Art Vocab 3 Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
l'architetto
architect
antiguo(a)
old
retrato
portrait
Olympia
Manet
Holzer
Installation
Untitled
el simbolismo
symbolism
el estilo
style
Schinkel
Altes Museum
Icon
Devotional paintings
genre
depicts everyday life
Value
lightness or darkness
Colgar
(ue) to hang
La Grande Odalisque
Ingres
Cool Colors
Blue, Green, Violet
Mexican Revolution
1910-1912-overthrew the thirty-five-year long dictatorship of general Porfirio Diaz and was followed by 10yrs of political instability.
color
derives from reflected light
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Self Portrait
Vincent Van Gough
Post-Impressionism
la prosa
expresión natural de hablar
modernism
expression, practice, or usage characteristic of modern times; philosophy of modern art
Masaccio, Tribute Money, c. 1427
15th-Century Italian Renaissance
Rose window of Chartes Cathedral
France 12th century
su propia voz
their own voice
Warm Colors
yellow, orange, red, yellow-orange, red-orange, red violet,
tenebrism
black background. sources of light illuminate the scene
Portrait of a Carthusian, Petrus Christus, 1446, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Overlap
one object in front/behind another (overlapping=close, overlapped=far)
The Ashcan School
Anti-Academy against conservative tradition, earth-tone colors, Subjects: urban city
Linear Perspective
literally your point of view
Anish Kapoor, the Indian-born British sculptor, explores the spiritual meanings of _______, posing questions about the origination and persistence of those meanings when displaced from their traditional context.
Shapes
Transept
A projecting space that is perpendicular to the nave; the nave and it intersect at the crossing to produce a cruciform plan.
*The transverse portion of a cross shaped church building
A sculpting additive technique often based on the cumulative process of building works from shapes, found objects, and found materials, (like paper, string, sheet metal, and wire).
Construction-Assemblage
minaret
a tower outside a mosque where chanters stand to call the faithful to prayer
Emphasis
used by artists to create domincance and focus in their work. This can be the content, essential meaning, significance or aethetic value of an artwork.
Renaissance
a period of art history (1400-1600), remarkable for its bright, pure colors, its use of symbols and its very formal approach to subject matter and to composition
Expressionism
an art movement developed in Germany early in the 20th century that expresses feelings rather than describing objects and experiences
muhammad
the Arab prophet who founded Islam (570-632)
Ethel Scull Thirty-Six Times
Andy Warhol
1963
synthetic polymer paint silkscreened on canvas
American 20th c. Pop Art
Great Pyramids
Old Kingdom (2,700-2,200 BC) Giza, Egypt
tomb architecture for 3 generation of pharaohs
stone blocks
sacred mountain symbolism, perfect symmetry, stable, permanent
Noted for their agricultural system of terraces and irrigation, the Inca used bundles of knotted string called _______ for accounting and census purposes.
Quipu
Foreshortening
Method of drawing or painting an object or person so that it appears to move
forward in space.
figure
object on top of the ground, ditinguished from background
Outline
A line that simply defines the outer edges of a form with no suggestion of three-dimensionality.
nonobjective art
art that has to recognizable subject matter
abstraction
having a generalized form with only a symbolic resemblence to real objects
ground
the surface on which a drawing (or painting or collage) is done on such as paper, canvas, cardboard, etc.
Nino y caballo / Picasso / rosa 1905
...
Leatherhard
The state where clay has dried enough to be handled without distorting the shape yet additions such as handles can be attached
Medium
The process employed by the artist: in a more strict sense the binding substance (media) or binder used to hold the pigments together.
sarcophagi
stone coffins, a notable type of roman sculpture
Contrast
The use of opposing aspects of the elements of art to produce an intensified effect
It depicts a line of standing soldiers wearing cloth over their eyes, admist a field full of people dead and dying
Gassed
Abstract art
Art that does not resemble things in real life. Stresses the form of the subject matter rather than the actual appearance.
Rough Divisions of Dynastic Period.
Name four?
3100-1000 bce
Early Dynastic
Old kingdom
Middle kingdom
New kingdom
Prints
a kind of artwork made when an object is covered with ink or paint.
Bauhaus Walter Gropius
the goal was to train artists; architects and designers to accept and anticipate 20th Century needs and promote a unity of art, architecture and design. He also hoped for a marriage between art and industry.(Laszlo Moholy-Nagy, Josef Albers, Marcel Breuer, Mies Van Der Rohe
relief sculpture
a type of sculpture in which form projects from a background there are three degrees or types of relief: high, low/bas, and sunken
Multiple Perspective
More than one view of the subject simultaneously in the same picture.
aerial perspective
when a work appears to be seen from above; like "birds-eye view"
Principle of Design
the way the artist uses the elements of art in an artwork
asymmetry
• When the right & left sides of a composition bear visibly different shapes,
colors, textures or other elements and yet they are arranged or "weighted" in
such a way that the work feels balanced.
• We tend to respond and feel most comfortable when things are visually
balanced.
styalized, carved, positive shapes, negative spaces, bronze, monumental, abstract, simplified, textured
terms used to describe the sculpture design which moore used
Symmetrical Balance (FORMAL BALANCE)
occurs when 1 side is identical to the other side = calmness & formality
explain the difference between value and intensity
value is how light or dark, intensity is how bright or dull
Hopper
Nighthawks
babyolon
bagdad
centro
center
le modele
model
Right Brain
creative
el pintor
painter
La letra
Lyrics
el movimiento
movement
Sorrow
van Gogh
old kingdom tomb
2600-2100
Pyramid
la forma
the form
plato's book
the republic
stylobate
floor of the temple
Script
The written text. "B"
Aion
male version of Aetineritas
Coffers
Indents in the ceiling
Spoonbridge and Cherry
(Claes) Oldenburg
compatability reached when all elements work together harmoniously
harmony
Painting, England, Postwar Response, Bacon
Foreground
What is in the front
cast iron
adding carbon to iron
tint
adding white to a color
"Archaic Smile"
present on Kouros figures
Suggests life
calligraphy
the art of fine handwriting, decorative script
Plate with hunting scene, Datong, Shanxi, 3rd-4th c. CE
intensity
briliance or saturation of a color
Line
A path traced by a tool
form
is a 3d object takes space
Proportion
The comparative relationship of size between units or the parts of a whole. For example, the size of the Statue of Liberty's hand relates to the size of her head.
complementary
colors found opposite on the color wheel and have the
unity
combines the principles of design and the physical aspects of a painting to create a single, harmonious work. same as music
composition
arrangements of elements in a given space in a work of art
Hatching
closely spaced parallel lines that mix optivally to suggest values. Hatching is a linear technique for modeling forms according to the principles of chiaroscuro.
bas relief
when the positive areas project slightly from the flat surface
Border
an ornamental strip or design around the edge of a printed page, a drawing etc.
the surface of quality of something expieranced in touch or vision
texture
space
the area around a from and beyond
Saint Matthew from Ebbo gospel
Illuminated manuscript
Carolingian art
800-950 CE
622
Mummhand left Mecca because people did not belive in only worshipping one god
installations
3-D medium visually tell a story by transforming space with items of symbolic significance
Elements of Art
Space, value, shape, line, form, texture, color
shade
a color obtained by adding black to darken it
Alaine Locke
"The New Negro" movement, art could portray all themes
tint of a color
the color added to white
dry media
those media that are applied dry: pencil, charcoal, crayon, chalk, and pastel
The style of art that portrays the everyday struggles of ordinary citizens as heroic and noble is called:
Realism
What other famous sculpture did Bernini create which depicts a rape in progress?
Pluto and Persephone
Contour line
lines that define the outer edges of forms and surfaces within a form such as shapes or wrikles and folds
Henri Matisse
A French painter and sculptor of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. He is known for his brilliant colors and bolt brush strokes and had a major influence on modern art., french artist in late 1800's associated with fauve movement
wedging
the term for cutting the clay on the wire and throwing one peice upon another or the process of rigorously forcing air bubbles from the clay
texture
how things look as if they might feel if touched
impression
a print made from an inked block with pressure
vertical location
elevating an element on the page often indicates a recession in depth
The criterion of beauty is often based on what
culturally accepted standards
Marcel Duchamp, Fountain, 1917 (photograph by Alfred Stieglitz)
submitted to Society of Independent Artists but was rejected b/c many reasons: false name, question about asthetic beauty, Duchamp made it to stop and apperciate/look around world, was finally showed in 291 Gallery
modernity of subject matter stressed
newly opened railroad lines giving access to the countryside surrounding Paris
Figures in Byzantine era were...
Stiff, rigid. Often in gold or black.
brick and concrete; religious
the Pantheon is made of __ and is still __
What are two of the five main types of professional criticis?
Feminist Criticism, Psychoanalytical criticism
clasico
classical
abstracto
abstract
hue
color
i ruderi
ruins
el detalle
detail
el paisaje
landscape
La paleta
Palette
la trompeta
trumpet
Black Magic
Morand
Pedir
to ask for
el color
the color
Herbert
techniques of monet
Enlightenment philosophers emphasized the importance of _____________.
reason
variety
way you combine elements
The Haywain
John Constable, Romanticism
la obra
work of art
The Mandolin Player
(Mary) Cassatt
chiaroscuro
light dark, sense of modeling/roundness. example: Mona Lisa
First style
columns, stones, marble panels
Pattern
A repetitive motif or design
trimetric projection
all on different scale
foreground
area close to the viewer
odalisque
fascination and disire to control non-european herom women
Bayon of Cambodia
symbolizes cosmic Mount Meru
Female attendants, tomb of an aristocrat, Xi'an, Shaanxi, Tang
Printmaker
Gericault was also a talened what?
la pintura / el cuadro
the painting
Grouping Principles
By Gestalt psychologists. "Unit forming". This is how the mind tends to simplify visual arrays by gathering them into units - proximity and similarity.
etching
An intaglio printmaking process in which a metal plate coated with wax is drawn upon with a sharp tool down to the plate and then placed in an acid bath. The acid eats into the plate where the lines have been drawn, the wax is removed, and then the plate is inked and printed.
The Vendome Column is wrapped in plates made of _________.
Bronze
Orthostats
Upright slabs of stone constituting or lining the lowest courses of a wall, often in order to protect a vulnerable material such as mud-brick.
In partial view
(Depth Perception) In partial view
art criticism/ expressive theories
powerful personal meaning, psychological insight.
ferrule
the metal casing, which holds the hairs of the brush
additive sculpture
creating a sculpture by adding materials together
staged photos
return to fabricated tableaux from 19th century photography
postmodern influence of media
wheel
machine where you can throw a pot
Curved Line
line that curves, wavish, not straight, curly
picture plane
the surface of a painting or drawing
split complementary
a complementary color plus the two colors on either side of its complement on the color wheel
Camera Obscura
(Dark room), an optical device that was used for hundreds of years prior to the invention of photography by many artists to assist them in their paintings
An image with _____ ranging from very light to very dark is called high contrast.
Values
Palace lady with flowers in her hand, tomb of Princess Yongtai, Qianling satellite tomb, Shaanxi, 706CE
subtractive process
begin with more, end with less; carving
aesthetic qualities
the qualities that can increase their understanding of the works and serve as thee criteria on which their judgements are based
alexander calder's main style of art was
creating mobiles
Implied Lines
Lines that are indicated indirectly in artworks at edges where two shapes meet, where a form ends and the space around it begins, or by positioning several objects or figures in a row
Art Criticism
An organized system for looking at the visual; a process of appraising what we want students to know and be able to do.
Bat
a disk or slab of plaster used to dryout or support clay
Salisbury Cathedral, England 1330
high gothic style of english archtecture 'decorated gothic style'
-stone decoration on the tower
-church began in early gothic era, 410 ft tallest spire
-oldest working clock (700 yrs old)
-completely intact-wall made in middle ages
f/a-warm yellow
-carved line
-dynamic
balanced sides
Implied line
dotted line, where dots are so close together that our mind connects them
Who was francisco goya?
He was the only spanish romantic artist who started as a rococo artist but when he became ill with syphilis his view of the world changed and he became romantic. The two events that changed his view were syphilis and napoleans invasion of spain
3d three dimensional
art work that has height weidth and depth
split complement
one hue and the hues on each side of its complement on the color wheel
What can be use to make a 2d image appear 3d?
Shading or graduation
Who are the Guerrilla Girls, and what is their agenda?
Group of anonymous feminists who are trying to call attention to the disparity between male and female artists represented in art history (museums, texts, etc.)
foto
photograph
feo
ugly
silkscreen
serigraph
Henry VIII
Holbein
Sherrie Levine
...
beehive tomb
...
I.M. Pei
Louvre Pyramid
el matiz
shade, tint
Starry Night
Van Gogh
The Slave Ship
JM Turner
Pont du Gard
Roman Art
Homer, Cotton Pickers, 1876
Primary Colors
Red, Yellow, Blue
noble virtue and spring
wild orchid
Local color
an object's actual color
indentificarse con
to identify oneself with
Two-point linear perspective
Two vanishing points
el telón
cortina grande en el teatro
Warm/Cool Colors
yellow, orange, red(Associated with sunlight & firelight)/green, blue, violet(Associated with sky, water, shade)
Congalese title
From series a congolese chronicle
Dioniso
rey del extasis, orgia, vino, fiesta
penumbra
lightest part of a shadowed area
horizon
where the earth meets the sky
International Style
clean lines, lots of glass
Delievery of Keys to St.Peter
ARTIST:Pergunio YEAR:1482 PERIOD:Italian Early Renaissance
jeff koons
new shelton wet/dry vacuum (1991- 86)
you always say the ________ color first
primary
Temple at center of city with steps.
Ziggurat
irregular
type of pattern, the regular pattern is broken by random changes at regular intervals
Intaglio
The printmaking process in which ink is transferred from the grooves of a metal plate to paper by extreme pressure
modren 1
Brice Marden
Cold Mountain Painting, 1989-91
desription:
-line
-one continuous line
-movement
analaysis:
-fluid lines
-act a trace of the dancer
interpatition:
-dance
-movement
pastiche
a literary, musical, or artistic piece consisting wholly or chiefly of motifs or techniques borrowed from one or more sources.
Cella
The principle interior room in a Greek or Roman temple within which the cult statue was usually housed.
Analogus
colors that are beside one another on the color wheel
design
the plans which an artist uses to organize art elements into a unified composition
Louis, veil painting in livingroom (c. 1960)
Post-Painterly Abstraction
Colorfield
Symmetry
The parts of an image or object organized so that one side duplicates, or mirrors, the other.
Garbhagriha
"womb chamber" a small room or shrine in a Hindu temple
Analysis
One of the steps in art criticism, analysis is discovering how the principles of design
are used to organize the elements of art. In art history, analysis is the step which determines the style and aesthetic meaning of the artwork.
proportion
the size relationship of part to a whole and to one another
negative space
the empty spaces between the shapes or forms
enlarged comic-strip type paintings and sculptures
what was lichtenstein known for?
Positive Space
area that contains the objects in a composition.
Who were Ravel and Debussy?
They were musicians for impressionism
Art Elements of Design
Lin, shape, area, texture, color, value
reflect
to give back an image of likeness or as if by a mirror
Under painting
The method of oil painting where An initial layer of paint is applied creating a monochromatic image of the work
Symmetrical Design
A design where both sides are the same on either side of a vertical axis.
Saints - Front Facade in Portal
Amiens, 1220-1269, Robert de Luzarches, Thomas de Cormont, Renaud de Cormont
The people of ? devised a system of writing called ? which was pressed into clay tablets with a ?
Sumer, cuneiform, stylus
Although symbols convey information and embody ideas,
they have no meaning in themselves; their meaning is invented by cultural use; and the ideas they embody may change radically with time.
A flaw that bring's the protagonist's down fall.
Characters: What is a Tragic Flaw?
lumière
light
Poplars
Monet
lienzo
canvas
art process
?
el tapiz
tapestry
nightmare
la pesadilla
la exposicion
exhibition
Writer
el/la escritor (a)
el retrato
the portrait
Third Class Carriage
Daumier
bliss
great joy or happiness
The Statue of Liberty
Bartholdi
Constantia
Constantine's daughter; mausoleum Santa Costanza with mosaic ambulatory
Baroque
movement that explored innovative compositions with intense ranges of light and shadow dark contrast
fiction
made story, not real story
Veduta
Particularly observed paintings of images commonly seen on grand tours or other tourist sites (The Doge's Palace and the Riva Degli Schiavoni)
monochromatic
different variations of the same hue
art
produced or intended primarily for aesthetic purposes rather that utility any of the art forms such as sculpture painting or music
ceramicist
a person who works with clay
watercolor
water based paint that is transparent
Contour line drawing.
Outline of a shape.
arbitrary color
Fauvist paintings are characterized by
found object sculpture
random objects thrown together
Geometric Form
a three-dimensional form derived from or suggestive of geometry. Examples include cubes, spheres, tetrahedrons, etc.
complimentary colors
colors opposite on the color wheel.(red/green) when placed next to each other they make each other stand out. when mixed a little but you dull the color.
spectrum
the range of visible color created when white light is passed through a prism.
Casting
To form (molten metal, or liquid plaster or plastic, for example) into a three-dimensional shape by pouring into a mold; or something formed by this means.
closure
our tendency to see complete figures where lines are left open
welding
the process of joining metals by fusing them together under direct heat
Kinetic Art
elements of art that actually move
combine painting
what Rauschenberg called his own stuff
Outline Format
a format of notetaking that involves writing down key ideas and having sub groups.
jackson Pollock; male and female
good example of abstraction
Paleolithic art
A very ancient period of art coincident with the Old Stone Age, before the discovery of agriculture and animal herding.
Fitz Hugh Lane
confined to wheelchair, loved ships, was a boat man. Painted Boston Harbor.
Moveable-type printing
press in the 1450s developed by Johannes Gutenberg, Latin Bible first large project, leads to mass-production, greater availability(later important factor in the distribution of Reformation ideals), printing press technology quickly spreads throughout
Cour Carre, Palais du Louvre
Lescot, 1500-1550, Paris, France
color triad
three colors spaced equally apart on the color wheel, such as orange, green, and violet
Movement
A way of combining visual elements to produce a sense of action or implied motion
atmospheric perspective
the illusion of depth and distance created by using the weather in a landscape and dull, pale colors with hazy details in the background of a painting.
secondary colors
Colors that result from a mixture of two primary colors. On the twelve-color wheel, orange, green, and violet.
realism
in art, the picturing of life as it is
underpainting
The layer or layers of colour on a painting surface applied before the over-painting, or final coat.
color wheel
color spectrum bent into a circle and useful for organizing colors
who was the benefactor of the national museum of women in the arts??
Wilhelmina Cole Holladay
St. Mark and the Four Evangelist Symbols
8th Century CE, Celtic
Asymmetrical balance
when both sides of a work of art are not identical but are still balanced
List the 5 elements we have studied so far.
1. Line
2. Shape
3. Color
4. Form
5. Value
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Term:
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