ASVAB WORDS Flashcards

vocabulary
Terms Definitions
port
carry
Turmoil
Confunision
nondescript
ordinary
condon
pardon
inadvertently
unintentional:
fantastic
strange
apex
top
homo
same, like
graph
writingex biography
acquiescence
reluctant agreement
lucid
easily understood
objective
having no prejudice
impeccable
faultless; flawless; irreproachable:
prerequisite
Required beforehand, necessary
acumen
keen insight; shrewdness:
kinsfolk
relatives or kindred.
ish
relating toex child; childish
kvetch
to complain, esp. chronically.
repugnant
distasteful, objectionable, or offensive:
haphazard
mere chance or accident
terse
abruptly concise; curt; brusque.
man
Meaning: handWord def: manual (something done with hands)
cede or ceed
go; yieldex recede
dulcet
pleasant to the ear; melodious:
genesis
an origin, creation, or beginning.
rescind
to abrogate; annul; revoke; repeal.
happenstance
a chance happening or event.
ardent
having, expressive of, or characterized by intense feeling; passionate; fervent:
ostensible
outwardly appearing as such; professed; pretended:
glib
readily fluent, often thoughtlessly, superficially, or insincerely so:
raffish
gaudily vulgar or cheap; tawdry.
nal-
Meaning: bad, evilWord def: malign (speak badly of)
bibli or biblio
relating to booksex bibliography
stupefy
to overwhelm with amazement; astound; astonish.
inconsequential
of little or no importance; insignificant; trivial.
incongruous
out of keeping or place; inappropriate; unbecoming:
plangent
resounding loudly, esp. with a plaintive sound, as a bell.
fortuitous
happening or produced by chance; accidental; lucky or fortunate
converse
opposite or contrary in direction, action, sequence, etc.; turned around.
trite
lacking in freshness or effectiveness because of constant use or excessive repetition; hackneyed; stale:
cautious
showing, using, or characterized by caution:
super
A prefix occurring originally in loanwords from Latin, with the basic meaning above, beyond. Words formed with
vigilant
keenly watchful to detect danger; wary:
asperity
harshness or sharpness of tone, temper, or manner; severity; acrimony:
parity
A woman039;s status regarding the bearing of viable offspring: usually followed by a Roman numeral designating the number of times the woman has given birth.
abate
to end; become null and void.
chronic
continuing over a long period of time
apotheosis
the elevation or exaltation of a person to the rank of a god.
quiescence
being at rest; quiet; still; inactive or motionless:
copious
large in quantity or number; abundant; plentiful:
heresy
opinion or doctrine at variance with the orthodox or accepted doctrine, esp. of a church or religious system.
anxious
full of mental distress or uneasiness because of fear of danger or misfortune; greatly worried; solicitous:
inveterate
settled or confirmed in a habit, practice, feeling, or the like:
enervate
to deprive of force or strength, destroy the vigor of or weaken
proponent
a person who puts forward a proposition or proposal.
ambiguous
open to or having several possible meanings or interpretations; equivocal:
provisional
providing or serving for the time being only; existing only until permanently or properly replaced; temporary:
fore
A prefix meaning before in space, time, condition, etc., front, superior, etc.:
spurious
not genuine, authentic, or true; not from the claimed, pretended, or proper source; of illegitimate birth, a bastard
oration
a formal public speech, esp. one delivered on a special occasion, as on an anniversary, at a funeral, or at academic exercises.
palatial
of, pertaining to, or resembling a palace:
laconic
using few words; expressing much in few words; concise:
Unlike most other fish, sharks have no:A. gillsB. bonesC. liverD. heart
B. Bones
how do you find the circumference
diameter x 3.14
fulcrum
the support, or point of rest, on which a lever turns in moving a body.
benediction
the form of blessing pronounced by an officiating minister, as at the close of divine service.
recluse
a person who lives in seclusion or apart from society, often for religious meditation.
jeer
to speak or shout derisively; scoff or gibe rudely:
obsolete
no longer in general use; fallen into disuse:
anachronism
something or someone that is not in its correct historical or chronological time, especially a thing or person that belongs to an earlier time
aperture
an opening, as a hole, slit, crack, gap, etc.
juxtapose
to place close together or side by side, esp. for comparison or contrast.
what causes a weather front?
two distinct air masses meeting
stalemate
a position of the pieces in which a player cannot move any piece except the king and cannot move the king without putting it in check.
figurative
of the nature of or involving a figure of speech, esp. a metaphor; metaphorical; not literal:
reticent
disposed to be silent or not to speak freely; reserved.
emulate
to try to equal or excel; imitate with effort to equal or surpass; to rival with some degree of success
He ran headlong into the fight. A. headfirst B. reluctantly C. happily D. recklessly
D. recklessly
habitual
of the nature of a habit; fixed by or resulting from habit:
A car equipped with limited-slip differential:A. can be readily put into all-wheel (four-wheel) driveB. won’t lock up when the brakes are applied steadilyC. transfers the most driving force to the wheel with the greatest amount of tractionD. is rated fo
C. transfers the most driving force to the wheel with the greatest amount of traction
A tune-up increases a car’s fuel efficiency by 5%. If a car averaged 20 miles per gallon before the tune-up, how many miles per gallon will it average after the tune-up?A. 25B. 22C. 201⁄2D. 21
D. 21Multiply 20 × 0.05 to determine how many more miles per gallon the car will get. The answer is 1. Then add the number of additional miles per gallon the car will get to the original number of miles per gallon the car gets to reach the new average: 1 + 20 = 21
omni
all
multi
many
pretense
dishonesty
apathy
indifference
galore
abundant
viv, vit
life
liber
freeex liberate
crux
essential point
grad, gress
step, go
umbrage
offense; annoyance; displeasure:
disparity
lack of equality
singular
extraordinary; remarkable; exceptional:
penury
extreme poverty; destitution.
post-
after
ex. postgraduate (after graduation)
ation
action, processex liberate; liberation
repudiate
to reject with denial:
swoon
to faint; lose consciousness.
debouch
to come forth; emerge.
grotto
a cave or cavern.
equ
Meaning: equalWord def: equdistant (equal, at the same distance)
belligerent
of warlike character; aggressively hostile; bellicose:
puerile
childishly foolish; immature or trivial:
panjandrum
a self-important or pretentious official.
ineluctable
incapable of being evaded; inescapable:
renown
widespread and high repute; fame.
germane
closely or significantly related; relevant; pertinent:
amiable
having pleasant, good-natured personal qualities; friendly and sociable, agreeable; willing to accept the wishes or suggestions of others
fete
a day of celebration; holiday:
log
Meaning: study ofWord def: geology (the study of the earth)
levity
lightness of mind, character, or behavior; lack of appropriate seriousness or earnestness.
velocity
rapidity of motion or operation; swiftness; speed:
avarice
insatiable greed for riches; miserly desire to gain and hoard wealth
extant
in existence; still existing; not destroyed or lost:
pernicious
causing insidious harm or ruin; ruinous; injurious; hurtful:
disparage
to speak of or treat slightingly
icon
a picture, image, or other representation.
debacle
a general breakup or dispersion; sudden downfall or rout:
negligible
so small, trifling, or unimportant that it may safely be neglected or disregarded:
prudent
wise or judicious in practical affairs; discreet or circumspect; careful in providing for the future
Abridge most nearly means:A. nativeB. shortenC. travelD. delirious
B. shorten
saliva contains an enzyme that acts on
carbohydrates
vanquish
to conquer or subdue by superior force, as in battle.
ajar
an autonomous region in SW Georgia, bordered by Turkey and the Black Sea. 383,000; 1,120 sq. mi. (2,900 sq. km).
autocrat
a person who behaves in an authoritarian manner; a domineering person.
depot
a storehouse or warehouse, as a building where freight is deposited.
palindromes
A word, line, verse, number, sentence, etc., reading the same backward as forward
humanitarian
having concern for or helping to improve the welfare and happiness of people.
superfluous
being more than is sufficient or required; excessive
fawn
a young deer, esp. an unweaned one.
abdicate
to renounce or relinquish a throne, right, power, claim, responsibility, or the like, esp. in a formal manner:
picayune
of little value or account; small; trifling:
revelation
the act of revealing or disclosing; disclosure.
grotesque
odd or unnatural in shape, appearance, or character; fantastically ugly or absurd; bizarre.
abrogate
to abolish by formal or official means; annul by an authoritative act; repeal:
peevish
cross, querulous, or fretful, as from vexation or discontent:
connoisseur
A person who is especially competent to pass critical judgments
A simple pulley gives a mechanical advantage of:A. 2B. 3C. 1D. unknown
C. 1
subsume
to consider or include (an idea, term, proposition, etc.) as part of a more comprehensive one.
variable
apt or liable to vary or change; changeable:
fickle
likely to change, esp. due to caprice, irresolution, or instability; casually changeable:
delegate
a person designated to act for or represent another or others; deputy; representative, as in a political convention.
rectify
to make, put, or set right; remedy; correct:
homogeneous
composed of parts or elements that are all of the same kind; not heterogeneous:
The eldritch light of the desert can play tricks on your eyes.A. brightB. waveringC. strangeD. yellow
C. strange
what is the control that reduces Ph fluctuations
a buffer
confound
to perplex or amaze, esp. by a sudden disturbance or surprise; bewilder; confuse:
refrain
To abstain from an impulse to say or do something often fol. by from:
alcove
a recess or small room adjacent to or opening out of a room:
when current flows through wire the influences that are present are
voltage, ohms and amperes
Silver is a better conductor than copper. But copper is more often used because of:A. the cost of silverB. the strength of copperC. the low melting point of silverD. the tendency of silver to tarnish
A. the cost of silver
Universal joints are used to:A. connect ball bearingsB. fix two shafts so they don’t pivot or rotateC. connect shafts in a U-shapeD. couple two shafts set at different angles
D. couple two shafts set at different anglesUniversal joints are used to connect shafts that aren’t in the same plane.
A light bulb is 60 watts. Operated at 120 volts, how much current does it draw?A. 0.5 ampereB. 5.0 amperesC. 50.0 amperesD. 7,200 amperes
A. 0.5 amperePower = Current × Voltage or, written another way, Current = Power/Voltage. 60/120 = 0.5 ampere.
junct
join
form
shape
acute
sharp
ludic
playful
burrow
nestle
dearth
scarcity
pathos
pity.
assimilate
absorb
frag, fract
break
lum
lightex illuminate
elite
choice part
sent, sens
feel, think
ingenuous
artless; innocent; naive.
intrepid
resolutely fearless; dauntless:
ir-
not
ex. irrational (not rational)
discord
disagreement; difference of opinion.
laudable
deserving praise; praiseworthy; commendable:
circum-
around
ex. circumvent or circumference (go around)
a- an-
Meaning:not, withoutWord def:apathy (without feeling)
filamentous
composed of or containing filaments.
maudlin
tearfully or weakly emotional; foolishly sentimental:
ulterior
Being beyond what is seen
flagrant
shockingly noticeable or evident; obvious; glaring:
wizen
to wither; shrivel; dry up.
unconscionable
not guided by conscience; unscrupulous.
compliant
complying; obeying, obliging, or yielding, esp. in a submissive way:
mal-
bad, evil
ex. malign (speak badly of)
the brain stem controls most
muscle movement
commodity
something of use, advantage, or value.
hypocrisy
an act or instance of hypocrisy.
perfunctory
lacking interest, care, or enthusiasm; indifferent or apathetic:
caste
an endogamous and hereditary social group limited to persons of the same rank, occupation, economic position, etc., and having mores distinguishing it from other such groups.
divergent
differing or deviating; a mathematical expression having no finite limits
adage
a traditional saying expressing a common experience or observation; proverb.
ominous
portending evil or harm; foreboding; threatening; inauspicious:
antipathy
a basic, or habitual repugnance; aversion or dislike
clemency
the quality of being clement; disposition to show forbearance, compassion, or forgiveness in judging or punishing; leniency; mercy.
a
A prefix occurring before stems beginning with a vowel or h in loanwords from Greek, where it means not, without, lacking anarchy; anecdote; used in the formation of compound words:
limpid
clear, transparent, or pellucid, as water, crystal, or air:
destitute
without means of subsistence; lacking food, clothing, and shelter.
mimesis
imitation or reproduction of the supposed words of another, as in order to represent his or her character.
Changing alternating current to direct current is called:A. capacitanceB. impedanceC. rectificationD. induction
C. rectification
gas particles move ____ quickly than liquid particles
more
legible
capable of being read or deciphered, esp. with ease, as writing or printing; easily readable.
bias
to cause partiality or favoritism or influence, especially unfairly
recidivism
repeated or habitual relapse, as into crime.
condolence
expression of sympathy with a person who is suffering sorrow, misfortune, or grief.
precipice
a cliff with a vertical, nearly vertical, or overhanging face.
impetuous
characterized by sudden or rash action or emotion; impulsive
hoard
A supply or accumulation that is hidden or carefully guarded for preservation, future use, etc., stockpile, store
initiative
an introductory act or step; leading action:
se
A prefix occurring in loanwords from Latin, where it meant apart:
empirical
derived from or guided by experience or experiment.
extraneous
introduced or coming from outside; not belonging or fitting to a thing; irrelevant
anathema
a person or thing detested or loathed:
vindicate
to clear, as from an accusation, imputation, suspicion, or the like; to afford justification for or justify
adumbrate
to produce a faint image or resemblance of; to outline or sketch.
eloquent
having or exercising the power of fluent, forceful, and appropriate speech:
Joan is taking an admissions examination. If she has to get at least 40 of the 60 questions right to pass, what percent of the questions does she need to answer correctly? A. 30% B. 40% C. 661⁄3 % D. 662⁄3 %
D. 662⁄3 %
argot
the special vocabulary and idiom of a particular profession or social group:
mulct
to obtain (money or the like) by fraud, extortion, etc.
benefactor
a person who confers a benefit; kindly helper.
fulsome
offensive to good taste, esp. as being excessive; overdone or gross:
malevolent
wishing evil or harm to another or others; showing ill will; ill-disposed; malicious:
ex
A prefix meaning out of, from, and hence utterly, thoroughly, and sometimes imparting a privative or negative force or indicating a former title, status, etc.; freely used as an English formative:
inherent
existing in someone or something as a permanent and inseparable element, quality, or attribute:
Joints that hold bones firmly together are called:A. hinge jointsB. ball and socket jointsC. fixed jointsD. pivot joints
C fixed joints
what is the universe energy molecule for cells
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
agenda
a list, plan, outline, or the like, of things to be done, matters to be acted or voted upon, etc.:
hinder
situated in the rear or at the back; posterior:
pacify
to bring or restore to a state of peace or tranquillity; quiet; calm:
smote
to strike or hit hard, with or as with the hand, a stick, or other weapon:
what helps desert plants obtain and retain water
shallow roots and small leaves
In a closed electrical circuit:A. One terminal is always positive, and one terminal is always negative.B. Both terminals can be positive.C. Both terminals can be negative.D. Terminals are neither positive nor negative.
A. One terminal is always positive, and one terminal is always negative.In a closed circuit, one terminal is always positive, and the other is always negative.
How many diodes should you expect to find in a bridge rectifier?A. 0B. 4C. 8D. 10
B. 4A bridge rectifier is also known as a full wave rectifier, usually containing 4 diodes.
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Term:
Definition:
Definition:

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