Theatre History - Quiz Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Cavea
seating
Diderot
'Drame' Playwright
Three Kings
January 6
Ariane Mnouchkine
director, semi-Marxist
Who wrote Faust?
Goethe
Shuramono
Noh plays about warriors,two
sets/costumes (french)
*contemporary dress/classical costumes
*limited illusion: spectators on stage
*tragedy: generic set; comedy: room with 4 doors
*during 1700s: neoclassicism stagnates
1990 end of Apartheid
...
Intermezzi
italian interludes inserted between acts or scenes of an opera used stock characters of commedia dell' arte
paradoi
side entrances to roman theatre
Acting Companies (french)
*1660=5/1700=2
*1680: Comedie Francaise established - worlds first national theatre
*companies use sharing plan
*have actresses
*well-paid/still dishonorable profession
Neil Simon
*most commercially successful
*"Odd Couple", "Plaza Suite"
*modern middle class life
*autobio trio: "Brighton Beach", "Biloxi Blues", "Broadway Blues"
formalism
(philosophy) the philosophical theory that formal (logical or mathematical) statements have no meaning but that its symbols (regarded as physical entities) exhibit a form that has useful applications, the practice of scrupulous adherence to prescribed or external forms
John Gay
Wrote: The Beggar's Opera
Euripides
"First Modern" playwright; wrote Medea
Kyogen
form of traditional japanese tehatre, developed alongside Noh, short farcical pieces used as interludes UP TO 3
Seneca
was a Roman Stoic philosopher, dramatist, and in one work humorist, of the Silver Age of Latin literature. He was tutor and later advisor to emperor Nero.
Richard Burbage
Shakespeare's leading actor and company manager of the Lord Chamberlain's Men
Zeami
14th century, Japanese author of "atsumori"
Costuming (english)
lavish; contemporary dress; special for non-Europeans (classical, ethnic, supernatural)
August Wilson
*1980s & 90s
*tried to document/examine history of 20th century Af Am experience
*focuses on Af Am identity/quests for fulfillment/dignity
*"fences" & "the piano lesson"
Off-Off-Broadway
*takes off in 1960s
*about 150 companies
*more experimental and controversial
*La Mama in 1970 produced more plays than all Broadway combined
*not for profit
Harold Pinter
discovered by Bondi; Pinter pause
Emperor Ming Huang
patron saint of theatre
Pastoral
Idealized dramatization of rural life, often including mythological creatures, popular during the Italian Renaissance.
religious dances
appeased the numerous unseen spirits
Noh
Japanese oldest form of theatre with four pillars
wakefield cycle
32 plays liturgical styles performed at the corpus christi festival
flats
canvas covered frames on which scenery was painted--
3 names of Elizabethan theaters
Globe, Rose, Swan
Adam Smith-
1723-1790 Was a Scottish Philosopher who is now regarded as the father of Economics. He studied social philosophy at the University of Glasgow and University of Oxford. He wrote "The THeory of Moral Sentiments" and "An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations."
Arguments AGAINST Shakespeare
1. lacks education/life experience
2. WILL makes no mention of plays/literary legacy
3. the annotated deVere Bible
4. not listed in the 1616 edition of Elizabethean poets
Henri Bergson
"Intuition is deeper than intellect" wrote "Laughter"
Lloyd Richards
*heads Yale School of Drama
*directs August Wilson
*1970s & 80s
Ben Johnson
Scorned shakespeare at first because he knew "small Latin, and less Greek"; he was a very classical writer for this time
audience participation
Having audience do something during the performance,
Jerome Kern
United States composer of musical comedies (1885-1945), wrote music for Showboat
the Epic Theatre
Epic theatre (German: episches Theater) was a theatrical movement arising in the early to mid-20th century from the theories and practice of a number of theatre practitioners, including Erwin Piscator, Vladimir Mayakovsky, Vsevolod Meyerhold and, most famously, Bertolt Brecht. Although many of the concepts and practices involved in Brechtian epic theatre had been around for years, even centuries, Brecht unified them, developed the style, and popularized it. Epic theatre incorporates a mode of acting that utilises what he calls gestus. The epic form describes both a type of written drama and a methodological approach to the production of plays: "Its qualities of clear description and reporting and its use of choruses and projections as a means of commentary earned it the name 'epic'."[1] Brecht later preferred the term "dialectical theatre."
Phaedra
A deeply passionate, moral play about incestusous love.
Carros
In the Spanish golden age, pageant wagons on which autos sacramentales were staged.
Sides
A single actor's own lines and cues.
Simultaneous setting
Medieval convention of presenting more than one locale onstage at the same time.
New Comedy
Hellenistic Greek and Roman comedies that deal with romantic and domestic situations.
Thespian
Synonym for "actor"; the term is derived from Thespis.
theatre Olimpico
It's the oldest surviving building from the Italian Renaissance. It was designed by Andrea Palladio, but when he died before it was completed Vincenzo Scamozzi finished the building. Their first production was King Oedipus in 1585. It is located in Vicenza Italy. It has ornate façade of the scene house made to look like a street. The façade had 5 openings with an alleyway behind it.
antistrophe
when the chorus moved back and right
1534
Henry VIII breaks from the church of Rome
pulpitum
a 5ft high stage where the curtain could be raised
spanish tragedy
revenge tragedy with ghosts that is very hamletesque. it breaks every classic unity rule where act 1 and 2 settings change from portugal to spain.
Waki
2nd actor to appear in Noh theatre, Japan, 14th century
Christopher Wren
One of the most highly acclaimed English architects in history. He built over 50 churches in London after the Great Fire in 1666, including St. Paul's Cathedral. Christopher Wren also designed the Dorset Garden Theatre in 1671.
The Authorship Question
doesn't start until 1780s (Shakespeare not #1 until 1760s); debate heats up after 1850; Victorian Era favors Francis Bacon; Edward deVere not mentioned until 1920
Zola
Plays should be life studies of people or persons; observe, record, experiment
Douglas Turner Ward
*"day of absence" (done in white-face)
*leads to founding of Negro Ensemble Company
realism
This was the new style of literature that focused on the daily lives and adventures of a common person. This style was a response to Romanticism's supernaturalism and over-emphasis on emotion
ensemble acting
An approach to acting that emphasizes the interaction of actors, not the individual actor. a group of actors work together continuously in a single shot.
Sean O'Casey
was a major Irish dramatist and memoirist. A committed socialist, he was the first Irish playwright of note to write about the Dublin working classes.
In 18th Century Germany what did the troupes have to do constanly?
Travel
Commedia dell'Arte
Form of comic theatre, originating in Italy in the sixteenth century, in which dialogue was improvised around a loose scenario involving a set of stock characters.
theatre Farnese
It's located in Parma and was completed in 1618. It was designed by Giovan Battista and included a proscenium arch stage. It was probably not the first theatre to have a proscenium arch, but it is the only one still standing. After World War 2 it had to have extensive renovations for damages caused by the war.
definition of cycle plays
creation to doomsday subject matter from bible
broad physical gesture, detailed pantomime, beautiful vocal delivery
Acting Techniques emphasized by Romans
"Master of the Revels"
An appointed official in Elizabethan England in charge of licensing and censoring theatre where troupes had to apply for sponsership
Teatro Olympico in Vincenza
1st modern theater, Palladio created, 1585 - opened, Italy
Oliver Goldsmith
was one of the best known English playwright for applying modification to sentimental comedy. He has two plays entitled The Good Natur'd Man and She Stoops to Conquer. he attacked sentimental comedy, and called it a "laughing comedy" which would force audiences to laugh at their own eccentricities and absurdities
The Living Theatre
*want to liberate people from social constraints
*seek political change
*"paradise now"
*merged art & life
*directly confronted/involved audience
*popularize nudity/obscenity
*1960s experimental theatre
The Count of Monte Cristo
After escaping from unjust imprisonment, a man disguises himself as a count, avenges his downfall, and ries to exact diving retribution before acknowledging that only God has that power.
Julian Beck
Julian Beck (May 31, 1925 - September 14, 1985) was an American actor, director, poet, and painter. Married Judith Molina
Comedies of Manner
Reveals the foibles of the society that watched them.
Processional staging
A form of staging popular in England and Spain.
John Batiste Poquelin
Jean Batiste Poquelin was Moliere the famous neoclassical comedy playwright and actor.
cathedrals
shaped like a cross and a bishop is a resident.
wing and groove system
way of changing backdrop using several flat wings mounted in a way so they could turned like a page in a book. it consisted of a series of flats set in grooves on the stage floor that could be pulled offstage by a pulley system to reveal a second set
George Farquhar
He was one of the earliest known Irish dramatists. Known primarily for his comedies during the time of the Restoration, Farquahar was initially an actor; after accidentally wounding one of his fellow actors, he quit acting and became a playwright. He is famous for such plays as The Recruiting Officer and The Beaux Strategem. He died in 1707, nearly two months after the release of his final play.
The Wooster Groupwo
The Wooster Group is a New York City-based experimental theater company known for creating numerous original dramatic works. It gradually emerged during 1975-1980 from Richard Schechner's The Performance Group (1967-1980) and took its name in 1980 (the 1975-1980 independent productions being retroactively attributed[1] to the Group). The ensemble is since directed by Elizabeth LeCompte and has launched the careers of many actors, including founding member Willem Dafoe. The Group's home is the Performing Garage in SoHo.
Sin of Hubris
decreed that one must suffer for too much pride or arrogance
The Emperor Jones
The Emperor Jones is a 1920 play by American dramatist, Eugene O'Neill which tells the tale of Brutus Jones, an African-American man who kills a man, goes to prison, escapes to a Caribbean island, and sets himself up as emperor. The play recounts his story in flashbacks as Brutus makes his way through the forest in an attempt to escape former subjects who have rebelled against him.
The play displays an uneasy mix of expressionism and realism, which is also characteristic of several other O'Neill plays, including The Hairy Ape. It was O'Neill's first play to receive great critical acclaim and box office success, and the one that launched his career.
fall of the roman empire
476 AD roman empire fell because lost major battle and lost its might and didnt develope romans in concurring areas, German tribes moved in and attacked. western falls and eastern empire continues. western europe goes into the dark ages.
the 6 books of perspective
Guido Ubaldus wrote the 6 books of perspective and with these books perspective painting on a flat wing was achievable. Once the flats could give the illusion of depth angled wings were no longer necessary and were eventually discarded.
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