Vocab Test Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Glucose
genetic makeup
genotype
lys
to loosen
Pinyon Jay
Pinyon-Juniper Woodland
heterotrophs
scientific name for consumers
__ metamorphosis:aquatic larvae> semi-terrestrial adults
amphibia
Intron
-noncoding regions (interrupt exons)-removed from original pre-mRNA
herbivore
animal which eats plants
meiosis 2
 
2nd _____ body occurs
 
and _____ is produced
polar
ovum
sarcomeres
the functional units of muscle.
MITOSIS: nucleus breaks down. chromatin condenses to chromosomes. centrioles migrate to poles. microtubules form
prophase
Lamarck
Tendency Towards Perfection – organisms have an innate tendency to try to improve themselves.Use and Disuse – organisms can change size and shape of structures by using or not using them. (E.g. giraffes get longer necks by stretching them)Inheritance of Acquired Characteristics – the traits that are changed during an organism’s lifetime can be inherited by their offspring. *** THIS WAS WRONG – THE ONLY THINGS THAT CAN BE INHERITED ARE DNA/GENES IN GAMETES. ***
peroxisome
In eukaryotic cells, membrane-enclosed organelles containing enzymes that produce or degrade hydrogen peroxide.
Heterotroph
Obtains organic food molecules by eating other organisms or byproducts that cannot synthesize organic compounds from inorganic materials
ateries
blood vessels that transport blood away from the heart
ENDOCYCTOSIS
FORMS VESICLE TO IMPORT SUBSTANCE ENTER THE CELLPINOCYTOSIS
Where is fibrocartilage found?
-pubic synthesis-meniscus-invertebral disks
Mutualism
Symbiotic relationship in which both species benefit from the relationship.
mosiacism
different parts of body express different genes
Phylogeny
Evolutionary history of an organism, used today to group organisms into six kingdoms.
21%
The atmosphere on Earth reached _________ oxygen about 560million years ago
Parasitism
one partner derives benefit from harming the other
Flagella ch.4
thin moveable structures, are longproject from cell surfacefunction in movement
spores are produced here by meiosis
sporangia
circulation
continuous movement of blood through the heart and blood vessels
Founder Effect
Genetic drift also effects small populations that colonize a new region. Colonizing population is unlikely to have all the alleles present in the whole population.
Interpersonal Variables

•    Factors within both the sender and receiver that influence communication.

Ø   Perception

Ø   Educational Level

Ø   Developmental Level

Ø   Socio-cultural Backgrounds

Ø   Values and Beliefs

Ø   Emotions

Ø   Gender

Ø   Physical Health Status

Ø   Roles and Relationships
2 parts of a solution
solute and soltant
class insecta
class under sub phylum hexapoda of phylum anthropoda
more species than all other animals combined
many have 2 pairs of wings, some one pair
only invertebrates that can fly
2 body regions
3 pairs of antennae
2 ventral nerve cords
have trachea for respiration
have trachea architin, milpighiatn tubules
compound eyes (many lenses, one image)
go through complete and incomplete metamorphsis 
white blood cells
leukocytes, the buffy coatfight infectionkill parasitesimmunityphagocytize viruses/bacteriathin bloodcause allergic reactions
Nucleus/Nuclei
* Control center of the cell*living, selectively permeable, phospholipid
Climate
average year to year conditions of temperatures and precipitation
 
 
 
latent period
-brief delay between time of stimulation and the beginning of contraction
Give the correct terminology: removal of some amniotic fluid by the insertion into the womb of a hollow needle
amniocentesis
Operon
 segment of DNA that controls gene regulation in a set of genes with related functions in prokaryotes
homeotic genes
determine the placement of body parts
SETI was the first scientific organization to look for evidence of ______________
Extraterrestrial Intelligence
phytochrome responses
blue protein that influences seed germination, internode extension, leaf expansion (dicots), photoperiodism, abscission, membrane permeabilityprovides a molecular switching mechanism for mediating plant responses
nature provided the variation, and humans selected those variations that they found useful
artificial selection
exon
any portion of an interrupted gene that is represented in the RNA product and is translated into protein.
phagocyte
any cell, as a macrophage, that ingests and destroys foreign particles, bacteria, and cell debris.
External solution is hypotonic to cytosol then net movement of water is..
into the cell.
Posterior Longitudinal Ligament
On anterior end of spine
Prevents Hyperflexion
On bodies
Chromosomal
- Duplication: part of a chromosome is repeated and passed on to the offspring - Inversion: a linear stretch of DNA is inverted in the chromosomeTranslocationDeletion: loss of a segment of a chromosomes; most are lethal- Non-disjunction: a problem during meiosis when homologous chromosomes do not separate properly during anaphase I
Transcription
the process of forming a nucleic acid by using another molecule as a template; particularly the process of synthesizing RNA by using one strand of a DNA molecule as a template.
How does CO2 enter the leaf?
Through the Stomata
prophase
the first stage of mitosis and meiosis in cell division
The body uses homeostasis in order to respond to cold by rerouting blood away from the skin.
 
 
True or False
True
Nutrient
a substance that an organism needs for growth and survival
Saturated Fats
Fats with the maximum number of hydrogens. Most animal fats.
Ecological succession
- the chronological colonization of a habitat by a series of different communities
 
ex. annual plants, perennial plants and grasses, shrubs, softwood trees, hardwood trees
 
**if you stop mowing your lawn, the area changes what it looks like over time (stages of different growth)
states that every energy transformation makes the universe more disordered
2nd law of thermodynamics
cis face
The proximal face of the Golgi apparatus.
The two types of nucleotides involved in condensation are _____________ which contain ribose and form RNA, and _____________ which contain deoxyribose and form DNA.
Ribonucleotides, Deoxyribonucleotides
heteronomous
subject to different laws of growth or specialization
multicellular organism's 3 structures above the cell
tissues, organs, and organ systems
Half-life
time it takes for 50 percent of a radioactive isotope sample to decay
1) First name in binomial indentifies species what?
 
 
2) Second name is the name of what?
1) genus
 
2) species
Potential Energy
The energy stored by matter as a result of its position or special arrangement.
Additive genetic variance
average of squared breeding values in the population
Autotrophs and Heterotrophs
These types of organisms produce their own food _______. Theses types don't ______
hair, nails, and cutaneous glands
accessory organs of the skin
Food Web
the chain of animals that shows who eat who.
host
a living animal or plant from which a parasite obtains nutrition.
What is lymphoma
A type of cancer that originates in lymphocytes (usually in lymph nodes)
Productino of estrogen from hypothalamus
FSH from anterior pituitary stimulates the ovarian follicle to produce estrogen
How do simple eukaryotes reproduce?
-May be haploid (produced by mitosis)-Only diploid stage is the zygote (2n) which undergoes meiosis to restore the haploid state-introduces some variation
Circulatory systems permit evolution of structures with ___ ____ ___ and ___ ___ ___.
large surface areas, small diffusion distances
Where do negatively charged ions line the cell membrane
facing the intracellular fluid
What are examples of ameboids? Describe.
-entamoeba sp. - causes amebic dysentary-foraminifernas - have a skeleton called a test-radiolarians - have a skeleton called a test-last two:used to date sedimentary rocksdeposits form white cliffs of doverdeposits indicate presence of oil on land and sea
Fungi can associate with other organisms to form closely tied symbiotic relationships. A common example is when fungi associate with ___________ to form _____________.
Only a) and b) are correct.
What constitutes a Mass extinction?
When over half of living species suddenly die out.
most energetic electrons lie where? least energetic?
most- outer rings. least- inner rings. because it takes energy to move an electron farther away from charged nucleus.
middle ages were the dark ages because
all explanations about nature were homocentric
What are the mechanisms of genetic recombination in bacteria?Describe
-conjugation - cell passes DNA through sex pillis-transformation - bacterium takes up DNA from environment released by dead bacteria-transduction - virus carries bacterial DNA from cell to cell
What are the essential elements of a quality assurance program?
5 - Commitment, Facilities and Resources, technical competence, technical procedures, and problem solving mechanisms
Describe what happens to you when you are bitten by a tick that has Rickettsia rickettsii in its gut:
After the bacterium enters the host, it penetrates the cytopasm and nucleus of the hosts cells. 3-12 days later, a fever and severe headache develop. 3-5 days later, a rash appears on extremities. Diarrhea and gastrointestinal cramps are common.
Name two ways that your body gets rid of excessive heat and briefly explain each.
You body gets rid of excessive heat through radiation and perspiration. Radiation occurs by heat dissipation through tiny blood vessels close to the surface of your skin. Perspiration cools the body by evaporation of sweat off the surface of the skin. This evaporation cools your body.
evanescent
vanishing
Sophos
wise
sophomore
Deci
ten
mis
wrong
malevolence
hatred
Zenith
Peak
decant
to pour
Mesmerize
to hypnotize
perfunctory
halfassed manner
imperious
domineering; haughty
Nirvana
highest awareness
Vacuum
An emptiness
Castigate
to criticize harshly
explicit
definite, clearly stated
insolence
insulting behavior, impudence
progenitor
a direct ancestor
effusive
emotionally unrestrained; gushy
premeditated
planned in advance
brazen
shameless or impudent:
sublime
v.) splended, wonderful, inspiring
ponderous
having great weight, dull
charisma
great appeal or attraction
rife
common, prevalent, widespread, happening often; full, abounding; plentiful, abundant, replete
pathos
MEANING: suffering, feelingWORD: sympathy, apathy
speaker
a person who speaks.
pernicious
(adj.) highly injurious or harmful
orthodox
in agreement or same idea
traverse
to pass through or across
chaos (n.)
absolute disorder, disorganization, confusion
eschew (bad habits)
v. to avoid
Aloof
distant, reserved in manner; uninvolved
central
of or forming the center:
apprehension
anticipation of adversity or misfortune; suspicion or fear of future trouble or evil.
in quest of
Everyone is (.................) happiness; in fact it is people's nature to seek happiness.
in the pursuit of
arayışı içinde
Erotic
pertaining to or arousing sexual desires or love
(3-1)
esoteric
known only to the chosen few
balmy
having the qualities of balm; soothing, mild, pleasant
intrigue
SYN (n)scheme, plot, conspiracy ANT (n)fair play
Dilemma
Noun- A difficult or perplexing situation or problem
Disarray
disorder, confusion; to throw into disorder.
ingratiate
(verb)
to establish oneself in the favor/good graces of others
ambivalent
uncertainty or fluctuation, esp. when caused by inability to make a choice or by a simultaneous desire to say or do two opposite or conflicting things.
foremost
first in place, order, rank, etc.:
embezzle
to appropriate fraudulently to one's own use, as money or property entrusted to one's care.
Methodically
ADV: performed, disposed, or acting in a systematic way; systematic; orderly
picayune
of little value or importance, paltry, measly; concerned with trifling matters, small-minded
require
To impose an obligation upon; to demand
Princess Angeline
Image in Curtis photo vs. Pocahontas
Ameliorate
(V)
To improve, make better, correct a flaw or shorcoming
Winnow
(v) to examine something and removes the bad parts
brackish
adj. Having a salty taste and unpleasant to drink
viscous
of a glutinous nature or consistency; sticky; thick; adhesive.
erratic
deviating from the usual or proper course in conduct or opinion; eccentric; queer:
disarming
to deprive of a weapon or weapons.
charity
generous actions or donations to aid the poor, ill, or helpless:
Commissioned
NOUN the authority to perform a task or certian duties
interminable
having or seeming to have no end, wearisomely protacted
trilingual
made up of, or pertaining to, three languages.
bugbear
n. an object of excessive dread; a source of dread; hobgoblin; bogey
Immersion
being plunged into somthing, as in a liquid like water
aberration
the act of departing from the right, normal, or usual course.
dialect
a variety of a language that is distinguished from other varieties of the same language by features of phonology, grammar, and vocabulary, and by its use by a group of speakers who are set off from others geographically or socially.
Concrete Noun
Names a person, place, or thing that can be perceived by 1 or more of the senses
jocular
1. merry, fond of joking 2. of the nature of a joke, humorous
Describes life after death in terms of other worlds.
Vision Literature
conjunction
any member of a small class of words distinguished in many languages by their function as connectors between words, phrases, clauses, or sentences, as and, because, but, however.
pulverize
to grind or pound to a powder or dust; to destroy or overcome (as though by smashing into fragments)
 
 
When would you put a title in quotations?
 
If it's part of a collection
 
Ex: newspaper article
odium
hatred
Cognito
know
recognize
Quar
four
non
not
valor
courage
Capricious
Spoiled
definitive
decisive, conclusive
Sequester
to isolate
antithesis
direct opposite
hackneyed
commonplace; overused
flagrant
obvious, blatant
Disperse
To scatter
Fawn
to show affection
scrutinize
to examine closely
acute
sharp, severe, perceptive
Nefarious
Adjectivevery wicked, evil
fortuitous
occurring unexpectedly; lucky
abject
contemptible; despicable; base-spirited:
Wearily
sleepy or worn out
circumlocution
speaking around the issues
chaos
N: great confusion, disorder
delectable
delightful, highly enjoyable; deliciously flavored, savory; an appealing or appetizing food or dish
solus
MEANING: aloneWORD: solo, desolate
tone
style, distinction, or elegance.
facsimile
(noun) An exact copy.
(adj.) Reproduced exactly.
inflict
to give or cause something
irately
in an enraged manner; angrily
concoct (v.)
to fabricate, make up
derelict
adj. abandoned and neglected (_cars)
Lament
to express sorrow or regret
anguish
excruciating or acute distress, suffering, or pain:
officious
objectionably aggressive in offering one's unrequested and unwanted services, help, or advice; meddlesome:
be at odds with
to disagree
They're (.................) over the funding of the project.
Her version of events was (.................) (= very different from) the police report.
The German chancellor is (.................) the SPD's left, and indeed with a large chunk of German public opinion, over Iraq.
anlaşmazlık içinde olmak,...e ters düşmek
Impede
hinder; obstruct; slow down the process of
(1-1)
prevarication
telling of lies or speaking evasively
Pedantry
A pretentious display of knowledge; overly rigid attention to rules and adetails
indiscriminate
SYN haphazard, random, uncritical ANT selective, discriminating, judicious
ferment
a state of great excitement, agitation, or turbulence; to be in or work into such a state; to produce alcohol by chemical action
Concord
a state of agreement, harmony, unanimity; a treaty, pact, covenant.
heed
(verb)
to give attention to; to notice
accede
to give consent, approval, or adherence; agree; assent; to accede to a request; to accede to the terms of a contract.
notable
worthy of note or notice; noteworthy:
pilfer
to steal, esp. in small quantities.
Peremptory
ADJ: leaving no opportunity for denial or refusal, imperative
efficacy
the power to produce a desired result
exceed
To go beyond; to be greater than
Southern Literary Renaissance
Literary group Faulkner was in
Caveat
(N)
A warning or caution to prevent misunderstanding or discourage behavior
Moribound
(adj) in the process of becoming obsolete( no longer used or out of date), poems about death and dying
histronic
adj. Pertaining to actos and their techniques; theatrical, artificial; melodramatic
carp
to find fault or complain querulously or unreasonably; be niggling in criticizing; cavil:
expulsion
the act of driving out or expelling:
vexation
something that vexes; a cause of annoyance; nuisance:
apparition
a supernatural appearance of a person or thing, esp. a ghost; a specter or phantom; wraith:
Ramshackle
ADJ a house or vehicle in sevear disrepair
tumbledown, rundown, neglected
coquette
a woman who flirts with men without sincere affection
trinity
the union of three persons, as the father, the sone, and the holy ghost
expectorate
v. 1) to discharge matter from the throat or lungs by coughing or hawking and spitting 2) to spit (the judges examine each wine, smell it, swirl an ounce or so in the mouth, and then expectorate discreetly into a bucket.)
Ambulatory (adJ)
oif, pertaining to, or capable of walking
acclaim
to welcome or salute with shouts or sounds of joy and approval; applaud:
malposition
faulty or wrong position, esp. of a part or organ of the body or of a fetus in the uterus.
Indefinite Pronoun
Refers to a person, place, thing, or idea that may or may not be specifically named
prostrate
1. lay (a person, etc.) flat on the ground 2. throw (oneself) down in submission etc. 4 (of fatigue, illness etc.) overcome, reduce to extreme physical weakness VERB
The perspective from which the story is told
Point of view
direct object
a word or group of words representing the person or thing upon which the action of a verb is performed or toward which it is directed: in English, generally coming after the verb, without a preposition. In He saw it the pronoun it is the direct object of
goad (prod, spur, stimulus)
(n) stick used for driving animals, anything that spurs a person on(v) to drive/urge on
 
How do they prevent people in this society from being different?
 
They handicap them with weights, bags over their heads, or device in the ear etc.
Mountain
スペイン
Argentina
sad
悲しい - かなしい
same
あなじ
gloves
てぶくろ
market
いちば
興味深い
きょうみぶかいvery interesting; of great interest
つながり
connection
危害
injury
冷房
れいぼうviilentävä ilmastointi
大変
たいへん
教える
おしえる
勤める
つとめる
遊覧船
ゆうらんせん
杉下
すぎした
 ごい
vocab
立 
 た(つ)た(てる)
洪水で家を流された人たちは寒さと恐怖で( )震えていた。
ぶるぶる
若い人もいつかは( )の老人になる。
よぼよぼ
木曜日
Thursday(もくようび)
ああ
ah, oh
spacious (wide)
広いひろい
community center
コミュニティーセンター
食い気...くいけ
(n) appetite
警告
けいこくwarning; advice
学校
school (がっこう)
げんじゅう
strict, rigor
 しゅっちょう
business trip
雨 - あめ
a lot, many
形成...けいせい
(n, vs) formation
漫録...まんろく
(n) random comments
危機一髪
a close call
ご飯
meal; cooked rice(ごはん)
do overtime work(dictionary form)
ざんきょうをする
記述...きじゅつ
(n, vs) description, descriptor
冷やかす
ひやかすto banter; to make fun of; to jeer at; to cool; to refrigerate
Shigoto
Job / Work / Occupation
漏れ...もれ
(n, n-suf) omission, leakage, oversight
分かりました。
Now I know./I got it.(わかりました。)
規約...きやく
(n) agreement, rules, code, protocol, convention
植える...うえる
(v1, vt) to plant, to grow
利点...りてん
(n) advantage, point in favor, point in favour
知って いる
to know; to be familiar with X(しって いる)
慣れる, 馴れる, 狎れる...なれる
(v1, vi) to grow accustomed to, to become domesticated, to become tame, to get too familiar with
起きる...おきる
(v1, vi) to get up, to rise, to wake up, to occur, to happen, to take place
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