cool Colors
Blue, Green, Violet
Kahlil Gibran
-Immigrant from Lebanon
-underprivileged immigrant youth from the Boston slums that Frederick Holland Day worked with
-would become a painter and world-famous writer.
un tableau, une image
a picture
Gros, Pest House at Jaffa
Sacrifice of Isaac
Filippo Brunelleschi
Bargello Museum, Florence
Gilt bronze relief
art critic
interprets meaning and quality
The Basket of Apples
18th/19th century
c. 1895
Passageways at the sides of basilicas.
Painted chest, ca.1400 BCE. (New Kingdom)
Venus de Milo
most famous female nude
Richard Serra
one ton prop:house of cards,1969
Liberty Leading the People, Eugene Delacroix, 1830, Louvre, Paris,French Romanticism
Old Kingdom
3000-2920 BC
Palette of King Narmer
Neolithic Jericho was protected by 5-foot-thick walls and at least one stone tower 30 feet high and 33 feet in diameter—an outstanding achievement that marks the beginning of monumental architecture.
The young man is wearing a
who drew Child in Womb
William Hunter
hammer welding god associated with thunder and lightening, strength and destruction
Menkaure and Queen
(Old Kingdom)Used conventional postures to represent the timeless nature of these eternal substitute homes
A polis
***often translated as "city-state"it is a city, a citizenship and body of citizens
Grisaille technique
painting in monotones to simulate stone.
A metal made from copper alloy, usually mixed with tin or zinc.
Sarcophagus of a philsopher, Ca 200 CE
triumphal arch
in Roman architecture, a freestanding arch commemorating an important event, sucah as a military viscroy or the opening of a new road. In Christian architecture, the arch framing the apse at the end of a church nave.
architectural sculpture
sculpture that is apart of building
the doctrine that the universe is fully explicable in mechanistic terms.
The sculptor of this first known life-size hollow-cast head captured the distinctive features of the ruler while also displaying a keen sense of abstract pattern. The head was vandalized in antiquity.
Separate pages of vellum or parchment bound together at one side and having a coverl the predecessor of the modern book.
half-round panel that fills the space between the lintle and arch over the doorway of the church.
French art that is highly influenced by Japanese Art, especially prints. Van Gogh.
Zhou, Poet on a Mountain Top, Chinese
continuous narrative
convention of same figure appearing more than once in same space at different stages of the story
formed in relief by beating a metal plate from the back, leaving the impression on the face
atmospheric perspective
creating a perception of depth in nature
Both halves of the painting are the same
Temple of Athena Nike
Location: Athens, Greece
Date: 400 BCE
Artist: Kallikrates?
Overlooks the main entrance to the Acropolis.
Dedicated to Athena and her military victories.
Numerous images of Nikes are found in and on the temple.
Drapery is smaller than the Elgin marbles.
"wet" clothes, meaning they stick to the body and show figure
Futurism & Surrealism
Both have manifestos, indicating that they are "relatively" cohesive groups with agreed-upon, stated aims.
comes out of collage. Large simple shapes and overlaps on another. Sens of planes on top of one another in a limited space.
Chronos Devouring One of his Children
Francisco de Goya
Cyclopean masonry
A method of stone construction, named after the mythical Cyclopes, using massive, irregular blocks without mortar, characteristic of the bronze Age fortifications of Tiryns and other Mycenaean cites
twisted perspective
An approach to painting that isn't strictly optical, but gives complete information about an animal's body, which would be compromised in strict profile.
Venus of Willendorf
25,000 to 21,000 BC; Paleolithic; women, fertility, limestone, Austria
primitivism manifestations
the handmade = archaic techniques and forms, non-western treatment of space
stated to Mary that she would be the mother of the Son of God
A building in which the sides are of equal length and in which the main space is symmetrical when bisected laterally and longitudinally.
Paleolithic Art
The art of the Upper Paleolithic is the oldest undisputed prehistoric art, and the oldest known art in human history.
Treasury of Atreus, 1300-1250 BCE
best-preserved Mycenaean tholos tomb, named for Homer's King Atreus, beehive-shaped, corbeled courses of stone blocks laid on a circular base
lost wax casting process
bronze casting method, figure is modeled in wax and covered with clay
earth art
art that was created with the goal of not being able to be bought or sold, and often times used material that was considered to have no value in our culture
What does romanesque entail?
the architectural style that grew up along with monasteries
Frescoes for the Sala della Pace of the Palazzo Pubblico (especially the Allegory of Good Government)
Ambrogio Lorenzetti
Siena, Italy
Bayex Tapestry - English and French in Battle
Middle Ages 1200 CE
Robert Henri, Eva Green, 1907
-Father got in a fight, murdered a man, had to move, changed name to middle name, and changed how to say it like rye
-Studies art, likes drawing, goes to Philadelphia for art, studies in Europe, influenced by academic style and impressionism
-Thought they were too concerned with surface
-Wanted to make art that is more meaningful
-Influenced by Rembrandt, Velázquez and Manet
-Trying to give lively look
-Paints fast to capture feeling of work and subject
-Interested in different races and ethnicities
-Meet "The Eight" in Philadelphia and they become The Ashcan Artists
Mary of Burgundy Painter; before 1482
Mary at Her Devotions, Hours of Mary of Burgundy
Malwiya minaret of the Great Mosquem Samarra
Islamic Art square in plan, and is a near copy of a Roman lighthouse; originally linked to the Great Mosque in Samarra by a bridge; "snail shell"
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