Vocabulary: Canterbury Tales Flashcards

Terms Definitions
victual-sellers
food
sloth
laziness
...
Miller
mettle
courage
withal
besides
tuft
cluster
trowe
believe
boorish
rude; insensitive
niggard
a miser
eschew
to avoid
Gainsay
To Challenge
Sentiment
Feeling, emotion
benign
gracious; favorable
rebuke
sharp reprimand
deye
to die
reliquary
receptacle for relics
cussedness
mean-spirited disagreeable contrariness
Rancor
bitter or hatred
hagiography
study of saints
blacke nostrils
the miller
tithe
payments for the Church
Narrator
Who tells the story?
choleric
belligerent, irascible, extremely irritable
Parson
Cleric, knew Christ gospel
arbitrate
to decide a dispute
discreet
prudent, showing good judgement
blissful
completely happy and contented
contrive
to plan, devise, or scheme
The Guildsmen
Haberdasher(sells mens clothing); dyer; carpenter; weaver; carpet-maker; town council members, head of guild, wives wanted them to be alderman, good in their trade
April
the month of the pilgrimage
cant
1. insincere, esp. conventional expressions of enthusiasm for high ideals, goodness, or piety; trite and unconsidered expressions; hypocrisy, pretense, humbug,
2. affected singsong or whining speech, esp. of beggars
3. the phraseology peculiar to a particular group or profession: jargon
cupidity
eager ardent or excessive desire
Where was the story set?
Canterbury
gelding
a castrated male animal. Horse
squire
daddy's boy and a player
Parishioners
Churchgoers in the priest's district.
had a forked beard
the merchant
mire
soil with mud, muck, or mire
Shipman/Skipper
Couldn't ride his horse, looked awkward on it. Ignored his conscience, immoral, well-tanned, rough. Stole wine in Bordeaux and kills all prisoners. From Dartmouth, a place known for its piracy and for the brutality of its sailors
palfrey
a saddle-horse; particularly, not a war-horse
squalid
marked by filthiness and degradation from neglect or poverty
Miller's Tale: Nicholas is described as courteous
hende
prioress
head of the convent of nuns
Pardoner
sells indulgences, sings for money, wallet on lap, sells relics
extort
to get by threats or violence
Assizes
a civil or criminal trial session
mockery
to make the subject of laughter; scorn
compunction
n. strong uneasiness caused by feeling of guilt
Friar
Merry, jolly, and very festive, but notoriously evil and cunning; charged people to hear their confessions; he even begged off of the poor widows who had next to nothing; dressed with expensive fabrics; overweight
wit
The natural ability to perceive and understand; intelligence.
Liberality
the trait of being generous in behavior and temperament
John Gaunt
Who became a fan of Chaucer?
grandiloquent
pompous or bombastic in speech or expression; lofty in style (adj.)
exemplum
a "sermon with a message"
an anecdote that illustrates or supports a moral point, as in a medieval sermon.
Nun's Priest's
Yeoman
servant of knight and squire, green coat & hood, peacock feather arrows, archer, dark skinned, medal made of silver, hunter, shield/sword, dagger, faithful servant
Allegory
everything is actually a symbol for something
who is the father of english literature?
Chaucer
skipper
the skipper is an opportunist when he takes over an enemy vessel he makes the captured walk the plank
Summoner
officer who warns people to appear in court
Man of Law
Successful lawyer commissioned by the king; upholds justice in both large and small matters and knows every statute of England's law by heart
The Parson
shepard that carries a staff, holy minded, preached and taught the bible, hated cursing, gives to the poor, doesnt extort, doesnt talk down to people, gold and iron, embodyment of the 7 virtues, religious order
All his apothecaries in a tribe/ Were ready with the drugs he would prescribe
Doctor
The Summoner
he brings persons accused of violating Church law to ecclesiastical court. he is a lecherous man whose face is scarred by leprosy. He gets drunk frequently, is irritable, and is not particularly qualified for his position. He spouts the few words of Latin he knows in an attempt to sound educated.
Chaucer's name is the form of what language?
French
nun
prioress, simple and coy, said a daily prayer, known as madame eglantine, spoke the french of a nunnery near london, very good manners, pleasant, friendly, showed great concern for little things, elegant nose, small mouth and forehead, golden broach that says that love conquers all, graceful cloak, many pretty prayer beads, pretentious
The Reeve
Blue overcoat, rusty blade (means he doesn't have to use it), power hungry, has boils, good carpenter, works for a master, careful with money, good to those below him, rode a stocky horse
pique
n/v a feeling of wounded pride / to provoke or arouse
the pardoner's tale
Three immoral drunkards set out to find Death, who took one of their friends. They look under a tree and find money. They kill each other over the shares. Narrator throws a hissy fit at the end, which is quelled by the knight.
Emilye
Prays to Diana that she may remain a virgin but is told she may not and must yield to the winner
satire/ irony of monk
hunts the majority of the time
The Franklin has the following characteristics:
Landowner, sheriff, and judge
direct characterization
the author tells the reader about a character's personality
pillar
a person who is the main support of an institution, group, etc.
Chaucer's greatest works were
Song of the Duchess, Trolius and Criseyde, and the Canterbury Tales
Where St.Thomas A. Becket was buried
What is the shrine of canterbury?
what time of year? who do people do at this time?
april, take pilgrimages
what sly trick does the doctor and apothecaries make?
they work a deal to make a dollar
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