The part and the Great Depression Flashcards

Terms Definitions
rightist thinking
Fascism
(shares)
blocks of investments
21st Amendment
repealed Prohibition
Spend
To buy with money
contraction
stock goes way down
Bonus
an additional sum of money
Liberal
(left side) big government, regulations of corporations, progressive values, support for change, safety network.
deported
expelled from the United States
deflationary process of balanced budgets worsened crisis; led to: increased government activity, renewed interest in Marxism, Communism, Fascism
political repercussions
"Underemployed"
Workers who experienced a major decrease in hours, wages and sometimes both.
Dorthea Lange
photographer who documented American life during the great depression and era of the New Deal, got to know people before pictures came, for the WPA
Hoboes
homeless person who looks for work
SSA
social insurance program, consisted of retirement, disability, and survivors' benefits. Present generation pays for last one
A. Phillip Randolph
African American Labor leader
True/False: The Great Depression did not affect family life in the United States.
False.
1920 -1933
What were the dates of prohibition?
Indian Reorganization Act
allowed Native Americans to self-govern themselves and elect their own councils
Frances Perkins
First female cabinet member; Played major role in creating Social Security System; Supervised labor legislation.
Sidney Hillman
Part of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers, he created (along with John L. Lewis) the Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO) within the AFL.
Prohibition
The era which the manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcoholic beverages were legally prohibited
migrant workers
people, typically farmers, who move from place to place to harvest fruits and vegetables
Hundred Days
Roosevelt's proposals for new economic programs were quickly approved by congress.
Rural Electrification Administration
provides loans and affordable electricity
Bonus Army
jobless WWI veterans asking for immediate payment of 1945 pension
herbert hoover
president when the great depression began who believed that it was NOT the federal governments responsibility to give direct aid to people
3 R's
Relief - Food shelter and clothing
Court packing bill
said president couldn't appoint new justice if didn't retire 6 months after 70th birthday
Harlem Renaissacne
What was the literary and artistic movement that celebrated African American culture?
R.B. Bennett
Prime Minister of Canada during the Great Depression
Installment Plan
A payment plan that allows customers to make payments at set intervals over a period of time until the total debt is paid
unemployment insurance
payments to people who lost their jobs
underconsumption
people were not buying the products as quickly as they were being produced; some products were "single buy" items
migrant worker
agricultural worker who moves wiht the seasons, planting or harvesting crops
Hoover's intervention Programs
*Federal Home Loan Bank Act (Direct)
*Reconstruction Finance Corporation (Indirect)
Grapes of Wrath
John Steinbeck's novel about a struggling farm family during the Great Depression. Gave a face to the violence and exploitation that migrant farm workers faced in America
dust bowl
farmers produced soil too much farmers moved 2 california
uneven distribution of wealth
cause of the depression 2
Fourteen points
the war aims outlined by President Wilson in 1918, which he believed would promote lasting peace; called for self-determination, freedom of the seas, free trade, end to secret agreements, reduction of arms and a league of nations
Consumer Economy
Economy that depends on a large amount of spending by consumers
Bank Holiday
closing of banks for four days during the great depression
huey long
new deal critic who proposed a "share the wealth program"
Frank Capra
the director of Mr Smith goes to washington
Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)
improve economic conditions in the Tennessee Valley through development of hydroelectric power...still exists
Congress of Industrial Organizations
a federation of affiliated industrial labor unions, founded 1935 within the American Federation of Labor but independent of it 1938-55.
Black Tuesday
October 29, 1929; the day the stock market crashed
Dr. Francis Townsend
Advanced the Old Age Revolving Pension Plan, which proposed that every retired person over 60 receive a pension of $200 a month (about twice the average week's salary). It required that the money be spent within the month.
Hoover Blankets
What the poor covered themselves in to keep warm.
Hawley-Smoot Tariff Act
An act, sponsored by United States Senator Reed Smoot and Representative Willis C. Hawley, and signed into law on June 17, 1930, that raised U.S. tariffs on over 20,000 imported goods to record levels.
Nineteenth Amendment
granted women the right to vote in 1920
homeless and unemployed
who were subjects of art and literature
Marcus Garvey
Many poor urban blacks turned to him. He was head of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and he urged black economic cooperation and founded a chain of UNIA grocery stores and other business
Explain the Ruhr Invasion
Germany would not pay 2nd reparation so France sent troops to the Ruhr Valley to collect reparations "in kind"
Soup Kitchen
A place where free food is served to those who are homeless or destitute
fair labor standards act
interstate commerce were to set up minimum and maximum hour levels the eventual goal was forty cents an hour and a forty hour week.
Hoover Dam
famous land mark that came as a result of a public work project under Hoover
Conditions in worplace during Depression
- Hours reduced
- Wages cut
- Unemployment skyrockets
Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act
was an act, sponsored by United States Senator Reed Smoot and Representative Willis C. Hawley, and signed into law on June 17, 1930, that raised U.S. tariffs on over 20,000 imported goods to record levels. The overall level tariffs under the Tariff were the second-highest in US history
Bank Failures
Gave out all their money and went out of business.
Charles A. Lindbergh
Celebrity hero who was the first to fly solo across the Atlantic in a small single engine plane. He success gripped the public's imagination.
Family Fit Contests
tests at carnivals etc. to track down the families ancestors to see who had the most pure families(usualy from Germany)
What caused the Dust Bowl?
over plowing of land and extended drought
What is a "Bonus Army"
Veterans who marched to Washington in 1932 to demand immediate payment of World War I bonuses
Bennett Buggie
This was a car being pulled by a horse so no gas was needed
the New Deal
FDR's plan to get the US out of the Great Depression
the "crash" or "black tuesday"
october 29, 1929: the sudden drop of the value of stocks on the new york stock exchange cause by millions of shares being sold until there was no buyers left, leaving thousands of people penniless: marks the official beginning of the great depression
National Industrial Recovery Act
1933 act that was meant to be a systematic plan for economic recovery.
what was the purpose of public workers?
built school,dams , provide jobs for people
List and explain the importance of Schechter v. United States
1. Landmark Supreme Court Case - about poultry factory
2. Upheld New Deal Programs
3.Defined the number of hours a person can legally work
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