Art Vocab 2 Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
farbo
paint
unity
oneness
Element
Form
entasis
swelling
Symmetry
Natural patterns
delaviridine (Rescriptor)
NNRTI
Landschaft
die landscape
Constable
The Haywain
cross-hatching
see hatching
shape
an enclosed line
still life
naturaleza muerta
el autorretrato
self portrait
At the Piano
Whistler
Picasso
Painted Les Desmoilles D'Avignon
Subtractive Method
carving out something.
Red is
a primary color
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Title: PietaArtist: Michelangelo BuonarrotiDate: 1498/9-1500Medium: MarbleIdealized therefore provoked controversy.
Register
A horizontal band containing decoration, such as a relief sculpture or a fresco painting. When multiple horizontal layers are used, registers are useful in distinguishing between different visual planes and different time periods in visual narration.
pattern
the repitition of any element
Robert LONGO
U.S. Postmodern "Big 3"
1980s
Centaurmachy
Parthenon, Iktinos and Kallikrates, 447-432 BC metopes, south
a pesar de
in spite of
Cool colors
blue, violet, blue-violet, green, blue-green, yellow-green
self portrait (woodcut) -drew himself drawing himself
Kirchner
Portrait of Edward Grymeston, Petrus Christus, 1446, National Gallery, London (on loan from private collection)
Expressive Line
a lines that shows emotion
The ecstasy of St. Teresa
Bernini, Baroque
drum
the wall that supports a dome
Sandro Botticelli's paintings, such as The Birth of Venus, reflect his interest in a philosophy called _______.
Neoplatonism
Referring to three-dimensional works as seen from bird's-eye view or worm's- eye views; such works recede to the left, the right, and upward or downward.
Three-Point Perspective
1715
A Pilgrimage to the Island of Cythera
Gradations
a gradual change between dark and light.
Perspective
the illusion of depth or distance, done with color, lines, soft edges, size of objects
value
lightness or darkness of black and white tones or colors.
pagoda
a tower several stories high with roofs slightly curved upward at the edges
triadic
three colors that make an equilateral triangle on the color wheel) (tip: start at one color, skip three, that color, skip three, and that color)
center of head
where are the eyes located?
The Limbourg Brothers' manuscript Les Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry (p. 451) signified the return of something lost in art since antiquity. What was it?
"cast shadows"
Carving
Process of sculpture in which a substance is poured into a mold and allowed to harden.
Humanism
is the spirit of learning that developed at the end of the middle ages with the revival of classical letters and a renewed confidence in the ability of human beings to determine for themselves truth and falsehood.
33
they calculated the cycle of the sun ___ years ahead of time.
complementary
colors that are opposite each other on the color wheel ex. red and green violet and yellow blue and orange WARM : reds, yellows, oranges COOLS: Blues, greens, violets
Contour drawing
Drawing the edges as you perceive them
movement
a sense of motion by using the elements causing the eye to move over the work
portrait
a piece of art work featuring a person, several people, or an animal. Portraits are usually facial, but can be full figure
*Warhol, Gold Marily
uses silk screen technique -engages with "myth" of originality and uniqueness -questions and reinforces the iconic status
Slip
A watery solution of clay that is brushed onto clay pieces, often used to adhere two or more pieces of clay together.
Encaustic
a paint medium in which pigments are mixed into heated beeswax
Isometric Perspective
A means of rendering 3D objects without reliance on vanishing points or converging lines; scale of objects remains the same regardless of the distance from the foreground and background.
He created a brooch featuring Leda and the Swan for Gabbriello Cesarino, while a life-size marble crucifix by him was given to the Escorial
Cellini
Fine art
valued solely for its visual appeal or success in communicating ideas or feelings
Damien Hirst
"For the Love of God"; uses animals, death
Color
an element of art that is derived from reflected light
Hellenistic
Style of the later phase of Greek art. Characterized by drama, emotion, and interaction of sculptural forms with surrounding space.
movement (principles)
the way your eye moves around a composition
Negative Shape
A shape "left over" or around a dominant shape
focal point
the first part of work to attract the attention of the the viewer
line
a long narrow mark or stroke (a dot on a walk)
Geometric styles
A style of vase painting that made use of bold, simple, linear designs
slab building method
1. wedge clay 2. flatten both sides to about 1/2" thick
Rodin, Burghers of Calais
6 guys willing to lay down lives for town and citizens, scene setting out to English Camp, mediation on how people respond to death
buildings, parking spaces, bricks etc.
how can regular rhythm be seen in the environment?
voltaire
reason
harmony
harmonia
Surrealismo
surrealism
hues
color:
la pintura
painting
el individualismo
individualism
el compas
rythm
chef d'oeuvre
masterpiece
Edward Hopper
Painted Nighthawks
un peintre
a painter
painting
la peinture/le tableau
se coiffer
arranger ses cheveux
frank lloyd wright
koffman house
Olympia, France, Realism, Manet
mudra
hand gestures in buddha
Beginning of the World
Brancusi
cassatt
never married
"a goodnght hug"
"lady at the tea table"
three-dimensional
--having height, width and depth
Guernica / Picasso / 1937
...
tone
a color mixed with black
Origami
The art of folding paper.
buttress
supports the wall of a building
grisaille
a painting executed primarily in shades of gray
Persepctive
The method of depicting 3-dimensional apce on a 2-dimensional surface
incised
cut or impressed into a surface
non-objective
no indentifiable objects, work that intends no reference to concrete objects or persons, unlike abstraction, in which observed forms are sometimes altered to seem nonobjective.
modeling
in painting, drawing and other two-dimensional mediums, producing a three-dimensional effect by gradual changes in light and shade on the surface of a figure or object.
Texture
creates the feeling of an object.
What color model represents the primary colors of light?
RGB
Lost-wax Process
Bronze-casting method in which figure is modeled in wax then covered in clay
System
A group of interrelated elements of parts forming a collective entity. The system is the way you place your modules next to each other. One may start in a corner and work across and down, or or may start in the center and work in a growing spiral outward.
Vincent Van Gogh
Dutch postimpressionist painter noted for his use of color (1853-1890)
Perspective drawing
Is a technique depicting special relationships on a flat surface
Visual Texture
What you perceive as the texture
frottage
effects are created by placing paper over objects that have raised surfaces and by rubbing the paper with a specific medium
In ancient Greece, where were art galleries often located?
Temples
most important civic structure in siena
palazzo pubblico
proportion
size relationship between the parts of the whole
Principle of design referring to the arrangement of elements to create stability so that the picture looks equally weighted.
Balance
get rid of
to eliminate, to do away with
knowledge of art movements
Dennis Reid
Charles C. Hill
Roald Nasgaard
Rhythm
Unification of parts of a work through measured repetition of visual accents
foreshortening
The use of perspective to represent in art the apparent visual contraction of an object that extends back in space at an angle to the perpendicular plane of sight. The extended arm of the Virgin Mary in Virgin of the Rocks is a good example. [ Virgin of the Rocks ]
Maximian
One of the senior rulers of the tetrarchy
radial balance
elements spread out from a center point
space (element)
area utilized (used) 1. positive 2. negative
tholos
a temple with a circular plan. Also, the burial chamber of a tholos tomb.
what characterizes assisted hatching?
this assisted implantation technique is used very frequently w/ICSI+IVF. in normal conception, the egg remains inside the zona pellucida up until day 4-5. w/IVF or ICSI, it is thought that the implanted embryo may not be able to break out of the zona pellucida or"hatch" properly - so a needle or laser is used to pierce a hole in the zona pellucida *just prior to implantation* to improve implantation.
3rd Greek Order- Corinthian
most decorative, most slender shaft
Asymmetrical balance
The use of figures of different visual weights to create an overall impression of
balance
Spire
A tall tower that rises high above a roof. Spires are commonly associated with church architecture and are frequently found on Gothic structures.
engraving
the process of incising a design in a hard material, often a metal plate (usually copper); also the print or impression made from such a plate
el movimiento
la época que se distingue por un estilo de arte
One type of the Intaglio printing techniques would be
etching, drypoint, engraving
shade
produces a low value color it is the pure color that has been darkeneed by adding black lowering its value
In the film The Matrix, we are shown scenes occurring in different places but at the same time, the editing technique used to show this is _______________.
Parallel Editing
tint
a hue with white added to it to make it lighter pink is a tint of red
Andres Serrano, Piss Christ, 1987
created w/ gov funding, causes much controversy, large-scale photograph, was commisioned by National Endowment for the Arts(NEA), plastic artifcat of jesus submerged in tank of urine, lightening gives effects, bodies in 80s aids epidemic, based on something like Gaugins Yellow Christ, NEA cut funding for this piece
Metal Point (or Silver Point)
Stylus of gold, silver, or other metal and paper treated with mix of powdered bone and gumwater creates a chemical reaction
Whistler sued Ruskin for libel for criticism over this painting
Nocturne in Black and Gold(: The Falling Rocket)
Impasto
Flatly
engrave
wyryć
sencillo
simple
mince
pas gros
pintar
to paint
coser
to sew
Mezclar
To mix
friedrich nietzsche
1844-1900
name
architect
date
culture
medici-ricardi palace
michelozzo
1444-1460
Italian Renaissance
rimar (con)
to rhyme
human being
el humano
Queirolo
Rococo; "Deception Unmasked"
Brancusi
Bird in Space (1919)
firing
heats clay to maturity
le roman d'aventures
adventure story
convention
habitiual ways of seeing
The Toliet of Venus
Boucher
Numbers in Colour 1958-1959
Jasper Johns
1982-89
Wexner Center for the Arts
Patricians
noble, upper class, land-owners, wealthy and old. high value on antiquity
Charlemagne
Centrally focused on literacy. Encouraged calligraphy, illuminated manuscripts, and ivory carvings. Crowned Emperor of the Roman Empire in Saint Peter's Basilica in Rome 800 A.D.
diminution
diminishing size to show depth
hue
the actual name of the color
Jean Francois Millet, The Gleaners, 1857
Postmodernism
rejects this idea that photography's only purpose is to know the quality, it questions the objective truth, really highlights the constructed nature of the photographic image.
la fuente de inspiración
source of inspiracion
pinch
a clay, hand-building technique that begins with a lump of clay. next the thumb and fingers squeeze the clay into a form
Vanderlyn, Death of Jane McCrea, 1804
Armature
An essential Foundation for Papier Mache
Annealed
Heated to make it more malleable
Bone and Shell
Earliest known Chinese writing. 1800-1200 BC.
tactile
refers to the sense of touch; something that can be sensed by actually feeling it
brayer
roller used in printmaking with which we apply ink
chalk
A writing tool made mostly from seashells and used to write on blackboards or other surfaces
WAsh
A faint and watered down application of watercolor, acrylic or oil paint to begin your painting
Kinetic
Sculpture that moves [either by means of air currents, gravity, motors, springs, or magnets]
still-life
using realism through the form of art
Complimentary Color
Schemes emphasize two hues directly opposite of each other on the color wheel
portfolio
a collection of work samples that demonstrate your skills
What are the cool colors?
green, blue, violet
pastel
is essentially a chalk medium with colored pigment and a nongreasy binder added to it
Surrealism had the most direct impact on the movement
Abstract Expressionism
Intensity refers to a color's ______ or ______ .
brightness; dullness
Abstract
Works of art with no reference to natural objects
The sculpture "Bird in Space" was sculpted by who?
Constantin Brancusi
expressionism
A movement in art that reflects an obvious exaggeration of natural objects for the purpose of emphasizing an emotion, mood, color, or concept
Tints
The term used to define lighter values of color
daguerreotype
an early form of photography that uses chemicals to produce the image.
literal qualities
the realistic qualities that appear in the subject of the work
b) Shows relationship between humans and nature
c) Seeks harmony with nature
Jean Honore Fragonard
Girl with a Pearl Necklace: Portrait of Rosalie Fragonard
Audience Etiquette:
The ability to understand the natue of the relationship between the live performer and the audience and to demonstrate the appropriate behavior that will nurture that relationship when attending live performing arts events.
vanishing point
used in perspective drawing and it is where parallel lines will eventually meet
overlap usage in space is to _____ _____.
create depth
Caravaggio, Death of the Virgin
darkness shows sadness, red curtain adds drama, no indication of heaven, mary is bloaded, work was rejected b/c of decorum, celar light directs you to mary
centering
the act of forcing a lump of clay into a symmetrical form on the wheel
In 1878, Eadweard Muybridge photographed a galloping horse, and discovered that
galloping horses occasionally have all four hooves off the ground.
Intermediate or Tertiary Colors
Colors made by mixing a primary color with a secondary color adjacent to it on the color wheel, for example, yellow and orange.
One point perspective
In which all lines appear to meet at a single point on the horizon
1. Shiva is destroyer and creator of the world
2. Shiva is associated with dance and music
quadro
painting
bonito
pretty
l'architecte
architect
aplaudir
to applaud
Asante
gold necklaces
un tableau
painting
Paleolithic
fertility fetish
inspirar
to inspire
Yellow is complementary
violet
el (la) artista
artist
el escenario
scenery, set
Edvard Munch
The Scream
lorna simpson
guarded conditions (1989)
Biomorphic Shapes
References something alive
Woodcut
Print: relief; Matrix: wood;
Oculus
a small round window
Association
Things the body uses
Example: clothing, buildings, chairs, tools
Muslim
"one who submits to God"
Cave 61, Dunhuang, Gansu, 947-957CE
REFECTORY
monastic dining room for monks)
pigment
refers to color or hue
Grid
Evenly space lines, running horizontally and vertically at right angles, that divide a surface into small rectangles or squares.
ex of complimentary colors
purple and yellow
Porcelain
Fired at highest temperature usually around 1,350 to 1,500 degrees, smooth texture, translucent, and glossy, rarest and most expensive, made from deposits of decomposed granite, becomes white and translucent after firing, not porous
Aesthetics
pertaining to, involving, or concerned with pure emotion and sensation as opposed to pure intellectuality
style
refers to distinctive handling of materials and elements associated with individual, a school, a movement, culture or time period
Graphic Art
is related to printmaking-engraving, etching, lithography, serigraphy and woodcut. All these images can produce multiple copies
Rene Magritte La Trahison des Images
commercial art
art experienced daily in newspapers, magazines, and television
Camera Lucida
Early type of technology that influenced the invention of cameras.
complementary colors
colors that are directly opposite eachother on the color wheel
The Dance, France, Modern Art in Europe (The Fauves), Derain
Greeks painted their subjects as...
Beautiful and unflawed
Jesuits
this new order was the Pope's invaluable ally in the attempt to reassert the supremacy of the Catholic church
pointed arch
straightened curved sides meet a point
hatching
lines that are used to create value/shading. They all go in one direction.
chiaroscuro
artistic device of using lights and darks to imply depth and volume (italian term meaning clear and obsure)
Exquisite Corpse
Each artists contributes to a work
Sculputuer
A 3D object that is an "arftuf" form
modern art
Generally considered to be the period from about 1905-6 to the mid-1950s, when Pop art ushered in what is referred to as the postmodern period in art. modern art is generally characterized by formal experimentation and exploration, and mostly seriousness of purpose.
warm colors
red, yellow, orange and other colors that we associate with warm temperatures.
ADINTELADO
Falso arco. Es un dintel formado por dovelas y no de una sola pieza.
engaged column
A half-round column attached to a wall
Scale
the size relation of one thing to another.
Half Way Point of Body
Hip or pelvic area
The urge to rebel against the norm lost its impact when such rebellion _______ the norm in most Western cultures.
Became
subtractive process
a process where materials such as wood or stone are cut or carved away to create sculptural forms
What feature of The Company of Frans Hanning Coq led to its being misnamed The Nigh Watch?
Dark varnish
mary cassatt
was american, but spent most of her life in France. she is one of the most famous women artists of all time
jouer un rôle
to play or act a role, part
flying buttresses
stone support on the outside of a building that allowed builders to construct higher walls and leave space for large stained-glass windows
contour line
a line that defines edges and surface ridges of an object
Concealed boat is on right side of picture. Cottage is on left side of painting. A dog is watching 2 men cross a ford in the River Stour in a horse drawn cart.Earlier version is dark triptych by Hieronymus Bosch.1821 painting by John Constable.
The Haywain
pin tool
a long, thin needle attached to a wood or metal handle used to cut or draw on clay
ART STIMULATE THE INTELLECT AND FIRE THE EMOTION
THINK PROFOUNDLY AND DEEPLY
Who was one of the best known painters in the 16th century Florence?
Agnolo Bronzilo
Scale is?
Relative size of the work of art to us as the viewer
1. The golden halo represents his holinessA. Lunette represents the half moon
2. The color purple is an imperial color (color of kingship)
This work features a large dog and a misshapen dwarf in the lower right-hand corner
(Las) Meninas [ or (The) Attendants or Ladies in Waiting]
façon
manner
original
original
yi dynasty
korea
la galeria
gallery
fantasy
la fantasía
el/la artista
artist
un chef-oeuvre
a masterpiece
The Turkish Bath
Ingres
sentado, -a
to be seated
Picturesque
looks like a painting
The Barque of Dante
Delacroix
secondary colors
orange, green, violet
Vitruvian Man, Da Vinci, 1490
acrylic
mixture of pigment and plastic
Realism
representational; but more subjective- ignores specifics
Lithograpghy
a surface or planographic printing process based on the mutual antipathy of oil and water
Know : hotel shooting picture, remember? Drunk passed out looking people. = daumier rue trasnonain
especially well suited for depicting the vibrant colors of nature and the atmosphere.
Watercolor
Salon
a. private entertainments in homes about intellectual gatherings, hosted by upper class women. b. showcase of art created by those in the Academy (Salon de la Princesse of the Hotel de Soubise)
Mannerism
Sofonisba Anguissola was a female artist during what period?
Frank Capra
Sicilian-born American film director and a creative force behind a number of films of the 1930s and 1940s, including It Happened One Night (1934), Mr. Deeds Goes to Town (1936), Lost Horizon (1937), You Can't Take It With You (1938), Mr. Smith Goes to Washington (1939), Meet John Doe (1941), Arsenic and Old Lace (1944) and It's a Wonderful Life (1946).
What is the color scale?
tints and shades
Rennaisance
The historical period known as the ______ is generally considered to mark the beginning of the modern world. The term, meaning "rebirth" was coined by the people in 15th century Italy.
Triad
three colors spaced an equal distance apart the color wheel
The primary triad is red blue and yellow
the secondary triad is orange, green, and violet
Landscape
art concerning of nature of the land
Encyclopedie
edited by Diderot, it was a compilation of all the available knowledge - historical, scientific, technical, religious and moral
demascended
laying one metal with an intricate pattern in another
Martuary Temple if Hatshepsut
carved from live rock
nude art
understanding of anatomy; held body "noblest of God's creations"
litany
a ceremonial or liturgical form of prayer consisting of a series of invocations or supplications with responses that are the same for a number in succession.
unity, balance, variety, emphasis and focal point, rhythm, scale, proportion
elements of design
Impressionism
A style of painting that originated in France about 1870. Painting s of casual subjects were executed outdoors using divided brush strokes to capture the light and mood of a particular moment and the transitory effects of natural light and color.
intensity
The brightness or dullness of a color. Adding a hue's complementary hue to it, dulls its ________.Example: yellow (bright)....mustard yellow (dull). The complement of yellow is violet (they are across from each other on the color wheel).By adding violet to yellow the color is dulled to a mustard yellow. Add equal parts of each color and you would get the neutral of each color and you would get the neutral color brown.
Piano Nobile
"Noble Floor" Main living floor for grandest people, our second floor. Elevated so gets better air and view, cross-ventilation.
Salt Cellar of King Francis I
Cellini, 1500-1550, Italy
shilpa shastras
texts that tought human form to artists' apprentices
verisimilitude
the quality or state of being the truth. This means that something looks life-like or real.
Organic Shapes
Free forms, or shapes and forms that represent living things having irregular edges, as distinguished from the regular edges of geometric shapes.
Focal Point.
Where your eyes focus first on a picture.
Invented Texture
A visual texture that does NOT imitate real texture but creates the sensation of one
vertical
at right angles to the plane of the horizon or a base line
What is a technique used for pen and ink?
Crosshatching
acrylic paint
a water based paint that has a (polymer) plastic binder and dries to a permanent covering.
Ground
1) The surface of a 2D work.
2) the area of a 2D work that appears to be farthest from the viewer: aka background.
define line
a point in motion or a series of adjacent points
What is the spectrum?
When light is seen as a band of light as it comes through a prism
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