A.P. Euro 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
systematic
methodical
ineptly
ineffectually; clumsily
Junkers
Prussian, conservative, land-owning class. Noble landowners.
Charles Fourier
French social theorist-criticized capitalism-wanted socialist utopia and emancipation of women. Theory of Four Movements
bureaucracy
body of elected government officals
guicciardini
wrote "the history of italy"
Thomas Muntzer
16th Century spiritualist who disdained traditions and institutions and the only religious authority was God's spirit.
Central Powers
Germany and their allies (Austria-Hungry and Italy) called this.
Ptolemy
the pre-Copernican explanation of the universe, with the earth at the center of the universe, originated in the ancient world.
Joseph Mazzini
Nationalist philosopher in Italy (1805-1872).
Realpolitik
politics based on practical rather than moral or ideological considerations
Methodism
18th Century revolt against deism and rationalsim in the Church of England led by John Wesly. Stressed inward heartfelt religion and the possibility of Christian perfection in this life.
Prussian Constitution
Written in 1850; fairly progressive for its time.
April Theses
The theses stated the Bolshevik's views toward the provisional government and Lenin's plan for governing Russia
Maria Winkelmann
German woman astronomer, self taught, she made original contributions to astronomy, including discovery of a comet and was later denied a position at the Berlin Academy because she did not have a degree and was a woman
Royalists
people who believed in an absolute monarchy
humanism
someone who studies the classics to learn what they reveal about human nature (emphasis on human interests, achievements, and capabilities)
John Locke
English philosopher who advocated the idea of a "social contract" in which government powers are derived from the consent of the governed and in which the government serves the people; also said people have natural rights to life, liberty and property.
Edmund Burke
He was an English conservative who condemned that radical destruction of France's traditions and predicts in "Reflections on the Revolution in France" that the revolution will lead to chaos and tyranny. "For evil to triumph, it nearly takes good men to do nothing"
Pan-Slav Assembly
When the Frankfurt Assembly met, the Germans invited the Slavs because many Germans lived in Bohemia and Bohemia was part of the 1815 confederation and of the HRE that came before it. But they did not want to belong to a German national state, they instead called their own Pan-Slav Congress in June 1848. It was anti-German, but not anti-Austrian/Habsburg.
Alaska
When the land which became this State was acquired in 1867, many Americans thought it quite foolish. In fact, the agreement by which it was purchased was known as "Seward's Folly" for the Secretary of State who made the agreement with Russia.
Peasant Revolt
Peasants thought they had the same cause as Martin Luther, both thought they were doing it out of equal rights. Asked Luther to be leader of Revolt, he declines and joins opposite side, German Princes, Luther first backed them up but then did not. The nobility crushed the peasants.
Long Parliment
Parliment called for 13 years starting in 1540
decentralization
the spread of power away from the center to local branches or governments
war communism
Bolsheviks used this terrorism to get control of stuff in Russia
Dante Alighieri
1300s, writer wrote Divine Comedy in Florentine Italian
Saint-Simonians to Napoleon III
Regarded him as their savior "socialist king".
William II
German leader who was born with a withered arm
Sir Robert Walpole
The first Prime Minister of England, his election led to the rise of the House of Commons.
Elite and popular cultures
Separation of elite and popular cultures; the elite could participate down but the mass could not move up. The language of the educated
became standardized in a nation; dictionaries were begun and the literacy rate rose. On the other hand, the popular culture was mainly oral and was much more resistant to change. Polite manners became more important to the elite. In 1600, both shared delight in fairs, with jugglers, acrobats, traveling musicians, cockfights and bear baiting; and in Carnival, celebrated in the weeks before Lent; a common theme was "the world turned upside down"--role reversal.
Syllabus of Errors
A document by the 'liberal' pope Pius IX in which he denounced rationalism, socialism, religious liberty, and separation of the church and state.
The King's Players
a troup of actors pratoned by the monarchs in England
List the 3 types of Blood Cells
1. Erythrocytes2. Leukocytes3. Platelets/Thrombocytes
Results of Peace of Paris: France
Lose North America, Belgium. Keeps islands: Guadeloupe, Martinique, Haiti. Keep commercial stations in India, slave stations in Africa.
rudolf II, ferdinand, frederick II
leaders of HRE @ beginning of 30 years war
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