The Presidency Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Ronald Reagan
Gerald Ford
Union general
Herbert Hoover
Millard Fillmore
Zachary Taylor
Millard Fillmore
13. 1850-1853
George Washington
1. 1789-1797
William Howard Taft
34th President
Dwight Eisenhower
31st President
Herbert Hoover
27th President
William Taft
41st President
George Bush
Chester A. Arthur
Ulysses S. Grant
40th President
Ronald Reagan
Dwight Eisenhower
34 (1953-1961)
John Quincy Adams
6. 1825-1829
Warren Gamaliel Harding
29. 1921-1923
James Garfield
2nd President assassinated
6th President
John Quincy Adams
Franklin D. Roosevelt
32 (1933-1945)
Martin Van Buren
Panic of 1837
Republican; 1881; Against NY Political Machine; ASSASSINATED
James Madison
4th U.S. President. 1809-1817. Democratic-Republican
Benjamin Harrison
23rd U.S. President. 1889-1893. Republican
Rutherford B. Hayes
19th U.S. President. 1877-1881. Republican
Grover Cleveland
22nd President (1885-1889) Thomas A. Hendricks
James Monroe
Ronald Reagen
James Carter
William McKinley
John Tyler
Rutherford Hayes
Abraham Lincoln
James Garfield
George Washington
Unconditional Surrender
Abraham Lincoln- Republican
2. 1797-1801
John Adams
George W Bush
Hamilton's economic plan
Franklin Pierce
1853-1857 (Democrat)
Theodore Roosevelt
26; 1901-1909
1st President
George Washington
Ronald W. Reagan
Chester A. Arthur
Bill Clinton
Term: 1993-2001
Party: Democrat
SDI (Strategic Defense initiative)
JQ Adams
Tariff of Abominations
14. Franklin Pierce
Bleeding Kansas
Library of Congress Founded
John Adams
Federalist 1797 - 1801
Andrew Jackson
7th President-- "old hickory"
Lyndon B. Johnson Political Party
Chester A. Arthur (Republican) (Stalwart)
ad hoc structure
several subordinates, cabinet officers, and committees report directly to the president on different matters
Franklin D Roosevelt
National Labor Relations Act
veto power
the formal, constitutional authority of the president to reject bills passed by both houses of Congress, thus preventing their becoming law without further congressional action.
Pocket Veto
This occurs when Congress adjourns within 10 days after submitting a bill and the president takes no action to sign it or veto it.
the heads of the fifteen executive branch departments of the federal government
constitutional authority
powers derived from Constitution that outline presidents role in government
A term coined by Richard Neustadt. People who alternate between jobs in the federal government and ones in the private sector, especially in law firms and in universities.
New Hampshire
State that usually holds the 1st primary in pres election
Line-item veto
An executive's ability to block a particular provision in a bill passed by the legislature.
pardon power
power to excuse an offense without penalty or grant release from a penalty already imposed
White House Staff
analysts and advisers to the president, often given the title "special assistant."
David Mayhew
He studied 267 important laws that were enacted between 1946 and 1990, and determined that they were as likely to pass under divided government as under unified government.
Direct Democracy
a form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives
Twenty-Fifth Amendment (cont.)
Also contains a section that allows the VP and a majority of the Cabinet (or some other body determined by Congress) to deem a president unable to fulfill his duties.
President can also voluntarily relinquish duties.
1985, Reagan made G.H.W. Bush acting president during Reagan's eight-hour surgery.
VP Cheney acting president in 2002 while Pres. Bush underwent a colonoscopy
line item veto
allows presidents to veto sections of a bill without rejecting the whole thing, but the court rule dthis unconstitutional
what is our legal system based on
British legal system
Lame Duck
a person still in office after he or she lost a bid for reelection.
19th Century
Rutherford B. Hayes
Beneficiary of the most fiercely disputed election in American history, Rutherford B. Hayes brought to the Executive Mansion dignity, honesty, and moderate reform.
To the delight of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union, Lucy Webb Hayes carried out her husband's orders to banish wines and liquors from the White House.
Born in Ohio in 1822, Hayes was educated at Kenyon College and Harvard Law School. After five years of law practice in Lower Sandusky, he moved to Cincinnati, where he flourished as a young Whig lawyer.
He fought in the Civil War, was wounded in action, and rose to the rank of brevet major general. While he was still in the Army, Cincinnati Republicans ran him for the House of Representatives. He accepted the nomination, but would not campaign, explaining, "an officer fit for duty who at this crisis would abandon his post to electioneer... ought to be scalped."
Elected by a heavy majority, Hayes entered Congress in December 1865, troubled by the "Rebel influences ... ruling the White House." Between 1867 and 1876 he served three terms as Governor of Ohio.
Safe liberalism, party loyalty, and a good war record made Hayes an acceptable Republican candidate in 1876. He opposed Governor Samuel J. Tilden of New York.
Although a galaxy of famous Republican speakers, and even Mark Twain, stumped for Hayes, he expected the Democrats to win. When the first returns seemed to confirm this, Hayes went to bed, believing he had lost. But in New York, Republican National Chairman Zachariah Chandler, aware of a loophole, wired leaders to stand firm: "Hayes has 185 votes and is elected." The popular vote apparently was 4,300,000 for Tilden to 4,036,000 for Hayes. Hayes's election depended upon contested electoral votes in Louisiana, South Carolina, and Florida. If all the disputed electoral votes went to Hayes, he would win; a single one would elect Tilden.
Months of uncertainty followed. In January 1877 Congress established an Electoral Commission to decide the dispute. The commission, made up of eight Republicans and seven Democrats, determined all the contests in favor of Hayes by eight to seven. The final electoral vote: 185 to 184.
Northern Republicans had been promising southern Democrats at least one Cabinet post, Federal patronage, subsidies for internal improvements, and withdrawal of troops from Louisiana and South Carolina.
Hayes insisted that his appointments must be made on merit, not political considerations. For his Cabinet he chose men of high caliber, but outraged many Republicans because one member was an ex-Confederate and another had bolted the party as a Liberal Republican in 1872.
Hayes pledged protection of the rights of Negroes in the South, but at the same time advocated the restoration of "wise, honest, and peaceful local self-government." This meant the withdrawal of troops. Hayes hoped such conciliatory policies would lead to the building of a "new Republican party" in the South, to which white businessmen and conservatives would rally.
Many of the leaders of the new South did indeed favor Republican economic policies and approved of Hayes's financial conservatism, but they faced annihilation at the polls if they were to join the party of Reconstruction. Hayes and his Republican successors were persistent in their efforts but could not win over the "solid South."
Hayes had announced in advance that he would serve only one term, and retired to Spiegel Grove, his home in Fremont, Ohio, in 1881. He died in 1893.
Roles of the President
- Chief of State: Ceremonial head of government
- Chief Executive: Rules and governs the nation: efficient, frugal, responsive
- Commander in Chief: Leads military, balance between military and people
- Chief Diplomat: Power over foreign affairs
- Chief Legislator: Deals with complex issues
- Chief of Political Party: Partisan individual
- Voice of the People: Moral voice of the US
- Protector of the Peace
- Manager of Prosperity
- World Leader
High public approval of the president
provides a cover for members of congress to cast votes to which their constituents might otherwise object
Youngstown Sheet and Tube co. V Sawyer 1952
Court found that there was no congressional statute that authorized the President to take possession of private property
Abraham Lincoln
William Taft
Bush (I)
Calvin Coolidge
george Washinton
James Monroe
James Monroe
Thomas Jefferson
Abraham Lincoln
Hannibal Hamlin
3rd president
Thomas Jefferson
Lyndon B. Johnson
william henry harrison
10th President
John Tyler
The Grange founded
Harry Truman
#33 -- 1945-1953
George Walker Bush
2001-2008 43.
1853-57 dem 14th
Franklin Pierce
Zachery Taylor
1849-1850 Whig
(of tax) decreasing proportionately with an increase in the tax base.
Martin Van Buren
Richard M. Johnson
when the president cant pardon?
unofficial jobs
crisis manager, morale builder, agenda/priority setter (national sectury policy, economic, domestic), persuader/recruiter, legislative and political coalition builder
Executive Agreements
formal government agreements entered into by the president that do not require the advice an consent of the US senate
Domestic: Federalists and Democratic Republican
Thomas Jefferson
Group 1
Washington, Adams, Jefferson, Madison, Monroe
Woodrow Wilson
28th U.S. President. 1913-1921. Democratic
their role in presidential elections has limited that of the House
political parites
William Henry Harrison
#9, 1841-1841, (Whig)
War veteran, nicknamed "Tippercanoe". Died of pneumonia after being president for 30 days.
a situation in which government is incapable of acting on important issues, usually because of divided government
Zachary Taylor
12th U.S. President. 1849-1850 (Died in office of natural causes). Whig
Institutional pluralism
Kernell's term for period before individualized pluralism. Declined due to disintegration of strict political party adherence and emergence of new communications techonlogies.
President's Program
laws the president wants Congress to pass
executive agreement
A formal agreement between the U.S. president and the leaders of other nations that does not require Senate approval.
Chief Legislator
the person who sets the congressional agenda;pushes his agenda on congress
james earl carter
39th president of the U.S. 1977–81.
legislative veto
The authority of Congress to block a presidential action after it has taken place. The Supreme Court has held that Congress does not have this power.
unified government
a government in which the same party controls the white house and both houses of congress
William H. Harrison
9th U.S. President. 1841-1841 (Died in office of natural causes) Whig
died on the 4th of July. His last words were “Jefferson still lives.”
How long must you live in the country to be president?
14 years
President H.W. Bush
sent over a million troops to the Persian Gulf leading to the Gulf War against Iraq.
State of the Union Address
annual speech made to congress laying out the status of the nation, proposes suggestions for legislature, sets law making agenda
some believe the war powers resolution could be successfully overturned by the supreme court because
it uses legislative veto which may violate the separation of powers
Andrew Johnson
Franklin Pierce
Monroe Doctrine
Dollar Diplomacy
Theodore Roosevelt
Specie Circular
13th President
Millard fillmore
James A. Garfield
William H. Harrison
Cuban Missile Crisis
18. Ulysses Grant
Warren G. Harding
Ronald W. Reagan
Andrew Jackson
John C. Calhoun
Ulysses S. Grant
1869-1877 (Republican)
Herbert Hoover
31st President
No Nickname
Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr
Andrew Johnson
Term: 1865-1869
Party: National Union (Democrat)
Dwight D. Eisenhower
1953 - 1961
office of management and budget
Presidential refusal to expend funds appropriated by Congress.
Richard Nixon
37th U.S. President. 1969-1974 (Resigned). Republican
Bush Sr.
Year: 1988
Event: Iraq invades Kuwait
Party: Republican
Expressed Power
Constitutional or Statutory Power of the President which is expressly written into the constitution or into Statutory Law.
made enemies in Congress and was the first President to be threatened with impeachment
executive order
directive, rule, or regulation issued by a chief executive or subordinates, based upon constitutional or statutory authority and having the force of law
federal bureaucracy
everyone who works for the government, including non elected employees
Twenty-second Amendment
Passed in 1951, he amenment that limits presidents to two terms of office
Chief Executive
President of the United States; boss, hired, fires, administrator, and executes the law.
diplomatic power
allows the president to make treaties with foreign nations with the advice and consent of the Senate
Honeymoon Period
The period during which Congress, the press, and the public anticipate initiatives from the Oval Office and are more predisposed than usual to support these initiatives
parliamentary system
A system of government in which the legislature selects the prime minister or president.
chief of state
the chief public representative of a country who may also be the head of government
death, resignation, removal
when the vice president become the president?
Is a term that became popular in the 1960s and that served as the title of a 1973 volume by historian Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. to describe the modern presidency of the United States. A president that has emperor like powers. It is an idea.
Imperial presidency
Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
the office that prepares the president's annual budget proposal, reviews the budget and programs of the executive departments, supplies economic forecasts, and conducts detailed analyses of proposed bills and agency rules.
The three degrees of propinquity
1) The White House Office
2) The Executive Office
3) The Cabinet
John Quincy Adams (to House); Andrew Johnson (to Senate)
Only 2 former presidents elected to Congress (answer in form _______; _________).
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