tranel term quiz prefixes and suffixes Flashcards

Prefixes
Terms Definitions
hemi
one-half
opthalmo
eye
asthenia
weakness
hydro
water
gnoso, gnosis
knowledge
cardio, cardi
heart
syn
with, together
tono
tone, tension
ortho
straight, correct; normal
thrombus, thrombo
blood clot
puri, puro, pyo
pus
mono
single, one, alone
dia
through, throughout, across, completely
mio, meio
less or smaller
homo, homeo
like, similar, same
idio
unknown; peculiar, distinctive, individual
para
adjacent, alongside, near, beside; involvement of a pair or two like parts; abnormal
myelo
bone marrow or spinal cord
plasia
process of cellular multiplication, formation
arthero
deposit of soft, pasty material; porridge
otomy, tomy
an incision or cutting into
graph
an instrument that records; sometimes a writing
plasty
process of shaping, the surgical formation of a structure or part
varico
a dilated vein; an enlarged and tortuous (twisted) vein, artery, or lymphatic vessel
phobia, phobe
unfounded fear, have an aversion to
ecchymosis
a purplish patch caused by hemorrhage under the skin from injury or spontaneous leaking from blood vessels
infarct
an area of necrosis due to sudden, localized ischemia
neuro, neuri, nervo, nervi
nerve, nervous tissue, nervous system
phasia
speech
encephalo
brain
pyreto
fever
gluco
glucose
lacrimo
tear, tears
macro, macr
large
tetano
convulsive tension
chromo, chromato
color
topo
place, location, position
e
often means instrument
lemma
sheath or envelope
dys
difficult, painful, bad
audio
the sense of hearing
opia, opsia
condition of vision
endo, ento
within, inner, inside
eu
good, well, normal, well-being
muco, myxo, muci
mucus or mucous
ecto, exo, extra
without, outside of
corpus, corporo, soma, somato, some
body
vascular
pertaining to or containing blood vessels; indicative of a copious blood supply
nystagmus
an involuntary, rythmic oscillation of the eyeballs; may be lateral, vertical, or rotary
graphy
process of recording, writing, or description
Algesio, alge, algo, algia
pain or painful condition
ino
an obsolete prefix for fiber or fibrous; replaced in most terms fibro-
stasis,stasia
indicates a state of standing still, halting, stopping, controlling
urticaria
also hives; an acute allergic reaction in which wheals develop on the skin, usually accompanied by intense itching
paroxysm
a sudden, violent attack, esp. a spasm or convulsion; the abrupt onset or worsening of symptoms or recurrence of a disease
sepsis, septic, septico
the presence of various pus-forming and other pathogenic organisms, or their toxins, in the blood or tissues; putrifaction
chrono
time
nucleo
nucleus
pruritus
itching
osmia
smell, odor
morpho
shape, form
cyto, cyte
cell
neo
new, recent
ot, oto, auri
eat
anti, ant
against, opposing
al, eal
pertaining to
necr, necro
death, dead
ase
denotes an enzyme
osmo, olfacto
smell, odor; osmosis
allo
other, different from normal
sept, septo, septi
septum; seven
arthro
a joint or articulation
odynia
pain in a specified part
phylaxis
protection against infection; to guard
hypo
below normal, under, deficient, beneath
sclero
hardness; relationship to the sclera of the eye
oid
resembling, like, having the form of
ferent, ferous
to convey, produce, or heat
aneurysm, aneurysmo
a localized, balloon-like dilation or swelling in the wall of an artery or cardiac chamber
kera, kerato
hard, horny tissue or cells; cornea
ia, y
sometimes the name for a condition
cle, ule, ole, cule
diminutive, small in size
medullo, medulla
soft, inner part; any soft marrow-like structure, especially in the center of a part or organ
ostomy, stomy
to furnish with a mouth; an artificial or surgical opening
malacia
softening
intra
within
iso
equal
steno
narrowness, constriction
entero, enter
intestine
leuko, leuco
white
metry
measuring or measurement
embolus, embo
a plug
reno, reni, ren
kidney
-uresis
excretion in urine
presby, presbyo, gero
old age
glio, glia
glue; neurological tissue
karyo
nucleus of a cell
podo, pod
foot or foot-shaped
glyco
sweet, sugars in general
ous
pertaining to, made of, containing
petechiae
pinpoint to pinhead-sized hemorrhagic spots under the skin; smaller versions of ecchymoses
arrhythmia
loss/lack of rhythm; any deviation from the normal (sinus) rhythm of the heart; an irregularity of the heartbeat
ganglio, ganglion
ganglion, knot, swelling, collection of nerve cell bodies
osis, iasis
abnormal condition or process indicates a slight increase in numbers when referring to blood cells
ascites
an abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity, causing abdominal swelling
ausculate
to examine, by listening (usually with the aid of a stethoscope), to sounds produced by the movement of gases or liquids within the body, as a means of diagnosis
philia, phil
to love, have an affinity for
febrile
denoting or relating to a fever; feverish; having a fever; pyretic
tympan, tympano, tympani
the tympanic membrane; the middle ear
gen
name of the agent that produces the state or object indicated by the word stem
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