ASVAB 6 Flashcards

vocabulary
Terms Definitions
dem
people
cent
hundred
sonorous
sounding
(x+4)(3x+5)
3x^2+17x+20
accord
agreement
inadvertently
unintentional:
abrogate
abolish
tort, tors
twist
trans
acrossex translate
consensus
general agreement
cide, cis
cut, kill
quadrate
square or rectangular.
apex
top, high point
sojourn
a temporary stay:
intrepid
resolutely fearless; dauntless:
inter-
between
ex. interconnected (connected between)
ment
action, processex establishment; establish
vitiate
to debase; corrupt; pervert.
expressive
full of expression; meaningful:
loath
unwilling; reluctant; disinclined; averse:
effulgence
shining forth brilliantly; radiant.
peri-
Meaning: aroundWord def: periscope (something used to view around)
apocryphal
of doubtful authorship or authenticity.
quixotic
extravagantly chivalrous or romantic; visionary, impractical, or impracticable.
purblind
nearly or partially blind; dim-sighted.
amiable
having pleasant, good-natured personal qualities; friendly and sociable, agreeable; willing to accept the wishes or suggestions of others
adrift
floating without control; drifting; not anchored or moored:
presumptuous
unwarrantedly or impertinently bold; forward.
cryptic
mysterious in meaning; puzzling; ambiguous:
obese
very fat or overweight; corpulent.
grad, gress
Meaning: stepWord def: progression (forward movement)
ominous
portending evil or harm; foreboding; threatening; inauspicious:
sepulcher
a tomb, grave, or burial place.
ardor
great warmth of feeling; fervor; passion:
brevity
shortness of time or duration; briefness:
disconcerting
to disturb the self-possession of; perturb; ruffle:
pundit
a learned person, expert, or authority.
impromptus
made or done without previous preparation:
prompt
done, performed, delivered, etc., at once or without delay:
ab
A formal element occurring in loanwords from Latin, where it meant away from:
aversion
A strong feeling of dislike, opposition, repugnance, or antipathy usually fol. by to:
parity
A woman039;s status regarding the bearing of viable offspring: usually followed by a Roman numeral designating the number of times the woman has given birth.
proximity
nearness in place, time, order, occurrence, or relation.
obstinately
Firmly or stubbornly adhering to one039;s purpose, opinion, etc.; not yielding to argument, persuasion, or entreaty.
An aneroid barometer measures:A. atmospheric pressureB. water pressureC. hydraulic-fluid pressureD. the ambient temperature
A. atmospheric pressure
warm air has ___ less atmospheric pressure than cold air
less
portend
to indicate in advance; to foreshadow or presage, as an omen does:
resolute
firmly resolved or determined; set in purpose or opinion.
assuage
to make milder or less severe; relieve; ease; mitigate:
dilemma
a situation requiring a choice between equally undesirable alternatives.
recidivism
tendency to lapse into a previous condition or pattern of behavior
inundate
to flood; cover or overspread with water; deluge.
appalled
to fill or overcome with horror, consternation, or fear; dismay:
legible
capable of being read or deciphered, esp. with ease, as writing or printing; easily readable.
peruse
to read through with thoroughness or care:
listless
having or showing little or no interest in anything; languid; spiritless; indifferent:
spurious
not genuine, authentic, or true; not from the claimed, pretended, or proper source; of illegitimate birth, a bastard
ameliorate
to make or become better, more bearable, or more satisfactory; improve; meliorate.
illusion
something that deceives by producing a false or misleading impression of reality.
The students were scheduled to observe a plenary session of Congress. A. scheduled B. example C. special D. full
D. full
sentinel
a person or thing that watches or stands as if watching.
fortnight
the space of fourteen nights and days; two weeks.
changeable
liable to change or to be changed; variable.
aperture
an opening, as a hole, slit, crack, gap, etc.
retrospect
contemplation of the past; a survey of past time, events, etc.
amenable
ready or willing to answer, open to influence, persuasion, or advice; agreeable
fulsome
offensive to good taste, esp. as being excessive; overdone or gross:
aloof
at a distance, esp. in feeling or interest; apart:
When an engine runs on after the ignition key is turned off, it’s called:A. auto-ignitionB. sputteringC. ignition rechargeD. ignition malfunction
A. auto-ignition
what is the first day of spring called
vernal equinox
coercion
the act of coercing; use of force or intimidation to obtain compliance.
amulet
a small object worn to ward off evil, harm, or illness or to bring good fortune; protecting charm.
emulate
to try to equal or excel, imitate with effort to equal or surpass
paragon
a model or pattern of excellence or of a particular excellence.
the two most commonly used metals in solder are
tin and lead
Jenny’s test grades are 93, 89, 96, and 98. If she wishes to raise her average to 95, what does she need to score on her next test? A. 100 B. 99 C. 97 D. 95
B. 99 (95x5-93-89-96-98= answer)
Debbie receives a weekly salary of $80, plus a 5% commission on any sales. During the week, she has $800 in total sales. What’s the ratio of her commission to her salary?A. 2⁄1B. 1⁄2C. 3⁄1D. 1⁄3
B. 1⁄2Her commission for the week was $40 (0.05 × 800 = 40). The ratio of her commission to her salary is 40⁄80 , which can be reduced to 1⁄2 .
In a 60-minute gym class, 40 girls want to play volleyball, but only 10 can play at a time. For each player to get the same amount of playing time, how many minutes should each person play?A. 11⁄2 minutesB. 6 minutesC. 30 minutesD. 15 minutes
D. 15 minutesDivide the group of 40 girls by the number of girls who can play at the same time:40 ÷ 10 = 4. This means 4 groups of girls have to share the 60 minutes or 60 minutes ÷ 4 = 15 minutes. Thus, each girl plays for 15 minutes.
morph
shape
port
carry
arch
first
goad
incite
strident
harsh
Appraised
Estimate
Commision
Authorize
supplicate
beg
cre, cresc
grow
commission
to authorize
colleague
an associate.
mesmerize
to hypnotize.
scrib or script
write
boon
jolly; jovial; convivial:
furor
outburst of excitement
blatant
brazenly obvious; flagrant:
demise
death or decease.
ringworm is caused by
fungus
flagrant
blazing, burning, or glowing.
exhame
to dig from earth.
cull
to choose; select; pick.
opulent
wealthy, rich, or affluent.
cred
Meaning: believeWord def: credible (able to be believed)
acid rain would cause
chemical weathering
thorough
executed without negligence or omissions:
ineluctable
incapable of being evaded; inescapable:
niche
suitable place and desirable place
indignant
feeling, characterized by, or expressing strong displeasure at something considered unjust, offensive, insulting, or base:
compendium
a summary, epitome, or abridgment.
de-
Meaning: down awayWord def: descend (move down)
monocots and dicots are groups of
angiosperms
terse
neatly or effectively concise; brief and pithy, as language.
enlighten
to give intellectual or spiritual light to; instruct; impart knowledge to:
contentious
tending to argument or strife; quarrelsome:
commodity
something of use, advantage, or value.
diligent
constant in effort to accomplish something; attentive and persistent in doing anything; done or pursued with persevering attention
ostensible
outwardly appearing as such; professed or pretended
agenda
list of things to be done
simultaneous
existing, occurring, or operating at the same time; concurrent:
supple
Bending readily without breaking or becoming deformed; pliant; flexible: limber
prudent
wise or judicious in practical affairs; discreet or circumspect; careful in providing for the future
divergent
differing or deviating; a mathematical expression having no finite limits
rationale
the fundamental reason or reasons serving to account for something.
induce
to bring about, produce, or cause:
how many pints are in a gallon
8
deceit
the act or practice of deceiving; concealment or distortion of the truth for the purpose of misleading; duplicity; fraud; cheating:
oration
a formal public speech, esp. one delivered on a special occasion, as on an anniversary, at a funeral, or at academic exercises.
apparition
a supernatural appearance of a person or thing, esp. a ghost; a specter or phantom; wraith:
cajole
to persuade by flattery or promises; wheedle; coax.
consequence
the effect, result, or outcome of something occurring earlier:
sundry
sundry things or items, esp. small, miscellaneous items of little value.
proponent
a person who puts forward a proposition or proposal.
trench
a long, narrow excavation in the ground, the earth from which is thrown up in front to serve as a shelter from enemy fire or attack.
predict
to declare or tell in advance; prophesy; foretell:
de
A prefix occurring in loanwords from Latin decide; also used to indicate privation, removal, and separation dehumidify, negation demerit; derange, descent degrade; deduce, reversal detract, intensity decompound.
evoke
to produce or suggest through artistry and imagination a vivid impression of reality:
indelible
making marks that cannot be erased, removed, or the like:
hideous
horrible or frightful to the senses; repulsive; very ugly:
the ____ the animal the higher the metabolic rate
smaller
pare
to cut off the outer coating, layer, or part of.
embellish
to beautify by or as if by ornamentation; ornament; adorn.
factotum
a person, as a handyman or servant, employed to do all kinds of work around the house.
novel
of a new kind; different from anything seen or known before:
undulate
to move with a sinuous or wavelike motion; display a smooth rising-and-falling or side-to-side alternation of movement:
scrutinize
to examine in detail with careful or critical attention
abate
to diminish in intensity; to end or become null and void
at room temperature an element is
liquid gas or solid
reticent
disposed to be silent or not to speak freely; reserved.
pathos
the quality or power in an actual life experience or in literature, music, speech, or other forms of expression, of evoking a feeling of pity or compassion.
cooperate
to work or act together or jointly for a common purpose or benefit.
A bucking bar is used to:A. pull nailsB. pry wood apartC. drive rivetsD. drive screws
C. drive rivets
layman
a person who is not a member of a given profession, as law or medicine.
A clerk’s weekly salary of $320 is increased to $360. The percent increase is:A. 101⁄2%B. 11%C. 121⁄2%D. 12%
C. 121⁄2% (12.5)Subtract the original salary from the new salary to get the difference in salary:$360 − $320 = $40. Then divide the difference in salary ($40) by the original salary ($320) to determine the percent increase: 40 ÷ 320 = 0.125 = 12 1⁄2%(12.5).
To make spark plugs work effectively, the coil and breaker:A. provide a gap between the electrodesB. ignite the sparkC. transfer the electricity to the correct spark plugD. create a very high voltage of electricity
D. create a very high voltage of electricity
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