Western Civilization Final Exam Study Guide Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Habit/Custom
...
Aristocratic Warfare
...
Juno
1. also...Hera
Greenhouse Effect
global warming
Galileo
Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher - improved the telescope
Sulla's March on Rome
...
Third Coalition
UK, Russia, and Austria
Enlightenment
European movement - emphasized individualism
Toussaint L'Ouverture
led Haiti to independence
Vergil
1. Roman poet
2. wrote Aeneid
Mos Maiorum
1. time-honored primciples
2. behavior models
3. social practices
4. affected private, political, and military life in ancient Rome
Lycees
upper level secondary schools that were made after the educational reforms of Napoleon
Easter Rebellion
ended British rule in Ireland
Cultural Diversity
variety of cultures; cultural differences
Perestroika
reconstructing - reformed Soviet Union - introduced aspects of democracy
Mannerism
Reflected this environment in its deliberate attempt to break down the High Renaissance principles of balance, harmony, and moderation.
Joshua
Under whose leadership did the Israelites conquer the land of Canaan?
Moses
Joshua
Abraham
Jacob
earth
Ptolemy was an astronomer that promoted the theory that the __________ was the center of the universe.
sun
earth
moon
Milky Way
Stephen
Who was the first Christian martyr?
Philip
James
Stephen
Paul
Sparta
1. Greek city-state ruled by oligarchy
2. dependent on agriculture
3. military service was mandatory
4. Dorian Greek military
5. state/protector of Greece
Thucydides
1. Athenian General
2. served in Peloponnesial War
3. author of , History of the Peloponnesian War
4. contracted the plague
5. exiledby the democracy
First Consul
Napoleon was named this, essentially the dictator of France
Cecil Rhodes
South African - believed in imperialism and colonialism; founder of Rhodesia
Peter The Great
Czar of Russia (Peter I)
Ned Ludd
Luddites - destroyed machines because they took away jobs
Nelson Mandela
first South African president with democracy - anti-Apartheid activist
Intendants
Execute the orders of the central Government.
Zoroaster
Who was the religious leader who founded the religion of ancient Persia?
Xerxes
Darius
Abraham
Zoroaster
gold
The discovery of what precious metal led to price inflation throughout Europe?
silver
iron
diamonds
gold
Helen
1. Helen of Troy
2. daughter of Zeus
3. her abduction by Paris raged the Trojan War
4. sides with Hector instead of Paris during a battle
Mark Antony
1. Octavian's rival enemy
2. Roman politician & general
3. supporter & loyal friend of Caesar
4. committed suicide
Achilles
1. Greek hero of Trojan War
2. central character in the Illiad
3. refused to fight in Trojan War out of humiliation & anger towards Agamemnon.
4. prayed, out of anger, Trojans would gain ground over Greek army
5. went "mad" in Trojan War
6. killed Hector & disrespected his body; refused to give it back
Duke of Wellington
Arthur Wellesley, leader of the combined British and Prussian army; would defeat Napoleon at Waterloo
Elizabeth I
protestant - became queen after the death of her half-sister Mary who was catholic - returned England to the protestant faith - kept a balance between Protestants and Catholics - ruled England during its Golden Age - (virgin queen)
Adam Smith
(believed in laissez faire) - free markets - government should not interfere
British Reform Movements
followed ideas of Enlightenment; more democratic
Berlin Airlift
US dropped food, fuel, and medical supplies in Germany
Janissaries
Christian boys who had been taken from their parents, converted to the Muslim faith, and subjected to rigid military discipline to form and elite core of 8,000 troops personally loyal to the sultan.
Saul
Who would become the first king of Israel?
Samuel
Joshua
Saul
David
Joseph
Which one of Jacob's sons had been given a government position in Egypt?
Ham
Jacob
Joseph
Isaac
movement
Botticelli is known for giving a sense of __________________ to his characters.
dimensional perspective
sadness
righteousness
movement
Charles the Great
Because of his great accomplishments as the leader of the Franks, Charles became known as Charlemagne which means ___________________________.
Charles the Magnificent
Charles the Great
Charles the Pious
Charles the Tall
Hera
1. sister and wife of Zeus
2. goddess of women and marriage
3. known for jealous & vengeful nature
4. also...Juno
Battle of Trafalgar
General Nelson of UK defeats Napoleon. Trafalgar is in Spain. Nelson dies.
October Manifesto
issued by the Czar to stop the revolution
Negative Effects of Industrial Revolution
overcrowding, child labor, unsafe working conditions, low pay
Count Emilio Cavour
Italian statesmen; first person to be the head of the government in unified Italy
Thirty Years War
A devastating war that affected much of Europe and rebellions seemingly everywhere protracted the atmosphere of disorder and violence.
mediator
The Roman church with the pope as the head assumed the role of __________ between God and man.
mediator
bishop
pope
apostle
foreign exchange
The Medici family of Italy built a number of banks and corporations; however, they were very influential in the development of a system which allowed people to convert their money to other nation currencies quickly.
foreign exchange
debit card
gold standard
political embassies
Aristotelian Politics
1. not to avoid injustice
2. not for economic stability
3. allow some citizens the possiblility to live a good life & perform beautiful acts
4. "for the sake of noble actions and not for the sake of living together"
Irish Potato Famine
(Great Famine) - potato disease - led to starvation, disease, emigration - many people died
Louis XIV (1643-1715)
A prime example of a king who practiced absolute monarchy in the seventeenth century. Nicknamed (Sun King). Followed after the rule of Cardinal Mazarin at the age of 23.
Koran
What is the name of the holy book of Islam?
Koran
Bible
Torah
Old Testament
Tribune of the People
1. official elected by the plebeians to protect their rights
The peace of Westphalia (1648)
Ended the Thirty Years' War by ensuring that all German Stated, including the Calvinist ones, were free to determine their own religion.
The Golden Age of the Dutch Republic
During the seventeenth century United provinces held center stage as one of Europe's gread powers.
When did lower class rebellion cause a problem for central monarch government
After the Thirty Years' War, because of "Discontent of both nobles and commoners rocked by domestic stability of European Governments
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