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Germ cell tumor
Terms Definitions
Ovarian Tumor
Chromosomal Disorder
N. ghonorrhea
Severe Shigella
Bacterial Meningitis-toddlers
Codman's Triangle
Hirano Bodies
Brown Tumor
Neurofibrillary Tangles
Chocolate Cysts
1° Syphilis
Haemophilus ducreyi
Bacterial Meningitis-elderly
Neisseria meningitidis
Neoplasm - Child
Shigella Type
S. Sonnei
Lysosomal Storage Disease
Fallopian Tube Malignancy
Brain Tumor-Child
Medulloblastoma (cerebellum)
Heinz Bodies
G6PDH Deficiency
Tendinous Xanthomas
Familial Hypercholesterolemia
Cheyne-Stokes Breathing
Cerebral lesion
Hypersegmented PMNs
Megaloblastic anemia
Glitter Cells
Acute Pyelonephritis
Curschmann's Spirals
Bronchial asthma
Malignancy Vulva
Squamous cell CA
Cause of chronic endometriosis
Skin tumor
Basal cell CA
Site of Diverticula
Sigmoid Colon
Complication of COPD
Pulmonary infections
Suprachiasmatic Nucleus
Controls circadian rhythm
Joint Mice
Osteoarthritis (fractured osteophytes)
c-erb B2
Breast Cancer association
Boot-Shaped Heart
Tetralogy of Fallot
Reinke Crystals
Leydig cell tumor
Bug in Acute Endocarditis
Staph aureus
Benign tumor of soft tissue
Intracranial tumor in adults
Glioblastoma mulitforme
Muscular Dystrophy
Duchenne's: Dystrophin deletion. Presents <5yoa weakness at pelvic girdles w/ upward progression
Small Intestine Congenital Anomaly
Meckel's diverticulum
Cause of Non-Ghonococcal Urethritis
Chlamydia trichomonas
Cause of Lobar Pneumonia
Strep. Pneumoniae
Hereditary Bleeding Disorder
Von Willebrand's Disease
Councilman Bodies
Dying hepatocytes - HepB
Cardiomegaly with Apical Atrophy
Chagas' Disease
Basophilic Stippling of RBCs
Lead poisoning
Albumino-Cytologic Dissociation
Guillain-Barre (markedly increased protein in CSF with only modest increase in cell count)
Cause of Pneumonia in Cystic Fibrosis
Pituitary Tumor
Prolactinoma (2nd - Somatotropic "Acidophilic" Adenoma)
Cause of Malignancy in children
Acute leukemia
Benign epithelial tumor of oral mucosa
Location of Childhood Brain Tumors
Below Tentorium
Islet Tumor
Insulinoma = β cell tumor
Cause of Addison.s
Autoimmune (2nd . infection)
Red Morning Urine
Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria. You would use Ham's test to confirm.
Sensation of tongue, soft palate. Carotid Body & Sinus innervation
Ferruginous Bodies
Asbestosis - & Iron laden
Tuberous Sclerosis Triad
Seizures, Mental retardation, Leukoderma (congenital facial white spots or macules):
Psammoma Bodies
Papillary adenocarcinoma of the thyroidSerous papillary cystadenocarcinoma of the ovaryMeningiomaMesothelioma
1o Tumor arising from bone in adults
Congenital GIT Anomaly
Meckel's Diverticulum: persistence of vitelline duct/yolk sac stalk
Malignancy of the Larynx
Glottic CA (squamous cell)
Location of Adenocarcinoma of the Pancreas
Head (99%)
Cause of Bacterial Diarrhea in U.S.
Campylobacter jejuni
Cause of breast lumps
CA of the breast
Demyelinating Disease
1) Multiple Sclerosis: (Charcot Triad = nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech) 2) Periventricular plaques w/ ↓ Oligodenrocytes 3) ↑ IgG in CSF, Optic Neuritis, MLF Syndorme = Internuclear Ophthalmoplegia, bladder incontinence
Sensory Pathway Lesion
Subacute Combined Degeneration = Friedrich's Ataxia = B12 deficiencyTabes Dorsalis (Neurosyphilis)
Rouleaux Formation
Multiple myeloma RBC's stacked as poker chips
Posterior Anterior Drawer Sign
Tearing of the ACL
McBurney's Sign
Appendicitis (McBurney's Point is 2/3 of the way from the umbilicus to anterior superior iliac spine)
Hypochromic Microcytic RBCs
Iron-deficiency anemia or β Thalassemia
Sites of Atherosclerosis
Abdominal aorta > coronary > popliteal > carotid
Cause of SIADH
Small Cell Carcinoma of the Lung
Michealis-Gutmann Bodies
Malakoplakia lesion on bladder due to macros & calcospherites (M-G Bodies): usually due to E. Coli
HPV 6 & 11 (condyloma acuminatum - benign) and HPV 16 & 18 (malignant association)
Sickle cell anemia: switch a glu to val in β chainLow O2 ↑ sicklingAplastic crisis w/ B19 (Parvovirus ssDNA) infectionSalmonella osteomyelitisVaso-occlusive painful crisisesHydroxyurea as Txt (↑ HbF) & Bone marrow transplant
S3 Heart Sound
L→R Shunt (VSD, PDA, ASD)Mitral Regurg LV Failure
Common Tumor of the Appendix
Carcinoid tumor: flushing; diarrhea; bronchospasm; RHeart valvular lesions Txt: Methysergide (5HT antagonist)
Bug in IV drug user bacteremia / pneumonia
Staph aureus
Germ Cell Tumor of Testes
Seminoma (analogous to dysgerminoma of ovaries)
Cowdry A Inclusions
Seen w/ Herpes Simplex Encephalitis - in oligodendroglia
↑ AFP in amniotic fluid or mother's serum
Spina BifidaAnencephaly
Cardiac 1ry Tumor . Child
Rhabdomyoma . associated w/ Tuberous sclerosis
CA of urinary collecting system
Transitional cell CA (assoc. w/ benzidine; ßnaphthylamine; analine dyes; long term txt w/cyclophosphamide)
Ground Glass in Abdomen(Hyaline)
Seen in the hepatocytes of healthy carriers of HBsAg in liver biopsies
Cause of Death in SLE pts.
Lupus Nephropathy Type IV (Diffuse Proliferative) = Renal Disease
"Ground Glass" on chest x-ray(Hyaline)
Due to Pneumocystis carinii Seen w/ Atelectasia
Female Tumor
Esophageal Cancer
Ectopia Lentis
Currant-Jelly Sputum
UMN lesion
Philadelphia Chromosome
Associated with gallstones
Ovarian Malignancy
Serous Cystadenocarcinoma
Patient with Reiter's
Thyroid CA
Papillary CA
Cause of Hypoparathyroidism
Gynecological Malignancy
Endometrial Carcinoma
Liver 1ry Tumor
Gynecological Finding
Endometrial CA
Reed-Sternberg Cells
Hodgkin's Disease
WBC Casts
. Pyelonephritis
Aschoff Bodies
Rheumatic fever
Opportunistic infection in AIDS
Dilated (Congestive) Cardiomyopathy: Alcohol, BeriBeri, Cocaine use, Coxsackie B, Doxorubicin OR Systolic Dysfunction
Bug in PID
N. Gonnorrhoeae
Benign fallopian tube tumor
Renal Malignancy
Renal cell CA
Thyroid Anomaly
Thryoglossal duct cyst
Primary Malignancy of Bone
Cold Agglutinins
Mycoplasma pneumoniaeInfectious mononucleosis
Osteoarthritis (polished, ivory-like appearance of bone)
Cause of Death in Diabetics
Brain Tumor-Adult
Astrocytoma (including Glioblastoma Multiforme) then: mets, meningioma, Schwannoma
Cause of 2ry HTN
Renal Disease
Primary Malignancy of Small Intestine
Type of Non-Hodgkin's
Follicular, small cleaved
Malignancy of the Small Intestine
Malignancy in Women
Lung (2nd breast)
Cause of Secondary Hypertension
Renal disease
Disease of the Breast
Fibrocystic disease
Lung Tumor, primary or secondary
Cause of Mental retardation
. Down.s
Schwartzman Reaction
Neisseria meningitidis impressive rash with bugs
LMN Lesion
Werndig Hoffman (progressive infantile muscular atrophy).Poliomyelitis
Gout (MP joint of hallux)
Rheumatoid arthritis, also see morning stiffnes that ↓ w/ joint use, HLA-DR4
Tram-Track Glomeruli
Membranoproliferative GN: Nephritic syndrome - basement membrane is duplicated into 2 layers
Arcuate Nucleus
Releases PIF (dopa-ergic neurons)
Cause of Death b/t 24-44 yoa
Heart Valve in Bacterial Endocarditis in IV drug users
Bone Tumors
Metasteses from Breast & Prostate
Malignant Tumor of the Liver
Hepatocellular CA
Non Hodgkin's Lymphoma
Follicular small clear cell
Type of Hodgkin's
Mixed Cellularity (versus: lymphocytic predominance, lymphocytic depletion, nodular sclerosis)
Cause of Death w/ SLE
Renal failure
Virchow's Node
Supraclavicular node enlargement by metastatic carcinoma of the stomach
Pautrier's Microabscesses
Mycosis fungoides (cutaneous T-cell lymphoma), Sezary
Chvostek's Sign
Hypocalcemia facial spasm in tetany
Cuneocerebellar tr.
Unconscious proprioception & fine motor movements of upper extremities
Auer Rods
Acute promyelocytic leukemia (AML type M3)
Pain & temperature of faceSensation of external ear
S4 Heart Sound
Pulmonary Stenosis Pulmonary HTN
Jarisch-Herxheimer Reaction
Syphilis over-aggressive treatment of an asymptomatic pt. that causes symptoms 2° to rapid lysis
Cause of Dementia (2nd most common)
Multi-Infarct Dementia
Type of Soft Tissue Tumor of Childhood
Benign ovarian tumor
Mature(Native) Teratoma = benign dermatoid
Smith Antigen
SLE (also anti-dsDNA)Malar Rash, Wire loop kidney lesions, Joint pain, False (+) syphilis test (VDRL)90% 14-45 yo females also seen w/ use of INH, Procainamide, Hydralazine = SLE-like syndrome
Devic's Syndrome
Neuromyelitis Optica A variant of multiple sclerosis: rapid demyelination of the optic nerve & spinal cord w/ paraplegia
Boutonniere's Deformity
Rheumatoid arthritis flex proximal & extend distal IP joints
Bouchard's Nodes
Osteoarthritis (Proximal IP joint of the fingers)
Pt. with Hodgkin's
Young Male (except Nodular Sclerosis type - Female)
Form of Amyloidosis
Immunologic (Bence Jones protein in multiple myeloma is also called the Amyloid Light Chain)
Metabolite seen w/ Pheochromocytoma
VMA: vanillylmandelic acid (NE metabolite)
Tracheoesophageal Fistula
Lower esophagus joins trachea / upper esophagus - blind pouch - polyhydramnios association
Site of Embolic Occlusion
Middle cerebral aa: contralateral paralysis; aphasias; motor & sensory loss
Heart Valve involved in Rheumatic Fever
Mitral then Aortic
Fatal Genetic Defect in Caucasians
Cystic Fibrosis (chromosome 7q)
Blue Bloater
Chronic Bronchitis (at least 3 months for at least 2 years of ecessive mucus secretion & chronicrecurrent productive cough)
Gower's Maneuver
Duchenne's MD use of arms to stand
Ground Glass Appearance (Hyaline)
Seen w/ Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy oligodendrocytes Nuclei seen in Papillary CA of the thyroid (malignant)
Muscles of the eye & of the tongue
Congenital Early Cyanosis
Tetralogy of Fallot =right to left shunt
Bug in Otitis Media & Sinusitis in Kids
Strep. Pneumoniae
Tumor of Infancy
Benign vascular tumor = port wine stain = Hemangioma
Place for Primary Squamous Cell CA of esophagus
Mid 1/3
Foster-Kennedy Syndrome
A tumor causing blindness & loss of smell w/ papilloedema
Inherited disease of the Kidney
1) Adult polycystic kidney disease: associated w/ polycystic liver, Berry aneurysms, Mitral prolapse 2) APD1-chromosome 16
Both Sensory & Motor Lesion
Brown Sequard. Anterior Spinal artery Occlusion
Vasculitis (of medium & small arteries)
Temporal Arteritis (branch of Carotid Artery)
Tumor of the Stomach >50 years of age
CA of stomach (adeno CA)
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