The Three Branches of Government Flashcards

Terms Definitions
approves treaties
Judicial Branch
interprets laws
Legislative Branch
makes laws
serves for life
signs or vetos laws
David Dewhurst
current lieutenant governor
Change in the constitution
makes treaties with foreign governments
House of Representatives
based on population
The President
approves and vetoes laws
our capital
Washington DC (White House)
Cheif Legislator
President Carter placed restrictions on the sale of gasoline during the 1979 energy crisis
house of reps
can propose tax laws
the President, Vice President and Department Heads are a part of this branch of government
the drawing of legislative district boundaries to benefit a party, group, or incumbent
Must approve judges, ambassadors, and cabinet members
Who can declare war?
HOR or Senate
Takes over if the President can serve
on what our government is based on
- supreme court
- chief justice
judicial branch
Department of Agriculture
the federal department that administers programs that provide services to farmers (including research and soil conservation and efforts to stabilize the farming economy)
the entire legislature of the United States government
try to maintain contact with party members, determine which way they are leaning on votes and attempt to gain support
The branch of government that enforces the laws
commander in chief of U.S. military forces
number of terms a president can have
vice president becomes president
What if the President dies
executive term
four year term, can be elected twice
Legislative Branch Key Powers:
approve or reject Presidential appointments
electoral college
the body of electors who formally elect the United States president and vice-president
Pardon Power
Restore rights to anyone convicted of a federal crime
Has the power to settle disputes between states
Supreme Court
Vice President
Who is the head of the Senate?
when an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for a decision
Popular Sovereignty
people hold the final authority in all matters of government
President, Barack Obama, Washington DC
Federal Government - Executive Branch
How does the Legislative congress check on the judicial courts
Ratifies apointments, tries impeachments, establishes lower courts, sets judicial salaries
Minority leader
The leader of the minority party in either the House of Representatives or the Senate
the president's ability to say no to a law
The head of the executive branch of a state government.
Head of State
This role says that the President greets foreign leaders, goes to dinners, plays host.
Supreme Court
is the highest court - they have the final say in all legal matters. Part of the Judicial Branch
Community leaders
create and change laws in a town or city
who makes up the legislative branch?
senate house of representatives and congress
Congress/Legislative Branch is made up of
Senate and the House of Representatives
house of reps. how big?
440 total, 435 voting members and 5 non-voting delagates
Who is the Commander in Chief of all U.S. military forces?
The President. Article 2
8. How is the President elected?
By the people of the U.S., they vote
1) You have the right to change religions and beliefs 2) Everyone can take part in cultural life 3) Everyone is entitled to have their own rights. Just because of being a different color, language, religion, etc., they shouldn't be left out.
What are three rights of global citizens, according to the Declaration of Human Rights by the UN?
9. What are the qualifications to run for Senate and House of Representatives?
Be at least 30 years old, be a US citizen for the past 9 years, and live in the state that they represent.
Two houses
article 2
executive branch
Article III
judicial powers
Which branch declares war?
between two or more states
appellate courts (appeals) (judges decide if the judge in a Lower applied law correctly
state government
-issue licenses
-runs elections
-sets up local government
-collects income and sales taxes
executive branch
-headed by the president
-proposes,approves,and enforces laws made by congress
-makes treaties with other countries
-leads the military
Founding Fathers
Members of the Constitutional Convention
Who wanted a National Bank?
Alexander Hamilton
Legislative - superpower (checks Executive)
impeach president
main duty of Executive Branch
enforces the laws
The Supreme Court justices
elected by the citizens
the district a member of Congress represents
The branch of government that makes the laws
Sureme Court Justices are
appointed by the president
The part of Congress that confirms presidential appointments such as to the Supreme Court
must be 30 years old to be elected
King or Queen
Who holds power in a Monarchy?
how is the president chosen?
elected by electoral college
the process of a redraw of district boundaries
Who can call congress into a special session?
member of the group which elects the president
a group of people chosen to consider a particular set of issues
what is one check the executive branch has on the legislative branch?
veto laws
Where does the President live and work?
The White House
District Courts
94 district courts
Has original jurisdiction for most cases
Concurrent Powers
powers that are shared by both the federal and state governments
department of treasury
the department of the U.S. federal government that collects revenue and administers the national finances.
What is the highest court of the judicial branch?
The Supreme court
What is the length of the president term of office
4 year term
Parts of Legislative Branch
Senate (100-2 per state), House of Representatives (435-based on population)
laws Congress can't make
interfere with habeus corpus, bill of attainder or ex post facto
How old you need to be to run for the House of Representatives
How long is the Vice President's term?
four years--just like the President
natural born citizen
The kind of citizen you need to be to run for president
The Executive Branch is made up of
The President, Vice-president, and the Cabinet
who are the main members of the excutive branch
the President and other government officials
Why is the system of Check and Balances important?
Each of the three branches of government can limit the powers of the others. It prevents any one part of government from becoming too powerful. Each branch "checks" the power of the other branches to make sure that the power is balanced between them.
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