art test Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
distraĵo
entertainment
John
eagle
Element
Tone
cool color
blue,green,violet
emtricitabine (Emtriva)
NRTI
entstehen
to originate
la citation
quotation
significar
to mean
abstraction
an unrealistic representation
The Postmodern Age
1970-Present
subject
what it is
Group f/64
(Ansel) Adams
C'ezanne
Painted Mont Saint Victoire
stele
an inscribed stone pillar
Geometric Shape
Found in math
Written Arts
paintings, music, writing
lithography
surface or planographic printing process based on the mutual antipathy of oil and water
positive space
enclosed figures, recognizable objects, Space in an artwork that is positive. Filled with something, such as lines, designs, color, or shapes.
Neutrals
black, grey, brown, and white
assemblage
sculpture created of realated matierals
auguste rodin was a
modern sculptor
Proportion
The pleasing relationships of all parts to each other and to the whole design.
Earthworks
-Artworks that use place as site.
-Artworks that engage natural materials and/ or locations.
-Questioned economic growth and population growth.
Crucifixion Diptych, Rogier van der Weyden. c.1455, Philadelphia Museum of Art
Roman Architecture
arches, domes, Pantheon- (concrete dome), Colosseum (could be flooded)
Marcellus
nephew and son-in-law of Augustus. Augustus wants him to be heir so he goes through the cursus honorum however, suffers from a premature, natural death.
Anthemius and Isidorus, interior of Hagia Sophia, Byzantine (532-37 CE)
Wassily Kandinsky believed that the greatest device to express emotion was ________.
Color
Opaque
Impenetrable by light; not transparent or translucent
time
the system of those sequential relations that any event has to any other, as past, present, or future; indefinite and continuous duration regarded as that in which events succeed one another.
corbel arch
triangular arch made by overlapping stone
emphasis
focus; one area or one element stressed
converging lines
linear perspective to show distance and depth
Burnish
Paper on top of plate and rob
Tree of Jesse (stained glass, Saint Denis)
1145
rhythm
where elemnts are repeated at regular intervals
green
color made by mixing yellow and blue
Rejecting the frenetic approach of Pollock and de Kooning, Mark Rotho's Abstract Expressionist pantings convey a _______, not _______space.
meditative, active
Relief
Artwork that projects from a flat background.
Linear Perspective
A mathematical system devised during the Renaissance to create the illusion of depth in a two-dimensional image, through the use of straight lines converging towards a vanishing point in the distance.
Medium
Substance or agency in which an artist works
eye level
height from which viewer sees an object
4 steps of art criticism
description, analysis, interpretation, evaluation
Rose window and lancets
Stained glass (Chartes Cathedral, France Gothic)
cross hatching
shading technique in which density of parallel and overlapping of crossing lines is used to create a range of value
value contrast
using light colors next to dark ones.
Compliments are?
The colors that bring out certain affect in a certain way, certain colors are used to balance others
Foreground
On a 2D surface, what appears closest to the viewer in a 3D representation
Caravaggio created two depictions of this meal in which the recently-resurrected Jesus reveals his identity to two disciples. The second version is markedly darker than the first
Supper at Emmaus
Siddhartha Gautama
The name of the historical Buddha when he was a prince, before enlightenment
description
a listing of the facts in an artwork, such as objects, people, shapes, and colors.
Outline
a line that shows or creates the outer edges of a shape
WHY DID THE IMPRESSIONISTS BAND TOGETHER
moral support, financial support
color, value, line, shape, form, texture, and space
Name the 7 elements
Hue
The pure state if color that the eye sees in the spectrum. Variations of color.
Pattern
Use of line, color, or a motif in more than one place in a composition.
Analogous colors
colors next to each other on a color wheel
Composition is?
The idea of how shapes or objects are arranged on the surface of the work, realistic (ex: Nicolas Poussin-St. John on Patmos)
Balance - Principles of Design
Refers to the distribution of weight in a work of art
"Veranda Post with Mounted Hunter"
by Olowe of Ise
Thought to reveal the basic character of the artist
Metaphorical self portrait of the artist as well as the patron
Parmigianino madonna of the Long Neck oil, 1534-1540.
Knew High ren astetic, worked in parma
head to small for body, fingers very long, she is proportionate. baby is very long, looks like it will fall into viewers space(creates tension) , she's shaped like a pear, age of the baby. littl guy holding a scroll, jump in space, standing by coloumn, without capitals and weird figure with a scroll.
where is drapery hanging from dont know if inside or ourside, immages that dont make sense, unbalances. very graceful lines. functional drapery...clinging to nipple...very odd.
poezio
poetry
Polykleitos
?
Principle
Proportion
artista
- artist
tenofovir (Viread)
NRTI
Ausdruck
der expression
le personnage
character
dibujar
to draw
Flux
Makes soder flow
Secondary Colors
green, orange,violet
Dutch Republic
(Republic, Protestant)
The Green Stripe
Matisse
Kooning
Painted Woman and Bicycle
Calligraphy
Careful hand-lettering, handwriting, or the decorative art of lettering in an ornamental style using brushes or pens.
pods
placement, overlap, detail, scale
http://classconnection.s3.amazonaws.com/937/flashcards/672211/jpg/the-dead-christ.jpg
The Dead ChristAndrea Mantegna1501-foreshortening -makes the focal point his head -means proportions are off. (face should be small, feet large not reversed)
Traditional
mostly realistic ex. portraits, landscapes, figures, still life
texture
can be actual or implied
Joseph BEUYS
Body/Performance Art
late 1960's, 1970's
Battle of the Centaurs
Michelangelo, 1492
a pesar de
in spite of
water color
transparent pigments mixed with water
"mother of children" self portraits (uses all types of printmaking)
Kollwitz
Adoration of the Magi ("Columba" Altarpiece), Rogier van der Weyden. before 1464, Alte Pinakothek, Munich
Intensity
brightness or dullness of a color
Licinius
corrupt and unhappy relationship with Constantine, constantly trying to battle. Constantine - propaganda through art.
arch
curved weight bearing structure made of voussoirs and a keystone at the top
Showing irreverence for tradition and rationality, Marcel Duchamp's Mona Lisa [L.H.O.O.Q.] exemplifies the _______ movement.
Dada
expertise
expert skill or knowledge; expertness; know-how:
A Pilgrimage to the Island of Cythera
Watteau
radial balance
occurs when the forces/elements of design come out (radiate) from a central point
Mood
the feelings and emotions an artist wants viewers to experience when we look at a painting
asymetical
another name for informal balance, in which unlike objects have equal visual weight or eye atttraction
stupa
a small, round burial shrine erected over a grave site to hold relics of the Budda
intermediate
a primary mixed with a neighboring secondary color scheme
rainbow
a natural example of a color spectrum
In his painting, Problème d'eau. Où trouver l'eau?, Zairan artist Chérie Samba uses the postmodern dominance of _______ to examine the ironies of modern political life.
Narration
Balance
Principle of design used for arranging visual elements in a work of art.
Symmetrical - Formal balance in which two halves or sides of a design create a mirror
image.
Asymmetrical - A way of organizing the parts of a design so that one side differs from the
other without destroying the overall harmony.
Radial Balance - Type of balance in which forces or elements branch out from a central
axis in a circular pattern.
Sfumato
a definition of form by delicate gradations of light and shadow
social comment
visual statement about society or the world
Abstract Expressionism
Art style developed in the 1940's using nonrepresentational shapes and colors to convey emotions
shape
an enclosed area defined by length and width
vertical
upright and pareallel to the sides of the paper
Analogous color
Three touching colors in the color wheel.
expression
a form of art including the feelings of the artist
Texture is?
Relates to the actual physical quality of work, texture is painted to look like a visual illusion or actual texture (ex: Vincent Van Gogh-Sunflowers)
Ground
A background on which marks, shapes or figures are placed
He's not Uccello, but he painted Saint George and the Dragon
Raphael
Collage
An artwork made up of cut or torn materials pasted to a surface
Automatic Drawing
the act of drawing without a previous plan or process of thought. ex Andre Masson
Analogous
Colors that sit side by side on the color wheel and have a common hue
off-register
when any of the colour layers in a print are slightly out of position
The outside and other visible edges of an object
Contour Lines
warm, cold colors
warm: seem to advance in space
cold: seem to recede in space
3 kinds of charcoal
Compressed charcoal ( big chunks that were used in class);
raw clay
clay that is not usable in its natural state
baroque style
sculpture and art in the 17th and 18th century western cultures in europe characterized by exaggeration, overstatement, and flare for the artifice and the theatrical
Texture - Element of Art
Is the surface quality of something; can be actual or simulated and it creates patterns
David, The Death of Marat
marat was friend of David, takes work form Michelangelo and modfies pose, great ex. of neo class, further the cause of the revolution, simple arrangement of geometric shapes
Draw and label the following clay tools and parts of a ceramic vessel:
Loop tool, needle tool, scraper or potter's rib,
Wire-cutter, slip bucket, fettling knife.
Foot, neck, wall or body, lip
loop tool, needle, tool wire cutter, fettling knife, scrapre, slip bucket, foot (bottom), wall (middle) neck (top), lip (rim)
volute
mitológico
mythological
poder
can
Gattamelata
Donatello
tachar
to delete
el diseño
design
miguel ángel
michaelangelo
master
le maître
el censor
censor
Organic form
natural,irregular,uneven (3d)
15th-Century Italian Renaissance:
Botticelli, Birth of Venus, 1484-86
contropposto stance, michelangelo
represents movement in a still sculpture
location? period?
ERECHTHEUM
Athens
High Classical
red + yellow =
orange
Van gogh
Bedroom at Arles
al lado de
next to
The Sleep of Endymion
Giordet 1791
Arp
Collage Arranged According the Laws of Chance
France
Dada
1916-1917
warm
uses red orange and yellow
ink
(crosshatching and stippling) the placement and density of marks and create value
Behnisch
Hisolar Institute Building in 1990; Deconstructivist
phototelegraphy
- transmission of photography by electric wire, using a series of electric signals to scan a photograph
picture plane
the theoretical spatial plane corresponding with the actual surface of a painting
Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Lady Lillith, 1867
crosscutting
a cinematic technique that abruptly shifts from one event or character to another and is often used to allow the viewer to move between characters and change points of view as the dialogue or action evolves
golden rectangle
perfect rectangle; ideal proportions (seen in Greek ways)
transformational
The quality of an artistic process that converts an image into a work of art.
Economy
(a principle) Using only what is needed to create an intended effect, eliminating any elements that
might distract attention from the idea.
Horizon line is where
Always at eye level
Unity
A feeling of completeness created by the elements of an artwork
assembling
Technique of creating a sculpture by grouping or piecing together distinct elements.
triumphal arch
In Roman architecture, a freestanding arch commemorating an important event, such as a military victory or the opening of a new road
Printmaking
a variety of techniques developed to create multiple copies of a single image.
No smoking signage is an excellent example of a clear, utilitarian form of typography known as a __________.
pictogram
heraldic composition
two fantasic or regular animals mirrioring each other
crossing
the part of a cross-shaped church where the nave and transpect intersect
Metope
the element of a Doric frieze between two consecutive triglyphs, sometimes left plain but often decorated with paint or relief sculpture.
interpretation
an explanation of the meaning of an artwork
Interior of Artist's Bedroom at Arles
Van Gogh 1888
Portrait
A drawing, painting, or sculpture of a person.
orphism
came from music crit that has a simulatenous contrast, rotating outward cirlces everything turns into contrasting colors and uses ways of cubism
Odiseo
esposo de Penelope, se hizo el loco para no ir a la guerra
Complementary colours
Two contrasting hues that are opposite on the colour wheel.
Neolithic
latest part of the Stone Age beginning about 10,000 BC in the middle east (but later elsewhere), characterized by the development of agricultural and the making of polished stone implements.
this ten-story building has a terra cotta cornice and is constructed of red brick.
Wainwight Building
lost wax
A method of casting metal, such as bronze, by a process in which a wax mold is socered with clay and plaster, then fired, melting the wax and leaving a hollow form. Molton metal is thne poured into the hollow space and slowly cooled. When the hardened clay and plaster exterior shell is removed, a solid metal form remains to be smoothed and polished.
approximate symmetry
the use of similar images on either side of a central axis. Each side of the artwork may be very close in appearance, but they are varied to prevent visual monotony.
Representational
Art that is as you would normally see it.
organic shapes
all things from the earth( such as rocks, plants, animals, etc)
intermediate colors
Made by mixing a primary and a secondary color together. By combining the primary and secondary color that are NEXT TO one another on the wheel.
Complementary Color Scheme
Variations in color based on colors opposite each other on the color wheel
archaic period
mainly statues of men and women in a stiff pose.
popular subjucts
things in asia that had to do with lanscapes animals flowers and ppl doing evry day things are all examples of what
relief printing
the image to be printed is raised from the background
Focal point
Area in a work to which the eye is most compellingly drawn
Andre Bretons Manifesto of Surrealism, 1924
"pope" of surrealism, describes it as a mascuilin noun, true function of thought
The space between the eyes is
the same as the width as one eye
michelangelo
vernissage
wernisaż
asqueroso
grose
sky
108
la paleta
pallet
el anestésico
anesthetic
la trompeta
trumpet
premier plan
foreground
Action painting
"gestural abstraction"
le sujet
the subject
sunset
le soleil couchant
Le signalement
la description physique
camera obscura
box/lense dark room
les couleurs chaudes
hot colors
hard pencil
less graphite, light
The Triumph of Caesar
Mantegna
genre
The representation of people, subjects, and scenes from everyday life.
Grand Canyonof the yellow stone
Moran
Dadaism
describe nonsensical reality, embrace insecurity reject rational thoght, international movement
Primary Colors
Red, Yellow, and Blue.
squinch
straight supports across the corners of the square of a dome. fan shaped.
relics
venerated objects associated with a saint or martyr
Kinetic
Shapes that appear to be active
composition
the spatial property resulting from the arrangement of parts in relation to each other and to the whole
Muybridge, Loya The Sentinel, Yosemite Valley, 1872
What keyboard shortcut changes the cursor into the hand tool?
SPACEBAR
astronomers, mathematicians
the Maya were great _________and _____________. (alphabetical order)
Still Life
An arrangement of nonmoving objects that are subject matter for a work of art
evaluation
the process used to determine the quality or lasting importance of a work
Typography
The process of using type or lettering
Subversive Texture
Applying a texture that doesn't usually belong
abstract
not realistic; distortion based on an actual object that changes its appearance; to simplify
crosshatching
a series of intersecting sets of parallel lines used to indicate shading or volume in a drawing
George Washington (State Capitol, Richmond, VA)
Jean-Antoine Houdon, 1788
Frogonard
Rococo (18th c.); erotic; mood of romance; little more clothes; "Love letters"
The character of surfaces created by the response of vision to wavelengths of reflected light. 3 properties: hue, intensity, value
Color
What major style developed in the United States after the influx of refugee artists from Europe?
Abstract Expressionism
harold mortimer lamb
the pool 1907 gelatin silver paint
manmade, nature
Geometric shapes are usually what and are not found where?
visual weight
apparent lightness or heaviness of a work or a portion of a work
podium
a raised platform raised that acts as the foundation for a building
The Girl With the Pearl Earring
Vermeer, Dutch Baroque
transparent color
a color light, show through - watercolor
Gothic Architecture
the use of stained glass windows, flying buttresses, thin walls, ribbed vaults, and very high buildings. Use of gargoyles as water spouts.
damnatio memoriae
The Roman decree condemning those who ran afoul of the Senate. those who suffered damnatio memoriae had their memorials demolished and their names erased from public inscriptions
Papier Colle
A visual and tactile technique in which scraps of paper having various textures are pasted to the picture surface to enrich or embellish those areas. The printing of text or images on those scraps can provide further visual richness or decorative pattern.
Rural Studio, Bryant House
plaster, timber, and hay bales
Focal point:
The area toward which the viewer's eye is most compellingly drawn in the a composition.
Principles of art
rules that govern how artists organize the elements of art
woodcut
a wooden block on the surface of which those parts not intended to print on are cutaway to a slight depth, leaving the design raised; also printed impression made with such a block
Local Color
The color that an object from the world of our experience appears to be.
When something is "toxic" it means it is ___________________. Clay can be __________________________
poisonous, toxic
horizon line
level line where water or land seems to end and the sky begins
Applied art
art made to b functional as well as visually pleasing
light fastness
a rating of how well the color will resist change when exposed to light
To show full range of a color from its lightest to its darkest is to show this element
value
Jeff Koons, Michael Jackson and Bubbles, 1988
lifesize, made of porsaline, from italian artist for religous artifacts, suggest way in which obession of celebs using unconventialn material
placement within a still life
objects that are closer to you are near the bottom of the page. As things get farther away from you...move up the page
An oar boat paddles between the old-fashioned arch bridge to the left and the darker modern bridge that makes up the center of this composition
Rain, Steam, and Speed(: The Great Western Railway)
colour
kolor
clasico
classical
song
canción
el taller
workshop
Southern Song
1127-1279
la estrella
star
cerca de
near
Brillante
Brilliant/ shiny
la danza
el baile
la época
time period
mixed colors
low intensity
name
architect
date
culture
rucellai palace
alberti
1452
Italian Renaissance
Tadao Ando
japanease architect
post modernist
la naturaleza muerta
still life
Liberty Leading the People
Delacroix
estar listo
to be ready
neutral colors
brown, black, gray, white
Avant-Garde
"front guard", forward thinking, radical artists who challenge convention ahead of their time
landscape
natural scenery, ex: mnts, rivers
vine, compressed, pencil
types of charcoal
Carving
A subtractive method of sculpture
zaftig
having a pleasantly plump figure
form
what we see in the work
Eakins, Biglin Brothers Turning the Stake, 1870
variety
level of difference among otherwise similar elements
Gaudi "Casa Mila" Barcelona, Spain 1905 Modern Architecture
A block is also called a
plate
Portrait of Constantine
Age of Constantine
315 CE
Impressionist
light on objects- any ordinary thingcomp. colors-small brushstrokes
Juxtaposition
To situate or place side by side.
yellow and blue
how do you make green?
Hannah Höch, Cut With A Kitchen Knife, 1919
CHROMA
THE BRIGHTNESS OR DULLNESS OF A COLOR
glaze
glassy coating for ceramics; can be matte or gloss
Period Style
Characteristic artistic manner of a specific time within a distinctive culture such as: "Southern Song" in China
Style
Combination of form and content that make a work distinct
paint
a substance composed of solid coloring matter suspended in a liquid medium and applied as a protective or decorative coating to various surfaces, or to canvas or other materials in producing a work of art.
crossing
The juncture of the nave and the transept in a church, often marked on the exterior by a tower or dome
blocking in
technique used by artists to simplify their drawings
Line
the path of a moving point, the simplest part of any artwork
groin vault
intersection of two barrel vaults at right angles
Contour Drawing
The one continual line that describes the outside edges & ridges of an object. This and thin line produce variety
Charcoal
There are two types of _______. Stick or vine_____ is carbonized wood. Compressed _______ is ground carbon mixed with clay or binding substance, it produces a richer line but is more difficult to erase.
all colors reflected back at the same time
white
Which of the four types of printmaking uses a stencil process based on the porosity of silk which allows ink to pass through the areas which ate not "stopped" with glue, varnish, or plastic stencils?
serigraphy
technical director
runs the play, does lighting or sound
flying buttress
a buttress that stands apart from the main structure and connected to it by an arch
Fired-
baked in a kiln or open fire to harden:
ASYMMETRICAL BALANCE
WEIGHT, IN SUCH A WAY THAT THE IMPRESSION, IN TOTAL, IS ONE OF BALANCE
fauvism
any of a group of French artists of the early 20th century whose works are characterized chiefly by the use of vivid colors in immediate juxtaposition and contours usually in marked contrast to the color of the area defined.
philosophy of art
The study of art that involves asking and answering all kinds of questions about art, how people respond to it, and how it relates to our lives.
makes one part of a work dominant over the other parts
define emphasis.
Courbet, The Studio of the Artist
shows himself painting landscape in studio, declaring that its all about himself, he can only paint what he has experiences
what is step 1 of IVF?
*ovarian stimulation and monitoring. a powerful ovary-stimulating drug is administered to get multiple follicles to grow. these drugs are very powerful, so blood testing/transvaginal USs are performed to ensure the pt is not over-responding.
Rene Magritte, The Treachery of Images, 1928-29
"this is not a pipe", think about language can lie or diseave, questioning reality, challeneges how we engage the world
explanations
explications
Bernini
Baroque
4
orange
el paisaje
landscape
le comédien
comedian
La escultura
sculpture
Three Musicians
Picasso
el artista
artist
Apparent color
Local color
The White Girl
Whistler
Resilient
Flexible and springy.
monochromatic
gradations of one color
Monticello
Thomas Jefferson, 1750-1800, Charlottesville, Virginia
tertiary colors
mixing primary and secondary
3 key functions of architecture
function
form
structure
gothic
in europe in 12 century
elements
building blocks of art work
mixed media
mixing different art mediums together
Symmetrical
formal balance, equal or similar elements placed on opposites sides of central axis
"David"
first monumental free standing male nude
acrylic
synthetic plstic medium that is durablewater soluble and quick drying
...
Anavysos Kouros (Kroisos), c. 540-515, Greek, Late Archaic.
Impressionism
An artistic movement that sought to capture a momentary feel, or impression, of the piece they were drawing
Ormamentation of architecture
abstract and inlaid- Islamic
figural and sculptural- Indian
allegory
a story in which characters, things, and events have hidden meanings.
romanticism
a literary and artistic movement that sought to assert the validity of subjective experience. intuition, emotion, and imagination over rationalism and mathematical accuracy. artists become more interested in expressing their personal view of the world and are less beholden to classical rules and proportions
Creativity
The ability to think differently and come up with something original and interesting by expressing oneself.
horizontal
orientation of lines or strong linear directions in a work of art suggest restfulness and relaxation
contrast
refers to the differences in values, colors, textures, shapes and other elements
sculpture in the round
you can walk around it
The size relation of one thing to another.
Scale
closed form
form that does not openly interact with the space around it
achromatic
having no color sich as black and white
What is three colors spaced equally apart on the color wheel?
A Color Triad
drape mold
putting clay over an item to imitate it's shape.
chiaroscuro
the use of light and dark values to imply the depth and volume in a two dimensional work of art.
how tall was the statue to Athena?
40 ft tall
Frottage
Rubbing it with the side of lead ofa pencil
split-complimentary
a hue and the two colors on each side of its complement
"Madonna Enthroned" (early renaissance)
the figures are more concrete and impressive than the earlier ones
Book of Kells
the most important and famous of the Irish illuminated manuscripts
A decir verdad, me parece
to tell the truth, it strikes me as
/ 335
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})

{[comment.username]}

{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online