ASVAB 3 Flashcards

vocabulary
Terms Definitions
pot
power
Obilterate
Destroy
chimera
monster
crimson
red
hinder
prevent
perpetuate
preserve
emblem
symbol
extra
outside, beyond
ped
footex pedestrian
penalty
A punishment
obdurate
stubborn; unyielding.
impromptu
w/out any preparation
achromatic
free from color.
consensus
majority of opinion:
eldritch
eerie; weird; spooky.
laud
to praise; extol.
frac or frag
breakex fragment
pretense
pretending or feigning; make-believe:
deleterious
injurious to health, harmful
oblivious
Unmindful; unconscious; unaware usually fol. by of or to:
ennui
lack of interest; boredom:
dic
Meaning: speak, sayword def: malediction (a curse)
que, quer, or ques
askex question
germane
closely or significantly related; relevant; pertinent:
marvel
something that causes wonder, admiration, or astonishment; a wonderful thing; a wonder or prodigy:
abeyance
temporary inactivity, cessation, or suspension:
indignation
strong displeasure at something considered unjust, offensive, insulting, or base; righteous anger.
glib
readily fluent, often thoughtlessly, superficially, or insincerely so:
garbled
to confuse unintentionally or ignorantly; jumble:
decorum
dignified propriety of behavior, speech, dress, etc.
fecund
very productive or creative intellectually:
anthrop
Meaning: human Word def: anthropology (the study of humanity)
there are __oz in a lb
16
vocation
a particular occupation, business, or profession; calling.
terse
neatly or effectively concise; brief and pithy, as language.
inane
lacking sense, significance, or ideas; silly:
manifesto
a public declaration of intentions, opinions, objectives, or motives, as one issued by a government, sovereign, or organization.
fortuitous
happening or produced by chance, accidental, lucky or fortunate
jargon
the language, esp. the vocabulary, peculiar to a particular trade, profession, or group:
serendipity
an aptitude for making desirable discoveries by accident.
disinterested
unbiased by personal interest or advantage; not influenced by selfish motives
cliche
a trite, stereotyped expression; a sentence or phrase, usually expressing a popular or common thought or idea, that has lost originality, ingenuity, and impact by long overuse, as sadder but wiser, or strong as an ox.
pundit
a learned person, expert, or authority.
prospectus
a document describing the major features of a proposed literary work, project, business venture, etc., in enough detail so that prospective investors, participants, or buyers may evaluate it:
substantive
independent, real or actual; of considerable amount or quantity
aversion
A strong feeling of dislike, opposition, repugnance, or antipathy usually fol. by to:
fondle
to handle or touch lovingly, affectionately, or tenderly; caress:
what is the inorganic substance that has the greatest quantity inside animal cells
water
avow
to declare frankly or openly; own; acknowledge; confess; admit:
enmity
a feeling or condition of hostility; hatred; ill will; animosity; antagonism.
strident
making or having a harsh sound; grating; creaking:
inert
having no inherent power of action, motion, or resistance (
abundant
present in great quantity; more than adequate; oversufficient:
grotesque
odd or unnatural in shape, appearance, or character; fantastically ugly or absurd; bizarre.
extraneous
introduced or coming from outside; not belonging or fitting to a thing; irrelevant
perseverance
steady persistence in a course of action, a purpose, a state, etc., esp. in spite of difficulties, obstacles, or discouragement.
intermittent
stopping or ceasing for a time; alternately ceasing and beginning again:
coerce
to compel by force, intimidation, or authority, esp. without regard for individual desire or volition:
inter
A prefix occurring in loanwords from Latin, where it meant between, among, in the midst of, mutually, reciprocally, together, during intercept; interest; on this model, used in the formation of compound words intercom; interdepartmental.
peevish
cross, querulous, or fretful, as from vexation or discontent:
inundated
to flood; cover or overspread with water; deluge.
tenacious
characterized by keeping a firm hold; adhesive or sticky
spurious
not genuine, authentic, or true; not from the claimed, pretended, or proper source; of illegitimate birth, a bastard
kraal
an enclosure for cattle and other domestic animals in southern Africa.
All of the following are domains except:A. RegeliaB. EukaryaC. BacteriaD. Archaea
A regelia
what is the largest river in the world
nile
stipulation
a condition, demand, or promise in an agreement or contract.
lofty
extending high in the air; of imposing height; towering:
anachronism
something or someone that is not in its correct historical or chronological time, especially a thing or person that belongs to an earlier time
sullen
showing irritation or ill humor by a gloomy silence or reserve.
disdain
to look upon or treat with contempt; despise; scorn.
retrospect
contemplation of the past; a survey of past time, events, etc.
novice
a person who is new to the circumstances, work, etc., in which he or she is placed; beginner; tyro:
what are present in the retina of the eye
photoreceptors
laden
to put (something) on or in, as a burden, load, or cargo; load.
outmoded
To cause something to go out of style or become obsolete.
curtail
to cut short; cut off a part of; abridge; reduce; diminish.
A sheet of aluminum should be cut with:A. a pair of kitchen scissorsB. a handsawC. tin snipsD. a coping saw
C. tin snips
buoyancy
the power to float or rise in a fluid; relative lightness.
The heat effect of current is created:A. when the pressure of the current in the wire breaks up impurities in the wire, creating heatB. when the current in the wire decays electrons, causing them to move more quickly, creating heatC. when the current over
C. when the current overcomes resistance in the wire, creating heatHeat effect occurs when electrical current must overcome the resistance of the wire. Heat effect can be quite obvious or very subtle.
A lumberjack wishes to drive a spike through the center of a tree with a circumference of 43.96 feet. What’s the minimum length of the spike needed to go completely through the tree, passing through the center?A. 14 feetB. 15 feetC. 16 feetD. 17 feet
A. 14 feetDivide the circumference by pi (3.14)
term
end
detrirus
debris
illusive
deception
mawkish
sentimental
audacity
bold
indolent
lazy
garrison
fort
flu,fluct, flux
flow
dec-
tenex. decade
mesmerize
to hypnotize.
pel, puls
drive, push
distraught
distracted; deeply agitated.
fester
to generate pus
mal, male
bad, wrong, poor
ist
characteristic ofex elite elist
apposite
suitable; well-adapted; pertinent; relevant; apt:
lucid
easily understood; completely intelligible or comprehensible
menial
lowly and sometimes degrading:
illustrious
highly distinguished; renowned; famous:
brev-
Meaning: shortWord def: brief (short)
unconscionable
not guided by conscience; unscrupulous.
nefarious
extremely wicked or villainous; iniquitous:
bate
to lessen or diminish; abate:
ostensible
outwardly appearing as such; professed; pretended:
mutiny
revolt or rebellion against constituted authority, esp. by sailors against their officers.
pedestrian
lacking in vitality, imagination, distinction, etc.; commonplace; prosaic or dull:
rescind
to abrogate; annul; revoke; repeal.
flagrant
shockingly noticeable or evident; obvious; glaring:
sparse
not thick or dense; thin:
il-
Meaning:not Word def: illegal (not legal)
studious
devoted to or favorable for study.
kernel
the softer, usually edible part contained in the shell of a nut or the stone of a fruit.
tenuous
of slight importance or significance; unsubstantial:
debacle
a general breakup or dispersion; sudden downfall or rout; a complete collapse or failure
impromptus
made or done without previous preparation:
destitute
without means of subsistence; lacking food, clothing, and shelter.
stealthy
done, characterized, or acting by stealth; furtive:
cognizant
aware of and comprehending a situation
shrewd
astute or sharp in practical matters:
ominous
portending evil or harm; foreboding; threatening; inauspicious:
vigilant
keenly watchful to detect danger; wary:
specious
apparently good or right though lacking real merit; superficially pleasing or plausible:
velocity
rapidity of motion or operation; swiftness; speed:
ribosomes are
organelles that help translate amino acids into proteins
tactile
of, pertaining to, endowed with, or affecting the sense of touch.
hemorrhage
any widespread or uncontrolled loss or diffusion.
meticulous
taking or showing extreme care about minute details; precise; thorough:
embroil
to bring into discord or conflict; involve in contention or strife.
fiscal
of or pertaining to the public treasury or revenues:
infraction
a violation of a rule or law
pugnacious
inclined to quarrel or fight readily; quarrelsome; belligerent; combative.
retro
A prefix occurring in loanwords from Latin meaning backward retrogress; on this model, used in the formation of compound words retrorocket.
vie
to strive in competition or rivalry with another; contend for superiority:
vast
of very great area or extent; immense:
inferred
to derive by reasoning; conclude or judge from premises or evidence:
trench
a long, narrow excavation in the ground, the earth from which is thrown up in front to serve as a shelter from enemy fire or attack.
lionize
To treat a person as a celebrity:
In which automotive system would you find a “wishbone”?A. transmissionB. engineC. exhaustD. suspension
D. suspension
what is the chemical that can detect blood when its been wiped from a surface
luminal
enrage
to make extremely angry; put into a rage; infuriate:
dupe
a person who is easily deceived or fooled; gull.
scrutinize
to examine in detail with careful or critical attention.
statute
an enactment made by a legislature and expressed in a formal document.
platitude
a flat, dull, or trite remark, esp. one uttered as if it were fresh or profound.
delineate
to trace the outline of; sketch or trace in outline; represent pictorially:
cauterize
to burn with a hot iron, electric current, fire, or a caustic, esp. for curative purposes; treat with a cautery.
The largest moon in the solar system is:A. GanymedeB. TitanC. IoD. Charon
A Ganamede
the sum of the angles of a triangle is
180
auxiliary
a person or thing that gives aid of any kind; helper.
appease
to bring to a state of peace, quiet, ease, calm, or contentment; pacify; soothe:
amulet
a small object worn to ward off evil, harm, or illness or to bring good fortune; protecting charm.
pathos
the quality or power in an actual life experience or in literature, music, speech, or other forms of expression, of evoking a feeling of pity or compassion.
if a child is color blind it is what percent he got it from his mother
100%
A watt measures:A. how much electricity is consumedB. the number of electrons moving past a specific pointC. resistanceD. voltage
A. how much electricity is consumed
it is impossible for the sun to turn into a black hole because..
it is too small
How many paths of electrical flow can be found in a series circuit?A. oneB. twoC. two or moreD. It can’t be determined from the information given.
A. oneAn example of a series circuit would be a string of Christmas lights. If you break the circuit’s path at any point, electricity will stop flowing and the lights will not work.
fin
end,limit
anti
against
unique
unparalleled
defer
postpone
depot
warehouse
avocation
hobby:
amity
friendship
magn
large, great
approbation
approval; commendation.
fortitude
steady courage
hyper
too much, over
chronic
constant; habitual; inveterate:
acumen
keen insight; shrewdness:
im-
not
ex. impossible (not possible
arrant
downright; thorough; unmitigated; notorious:
sturdiness
strongly built; stalwart; robust:
legitimate
according to law; lawful:
haphazard
mere chance or accident
de-
down, away
ex. descend (move down)
sub-
Meaning: underWord def: subhuman (below human)
jeer
to shout derisively at; taunt.
poignant
affecting or moving the emotions:
bullock
a young ox or bull
alacrity
cheerful readiness, promptness, or willingness:
placid
pleasantly calm or peaceful; unruffled; tranquil; serenely quiet or undisturbed:
sym-, syn-
together, with
ex. sympathy (feeling with or for)
what was the first genetically engineered organism
tobacco
theorize
to form a theory or theories.
mimesis
imitation or reproduction of the supposed words of another, as in order to represent his or her character.
respite
to relieve temporarily, esp. from anything distressing or trying; give an interval of relief from.
affluence
abundance of money, property, and other material goods; riches; wealth.
rationale
the fundamental reason or reasons serving to account for something.
composure
serene, self-controlled state of mind; calmness; tranquillity:
drudgery
Menial, distasteful, dull, or hard work, labor
contemptuous
showing or expressing contempt or disdain; scornful.
furor
a general outburst of enthusiasm, excitement, controversy, or the like.
assiduous
constant in application or effort; working diligently at a task; persevering; industrious; attentive
umbrage
the slightest indication or vaguest feeling of suspicion, doubt, hostility, or the like.
adage
a traditional saying expressing a common experience or observation; proverb.
Carcinogens are chemicals that cause:A. high blood pressureB. gene mutationsC. blood clotsD. diabetes
B. gene mutations
color vision results as a function of
cones
savory
pleasant or agreeable in taste or smell:
legacy
a gift of property, esp. personal property, as money, by will; a bequest.
obviate
to anticipate and prevent by effective measures; render unnecessary
din
a loud, confused noise, continued or tumultuous
consternation
a sudden, alarming amazement or dread that results in utter confusion; dismay.
verisimilitude
the appearance or semblance of truth; likelihood; probability:
empirical
derived from or guided by experience or experiment.
impartial
Not partial or biased; fair; just, unbiased
coax
to attempt to influence by gentle persuasion, flattery, etc.; cajole:
syn
A prefix occurring in loanwords from Greek, having the same function as
urbane
having the polish and suavity regarded as characteristic of sophisticated social life in major cities:
passive
not reacting visibly to something that might be expected to produce manifestations of an emotion or feeling.
detest
to feel abhorrence of; hate; dislike intensely.
gravity
serious or critical nature; serious or dignified behavior; dignity and solemnity
gravity on the moon is __ of earths
1/6
skiff
any of various types of boats small enough for sailing or rowing by one person.
abate
to diminish in intensity; to end or become null and void
facilitate
To make easier or less difficult; help forward an action, a process, etc.: assist
proviso
a clause in a statute, contract, or the like, by which a condition is introduced.
antediluvian
of or belonging to the period before the Flood. Gen. 7, 8.
edible
fit to be eaten as food; eatable; esculent.
Double-headed nails are used:A. to reinforce a jointB. on temporary constructionC. to make frames for furnitureD. when a larger striking surface is needed
B. on temporary construction
goad
to prick or drive with, to prod or incite
connoisseur
a discerning judge of the best in any field:
banish
to expel from or relegate to a country or place by authoritative decree; condemn to exile:
pare
to reduce or remove by or as by cutting; diminish or decrease gradually often fol. by down:
burrow
to make a hole or passage in, into, or under something.
westerlies are winds that blow
from the sub tropical high pressure belt to the sub polar low pressure belt
a person who is a carrier for sickle cell anemia is
genetically heterozygous for that trait
If a ramp is 8-feet long and 4-feet high, how much effort is required to move a 400-pound object up the ramp?A. 35 poundsB. 150 poundsC. 800 poundsD. 200 pounds
D. 200 poundsThe formula to determine the mechanical advantage of an incline plane is Length of Ramp ÷ Height of Ramp = Weight of Object ÷ Effort.8 ÷ 4 = 400 ÷ E8⁄4 = 400⁄E8E = 1,6008E⁄8 = 1,600⁄8E = 200
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