Western Civilization Terms 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
religious court
Archaic Age
800-500 BC???
dynastic rule
ruling families
Labor power is suppressed.
Ptolemaic system
also called geocentric
Charles VII
-father of Louis XI
-created first strong, efficient army for France
-stopped ecclesiastical revenues to the pope and made the king in charge of appointing bishops
-power to the state
Triple Entente
France, Russia and Britain
brings together several people, states, or countries under a single ruler/authority, Mesopotamia was the 1st
(1347-1338BCE) The youngest pharaoh, restored the old religion, first tomb found with everything inside
invented the heliocentric theory that the sun is at the center of the universe
Constitutionalism is the limitation of government by law. Constitutionalism also implies a balance between the authority and power of the government, on one hand, and the rights and liberties of the subjects, on the other. (549)
Final Solution
the attempted physical extermination of the Jewish people by the Nazis during World War II
instead of confronting Hitler about his wrong doings, Europe allowed him to do these things (such as invade the Rhineland). The West wanted a buffer between Russia, which was Germany. This was Europes attempt at preventing another WW but it failed.
Ahura Mazda
Zoroaster rejected polytheism and instituted the worship of one god, ________ __________.
Girolamo Savonarola
Dominican, disliked Renaissance, said pope was corrupt, blamed for heresy, hung and burned
_________ clergy lived in monastic communities and got involved in social service.
Catholic Reformation
(Counter Reformation) the Reformation after start of Protestant Reformation that sought to keep Catholics remaining loyal, had to clean up their act
___________ known for paintings in which he idealized motherhood.
Leonardo Da Vinci
Second Triumvirate
a. Octavian (Augustus Caesar)--- recognized heir
b. Lepidus---money man (they want money & Power)
c. Marc Antony--- the army
a. Allied with Cleopatra
They slip Rome in half/ Octavian took Western half/ Marc Antony and Cleopatra took Eastern half
Yet -------- still took aggressive stance during Thirty Years’ War (1618–1648)
Henry II
-In order to centralize his rule, implemented common law in England
Ernst Rohm
gathered gangs of unemployed soldiers, he was a former army officer, he formed the storm troopers or SA
A city state in northern Mesopotaimia, the ruler of which conquered all the city-states of Mesopotamia and formed the world's first empire. (Sargon)
Papal power and prestige reached its zenith under Pope Innocent III. He likened his authority to that of kings and was able to elevate his position because of the strength of the church. T/F
Fourteen Points
Woodrow Wilson wrote the fourteen points at the close of WWI to create a international peace force- the League of Nations, to insure that no other WW would break out. However, the fourteen points were unsuccessful and WWII resulted.
Congress of Vienna
Conservative, reactionary meeting, led by Prince Metternich, to restore europe to prerevolution time.
a writer who wrote about prejudice, superstition, and intolerance, one of the great enlightened thinkers
Black Legend
a propaganda effort conducted by Spain's enemies, and it depicted Spanish conquerors as greedy and cruel
Indo-Europeans who began to settle in southern Greece about 1150 BCE
Matthew Ricci
_____________ led many Chinese to convert to Catholicism by reaching areas of agreement between Confucianism and Catholic Christianity.
Pope Gregory XI
St. Francis Xavier
Matthew Ricci
Theodor herzl
Supported zionism, believed that the jewish people don't have any area they can call their own
Napoleon III (Bonaparte)
president of French 2nd Republic...nephew and heir of Napoleon I...Elected by popular vote in 1848, named himself dictator December 1852,..ruled as Emperor of the French until 4 September 1870...unusual distinction of being both the first pres and last monarch of France
Benjamin Disraeli
Tory leader in Parliament; supported the reform acts; thought they would support the conservatives but they ended up supporting the liberals
a system of government where elected officials would run the government
-----------was a prolonged conflict lasting from 1337 to 1453 between two royal houses for the French throne,
Hundred Years' War
was the Moscow garison who was prone to mutiny and violenc
fight a quick and surprising war. Nazi German used this tactic.
Roman Catholics (West)
Latin Vulgate Bible
Priests are celibate (Canon Law, not dogma, hence can change)
Icons accepted in all form
the quality of being the same in quantity or measure or value or status
Night of Broken Glass. Night when the Nazis killed or injured many jews & destroyed many jewish properties.
use of private money or goods to produce a profit or more money or goods
Common Law
law system developed by judges sharing case files with each other
Thomas Aquinas
who wrote the work called Summa Theologiae?
Ems Telegram
withdrawing the candidacy, there was a tiff in ems and they were both at the spa and they had a fight about the aspect of having a spanish king; Wihelm sent a telegram to bismarck, who then doctors it up a bit to make it seem like the king insulted the french; Bismarck wants a war between the two
seniority by birth; state of being the first-born child; right of the eldest child (to inherit the entire property of one or both parents)
The roots of both the separation of church and state, and the celibacy of the Catholic clergy, can be found in the Cluny reform movement.
Klemens von Metternich
experienced diplomat who was also conceited and self-assured; led the Congress of Vienna; believed himself to be guided by the principle of legitimacy
Adam Smith
man who believed that if people were able to use their money at their own discretion the government would prosper
The man widely assumed to be Lenin's successor was
Leon Trotsky
What was the primary "western" characteristic that ancient Greece gave "Western" civilization?
Rationalism (birth of philosophy)
Woodrow Wilson
Claimed that WWI had been fought to make the world safe for democracy. Women got the right to vote.
Hundred Years War
a long conflict between England and France, 1337 - 1453
National and American Leagues
had a complete monopoly over professional baseball
Lateran Treaty (1929)
Popes remained in the Vatican until this; signed between Italian government and Papacy; recognized Italy's control of former lands of Papal States including Rome and established Vatican City as independent, autonomous nation-state within Rome/Italy itself
true or false: in the Middle Ages, the king served as an unbiased judge in disputes between lords rather than an arbitror of abstract law
North German Confederation
the union of the Northern German states; each state kept its own local government but the king of Prussia was head of the confederation; the army and foreign policy was controlled by the king; Parliament consisted of the Bundesrat, or federal council, composed of delegates nominated by the states, and a lower house, the Reichstag, elected by universal male suffrage
Was there founder and king. He was a very ruthless and hardened warrior. However he married a Christian women named Clotilda and when they had their first son Clotilda convinced Clovis to allow him to get baptized. Clovis doesn’t buy into the whole Christianity thing until he is at battle and his troops are clearly not doing to well. He decides to call out to the God of his wife to see if He will deliver him from the battle. After he prays all of the opposing troops run away and he converts to Christianity
Problems in Germany 2
they also had a very unstable government system which said in the weimar constitution that if the going go tuff they would just disregard the system of democracy; the dada movement of art also became prevalent, it is described as chaos or irrational behavior instead of trying to make sense of all the irrational behavior they just embraced it in a sense
The Great Depression
A time period during the 1930s when there was a worldwide economic depression and mass unemployment.
The Princess
"Man for the field and woman for the hearth:
Man for the sword and for the needle she:
Man with the head and woman with the heart:
Man to command and woman to obey;
All else confusion."
Sack of Constantinople
The Crusaders of the Fourth Crusade on the Venetian Fleet overcome this city and pillaging, murdering, looting, and such throughout the city. Lasts three days and nights. Accelerates the death of the Byzantine Empire.
bill of rights
a formal summary of the right and liberties believed essential to the people
Hitler's war
this is the name of the first part of WWI because he conquered so much territory, now there is only one democracy left in EUROPE: GREAT BRITAIN
Protocols of elders of Zion
these were posters created by the russian police, they made it seem like there was meeting of jewish rulers getting together to discuss how to continue to run the world; complete conspiracy
UN Security Council
a body of 5 great powers (which can veto resolutions) and 10 rotating member states, which makes decisions about international peace and security including the dispatch of UN peacekeeping forces
Reform Act of 1884
gave the vote to all men who paid regular rents or taxes; by largely enfranchising agricultural workers, a group previously excluded, the act added another 2 mil-lion male voters to the electorate
what crises beset the roman empire in the 3rd century ad
bad rulers cause this...succession problems, declining population, economic stagnation, and increasing external threats
The reign of Queen Mary of England was most noted for
a failed Catholic restoration
----Queen Mary was the eldest daughter of Henry VIII and his first wife, Catherine of Aragon. A fervent Catholic, Mary came to the English throne in 1553 when her younger brother, Edward VI, died. Edward had been a committed Protestant, but Mary wished to return England to the Catholic Church. She died in 1558, having failed in her attempt to restore Catholicism. She left no heirs, only her reputation as "bloody Mary" for the Protestant martyrs she created.
in general, what nations were on the Catholic side during the Thirty Years' War?
Spain and the Holy Roman Empire (Ferdinand II)
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