Art Midterm 2 Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
fluting
ridges
religioso
religious
entretenido
entertaining
Danaide
Brancusi
color
identifies hues
el artista
artist
los detalles
details
environment
les environs
glorificar
to glorify
Sainte Foy
France 1050
16th-Century Italian Renaissance:
Bronzino, Allegory with Venus & Cupid
une ombre
a shadow
location? period?
PARTHENON
Athens
High Classical
space
shows distance or prespective.
The Ancient Period
Prehistoric-A.D. 400
No creer
to not believe
Riace Warrior A

South Italy
(Olympia?)
classical period
el retrato
obra de una persona
Postman Joseph-Etienne Roulin
Van Gogh 1889
Secco Fresco
painting on dry plaster
Production
making your decision, doing it
Minimalism
A nonrepresentational style of scuplture and painting, usually severely restricted in the use of visual elements and often consisting of simple geometric shapes or masses. The style came to prominence in the late 1960s.
rough
surface that feels harsh or grating
texture
lines can be rough or smooth
Southworth & Hawes, Early operation using ether for anesthesia, 1847 (Marien, p. 40)
Photography starts being used to document scientific experiment
commission
act of getting others to work
Social Realism
Exposed justice/corruption of ruling class, self-expression, Artists: Shahn, Lawrence, Lange
Caspar David Friedrich, Two Men Observing the Moon, 1819-1820
The __________ process utilizes a series of dye baths and wax applications to create a design on fabric.
batik
persuasion
encourages people to change attitudes; can also inform or enlighten, not necessarily negative
ethnomusicology
The study of the relationship between music and other aspects of culture.
Emphasis
(a principle) Drawing attention to a portion of a composition.
to get a tone
you add a commpliment
Abstract
Art which departs from the realistic and accuracy and focuses more on the representation of emotion and imagination. Forms are exaggerated and/or simplified
MIXTILINEO
Formado por partes rectas y curvas/mix of straight and curved
portal
a grand and imposing entrance (often extended metaphorically)
principles of art
balance, variety, rhythm, movement, harmony, emphasis, and proportion
fine
n. money paid as punishment for wrongdoing OR v. to order payment for wrongdoing OR adj. excellent
The word __________ is derived from the French and means rebirth.
Renaissance
granulation
individual little beads of gold hand sauder
Unicials
from the Latin uncia (inch) A rounded letterfrom written using a top guidelines and bottom baseline spaced one unicia (Roman inch) apart.
Arch
A curved structure used to span span an opening. Masonry arches are generally built of wedge-shaped blocks, called voussiors, set with their narrow sides toward the opening so that they lock together. The topmost voussoir is called the keystone. Arches may take different shapes, such as the pointed Gothic arch or the rounded Classical arch.
aesthetic experience
the experience of seeing and enjoying something for its own sake, or for its beauty and pleasurable qualities.
contour line
line representing the outline of a figure or form
Complimentary
the colors opposite each other on the color wheel
composition
to create form or design something by arranging seperate parts to create a whole
Motif
An individual feature of a subject or form, usually one that recurs in the compositon
Mark Rothko
Landscape - 1945 (still shows some resemblance to real life).
Untitled Paintings - soft outlines, rectangular shapes.
The degree of difference between two shades of gray is described in terms of
Value Contrast
Man Ray took several photographs of this artist's alter ego, Rrose Sélavy.
(Marcel) Duchamp
Volute
a spiral scroll, as seen on an Ionic capital
medium, media
the materials and tools used by the artist to create the visual elements perceived by the viewer
Expressive Content
The ideas or moods that a work expresses.
actual
this type of texture: you can FEEL it, actually. paper pasted on, fabric, thick globby paint, etc.
The Abbey of Saint Denis
The first major architectural structure partially built in the Gothic style.
Negative Space
An empty area surrounded and shaped so that it acquires form or volume.
type 1 of square dome:dome on pendentives
incorporates sloping intermediate sections of wall at upper corner of the space to spread the weight of dome evenly
cast shadow
a dark area that occurs on a surface as a result of something being placed between that surface and a light source. this area is always opposite the light source.
English.
Social cruelty, torture, politics
What nationality is William Hogarth and what social issues does he address?
The Gaze
is a term used to describe the acts of looking that are caught up in the desire. Also implies and explores the complex power relations that are a part of the acts of looking and being looked at.
Luis Bunel and Dali, Unchin Andalc (An Andalusian Dog) 1928-29
shocking violence, sexual desires, lack of continuity, jumps in time, music coensides w/ screen doesnt line up
When Michelangelo was only 27, he carved the 13½-foot statue of David from __________.
a single piece of almost unworkable marble
rechazado
rejected
stage
escenario
rime
rhyme
Christina's World
1948
reflejar
to reflect
tatlin
wood models
la escultua
statue
la plata
silver
le tableau
picture, painting
Who used fauvism?
Derain
el claroscuro
light/dark contrast
Hippolyte Tsafack
Hippolyte Tsafack
975-996
Western Palace in Cairo
ziggurat
Sumerian's religion-oriented society is shown with the __
Pigments
finely ground colored powers
column
A vertical, weight-carrying architectural member, circular in cross section and consisting of a base, a shaft, and a capital
crafts
The application of aesthetic principles to the production of utilitarian objects and activities.
Patrons
wealthy individuals who commissioned numerous art works and buildings. They were heads of princely courts who often hired court artists and their courts were centers of power and culture
The Last Supper 1908
Knolde, o/c
dry media
self-contained, easily manipulated media that require no other materials to make them workable. Examples are pencil, charcoal, pastels, chalk, crayons, colored encils, and conte crayon.
Altdorfer
Landscape; quiet, poetic, calm; Northern Renaissance (16th c.); "Danube Landscape Near Regensburg"
The New Orleans Cotton Exchange
Degas
Mastaba
A flat-topped, one-story building with slanted walls over an ancient Egyptian underground tomb
design principles
emphasis, contrast, balance, harmony, rhythm, proportion, unity, and variety
Woman 1, USA, Abstract Expressionism, de Kooning
intensity
brightness or dullness of a hue
el realismo
movimiento artístico que representa las cosas como se ven
en plein aire
out in the open
palette
a rectangular or oval-shaped flat surface used for mixing colors. Also refers to the selection of colors used by an artist.
The arrangement of elements and principles of art to create a feeling of completeness of wholeness.
Unity
Buon Fresco
true fresco; an ancient wallpainting technique in which very finely ground pigments suspended in water are applied to a damp lime plastered surface.
Curator
A content specialist in a selceted field.
high key paintings
made mostly of light values
glazed
an outermost layer of vitreos liquid that upon firing renders ceramics water proof
Francisco Pacheco
Maestro de Velázquez, Pintor, Painted La Cieguecita (Cat. de Sevilla)
expressionism
an art style that emphasized the expression of innermost feelings
Accent
The part of an artistic composition which attracts your attention. As in a painting which uses strong, bright colours.
Autumn Rhythm
Jackson Pollock (1950), enamel on canvas
Abstract expressionism, action painting.
surrealism
a movement originating in France in teh 1920s that explored the unconscious by using dreamlike images, spontaneous techniques, and surprising juxtapositions of objects
Art Nouvear
In painting and design
international movement in the decorative arts
"La style moderne"
Is a manifestation of Symbolism in the decorative arts
It also is a manifestation of new technologies
Element
what you use to create the art work
aerial perspective
the effect of distance or atmosphere shown through haziness or changes in color
Spectrum
The colors that you see when light passes through a prism and divides the white light from the sun into a prism.
highlight
small areas on a painting or drawing on which light is the brightest
Firing
a process of applying heat to make hard pottery in either a oven or ovenlike enclosure called a kiln
IMPRESSIONST MOVEMENT'S NAME IS FROM...
Monet's painting "Impression Sunrise"
monochromatic color
one color with different shades and tints
The complements are...
Red and Green,Blue and Orange,and Purple and Yellow
installation artists
Those who create art for spedfic spaces. Installations are often large in scale, temporary, and combine art media.
SHAPE
An element of art.  An area clearly set off by one or more of the other five visual elements ofart.
palimpsest
a parchment or the like from which writing has been partially or completely erased to make room for another text.
seated woman
25 1/4 x 17 x 16 1/2 "
Bisque
Clay work that has been fired in a kiln to harden the clay
Geometric Shape
The area enclosed by an outline. Can be indicated by line or color. Not natural (square, rectangle, etc.)
Monochromatic Colors
Colors that you add black or white to
La artista que hace objectos de barro y otros materiales.
la escultora
primary colors
red yellow and blue. colors that can not be mixed
Analogous Colors
Colors next to each other on the color wheel. An analogous color scheme consists of any three or four adjacent colors on the color wheel. Their proximity to one another assures that analogous colors will contribute to a harmonious scheme, and where colors meet, they will blend beautifully.
human intention
when the artist means for a project to be an artwork
Define "heraldic composition"
a central figure with an animal on each side
leon de nemeas
heracles se viste con su piel luego de estrangularlo
"Great Criticism: Coca-Cola", by Wang Guangyi is..
a Color Lithograph that resembles a commercially produced propaganda poster.
what is preimplantation genetic dx (PGD)?
this allows for a genetic dx (of a single blastomere) prior to embryo implantation/pregnancy initiation. it is performed via either: fluorescent in-situ hybridization (FISH): fluorescent DNA probes label chromosomes to r/o aneuploidy OR PCR to dx certain genetic defects such as sickle cell, tay-sachs, and CF.
realistic
realista
original
original
sencillo
simple
el drama
drama
Petroglyphs
Rock Carvings
el taller
workshop
la paleta
palet
Form
3 dimentianal shape
De Stilj
Holland
socially-oriented non-objective movement
architecture, furniture designs
Oud: "Dutch Protestant iconoclasm"
el paisaje
the landscape
el arte clássico
classic
lypograph
image draw on stone
Duchamp, The Fountain (1917)
Readymade
Cool Colors
blues, greens, violets
Blaue relter
The blue Rider
coffers
sunken panel in a dome
Art teacher
Piet Mondrian's original job
unity
sense of wholeness or oneness
camera angles
show different view points
animation
to make life,usually with cartoon characters
Mosques
Houses of worship; adapted abandoned buildings
proportion
conparing objects by size number pasition and space
Painting no. 199 by Kandinsky, 1914
Vermeer
woman with pearl earring, single figure near window,
harmony
creates unity by stressing the similarities of separate but related parts
Batten
A narrow, thin strip of wood
Feast in the House of Levi
Veronese
neoplasticism
a purity of form, featured flat geometric shapes and primary colors and black and white, movement in both painting and architecture, abstractionist movement
pastel
pigment held together with a binder and pressed into stick form (dry or oil-pastel)
horizon line
a visible or invisible line representing the artist's eye level
content
the meaning of the work requires research and interpretation. To do this, art historians must view the work in its cultural, historical, social, and (artist) biographical context
Pattern
Simply keeping your design in a certain format
Starry Night
Vincent VanGogh's masterpiece that has great movement; painting of a village at night
Petrarch
crowned the poet laureate of Rome. Contrasted with Dante in that his love of Laura was purely fleshly.
oculus
the round central opening of a dome
Fresco
A painting technique in which pigments suspended in water are applied to a damp surface. The pigments dry to become part of the plaster wall or surface. Sometimes called true frescoto distinguish it from painting over dry plaster 
What helped Chuck Close through his life pains?
art
Rivera spent 14 years studying in Europe paid for by?
Mexican Government
illuminated manuscript
a handwritten book with paintings and lavish script
Nonobjective Art
Art that has no recognizable subject matter.
Plate
Sheet of wood or linoleum that is carved
Donor Portrait
A portrait of the individual who commissioned a religious work, for example an altarpiece, as evidence of devotion
Rebirth
revived intrest in art and idea of classical Greece and Rome.
Allston, Dead Man Restored to LIfe by Touching Bones of Elisha, 1813
toned ground
surface that is stopped down from white (a darker shade; not white)
Using a steel framework with masonry sheathing, the ________, designed by Louis Sullivan, is thought by many to be the first genuinely modern building.
Wainwright Building
Define "clerestory"
raised central section in a hypostyle hall that allowed light to filter into the interior
(54) The Wine Cooler was in the collection of____until 1774.
Louis XV
principles of design
rules that govern how artists organize the elements of art.
balance
contrast
emphasis
movement
rhythm
pattern
unity
framing
the space and point of view fro a picture, as determined by the picture's horizontal and vertical borders
Stylized
The design of any work tends to result in its having a style, and its having been freely chosen is one aspect of its appeal
Support
The surface on which a work of two dimensional art is made
ARt of Sistine Chapel
paintings all over ceiling, scenes were divided, most famous was when God was creating Adam
uses CAPS, CGI, and hand drawings
Beauty and the Beast
focal point
a focal point is the element in a painting that pulls in the viewer's eye, that is the center of attention or the main subject
Line
A mark that goes from point A to point B
Cathedral of Saint James, Santiago de Compostela, 11th-12th century
a. Roman arches for windows
cell (or single cell)
one image from a series of related images that presents an idea. cells are commonly found in comic strips, graphic novels, and or storyboard presentations, which tend to isolate the images from each other by an outline in the shape of a rectangle, cells also refer to the individual frames of animated cartoons
Reversal of figure and ground
A shift in awareness of positive and negative shapes
What is unique about printmaking as an art form?
it is reproduceable so when it first became popular, artists could communicate ideas, and share work across long distances for the first time.
 
it is much less expensive to buy an artist's print, than one of his/her paintings.
bonito
pretty
Ire
anger
el tema
theme
conscience
moral sense
The Fifer
Manet
Nolde
Female Dancer
Germany
Expressionism (Die Brucke)
1913
Tint.
Color plus white.
Rembrandt
Many self portraits
cross hatching
criss crossing lines
complementary
colors that are opposite
Simulacra
Representation of a Representation
Kinetic
Any three-dimensional art that contains moving parts and can be set in motion by air currents or some type of motor
The Terrace at Vernon
Pierre Bonnard
Dante
Literary luminary in fourteenth century Europe; known for The Divine Comedy, which looked at human virtue and vice, as well as human destiny in Italian.
Portait with a Green Stripe
Matisse
Shaikah Amad
criticized Islamic ruler's tolerance of other religions
Bauhaus
'20's
Walter GROPIUS, Paul KLEE
-school for integration of fine arts, crafts, industrial design & architecture
-"less is more" design ethic
-Johannes Itten - basic courses
-"bauhütte" - German medieval master mason's lodge
-Kandinsky teaches in '20s
-Gropius: painters provided a "spiritual counterpoint" to designers
-Hitler shuts down school in 1933
Klee:
"Art does not reproduce the visible; rather, it makes visible."
secondary contour
lines that define the inside
Cubism
Pablo Picasso, Art with little distinction between the positive and negative space.
scheme
any system of correlated things, parts, etc., or the manner of its arrangement.
Positive Space
space taken up by the objects
Medium Carrying Message
artwork communicating for the artist
Pouce
a now-obsolete French unit of measure slightly longer than an inch
true
negative shap is the background or space around the subject of the artwork
lithograph
a printmaking process in which the printing surface is flat, and the artist draws the image on stone, metal, or plastic plate
Museum
a place to provide space for preserving, exhibiting, and viewing works of art
value scale
black ranging through grays to white.
M.C. Escher
Dutch artist that created fantastic black and white prints of optical illusions in the 20th century
Rhythm
A principle of design that refers to ways of combining elements to produce the appearance of movement in an artwork. It may be achieved through repetition, alternation, or progression of an element.
Sutton Hoo
of two Anglo-Saxon cemeteries of the 6th century and early 7th century, one of which contained an undisturbed ship burial including a wealth of artifacts of outstanding art-historical and archaeological significance.
Chi-Rho
Constantine put Chi Rho, the first two letters of Christ in Greek, on the shield of his soldiers; after his victory, he issued the Edict of Milan bc, according to Eusebius, he recognized the power of the Cross and the Christian God.
complementary colors
colors opposite each other on the color wheel. when paired, they make each other seem brighter.
psalter
a volume containing the Book of Psalms and which often contains other devotional material -- were amongst the most popular types of illuminated manuscripts, rivaled only by the Gospel Books, from which they gradually took over as the type of manuscript chosen for lavish illumination
The Marriage of Giovanni Arnolfini and Giovanna Cenami
van Eyck
Tesselation
A group of shapes that covers a surface with no gaps or overlaps
lithography
the art or process of producing a picture, writing, or the like, on a flat, specially prepared stone, with some greasy or oily substance, and of taking ink impressions from this as in ordinary printing.
Minoan art
The pre-Helladic art of the island of Crete, named after the legendary King Minos of Knossos.
How many works did Pable Picasso make?
An estimated 50,000
Pictorial Relief
sculpture not carved in the round, but still tries to show varying degrees of depth. Ex: Donatello's Saint George
Graphic design
the applied art of arranging image and text to communicate a message. It may be applied in any media, such as print, digital media, motion pictures, animation, product decoration, packaging, and signs. Graphic design as a practice can be traced back to the origin of the written word, but only in the late 19th century did it become identified as a separate entity.
Description
make a list of all the things you see in the work. These include: size,medium, process, subject, object, details, and elements used in work.
plastic (shape)
1. element(s) used in such a manner as to create the illusion of the third dimension on a two-dimensional surface. 2. three-dimensional art forms, such as architecture, sculpture, and ceramics.
way of organizing parts of a design so that equal, or very similar, elements are placed on opposie sides of a central axis
formal balance
funerals and times of mourning
what is the traditional use of adinkra?
why would an artist use emphasis in his/her work?
to create a focal point, to make one part of his art stand out dominant over the others
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