Types of Poetry Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Symbol
Hearts=love
Haiku
developed in Japan
quatrain
four lined stanza
Onomatopoeia
A sound in a poem.
Tanka
5, 7, 5, 7, 7
Narrative Poem
story told in verse
elegy
a poem mourning someones death
Pantoum
Series of Quatrains: 1st stanza involves ABAB, while second and fourth can hae BCBC or CDCD
Verse
A single metrical line of poetry.
villanelle
relies heavily on repetition, composed of 5 line tercets adn a 4 line quatrain
entire 1st line reappers:
- final line of 2nd and 4th tercets
- 3rd line of 3rd and 5th tercets
concluding line of poe,
Personification
giving a non-human thing, human characteristics
First level is:
Literal reading: vocabulary, structure, imagery, and poetic devices
Etheree
The poetry form, Etheree, consists of 10 lines of 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 syllables.
cinguain
five lines, follows a pattern that does not rhyme
English Sonnet
3 quatrains and a final couplet
Burlesque
Poetry that treats a serious subject as humor.
Cinquain
a short poem consisting of five, usually unrhymed lines containing, respectively, two, four, six, eight, and two syllables.
Sonnet
a fixed poem of fourteen lines, usually written in iambic pentameter
Commas
signal half stops in a line poetry
C. Narrative
a poem that tells a story
Ballade
Poetry which has three stanzas of seven, eight or ten lines and a shorter final stanza of four or five. All stanzas end with the same one line refrain.
meter
One common form of rhythm. regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in the lines of a poem
Ballad
A short narrative poem with stanzas of two or four lines and usually a refrain.
Refrain
Repeated line stanza or phrase in a poem.
Couplet
A couplet has rhyming stanzas made up of two lines.
Lyric
A poem that expresses the thoughts and feelings of the poet.
Acrostic
an arrangement of words in which the first letters in each line spell out a word
Epitaph
a serious or humorous inscription on a tomb or tombstone, or verse written on the occasion of a person's death
caesura
when a line of poetry has pauses within itself
Lyric poem
A short poem expressing the thoughts and feelings of a single speaker. Often written in the first person, it traditionally has a songlike immediacy and emotional force.
Rhyme
A rhyming poem has the repetition of the same or similar sounds of two or more words, often at the end of the line.
limerick
a light verse that consists of five lines with rhyme scheme of A-A-B-B-A
Minute Poetry
The Minute Poem is rhyming verse form consisting of 12 lines of 60 syllables written in strict
Septolet
Has 7 lines with a total of 14 words.
stanza
a part of a poem with similar rhythm and rhyme that will usually repeat later in the poem
Acrostic Poem
The first letters of each line are aligned vertically to form a word
Dramatic monologue
a poem in which the speaker addresses a silent audience, revealing a dramatic situation and some aspect of his or her temperament or personality.
Free Verse
-this is poetry which has no regular patterns of rhyme, meter or line length. It allows more flexbility
Satire
a way of mocking things going on at the time
speaker
The voice that speaks to us, but not every poem has the same form. Here are some poetic forms included in this collection
Enjambment
When a line in a poem ends with no puntuation.
ABC Poem
The first word of each line is in alphabetical order.
end-stopped
when a line of poetry has a pause at the end of it
Epithalamium (Epithalamion)
A poem written in honor of the bride and groom.
List
A poem that is made up of a list of items or events. It can be any length and rhymed or unrhymed.
Irregular (Pseudo-Pindaric or Cowleyan) Ode
Neither the three part form of the pindaric ode nor the two or four-line stanza of the Horatian ode. It is characterized by irregularity of verse and structure and lack of coorespondence between the parts.
Epic example
"Beowulf"
Trimeter
three foot lines
Narrative
stress story and action
Monologue
speech by a single character
Alliteration
repetition of initial consonant sounds
canto
main selection of a long poem
Dialogue
conversation involving two or more characters
Senryu
Like a haiku, without relating to nature.
Lanturne
The Lanturne is a five-line verse shaped like a Japanese lantern with a syllabic pattern of one,
Metaphor
Comparing something not useing like or as.
Shakespearean
A 14-line sonnet consisting of three quatrains of abab cdcd efef followed by a couplet, gg. Shakespearean sonnets generally use iambic pentameter.
epics
long narrative poems that record the adventures of a hero whose exploits are important to the history of a nation
* chronicle the origins of civilization and central beliefs/values
* recount deeds enacted in vast landscapes
* conventions require that epics be formal, complex, and serious
Clerihew
A Clerihew is a comic verse consisting of two couplets and a specific rhyming scheme,
Palindrome
Poem that can be read backwards or forwards.
Simile
A figure of speech that compares two unlike things
Epigram
A very short, ironic, and witty poem usually written as a brief couplet or quatrain.
italian sonnet
8 line octave and six line sestet
Blank Verse
Poetry with a fixed meter (usually iambic pentameter) but no rhyme scheme.
Romance
a type of narrative poem in which adventure is a central feature; these poems tend to be complex, with surpirsing and even magical actions as common
Concrete
pattern or shape poetry. A picture in the visual shape of the poem that contributes to the meaning.
A villanelle
6 stanzas: five tercets and a quatrain
Song
A Song is an expression of a poet's personal emotions, meant to be sung.
Shape
Poetry written in the shape or form of an object.
Figurative Language
writing or speech not meant to be taken literally
Horatian Ode
Short lyric poem written in two or four-line stanzas, each with its the same metrical pattern, often addressed to a friend and deal with friendship, love and the practice of poetry. It is named after its creator, Horace.
parody
type of poem that makes fun of another poem in a mocking way
Tongue Twister Poem
made up of lines/verses that are hard to say when read aloud
English or Shakespearean sonnet
Organized into three quatrains and a couplet, with a typical rhyme scheme of abab cdcd efef gg
Third third level is:
Refers to your own reading and interpretation of the poem
Monody
About someones death
Pentameter
five foot lines
folk ballads
passed down orally
light verse
poetry written to entertain
Nonet
Opposite of Etheree, 9 lines consisting 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1
English villanelle
19 lines and 6 stanzas
Epic
A long (novel-length) poem, usually about heroic deeds and adventures
Sestina
A poem consisting of six six-line stanzas and a three-line envoy. The end words of the first stanza are repeated in varied order as end words in the other stanzas and also recur in the envoy.
DOGGEREL
a derogatory term used to describe poetry whose subject is trite and whose rhythm and sounds are monotonously heavy-handed
Sonnet example
"On the Grasshopper and the Cricket"
Didactic
Didactic Poetry is a form of poetry intended for instruction such as for knowledge or to teach.
PHONE POEM
A poem is written horizontally from phone number. The number of syllables in each line depends on the number.
Poem
can describe, explain or tell a story using words, pictures and special forms, sounds and rhythms.
LYRIC POETRY
a poem expressing the emotions and thoughts of a single speaker (not necessarily the poet); takes many forms, including the dramatic monologue, elegy, haiku, ode, and sonnet. A traditional theme is carpe diem.
English(Shakespearean) Sonnet
3 quatrains and a concluding couplet, rhyming ABAB CDCD EFEF GG. Usually there is a correspondence between the units marked by the rhymes and the development of the thought.
Iambic Pentameter
One short syllable followed by one long one, repeated five times in a row. Example: la-LAH la-LAH la-LAH la-LAH la-LAH
iamb
Is a foot that has an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable (da DAH).
Imagist Poem
a lyric that presents a single vivid picture in words.
Rhyme royal
A type of poetry consisting of stanzas having seven lines in iambic pentameter.
Tyburn
A six line poem consisting of 2, 2, 2, 2, 9, 9 syllables.
CONFESSIONAL POETRY
a form of poetry in which the poet reveals very personal, intimate, or sometimes shocking information about himself or herself
D. Ballads
a song or song-like poem that tells a story - usually a tragedy or adventure. Most were passed down orally.
internal rhyme
occur when at least one of the rhymed words falls within a line
Single End Rhyme
single syllable word at the end of a line
Ballad example
"The Dying Cowboy"
Dactylic Meter
1 stressed 2 unstressed
Mood
How the poem makes you feel.
cadence
a balanced rhythmic flow of words
narrative poems
tell stories and describe actions
Ballads
a popular type of narrative poetry
Classicism
Poetry which holds the principles and ideals of beauty that are characteristic of Greek and Roman art, architecture, and literature.
ode
a complex, generally long lyric poem on a serious subject
CONCRETE POETRY
poetry in which punctuation marks, letters, or words are arranged on a page to form a visual design (for ex: a cross or a bumblebee)
B. Lyrical
expresses feelings rather than telling a story. Short poem - imply emotion
Quinzaine
Unrhymed verse of 7 -- 5 -- 3
Concrete (shape)
Come on, Mag. This one's obvious. SHAAAAPE?!
Petrarchan Sonnet
a 14-line poem written in iambic pentameter with a rhyme scheme of abaabbacdcdcd or abbaabbacdecde. This type of sonnet usually describes a problem in the first eight lines (octave) while the last six lines (sestet) solves that same problem. This is also known as the Italian Sonnet
Narrative Poetry
-poetry that tells a story in simple,direct,rhythmical language
-poems often include the elements of a story-setting,characters,conflict, climax, and storytelling tools such as suspense or irony
-Deals with epic themes:love,war,honour,mythology e.tc.
Forms include Epics and Ballads
rhyme scheme
is a regular pattern of end rhymes
Autobiographical Poem
A poem about yourself. It has your personality traits and ambitions for your life.
Aubade
a poem or song of or about lovers separating at dawn
Shakespearean Sonnet
-it is a lyrical poem consisteing of 14 lines
-it has three quatrains(ABAB CDCD EFEF) followed by a rhyming couplet (GG)
Carpe Diem
poetry that tells someone to seize the day and live life to the fullest.
implied metaphor
is a comparison of two unlike things in which one thing is said to be another
FREE VERSE POETRY
An irregular form of poetry in which the content and structure are free from traditional poetry rules.
Shape Poem
Poem written in the shape or form of an object.
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