Art Test Vocabulary Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
Relief
Projecting/Receding
barroco
baroque
drama
drama
polychrome
many colored
Captar
To capture
la pintura
painting
parecer
to seem
logos
word, study
truss
a triangular framework
sentado
to be sitting
la figura
the figure
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Self Portrait
Paul Gauguin
Post-Impressionism
Cross Hatch
Overlapping parallel lines.
Shade
Hue mixed with black
Modersohn-Becker
Early Modern Art (1900-1945)
German
german expressionism
nude self portrait (innovation)
primitive/abstract
natural, authentic, fredom
influence of tribal arts, Romanticism
sculptor
one who produces sculpture
The conversion of saint paul
Caravaggio
Horus Temple
Edfu,Egypt. has moldings,flagstaffs, sunken reliefs, 237-47 BC.
shape
2D design (organic and geometric)
neutral colors
black, white and brown.
Copy
To make another of something.
wpa
Work Projects Administration: the former federal agency (1935–43) charged with instituting and administering public works in order to relieve national unemployment.
Recent innovations in structural systems include ______ .
reinforced concrete
Processional frieze
decorative band Persepolis, low relief, showed representatives of 23 subject nations brining tribute to the Persian King
Movement
Directon the viewer's eye travels through a work of art
O'Sullivan "A Harvest of Death Gettysburg, PA July 1863" 1863
Abstract
Artwork whose visual elements are simplified and/or rearranged and is based on an identifiable subject with few or no details
concerned with difference or contrast
define variety.
Technique
skillfulness in the command of fundamentals deriving from practice and familiarity
Iconography
Meaning literally the "writing of the image," this method focuses on the layers of meaning of an artwork's subject matter.
dry brush
Applying relatively dry inks or waterpaints lightly over a surface, creating an area of broken color — the new color having attached to the high spots but not to the low, so that traces of the paper or undercolor remain exposed. This may be done by holding the brush so that the side of its bristles lie flat against the paper, or by pulling it rapidly across the surface.
Flotilla
a fleet of boats or small ships
Evaluation/Judgment
Determines when something is art. Art critics and collectors, artists make judgements. Most important condition!
transparent painting
light bounces through paint, doesn't cover paper
Style
The personality of an artwork that gives us the body of characteristics that indentifies and artwork.
CLOISTERS
is a rectangular open space surrounded by covered walks or open galleries, with open arcades on the inner side, running along the walls of buildings and forming a quadrangle or garth
variety
differences in the work. Use different shapes, colors, textures, ect.
passion
a great affection; love; a strong likeness
three-dimensional
Possesses, or creates the illusion of possessing, the dimensions of depth, height, and width. In the graphic arts, the feeling of depth is an illusion, while in the plastic arts, the work has actual depth.
Visual texture
texture created using multiple marks or through a descriptive simulation of physical texture.
piers
A masonry support made up of many stones, or rubble and concrete (in contrast to a column shaft, which is formed by a single stone or a series of drums), often square or rectangular in plan and capable of carrying very heavy architectural loads
horizontal
line running in the direction of the earth's surface
cool colors
the family of colors that includes greens, blues, and violets
Glazing
Laying a thin layer of watered down painting with a gloss medium to give the painting a finished touch and/or an antiqued look
composition
way in which art elements and design principles are arranged into an artwork
Milrab
niche in the wall of mosque, indicates the direction of meca during prayer
FORM
FORM IS THE TOTALITY OF WHAT WE SEE
animation
the rapid succession of a sequence of drawings, computer-generated images, or pictures of objects such as clay figures that create the illusion of a moving image
Prairie School
Was developed around 1900 and drew upon the flat landscape of the midwest for its tone.
cross-hatching
two or more of sets of roughly parallel and overlapping lines, set at an angle to one another, in order to create a sense of three-dimensional, modeled space.
Complementary colors
red and green/ blue and orange/ violet and yellow
rhythm
the path of the eye follows as one looks at a work of art. establishes when the design elements are repeated regularly or irregularly
Principles of Design
Guides to help organize the elements into a unified composition.
Continuity shot
Shots edited to produce a sense of narrative continuity
Hellenistic Period
The Art became more dynamic and less idealized.
this type of shading is made up of dots
stippling
Joseph Mallord William Turner
The slave ship (Slavers Throwing Overboard the Dead and Dying, Typhoon Coming ON) done in 1840, Showing something that happened in 1783, there was a book that was reprinted in this time 1839 of the history of the abolition movement. They could only get money back for things they lost at sea, so if a slave was sick they would through them overboard so that they could collect insurance because if they died after landing it was not covered by the insurance. The drama is not shown by heroic figures but it’s the color and the brushstrokes. Very abstract piece and that emotion is captured by the color and the intense brushstroke. HE was very much ahead of his time, no one painted like that before him or after him for 100 years.
Primary colors
can not be created or broken down into simpler components
RED, BLUE, YELLOW
Evolution of Chinese Ceramics
During the Ming dynasty the Zhougan province created porcelin pottery that influenced the design and quality of our ceramics today. The special firing technique used by the Chinese influences the way pottery is made. Pottery is made using heavy silt (powdered clay), and water whereas ceramics are made using a fine silt (as light as baby powder) and sifted water.
List two prominent themes in the art of the Surrealists.
Dreams, unconscious, inner self
Elements of Art Definition
the basic symbols in the language of art
Describe how Cezanne's work was like the that of the Impressionists, and how it was different.
Focused on color and natural scene; careful composition and very specific placement of colors and shapes, lots of studies for work
beautiful
hermoso
clásico(a)
classic
el tema
theme
le rideau
curtains
mandorla
body halo
Bronco Buster
Remington
The Last Judgement
Michaelangelo
Rouault
The Old King
France
Expressionism (Fauve)
1916-1936
Hatching
Series of parallel lines
rave
to be wildly enthusiastic
escultura orante
cuando esta rezando
711 caliph
noth africa, spain, india
Renaissance
Rebirth of Classical Antiquity. decline in power of catholic church. Took place in Northern Europe ie. Spain, Germany, England.
shades
add black to a color
illusion
visual trick in the eye
Manet
Although ______ never exhibited with the Impressionists he came to be seen as the "father" of the new movement - his emphatic brushstrokes and insistence on painting modern life will inspire them.
Lagaddo (sp?) Rhythm
Soft, quiet, and fluid
two types of contour
blind and cheating
R. Mutt
Dada, ready mades, procalin, "Fountain" MOMA
Planning
Images, colors, lettering convey a message that will make the consumer want to purchase the product.
Research product include URL's and brief description in sketchbook.
jackson pollock
an abstract expressionist artist nicknamed jack the dripper
foreground
larger objects located in, lower on page, below horizon line
expressive
to be able to effectively communicate feelings and ideas in visual form
Trefoil
tracery forms a cloverleaf with three lobes
Deer's Skull with Pedernal
symmetrical balance
oil on canvas
non-object
art that has no recognizable subject matter
Greenberg
was an art critic who propelled Pollock's career and championed Abstract Expressionism as "art about art."
...
Mycerinus (Menkaure) and his Queen, c. 2500 B.C., Egyptian, Old Kingdom.
carving
creating figures or designs in three dimensions
pieta
the image of Mary holding her dead son
wet-on-wet
a wash of color brushed into moistened paper
Medium
In paint, the fluid in which pigment is suspended
elongation
the pattern appears to stretch as it is repeated
Detail
close objects have a lot of detail, objects farther away have less detail or no detail at all
elements of art: space
positive/negative, it has width, height, depth; can be filled or empty
color/intensity
way of showing depth by making colors duller to appear far away and intense if closer. Also, warm colors tend to advance and cool colors tend to recede. WOO! IM FINALLY DONE!!!
triptych
An artwork made up of 3 panels. The panels may be hinged together so the side segments (wings) fold to a central area.
Bisque fire
first firing of clay to harden the structure
line quality
any one of a number of characteristics of line determined by its weight, direction, uniformity, or other features.
objectivity / subjectivity
What Isaac refers to as the "photographic myth" involves the dual concept of ___________ with the mechanical process of photography and the ______________ of the photographer choosing the subject matter, cropping, etc.
monotype
paint is brushed onto a matrix that is pressed against paper yeilding a single print
ugly art made by dan reader
what is a screamer?
horizon line
the line where the water or land seems to end and the sky begins
Line can also refer to...or be...
a 3D object (rope), edge
Artwork: Triumphal Entry, (page from a manuscript of the Shahnamah of Firdaws), Persian, Sfavid culture, 1562-1583
(Pg.24) Colorful Arabic texts
who was the benefactor of the of the Freer Gallery of Art?
- Charles lang freer
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