Vocabulary for Ancient Egypt Test Flashcards

Terms Definitions
cataracts
rapids
both where
egypt
Papyrus
water plant
pharoah
ruler of egypt
iron
silver, hard metal
hieroglyphics
Egyption writing system
H'apy
God of the Nile
Toth
God of writing, and
Hapi
god of the nile
Polytheistic
The Egyptians were Polytheistic.
Abu Simbel was built by
Ramses
Deity
god-another term given to gods
mastaba
the earlist type of pyramids
trade routes
paths followed by traders
amulet
a protectivecharm,sometimes worn to ward of evil,and often wrapped with a mummy.
Geb
the egyptian god of the earth
reliefs
carved, painted scenes on tomb walls
delta
branches that flow into the Mediterranean Sea
declined
Although Kush developed an advanced civilization, it eventually _____________
nobles
people from rich and powerful families
19
What age did King Tut die?
step pyramid
3rd egyptian tombs...(order of tombs)
How long is the river?
4,145 miles.
Unified Egypt by over-throwing the king of Lower Egypt and became the pharaoh
Menes
Egyptian Kings were called Pharaohs
Old Kingdom Rulers
Rosetta Stone
Stone that contained carved messages in hieroglyphics, Greek and demotic script. Led to deciphering of hieroglyphics.
Egypt
located on the northeastern coast of Africa
The spirit that returns to the family
Ba
Isis
the wife of Osiris-the goddess of magic and life
torah
refers to the five books of moses
Pyramids
A monument made of rocks above ground.
Herodotus
an ancient Greek historian who called Egypt "the gift of the Nile"
rosseta stong
a stong slab inscribed with hieroglyphics used the decipher the old language as it had two other languages on it
Narmer
created the double crown (red and white crowns combined) to symbolize egypt being one united nation
Menes
- Legendary ancient Egyptian king who is credited with uniting Upper and Lower Egypt
Ebers Papyrus*
Collection of several medical texts

Written in Hieratic

Over 800 prescriptions

Many drugs that are used in pharmacopoeia today

Papyrus is dedicated to Isis, who healed Ra of a headache

Much attention is paid to cosmetics
Giza
an ancient Egyptian city; the site of the Great Pyramids
astronomer
a scientist who studies the stars and other objects in the sky
What was the purpose of Hammurabi's code?
Made laws.
Black Land
the Nile river valley-the soil is black
method
a way of doing something such as embalming
Who brings the Isrealites to Egypt to preserve them?
Jacob
oblisk
a tall, narrow, 4 sided , tapering monument which ends in a pyramid-like shape at the top, said to resemble a petrified ray of the sundisk
Old Kingdom
the age of pyramids. when Egypt attained its first continuous peak of civilization complexity and achievement
What is the scientific name of the first homonid to walk upright?
Australopithecus
Kingdom came to end at 1786 B.C.
middle kingdom
cataract
a large waterfall, any strong flood or rush of water
regent
someone who rules for a child until they are old enough to rule
dynasty
Succession of rulers who belong to the same family for generations.
The Nile
the river that flows south to north through Egypt
Math inventions by Egyptians were
written numbers based on 10
Fractions
ra
sun god ussally shown as a human with a solar disk on his head all pharaoahs are desendents of ra or re
sarcophagus
kind of like a coffin, it holds the dead mummy. It also has some of the dead persons features so that the ka could find the mummy again
Queen Hatshepsut
Egyptian ruler from 1503 to 1482 B.C.; known for trade, arts, and architecture
New Kingdom
the period of time during which egypt reached the height of its power and glory
dry out body
What is the 3rd step in mumification?
natron
salt used to dry out the body during embalming process
sphinx
a statue with human head and the body of a lion
shaduf
a pole that can raise 3 or less liters of water drinking
embalm
to prevent the decay of a dead body by treating it with preservatives
aton
the one and only sun god, god of all, for akenatens monotheistic religion
mummy
a body that has been dried so it won't decay
feather of truth
weighs the heart and if the heart has too many sins, it dies a second time
What was the Oracle at Siwa?
While traveling through the western desert, the oracle declared Alexander as the son of Amun.

Meaning that he was the rightful pharaoh and the "Master of the Universe."
Did the civilizations of Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia coexist at any time?
Yes. Egypt 3100-48 BCE; Mesopotamia 3500-530 BCE
Thousands of skilled and unskilled
How many and what type of workers were needed to complete the Great Pyramid of Giza?
Why did egyptians beleive that the body had to be preserved?
Egyptians beleived the body had to be preserved because if it wasn't then the Ka would not be able to recognize it and the link between the body and the Ka would be broken and the body wouldn't receive a good afterlife.
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