Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher - improved the telescope
|Sulla's March on Rome||
UK, Russia, and Austria
European movement - emphasized individualism
led Haiti to independence
1. Roman poet
2. wrote Aeneid
1. time-honored primciples
2. behavior models
3. social practices
4. affected private, political, and military life in ancient Rome
upper level secondary schools that were made after the educational reforms of Napoleon
ended British rule in Ireland
variety of cultures; cultural differences
reconstructing - reformed Soviet Union - introduced aspects of democracy
Reflected this environment in its deliberate attempt to break down the High Renaissance principles of balance, harmony, and moderation.
Under whose leadership did the Israelites conquer the land of Canaan?
Ptolemy was an astronomer that promoted the theory that the __________ was the center of the universe.
Who was the first Christian martyr?
1. Greek city-state ruled by oligarchy
2. dependent on agriculture
3. military service was mandatory
4. Dorian Greek military
5. state/protector of Greece
1. Athenian General
2. served in Peloponnesial War
3. author of , History of the Peloponnesian War
4. contracted the plague
5. exiledby the democracy
Napoleon was named this, essentially the dictator of France
South African - believed in imperialism and colonialism; founder of Rhodesia
|Peter The Great||
Czar of Russia (Peter I)
Luddites - destroyed machines because they took away jobs
first South African president with democracy - anti-Apartheid activist
Execute the orders of the central Government.
Who was the religious leader who founded the religion of ancient Persia?
The discovery of what precious metal led to price inflation throughout Europe?
1. Helen of Troy
2. daughter of Zeus
3. her abduction by Paris raged the Trojan War
4. sides with Hector instead of Paris during a battle
1. Octavian's rival enemy
2. Roman politician & general
3. supporter & loyal friend of Caesar
4. committed suicide
1. Greek hero of Trojan War
2. central character in the Illiad
3. refused to fight in Trojan War out of humiliation & anger towards Agamemnon.
4. prayed, out of anger, Trojans would gain ground over Greek army
5. went "mad" in Trojan War
6. killed Hector & disrespected his body; refused to give it back
|Duke of Wellington||
Arthur Wellesley, leader of the combined British and Prussian army; would defeat Napoleon at Waterloo
protestant - became queen after the death of her half-sister Mary who was catholic - returned England to the protestant faith - kept a balance between Protestants and Catholics - ruled England during its Golden Age - (virgin queen)
(believed in laissez faire) - free markets - government should not interfere
|British Reform Movements||
followed ideas of Enlightenment; more democratic
US dropped food, fuel, and medical supplies in Germany
Christian boys who had been taken from their parents, converted to the Muslim faith, and subjected to rigid military discipline to form and elite core of 8,000 troops personally loyal to the sultan.
Who would become the first king of Israel?
Which one of Jacob's sons had been given a government position in Egypt?
Botticelli is known for giving a sense of __________________ to his characters.
|Charles the Great||
Because of his great accomplishments as the leader of the Franks, Charles became known as Charlemagne which means ___________________________.
Charles the Magnificent
Charles the Great
Charles the Pious
Charles the Tall
1. sister and wife of Zeus
2. goddess of women and marriage
3. known for jealous & vengeful nature
|Battle of Trafalgar||
General Nelson of UK defeats Napoleon. Trafalgar is in Spain. Nelson dies.
issued by the Czar to stop the revolution
|Negative Effects of Industrial Revolution||
overcrowding, child labor, unsafe working conditions, low pay
|Count Emilio Cavour||
Italian statesmen; first person to be the head of the government in unified Italy
|Thirty Years War||
A devastating war that affected much of Europe and rebellions seemingly everywhere protracted the atmosphere of disorder and violence.
The Roman church with the pope as the head assumed the role of __________ between God and man.
The Medici family of Italy built a number of banks and corporations; however, they were very influential in the development of a system which allowed people to convert their money to other nation currencies quickly.
1. not to avoid injustice
2. not for economic stability
3. allow some citizens the possiblility to live a good life & perform beautiful acts
4. "for the sake of noble actions and not for the sake of living together"
|Irish Potato Famine||
(Great Famine) - potato disease - led to starvation, disease, emigration - many people died
|Louis XIV (1643-1715)||
A prime example of a king who practiced absolute monarchy in the seventeenth century. Nicknamed (Sun King). Followed after the rule of Cardinal Mazarin at the age of 23.
What is the name of the holy book of Islam?
|Tribune of the People||
1. official elected by the plebeians to protect their rights
|The peace of Westphalia (1648)||
Ended the Thirty Years' War by ensuring that all German Stated, including the Calvinist ones, were free to determine their own religion.
|The Golden Age of the Dutch Republic||
During the seventeenth century United provinces held center stage as one of Europe's gread powers.
|When did lower class rebellion cause a problem for central monarch government||
After the Thirty Years' War, because of "Discontent of both nobles and commoners rocked by domestic stability of European Governments