The Progressive Era Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Barrios
mexican neighborhoods
Monopoly
one own all
Suffrage
The right to vote.
ICC
Interstate Commerce Commission, by Pres. Cleveland to regulate railroads.
bigotry
intolerance toward those who are different from oneself.
Recall
People can remove elected officials from office.
Hull House
settlement house founded by Progressive reformer Jane Addams in Chicago in 1889
Muckraker
journalists who exposed corruption and other problems in the American society
Primary
Voters choose their party's candidate from among several people
NAACP
The national association for the advancement of colored people--an organization founded in 1909 to promote full racial equality.
discrimination
Unfair treatment because of a person's race, sex, religion, age, or physical condition
Bull Moose Party
The progressive party of Roosevelt.
Eugene Debs
Prominent socialist leader (and five time presidential candidate) who founded the American Railroad Union and led the 1894 Pullman Strike
Civil Service
government agency created by Pendleton Act of 1883 to fill federal jobs on the basis of merit
Scab
Temporary workers who take over for workers who are on-strike.
Referendum
Gives voters power to pass laws!Voters vote on the bill in the next election.
Federal Reserve System
A national banking system, established in 1913, that controls the U.S. money supply and the availability of credit in the country.
"New Woman"
1. Increasingly visible in public spaces, divorce on the rise, homosexuality more prominent
2. Women played an essential role in progressive era reform,actions and activities were an engine in changing gender roles
suburbs
a district lying immediately outside a city or town, esp. a smaller residential community.
Strike
To stop working as a collective form of protest against an employer.
Primary Elections
elections in which voters choose their party's candidate for the general election
The Grange
first farm organization that sought to protect farming interests
Susan B. Anthony
Reformer who worked for women's suffrage. Lived and worked in Rochester, NY.
Women Suffrage
1. Made the argument women deserved same rights as men including the right to vote
2. Seen as a threat to social norm. Women's actions served as an engine in reform
seventeenth amendment
an amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1913, providing for the election of two U.S. senators from each state by popular vote and for a term of six years.
immigration
the act of moving away from one's native country to live in another country
Federal Reserve Act of 1913
Created the Federal Reserve Banks.
William Howard Taft
hand picked by Theo Roosevelt, more quiet and cautious than Theo. Roosevelt, not as popular, became Chief Justice of Supreme Court after presidency
Graduated Income Tax
tax on earnings that charges different rates for different income levels
Ida Tarbell
Exposed how bad monopolies are in her book The History of the Standard Oil Company.
Attorney General George Wickersham
Breaks Standard Oil into 34 different companies. Takes U.S. Steel to court and tarnishes TR's "Trust Buster" reputation.
William Henry Taft
wanted to be on the Supreme Court, Roosevelt picked him to be the Republican Candidate
Clayton Antitrust Act
A law, enacted in 1914, that made certain monopolistic business practices illegal and protected the rights of labor unions and farm organizations.
City Commission Plan
The electorate of a city vote a small group of people into positions that constitute the legislative body of the city and take on responsibilities such as taxation, appropriations, ordinances, and other general functions.
Describe the farmers problems and the Populist Party
represented farmers who were struggling with overproduction, low prices for goods and high debt, gave farmers loans
What was the Clayton Antitrust Act?
supported by President Wilson, one of the government's biggest weapons against trusts (big companies coming together to create one giant company)
Wisconsin Idea
PrimaryInitiativeReferendumRecall
susan b. Anothony
women's rights organizer
New Nationalism
Roosevelt's progressive political policy that favored heavy government intervention in order to assure social justice
Alice Paul
Radical suffragist supporting protests against President Wilson and formed the National Woman's Party
Socialism
because of ineguality of big business,some people believed that the goverment should take over control of all industries
Interstate Commerce
Commerce that crossed state lines
Theodore Roosevelt
26th president, known for: conservationism, trust-busting, Hepburn Act, safe food regulations, "Square Deal," Panama Canal, Great White Fleet, Nobel Peace Prize for negotiation of peace in Russo-Japanese War
prohibition
make alchol illegal. in other words prohibiting alchol drinking.
Initiative
The procedure by which citizens can propose legislation and requires the legislature to vote on it
NAACP
aimed for full equality among the races
Living conditions
Municipal government are pressured to improve sanitation and tenement safety
employers liability act
provided accident insurance for workers in the district of columbia and on interstate railroads
Clayton Antitrust Act
New antitrust legislation constructed to remedy deficiencies of the Sherman Antitrust Act, namely, it's effectiveness against labor unions
bull moose part
when the republicans party split progressive path.
Robert La Folette
governor of Wisconsin who introduced his state to a new system for bypassing politicians and placing the nominating process directly in the hands of the voters.
Women's Rights
momentum for more rights was makin progress
square deal
was roosevelts policy aimed at keeping the wealthy and powerful from taking advantage of small buisness owners and the poor
Poverty
People do not have enough money to pay for the things they need like food, clothing,and a place to live
Jacob Riis
Author of How The Other Half Lives
keating-owen child labor act
prevented children from working hard labor.
Woodrow Wilson
president who led U.S. into WWI and proposed the 14 points.
scrip money
money that was only valid in the mining towns store
Sherman Antitrust Act
a law that banned the formation of trusts and monopolies in the United States
The Shame of the Cities
Book by Lincoln Steffens which documented political corruption
How The Other Half Lives
Book written by Jacob Riis documenting poverty (has photographs)
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